Abstract

In cases where the photon noise is the limiting factor, the multiplex gain is not always conserved; however the throughput (Jacquinot's advantage) is not affected. Therefore extension of Fourier transform spectroscopy to higher frequencies has great possibilities. Studies at high resolution, both in emission and in absorption, show that the performance achieved by Fourier transform spectroscopy in the visible and uv range is comparable with that reached in the ir.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Jacquinot, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4, 402 (1965).
  2. A. S. Filler, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports114 (1971), p. 407;J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 589 (1973).
  3. P. Luc, S. Gerstenkorn, Astron. Astrophys. 18, 209 (1972).
  4. R. J. Bell, Introductory Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1972).
  5. F. D. Kahn, Astrophys. J. 129, 518 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 7, 149 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Jacquinot, Rep. Prog. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Fellgett, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports114 (1971), p. 140.
  9. A Girard, P. Jacquinot, Advanced Optical Techniques (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1967), p. 13.
  10. J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Connes, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 40, 2 (1961).
  12. G. Guelachvili, in AMCO 5 (Plenum, New York, 1975), p. 424.
  13. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, T. Chauville, Astron. Astrophys. 58, 255 (1977).
  14. P. Jacquinot, Appl. Opt. 8, 497 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Pinard, J. Phys. C 2, 142 (1967).
  16. P. Connes, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports 114 (1971), p. 121.
  17. P. Connes, G. Michel, Appl. Opt. 14, 2067 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Connes, G. MichelAFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports 114 (1971), p. 313;G. Michel, Appl. Opt. 11, 2671 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. Bacis, A. Bernard, P. Luc, at Fifth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, Tours, 1977.
  20. P. Connes, Colloque No. 161 (Editions CNRS, Paris, 1966), p. 142.
  21. J. H. Callomon, G. G. Chandler, Appl. Opt. 8, 1133 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 64, 56 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. D. Simmons, J. T. Hougen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 81, 25 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. T. Hougen, U.S. National Bureau of Standards; private communication.
  25. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, “Atlas de la molécule de l'iode: 14800–20000 cm−1” (Editions CNRS, Paris) à paraître début 1978.

1977

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, T. Chauville, Astron. Astrophys. 58, 255 (1977).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 64, 56 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Simmons, J. T. Hougen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 81, 25 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 7, 149 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975

1972

P. Luc, S. Gerstenkorn, Astron. Astrophys. 18, 209 (1972).

1970

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

1967

J. Pinard, J. Phys. C 2, 142 (1967).

1965

P. Jacquinot, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4, 402 (1965).

1961

J. Connes, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 40, 2 (1961).

1960

P. Jacquinot, Rep. Prog. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1959

F. D. Kahn, Astrophys. J. 129, 518 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Bacis, R.

R. Bacis, A. Bernard, P. Luc, at Fifth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, Tours, 1977.

Bell, R. J.

R. J. Bell, Introductory Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1972).

Bernard, A.

R. Bacis, A. Bernard, P. Luc, at Fifth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, Tours, 1977.

Callomon, J. H.

Chandler, G. G.

Chauville, T.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, T. Chauville, Astron. Astrophys. 58, 255 (1977).

Connes, J.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Connes, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 40, 2 (1961).

Connes, P.

P. Connes, G. Michel, Appl. Opt. 14, 2067 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

P. Connes, G. MichelAFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports 114 (1971), p. 313;G. Michel, Appl. Opt. 11, 2671 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Connes, Colloque No. 161 (Editions CNRS, Paris, 1966), p. 142.

P. Connes, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports 114 (1971), p. 121.

Delouis, H.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Fellgett, P.

P. Fellgett, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports114 (1971), p. 140.

Filler, A. S.

A. S. Filler, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports114 (1971), p. 407;J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 589 (1973).

Gerstenkorn, S.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 64, 56 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, T. Chauville, Astron. Astrophys. 58, 255 (1977).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 7, 149 (1976).
[CrossRef]

P. Luc, S. Gerstenkorn, Astron. Astrophys. 18, 209 (1972).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, “Atlas de la molécule de l'iode: 14800–20000 cm−1” (Editions CNRS, Paris) à paraître début 1978.

Girard, A

A Girard, P. Jacquinot, Advanced Optical Techniques (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1967), p. 13.

Guelachvili, G.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

G. Guelachvili, in AMCO 5 (Plenum, New York, 1975), p. 424.

Hougen, J. T.

J. D. Simmons, J. T. Hougen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 81, 25 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Hougen, U.S. National Bureau of Standards; private communication.

Jacquinot, P.

P. Jacquinot, Appl. Opt. 8, 497 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Jacquinot, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4, 402 (1965).

P. Jacquinot, Rep. Prog. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
[CrossRef]

A Girard, P. Jacquinot, Advanced Optical Techniques (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1967), p. 13.

Kahn, F. D.

F. D. Kahn, Astrophys. J. 129, 518 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Luc, P.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 64, 56 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, T. Chauville, Astron. Astrophys. 58, 255 (1977).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 7, 149 (1976).
[CrossRef]

P. Luc, S. Gerstenkorn, Astron. Astrophys. 18, 209 (1972).

R. Bacis, A. Bernard, P. Luc, at Fifth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, Tours, 1977.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, “Atlas de la molécule de l'iode: 14800–20000 cm−1” (Editions CNRS, Paris) à paraître début 1978.

Maillard, J. P.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Michel, G.

P. Connes, G. Michel, Appl. Opt. 14, 2067 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

P. Connes, G. MichelAFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports 114 (1971), p. 313;G. Michel, Appl. Opt. 11, 2671 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perrin, A.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, T. Chauville, Astron. Astrophys. 58, 255 (1977).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 64, 56 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, J.

J. Pinard, J. Phys. C 2, 142 (1967).

Simmons, J. D.

J. D. Simmons, J. T. Hougen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 81, 25 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Astron. Astrophys.

P. Luc, S. Gerstenkorn, Astron. Astrophys. 18, 209 (1972).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, T. Chauville, Astron. Astrophys. 58, 255 (1977).

Astrophys. J.

F. D. Kahn, Astrophys. J. 129, 518 (1959).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, A. Perrin, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 64, 56 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. C

J. Pinard, J. Phys. C 2, 142 (1967).

J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A

J. D. Simmons, J. T. Hougen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 81, 25 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

P. Jacquinot, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4, 402 (1965).

Nouv. Rev. Opt.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 7, 149 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys.

P. Jacquinot, Rep. Prog. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum.

J. Connes, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 40, 2 (1961).

Other

G. Guelachvili, in AMCO 5 (Plenum, New York, 1975), p. 424.

P. Connes, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports 114 (1971), p. 121.

P. Fellgett, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports114 (1971), p. 140.

A Girard, P. Jacquinot, Advanced Optical Techniques (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1967), p. 13.

A. S. Filler, AFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports114 (1971), p. 407;J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 589 (1973).

R. J. Bell, Introductory Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1972).

J. T. Hougen, U.S. National Bureau of Standards; private communication.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, “Atlas de la molécule de l'iode: 14800–20000 cm−1” (Editions CNRS, Paris) à paraître début 1978.

P. Connes, G. MichelAFCRL 71-0019 Special Reports 114 (1971), p. 313;G. Michel, Appl. Opt. 11, 2671 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bacis, A. Bernard, P. Luc, at Fifth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, Tours, 1977.

P. Connes, Colloque No. 161 (Editions CNRS, Paris, 1966), p. 142.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of the uncertainty of the line position as a function of the SNR of the lines.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A small portion of the neptunium spectrum emitted by an electrodeless discharge tube (in the visible range), showing hyperfine structure patterns.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Portions of the neptunium spectrum emitted by an electrodeless discharge tube situated in the uv region. These recordings were directly traced from our real time computer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

To cover the useful range (2000–9000 Å) of our spectrometer, two different beam splitters are necessary. Curves a and b give the transmittance of the coatings in the uv and visible regions, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

A small fraction of the iodine absorption spectrum in the visible. The identified R and P components belong to the (30.0) band of the B π o u + 3 X Σ g + 1 transition (see Ref. 22). Noise and reproducibility of the FTS method can be estimated from the two independent traces.

Tables (1)

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Table I FTS Gain in Typical Cases

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( σ ) ¯ = 1 / Δ σ σ Δ σ / 2 σ + Δ σ / 2 I ( σ ) d σ .
I T ( σ ) = σ Δ σ / 2 σ + Δ σ / 2 I ( σ ) d σ
[ I ( σ ) σ / I T ( σ ) 1 / 2 ] T 1 / 2 .
[ I ( σ ) σ ] 1 / 2 t 1 / 2 ,
G s / n m ~ [ I ( σ ) / I ( σ ) ¯ ] 1 / 2 ,

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