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References

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  1. R. A. Hill, D. L. Hartley, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4134 (1972); Appl. Opt. 13, 186 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Weber, S. P. S. Porto, L. E. Cheesman, J. J. Barrett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 19 (1967); J. J. Barrett, N. I. Adams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 311 (1968); A. Weber, J. Schulff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 428 (1972); J. J. Barrett, A. B. Harvey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 392 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Confocal interferometers are widely marketed as optical spectrum analyzers. The properties of the confocal interferometer have been examined by M. Hercher, Appl. Opt. 7, 951 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Kogelnik, T. Li, Appl. Opt. 5, 1550 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. See R. A. Weingarten, “Enhancement of Light Scattering Signals by Various Collecting and Generating Geometries,” City College Research Report (1976) (unpublished).

1972 (1)

R. A. Hill, D. L. Hartley, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4134 (1972); Appl. Opt. 13, 186 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

1967 (1)

1966 (1)

Barrett, J. J.

Cheesman, L. E.

Hartley, D. L.

R. A. Hill, D. L. Hartley, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4134 (1972); Appl. Opt. 13, 186 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hercher, M.

Hill, R. A.

R. A. Hill, D. L. Hartley, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4134 (1972); Appl. Opt. 13, 186 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kogelnik, H.

Li, T.

Porto, S. P. S.

Weber, A.

Weingarten, R. A.

See R. A. Weingarten, “Enhancement of Light Scattering Signals by Various Collecting and Generating Geometries,” City College Research Report (1976) (unpublished).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Confocal interferometer light trapping cell. The radius of curvature of each mirror is equal to the separation ρ. The actual cavity length is continuously adjusted by a fraction of a wavelength (λ ≪ ρ) to maintain the cavity in resonance with the incident laser light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Confocal interferometer scattering cell system. (a) Optical system (dimensions are not to scale). Mirrors M1 and M2 form the interferometer cavity, and mirror M3, whose center of curvature is on the beam axis, is used to further enhance the scattering efficiency in scattering at a 90° angle. (b) Electronic part of the servo system. At the beginning of an experiment the bias voltage is adjusted to bring the interferometer into resonance with the laser frequency, and then resonance is maintained by the servoloop.

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