Abstract

An experimental device successfully upconverts ir radiation in the 3.2–5.0-μm wavelength range simultaneously to “visible” light at 0.80–0.88 μm, while preserving frequency coding and is thus applicable to ir spectroscopy. The 1.8-μm bandwidth of ir radiation that is upconverted without temperature or phase match tuning is the largest yet reported. The over-all system quantum efficiency of the upconverter/spectrometer system is 0.01% and could be improved to 0.4%.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. R. Gurski, H. W. Epps, S. P. Maran, Nature 249, 638 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. R. Gurski, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Arizona (1974).
  3. S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).
  4. J. E. Midwinter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 716 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Warner, Opto-electronics 1, 25 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 29 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 68 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. A. Smith, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley (1976).
  9. T. Kostiuk, M. Abbas, K. W. Ogilvie, M. Mumma, Infrared Phys. 16, 55 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. R. Gurski, Appl. Opt. 11, 2105 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. W. Epps, P. J. Peters, in Astronomical Observations with Television-Type Sensors, J. W. Glaspey, G. A. H. Walker, Eds. (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., 1973), 415.
  13. T. R. Gurski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 273 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. E. Kornienko, A. I. Ryzhkov, V. L. Strizkevskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 428 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. A. Beaver, C. E. McIlwain, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1321 (1971).
    [CrossRef]

1976 (2)

T. Kostiuk, M. Abbas, K. W. Ogilvie, M. Mumma, Infrared Phys. 16, 55 (1976).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Kornienko, A. I. Ryzhkov, V. L. Strizkevskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 428 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

T. R. Gurski, H. W. Epps, S. P. Maran, Nature 249, 638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

T. R. Gurski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 273 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

T. R. Gurski, Appl. Opt. 11, 2105 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

1971 (1)

E. A. Beaver, C. E. McIlwain, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1321 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (2)

J. Warner, Opto-electronics 1, 25 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 29 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (2)

J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 68 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 716 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Abbas, M.

T. Kostiuk, M. Abbas, K. W. Ogilvie, M. Mumma, Infrared Phys. 16, 55 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Beaver, E. A.

E. A. Beaver, C. E. McIlwain, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1321 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Epps, H. W.

T. R. Gurski, H. W. Epps, S. P. Maran, Nature 249, 638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Epps, P. J. Peters, in Astronomical Observations with Television-Type Sensors, J. W. Glaspey, G. A. H. Walker, Eds. (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., 1973), 415.

Gurski, T. R.

T. R. Gurski, H. W. Epps, S. P. Maran, Nature 249, 638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gurski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 273 (1973).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gurski, Appl. Opt. 11, 2105 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gurski, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Arizona (1974).

Kidyarov, B. I.

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

Kornienko, N. E.

N. E. Kornienko, A. I. Ryzhkov, V. L. Strizkevskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 428 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kosolobov, S. N.

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

Kostiuk, T.

T. Kostiuk, M. Abbas, K. W. Ogilvie, M. Mumma, Infrared Phys. 16, 55 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Krivoshchenkov, G. V.

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

Lebedev, V. V.

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

Maran, S. P.

T. R. Gurski, H. W. Epps, S. P. Maran, Nature 249, 638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Marennikov, S. I.

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

McIlwain, C. E.

E. A. Beaver, C. E. McIlwain, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1321 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Midwinter, J. E.

J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 29 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 716 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 68 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Mitnitskii, P. L.

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

Mumma, M.

T. Kostiuk, M. Abbas, K. W. Ogilvie, M. Mumma, Infrared Phys. 16, 55 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ogilvie, K. W.

T. Kostiuk, M. Abbas, K. W. Ogilvie, M. Mumma, Infrared Phys. 16, 55 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Peters, P. J.

H. W. Epps, P. J. Peters, in Astronomical Observations with Television-Type Sensors, J. W. Glaspey, G. A. H. Walker, Eds. (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., 1973), 415.

Popov, Yu. N.

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

Ryzhkov, A. I.

N. E. Kornienko, A. I. Ryzhkov, V. L. Strizkevskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 428 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. A.

H. A. Smith, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley (1976).

Strizkevskii, V. L.

N. E. Kornienko, A. I. Ryzhkov, V. L. Strizkevskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 428 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Warner, J.

J. Warner, Opto-electronics 1, 25 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. R. Gurski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 273 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 29 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 68 (1968).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. E. Midwinter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 716 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

T. Kostiuk, M. Abbas, K. W. Ogilvie, M. Mumma, Infrared Phys. 16, 55 (1976).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

S. N. Kosolobov, V. V. Lebedev, S. I. Marennikov, Yu. N. Popov, G. V. Krivoshchenkov, P. L. Mitnitskii, B. I. Kidyarov, JETP Lett. 16, 338 (1972).

Nature (1)

T. R. Gurski, H. W. Epps, S. P. Maran, Nature 249, 638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opto-electronics (1)

J. Warner, Opto-electronics 1, 25 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. A. Beaver, C. E. McIlwain, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1321 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. E. Kornienko, A. I. Ryzhkov, V. L. Strizkevskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 428 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. W. Epps, P. J. Peters, in Astronomical Observations with Television-Type Sensors, J. W. Glaspey, G. A. H. Walker, Eds. (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., 1973), 415.

H. A. Smith, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley (1976).

T. R. Gurski, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Arizona (1974).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the ir upconverter spectroscopy experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Three spectra, emitted in the ir at 3.2–5.0-μm wavelength, which were upconverted to the “visible” 0.80–0.88-μm wavelength region and recorded photographically with the aid of an S-25 photocathode image tube. Both wavelength scales are indicated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Three upconverted spectra showing the variation in upconverter operating bandwidths with phase match angle.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N c = sin 2 ( β E p ) ,
β = π d l μ L ( λ u 0 λ s 0 ) 1 / 2 ( n u n s ) 1 / 2 = 1.5 × 10 7 mV 1 ,
| E p | = ( 2 s 0 c n p ) 1 / 2 ,
d λ s = λ p 2 λ s 2 d λ p ( λ p λ r ) 2 ( λ p + λ s ) 2 .

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