Abstract

Design characteristics and performance are described for a low-temperature multiple-reflection cell used with a laser diode spectrometer. The optical pathlength can be varied from 0.04 km to 1.5 km in the temperature controlled cell from 160 K to 300 K. Examples are presented to illustrate pressure broadening in the 16 μm N2O band and to indicate some high resolution absorption measurements of rotational manifolds in the ν4 band of SF6 and an application to the analysis of the Q-branch of the 2ν4ν4 hot band transition in SF6.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Flicker, N. G. Nereson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 326 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Walther, Ed., Laser Spectroscopy, Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, Berlin, 1976), Vol. 2; particularly Chap. 2 by E. D. Hinckley, K. W. Nill, F. A. Blum.
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. A. Blum, K. W. Nill in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer, A. Mooradian, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 493.
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds., Laser Spectroscopy 3, (Springer, Berlin, 1977).
  7. E. G. Griggs, M. Henke, J. P. Aldridge, K. C. Kim, paper presented at IEEE/OSA Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, 25–27 May, San Diego (1976).
  8. E. A. J. Marcatili, R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. 43, 1783 (1964).
  9. V. Vali, R. Goldstein, K. Fox, Appl. Phys. 22, 391 (1973), and R. Goldstein, V. Vali, K. Fox, Astrophys. J. 180, L129 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Horn, G. C. Pimentel, Appl. Opt. 10, 1892 (1971); and F. Stenman, Appl. Opt. 11, 1178 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. U. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 285 (1942).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. U. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 411 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  13. We are grateful to M. Reisfeld (LASL) for the assignment of this N2O transition.
  14. A. M. Thorndike, J. Chem. Phys. 16, 211 (1948); A. Adel, E. F. Barker, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 236 (1944); see also A. Adel, Phys. Rev. 71, 806 (1947).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. A. Toth, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 40, 605 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. B. Person, K. C. Kim, J. Chem. Phys. in press; and K. C. Kim, W. B. Person, B. J. Krohn, submitted to J. Mol. Spectrosc.
  17. B. J. Krohn, “Diagonal F(4) and F(6) Coefficients for Spherical Top Molecules in Angular Momentum States up to J = 100,” LASL report LA-6554-MS (1976); see also B. J. Krohn, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 497 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Jackson, “Statistical Thermodynamic Properties of Hexafluoride Molecules,” LASL report LAS-6025-MS (1975).
  19. K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

1976 (2)

H. Flicker, N. G. Nereson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. U. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 411 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

V. Vali, R. Goldstein, K. Fox, Appl. Phys. 22, 391 (1973), and R. Goldstein, V. Vali, K. Fox, Astrophys. J. 180, L129 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

1964 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. 43, 1783 (1964).

1948 (1)

A. M. Thorndike, J. Chem. Phys. 16, 211 (1948); A. Adel, E. F. Barker, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 236 (1944); see also A. Adel, Phys. Rev. 71, 806 (1947).
[CrossRef]

1942 (1)

Aldridge, J. P.

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Griggs, M. Henke, J. P. Aldridge, K. C. Kim, paper presented at IEEE/OSA Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, 25–27 May, San Diego (1976).

K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

Blum, F. A.

F. A. Blum, K. W. Nill in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer, A. Mooradian, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 493.
[CrossRef]

Filip, H.

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

Flicker, H.

H. Flicker, N. G. Nereson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Fox, K.

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

V. Vali, R. Goldstein, K. Fox, Appl. Phys. 22, 391 (1973), and R. Goldstein, V. Vali, K. Fox, Astrophys. J. 180, L129 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, R.

V. Vali, R. Goldstein, K. Fox, Appl. Phys. 22, 391 (1973), and R. Goldstein, V. Vali, K. Fox, Astrophys. J. 180, L129 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Griggs, E. G.

E. G. Griggs, M. Henke, J. P. Aldridge, K. C. Kim, paper presented at IEEE/OSA Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, 25–27 May, San Diego (1976).

Harman, T. C.

J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Henke, M.

E. G. Griggs, M. Henke, J. P. Aldridge, K. C. Kim, paper presented at IEEE/OSA Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, 25–27 May, San Diego (1976).

Holland, R. F.

J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

Horn, D.

Jackson, D.

D. Jackson, “Statistical Thermodynamic Properties of Hexafluoride Molecules,” LASL report LAS-6025-MS (1975).

Kim, K. C.

K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

W. B. Person, K. C. Kim, J. Chem. Phys. in press; and K. C. Kim, W. B. Person, B. J. Krohn, submitted to J. Mol. Spectrosc.

E. G. Griggs, M. Henke, J. P. Aldridge, K. C. Kim, paper presented at IEEE/OSA Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, 25–27 May, San Diego (1976).

Krohn, B. J.

B. J. Krohn, “Diagonal F(4) and F(6) Coefficients for Spherical Top Molecules in Angular Momentum States up to J = 100,” LASL report LA-6554-MS (1976); see also B. J. Krohn, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 497 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. 43, 1783 (1964).

McDowell, R. S.

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nereson, N. G.

H. Flicker, N. G. Nereson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

Nill, K. W.

J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Blum, K. W. Nill in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer, A. Mooradian, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 493.
[CrossRef]

Person, W. B.

K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

W. B. Person, K. C. Kim, J. Chem. Phys. in press; and K. C. Kim, W. B. Person, B. J. Krohn, submitted to J. Mol. Spectrosc.

Pimentel, G. C.

Schmeltzer, R. A.

E. A. J. Marcatili, R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. 43, 1783 (1964).

Thorndike, A. M.

A. M. Thorndike, J. Chem. Phys. 16, 211 (1948); A. Adel, E. F. Barker, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 236 (1944); see also A. Adel, Phys. Rev. 71, 806 (1947).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

R. A. Toth, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 40, 605 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Vali, V.

V. Vali, R. Goldstein, K. Fox, Appl. Phys. 22, 391 (1973), and R. Goldstein, V. Vali, K. Fox, Astrophys. J. 180, L129 (1973).
[CrossRef]

White, J. U.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

V. Vali, R. Goldstein, K. Fox, Appl. Phys. 22, 391 (1973), and R. Goldstein, V. Vali, K. Fox, Astrophys. J. 180, L129 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. 43, 1783 (1964).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Flicker, N. G. Nereson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. M. Thorndike, J. Chem. Phys. 16, 211 (1948); A. Adel, E. F. Barker, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 236 (1944); see also A. Adel, Phys. Rev. 71, 806 (1947).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (3)

R. A. Toth, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 40, 605 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, R. S. McDowell, N. G. Nereson, K. Fox, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 58, 165 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Aldridge, R. F. Holland, H. Flicker, K. W. Nill, T. C. HarmanJ. Mol. Spectrosc. 54, 328 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Other (9)

W. B. Person, K. C. Kim, J. Chem. Phys. in press; and K. C. Kim, W. B. Person, B. J. Krohn, submitted to J. Mol. Spectrosc.

B. J. Krohn, “Diagonal F(4) and F(6) Coefficients for Spherical Top Molecules in Angular Momentum States up to J = 100,” LASL report LA-6554-MS (1976); see also B. J. Krohn, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 497 (1977).
[CrossRef]

D. Jackson, “Statistical Thermodynamic Properties of Hexafluoride Molecules,” LASL report LAS-6025-MS (1975).

K. C. Kim, J. P. Aldridge, H. Filip, R. F. Holland, N. G. Nereson, W. B. Person, Proceedings of the Electro-Optics International Laser Conference, Anaheim, November (1975).

We are grateful to M. Reisfeld (LASL) for the assignment of this N2O transition.

H. Walther, Ed., Laser Spectroscopy, Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, Berlin, 1976), Vol. 2; particularly Chap. 2 by E. D. Hinckley, K. W. Nill, F. A. Blum.
[CrossRef]

F. A. Blum, K. W. Nill in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer, A. Mooradian, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 493.
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Eds., Laser Spectroscopy 3, (Springer, Berlin, 1977).

E. G. Griggs, M. Henke, J. P. Aldridge, K. C. Kim, paper presented at IEEE/OSA Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, 25–27 May, San Diego (1976).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the low temperature multiple reflection cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

White cell optics showing a typical arrangement for a two-row, multiple-reflection system set for 8 passes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the laser diode spectrometer. The sample cell in the present application is the 11-m multiple-reflection cell.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

An oscilloscope trace showing time resolved sample and reference beams of a laser pulse to be used to obtain sample optical pathlength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The R(27) line of the 01 1d0 to 0220 hot band transition in N2O measured at room temperature in a 7-cm cell (dotted and dashed curves) and in the long pathcell at 200 m (solid curves).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Rotational manifold of P(29) of the ν4 band in SF6 measured with the long pathcell at 0.45 × 10−3 Torr pressure (solid curves) compared with a similar measurement at 1.1 Torr in a 7-cm cell (dotted curves).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Rotational manifolds of P(88) and P(89) of the ν4 band in SF6 measured in the long pathcell at room temperature with 0.5 × 10−3 Torr pressure at an optical pathlength of 400 m. The lower curve shows the étalon pattern with a 2.54-cm Ge flat. The free spectral range is indicated.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Absorption by the Q-branch of the 2ν4ν4 hot band in SF6 at 15°C (A) and −105°C (B).

Metrics