Abstract

A detailed experimental and theoretical study of narrow ridge waveguides in glass films formed by ion-etching of patterns in photoresist has been carried out. Because the resultant waveguide profiles are trapezoidal a numerical approach, the finite-element method, has been used to compute theoretical dispersion curves. Experimental dispersion curves were obtained from measurements of output m-lines. Agreement between experiment and theory varies from moderately good to excellent over the range of waveguide profiles studied.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Tamir, Ed.,Integrated Optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1975).
  2. E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).
  3. E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).
  4. J. W. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2133 (1969);also M. Ohtaka, M. Matsuhara, N. Kumagai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 378 (1976).
  5. P. Vandenbulcke, P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 12, 120 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. J. Czendes, P. Silvester, Microwave Theory Tech. IEEE Trans. MTT-18, 1124 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Ulrich, R. Torge, Appl. Opt. 12, 2901 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. G. Gallagher, R. M. De La, Rue, Electron, Lett. 12, 397 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. A. Millar, R. H. Hutchins, P. J. R. Laybourn, Microwaves Opt. Acoust. 1, 27 (1976),also C. A. Millar “Evanescent field coupling of thin film and fiber optical waveguides,” Thesis, U. Glasgow (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. I. Smith, Proc. IEEE 62, 1361 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. B. Ostrowsky, A. M. Roy, Wave Electron. 1, 117 (1974/75).
  13. W. T. Tsang, C-C Tseng, S. Wang, Appl. Opt. 14, 1200 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Sasaki, R. M. De La Rue, Electron Lett. 12, 495 (1976).

1976 (5)

P. Vandenbulcke, P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 12, 120 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Gallagher, R. M. De La, Rue, Electron, Lett. 12, 397 (1976).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Millar, R. H. Hutchins, P. J. R. Laybourn, Microwaves Opt. Acoust. 1, 27 (1976),also C. A. Millar “Evanescent field coupling of thin film and fiber optical waveguides,” Thesis, U. Glasgow (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. Sasaki, R. M. De La Rue, Electron Lett. 12, 495 (1976).

W. T. Tsang, C-C Tseng, S. Wang, Appl. Opt. 14, 1200 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

H. I. Smith, Proc. IEEE 62, 1361 (1974).
[CrossRef]

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).

1973 (1)

1970 (1)

Z. J. Czendes, P. Silvester, Microwave Theory Tech. IEEE Trans. MTT-18, 1124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (3)

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2133 (1969);also M. Ohtaka, M. Matsuhara, N. Kumagai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 378 (1976).

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

Czendes, Z. J.

Z. J. Czendes, P. Silvester, Microwave Theory Tech. IEEE Trans. MTT-18, 1124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

De La, R. M.

J. G. Gallagher, R. M. De La, Rue, Electron, Lett. 12, 397 (1976).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

H. Sasaki, R. M. De La Rue, Electron Lett. 12, 495 (1976).

Gallagher, J. G.

J. G. Gallagher, R. M. De La, Rue, Electron, Lett. 12, 397 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Goell, J. W.

J. W. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2133 (1969);also M. Ohtaka, M. Matsuhara, N. Kumagai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 378 (1976).

Hutchins, R. H.

C. A. Millar, R. H. Hutchins, P. J. R. Laybourn, Microwaves Opt. Acoust. 1, 27 (1976),also C. A. Millar “Evanescent field coupling of thin film and fiber optical waveguides,” Thesis, U. Glasgow (1976).
[CrossRef]

Lagasse, P. E.

P. Vandenbulcke, P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 12, 120 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Laybourn, P. J. R.

C. A. Millar, R. H. Hutchins, P. J. R. Laybourn, Microwaves Opt. Acoust. 1, 27 (1976),also C. A. Millar “Evanescent field coupling of thin film and fiber optical waveguides,” Thesis, U. Glasgow (1976).
[CrossRef]

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

Martin, R. J.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Millar, C. A.

C. A. Millar, R. H. Hutchins, P. J. R. Laybourn, Microwaves Opt. Acoust. 1, 27 (1976),also C. A. Millar “Evanescent field coupling of thin film and fiber optical waveguides,” Thesis, U. Glasgow (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

D. B. Ostrowsky, A. M. Roy, Wave Electron. 1, 117 (1974/75).

Roy, A. M.

D. B. Ostrowsky, A. M. Roy, Wave Electron. 1, 117 (1974/75).

Sasaki, H.

H. Sasaki, R. M. De La Rue, Electron Lett. 12, 495 (1976).

Silvester, P.

Z. J. Czendes, P. Silvester, Microwave Theory Tech. IEEE Trans. MTT-18, 1124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

H. I. Smith, Proc. IEEE 62, 1361 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Tien, P. K.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Torge, R.

Tsang, W. T.

Tseng, C-C

Ulrich, R.

R. Ulrich, R. Torge, Appl. Opt. 12, 2901 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Vandenbulcke, P.

P. Vandenbulcke, P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 12, 120 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (3)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).

J. W. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2133 (1969);also M. Ohtaka, M. Matsuhara, N. Kumagai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 378 (1976).

Electron Lett. (1)

H. Sasaki, R. M. De La Rue, Electron Lett. 12, 495 (1976).

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Vandenbulcke, P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 12, 120 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Theory Tech. IEEE Trans. (1)

Z. J. Czendes, P. Silvester, Microwave Theory Tech. IEEE Trans. MTT-18, 1124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Microwaves Opt. Acoust. (1)

C. A. Millar, R. H. Hutchins, P. J. R. Laybourn, Microwaves Opt. Acoust. 1, 27 (1976),also C. A. Millar “Evanescent field coupling of thin film and fiber optical waveguides,” Thesis, U. Glasgow (1976).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. I. Smith, Proc. IEEE 62, 1361 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Rue, Electron, Lett. (1)

J. G. Gallagher, R. M. De La, Rue, Electron, Lett. 12, 397 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wave Electron. (1)

D. B. Ostrowsky, A. M. Roy, Wave Electron. 1, 117 (1974/75).

Other (1)

T. Tamir, Ed.,Integrated Optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1975).

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