Abstract

During IR photographic airglow observations covering several years, three naked-eye events have been recorded. Two of these are moving, luminous acoustic gravity wave groups of some 10–15-km wavelength, which occur near high lunar tide in the atmosphere. The events appear quickly, endure 0.5–1 h, then fade. Visible photos of two events appear enhanced while little enhancement is present in the IR photos, although the structures are well correlated. If these events are due to OH, we suggest that some unrecognized mechanism, perhaps a gravity wave interaction, enhances the visible transitions of the OH over the IR transitions. If the events are due to an unrecognized continuum emitter, perhaps NO, its emission must occur at the same height as the OH. Spectra seem to be the only reasonable approach to solving this problem.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Newcomb, Science 8, 410 (1898).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Hoffmeister, Die Sterne 11, 257 (1931).
  3. C. Hoffmeister, Sitzungsber. Akad. Munchen 129 (1934).
  4. W. R. Corliss, Handbook of Unusual Natural Phenomena (Sourcebook Project, Glen Arm, Md., 1977).
  5. W. Becker, R. Müller, H. Schneller, Eds., Populäre Astronomie (Barth Verlag, Leipzig, 1948), p. 501.
  6. A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 34, 1357 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. M. Kieffaber, A. W. Peterson, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 35, 2013 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 242, No. 5396, 321 (30March1973).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. K. Odenkrantz, J. B. Lee, H. L. Deveraux, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 5131 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Lemke, A. W. Peterson, Abstract, N. M. Acad. Sci. Bull. 18, No. 1, 21 (April1978).
  11. J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Auorora and Airglow (Academic, New York, 1961).
  12. P. M. Banks, G. Kockarts, Aeronomy, Part A (Academic, New York, 1973).
  13. A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 244, 92 (1973).
    [CrossRef]

1978

R. Lemke, A. W. Peterson, Abstract, N. M. Acad. Sci. Bull. 18, No. 1, 21 (April1978).

1973

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 244, 92 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Kieffaber, A. W. Peterson, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 35, 2013 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 242, No. 5396, 321 (30March1973).
[CrossRef]

1972

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 34, 1357 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1962

F. K. Odenkrantz, J. B. Lee, H. L. Deveraux, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 5131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1934

C. Hoffmeister, Sitzungsber. Akad. Munchen 129 (1934).

1931

C. Hoffmeister, Die Sterne 11, 257 (1931).

1898

S. Newcomb, Science 8, 410 (1898).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banks, P. M.

P. M. Banks, G. Kockarts, Aeronomy, Part A (Academic, New York, 1973).

Chamberlain, J. W.

J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Auorora and Airglow (Academic, New York, 1961).

Corliss, W. R.

W. R. Corliss, Handbook of Unusual Natural Phenomena (Sourcebook Project, Glen Arm, Md., 1977).

Deveraux, H. L.

F. K. Odenkrantz, J. B. Lee, H. L. Deveraux, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 5131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmeister, C.

C. Hoffmeister, Sitzungsber. Akad. Munchen 129 (1934).

C. Hoffmeister, Die Sterne 11, 257 (1931).

Kieffaber, L. M.

L. M. Kieffaber, A. W. Peterson, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 35, 2013 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 242, No. 5396, 321 (30March1973).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 244, 92 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 34, 1357 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kockarts, G.

P. M. Banks, G. Kockarts, Aeronomy, Part A (Academic, New York, 1973).

Lee, J. B.

F. K. Odenkrantz, J. B. Lee, H. L. Deveraux, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 5131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, R.

R. Lemke, A. W. Peterson, Abstract, N. M. Acad. Sci. Bull. 18, No. 1, 21 (April1978).

Newcomb, S.

S. Newcomb, Science 8, 410 (1898).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Odenkrantz, F. K.

F. K. Odenkrantz, J. B. Lee, H. L. Deveraux, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 5131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, A. W.

R. Lemke, A. W. Peterson, Abstract, N. M. Acad. Sci. Bull. 18, No. 1, 21 (April1978).

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 244, 92 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Kieffaber, A. W. Peterson, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 35, 2013 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 242, No. 5396, 321 (30March1973).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 34, 1357 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Abstract, N. M. Acad. Sci. Bull.

R. Lemke, A. W. Peterson, Abstract, N. M. Acad. Sci. Bull. 18, No. 1, 21 (April1978).

Die Sterne

C. Hoffmeister, Die Sterne 11, 257 (1931).

J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 34, 1357 (1972).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Kieffaber, A. W. Peterson, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 35, 2013 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

F. K. Odenkrantz, J. B. Lee, H. L. Deveraux, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 5131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 242, No. 5396, 321 (30March1973).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Peterson, L. M. Kieffaber, Nature 244, 92 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Science

S. Newcomb, Science 8, 410 (1898).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sitzungsber. Akad. Munchen

C. Hoffmeister, Sitzungsber. Akad. Munchen 129 (1934).

Other

W. R. Corliss, Handbook of Unusual Natural Phenomena (Sourcebook Project, Glen Arm, Md., 1977).

W. Becker, R. Müller, H. Schneller, Eds., Populäre Astronomie (Barth Verlag, Leipzig, 1948), p. 501.

J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Auorora and Airglow (Academic, New York, 1961).

P. M. Banks, G. Kockarts, Aeronomy, Part A (Academic, New York, 1973).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A 5-min exposure on Tri-X film of the visible event of 19–20 September 1974, from Haleakala, Hawaii. In all photographs, the FOV is 24° × 36° with a Cannon 35-mm camera and f/1.2 lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A simultaneous exposure on HSIR film of the same event in Fig. 1. Note the identical structures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The moving visible bands of 4–5 April 1978, as photographed with a two-stage electrostatically focused image tube camera. The FOV is about 25° × 37° with the usable field diminished by image tube and lens vignetting. Speed of these bands is 91 m/sec deduced from their angular speed, elevation angle, and assumed height of 90 km.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

A 5-min exposure on Tri-X of bright IR diagonal bands on 24–25 January 1974, from Albuquerque, N.M. Note the weakness of the diagonal stripes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

A simultaneous HSIR exposure on nearly the same area as Fig. 4, showing intense IR OH emission in the diagonal stripes.

Equations (1)

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NO + O NO 2 + h v ( 65 - 90 km ) , O + O O 2 + h v ( 90 - 100 km ) .

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