Abstract

The design of a cell suitable for studying electron beam excited laser candidates at high temperatures such as organic dye and metal vapors is described. The cell is capable of handling temperatures up to 450°C and pressures from 10−6 Torr to 15 atm. Details of both the high-temperature laser performance of Ar-N2 and the gain characteristics of the dye POPOP [2,2′ phenylenebis(5-phenyloxazole)] are presented as an example of the use of such a cell.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. A. Edelstein, Opt. Commun. 21, 27 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. T. Ryan, T. K. Gustafson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 241 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Kofflend, R. W. Field, D. R. Guyer, S. R. Leone, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1977), p. 382.
  5. R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, Electronic Transition Lasers, L. E. Wilson, S. N. Surchard, J. F. Steinfield, Eds. (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1977), p. 246; also Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 31 (1978).
  6. C. Rhodes, R. R. Jacobs, L. Schlie, 7th Winter Colloquium on High Power Visible Lasers, Park City, Utah, 16–18 February 1977.
  7. J. J. Ewing, C. A. Brau, in Tunable Lasers and Applications, A. Mooradian, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976).
  8. C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Developed in cooperation with M. Houben, Perkin-Elmer Corporation, Norwalk, Conn.
  10. 3M transparency film, ir sensitive, type 529.
  11. G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. Wilson, C. B. Collins, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14, 434 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. L. Wilson, accepted by Appl. Phys. Lett.32, 561 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. L. Bhaumik, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 29, 122 (1976).

1977 (2)

S. A. Edelstein, Opt. Commun. 21, 27 (1977).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (2)

C. T. Ryan, T. K. Gustafson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 241 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bhaumik, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 29, 122 (1976).

1975 (1)

C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bhaumik, M. L.

M. L. Bhaumik, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 29, 122 (1976).

Brau, C. A.

J. J. Ewing, C. A. Brau, in Tunable Lasers and Applications, A. Mooradian, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976).

Collins, C. B.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. Wilson, C. B. Collins, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14, 434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Cordray, R.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. Wilson, C. B. Collins, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14, 434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. L. Wilson, accepted by Appl. Phys. Lett.32, 561 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Edelstein, S. A.

S. A. Edelstein, Opt. Commun. 21, 27 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ewing, J. J.

J. J. Ewing, C. A. Brau, in Tunable Lasers and Applications, A. Mooradian, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976).

Field, R. W.

J. Kofflend, R. W. Field, D. R. Guyer, S. R. Leone, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1977), p. 382.

Gustafson, T. K.

C. T. Ryan, T. K. Gustafson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 241 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Guyer, D. R.

J. Kofflend, R. W. Field, D. R. Guyer, S. R. Leone, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1977), p. 382.

Jacobs, R. R.

C. Rhodes, R. R. Jacobs, L. Schlie, 7th Winter Colloquium on High Power Visible Lasers, Park City, Utah, 16–18 February 1977.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, Electronic Transition Lasers, L. E. Wilson, S. N. Surchard, J. F. Steinfield, Eds. (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1977), p. 246; also Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 31 (1978).

Keto, J. W.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kofflend, J.

J. Kofflend, R. W. Field, D. R. Guyer, S. R. Leone, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1977), p. 382.

Krupke, W. F.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, Electronic Transition Lasers, L. E. Wilson, S. N. Surchard, J. F. Steinfield, Eds. (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1977), p. 246; also Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 31 (1978).

Leone, S. R.

J. Kofflend, R. W. Field, D. R. Guyer, S. R. Leone, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1977), p. 382.

Marowsky, G.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. Wilson, C. B. Collins, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14, 434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. L. Wilson, accepted by Appl. Phys. Lett.32, 561 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, C.

C. Rhodes, R. R. Jacobs, L. Schlie, 7th Winter Colloquium on High Power Visible Lasers, Park City, Utah, 16–18 February 1977.

Ryan, C. T.

C. T. Ryan, T. K. Gustafson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 241 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Schlie, L.

C. Rhodes, R. R. Jacobs, L. Schlie, 7th Winter Colloquium on High Power Visible Lasers, Park City, Utah, 16–18 February 1977.

Shank, C. V.

C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. Wilson, C. B. Collins, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14, 434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. L. Wilson, accepted by Appl. Phys. Lett.32, 561 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, B.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, W.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. Wilson, C. B. Collins, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14, 434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, W. L.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. L. Wilson, accepted by Appl. Phys. Lett.32, 561 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. T. Ryan, T. K. Gustafson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 241 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

M. L. Bhaumik, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 29, 122 (1976).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. Tittel, B. Wilson, J. W. Keto, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4845 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. A. Edelstein, Opt. Commun. 21, 27 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

Developed in cooperation with M. Houben, Perkin-Elmer Corporation, Norwalk, Conn.

3M transparency film, ir sensitive, type 529.

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. Wilson, C. B. Collins, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14, 434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, R. Cordray, F. K. Tittel, W. L. Wilson, accepted by Appl. Phys. Lett.32, 561 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Kofflend, R. W. Field, D. R. Guyer, S. R. Leone, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1977), p. 382.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, Electronic Transition Lasers, L. E. Wilson, S. N. Surchard, J. F. Steinfield, Eds. (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1977), p. 246; also Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 31 (1978).

C. Rhodes, R. R. Jacobs, L. Schlie, 7th Winter Colloquium on High Power Visible Lasers, Park City, Utah, 16–18 February 1977.

J. J. Ewing, C. A. Brau, in Tunable Lasers and Applications, A. Mooradian, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of high-temperature high-pressure cell showing (a) reaction cell, (b) optical resonator, (c) anode foil, (d) cathode, (e) optical window, (f) gas handling system, and (g) adaptor flange to electron beam accelerator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cross-sectional view of cell, mounting flange, foil seal, and support plate, and thin-walled stainless steel extension tube for thermal isolation from electron beam machine. The electron beam cathode on its coaxial extension is also shown. (b) Detail of the foil support plate. The thickness of the plate is 0.3 cm. (c) Cross section of high-pressure optical window assembly.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

High-temperature quartz optical resonator assembly.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interferogram of quartz optical resonator obtained with He–Ne laser illumination. Two axial modes (mode separation ~600 MHz) appear well resolved.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Room temperature and elevated temperature wavelength characteristics of multilayer dielectric resonator mirrors.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Current density as a function of the distance between the foil and the Faraday cup. The cathode–anode spacing is used as a parameter. The cell was pressurized with 2 atm of Ar.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fluorescence output from a premixed 10% nitrogen in Ar mixture, as a function of the length of the active region. The solid line is a fit to data obtained with the expression I = I0/α(eαx − 1).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Gain and normalized laser output power for Ar–N2 as a function of temperature. The gain is in cm−1, while the laser output is normalized to the output at room temperature (25°C).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Gain of POPOP dye vapor at 1 Torr partial pressure as a function of Ar pressure.

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