Abstract

A new method for obtaining good fiber ends with the help of a CO2 laser is described. In principle, the fiber is exposed to a focused CO2 laser beam and then fractured by applying tensile stress. Average coupling losses of a step-index and a graded-index multimode fiber, whose endfaces were prepared by this method, were both 0.35 dB without index-matching fluid. Average splice losses of these fibers were 0.05–0.06 dB, when their ends were fused with a CO2 laser.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. M. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1547 (1975).
  2. D. Gloge, P. W. Smith, D. L. Bisbee, E. L. Chinnock, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1579 (1973).
  3. F. R. Caspers, E. G. Neumann, Electron. Lett. 12, 443 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. D. Khoe, G. Kuyt, Electron. Lett. 13, 147 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Hensel, Electron. Lett. 11, 581 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Murata, S. Inao, Y. Matsuda, T. Takahashi, IEE Conf. Publ.London132, 93 (1975).
  7. A. H. Cherin, P. J. Rich, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 55, 1057 (1976).
  8. R. M. Lumley, Ceram. Bull. 48, 850 (1969).
  9. K. Egashira, M. Kobayashi, Appl. Opt. 16, 1636 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (2)

1976 (2)

F. R. Caspers, E. G. Neumann, Electron. Lett. 12, 443 (1976).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Cherin, P. J. Rich, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 55, 1057 (1976).

1975 (2)

P. Hensel, Electron. Lett. 11, 581 (1975).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1547 (1975).

1973 (1)

D. Gloge, P. W. Smith, D. L. Bisbee, E. L. Chinnock, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1579 (1973).

1969 (1)

R. M. Lumley, Ceram. Bull. 48, 850 (1969).

Bisbee, D. L.

D. Gloge, P. W. Smith, D. L. Bisbee, E. L. Chinnock, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1579 (1973).

Caspers, F. R.

F. R. Caspers, E. G. Neumann, Electron. Lett. 12, 443 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Cherin, A. H.

A. H. Cherin, P. J. Rich, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 55, 1057 (1976).

Chinnock, E. L.

D. Gloge, P. W. Smith, D. L. Bisbee, E. L. Chinnock, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1579 (1973).

Egashira, K.

Gloge, D.

D. Gloge, P. W. Smith, D. L. Bisbee, E. L. Chinnock, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1579 (1973).

Hensel, P.

P. Hensel, Electron. Lett. 11, 581 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Inao, S.

H. Murata, S. Inao, Y. Matsuda, T. Takahashi, IEE Conf. Publ.London132, 93 (1975).

Khoe, G. D.

G. D. Khoe, G. Kuyt, Electron. Lett. 13, 147 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

Kuyt, G.

G. D. Khoe, G. Kuyt, Electron. Lett. 13, 147 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lumley, R. M.

R. M. Lumley, Ceram. Bull. 48, 850 (1969).

Matsuda, Y.

H. Murata, S. Inao, Y. Matsuda, T. Takahashi, IEE Conf. Publ.London132, 93 (1975).

Miller, C. M.

C. M. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1547 (1975).

Murata, H.

H. Murata, S. Inao, Y. Matsuda, T. Takahashi, IEE Conf. Publ.London132, 93 (1975).

Neumann, E. G.

F. R. Caspers, E. G. Neumann, Electron. Lett. 12, 443 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rich, P. J.

A. H. Cherin, P. J. Rich, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 55, 1057 (1976).

Smith, P. W.

D. Gloge, P. W. Smith, D. L. Bisbee, E. L. Chinnock, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1579 (1973).

Takahashi, T.

H. Murata, S. Inao, Y. Matsuda, T. Takahashi, IEE Conf. Publ.London132, 93 (1975).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (2)

C. M. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1547 (1975).

D. Gloge, P. W. Smith, D. L. Bisbee, E. L. Chinnock, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1579 (1973).

Bell. Syst. Tech. J. (1)

A. H. Cherin, P. J. Rich, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 55, 1057 (1976).

Ceram. Bull. (1)

R. M. Lumley, Ceram. Bull. 48, 850 (1969).

Electron. Lett. (3)

F. R. Caspers, E. G. Neumann, Electron. Lett. 12, 443 (1976).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Khoe, G. Kuyt, Electron. Lett. 13, 147 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. Hensel, Electron. Lett. 11, 581 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Murata, S. Inao, Y. Matsuda, T. Takahashi, IEE Conf. Publ.London132, 93 (1975).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for fiber breaking.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A view of the fiber-breaking tool.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A histogram of coupling loss without matching fluid for a step-index fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

A histogram of coupling loss without matching fluid for a graded-index fiber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

A histogram of coupling loss when joined in index-matching fluid for a step-index fiber.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

A histogram of splice loss for a step-index fiber.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

A histogram of splice loss for a graded-index fiber.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Typical splice for a step-index fiber.

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