Abstract

We describe a technique for determining the groove depth of gratings having sinusoidal grooves. Absolute efficiencies measured using a laser are compared with numerical results to give an indication of groove depth.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Labeyrie, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optics, Marseilles (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, 1967), Report 00015/PR/ED.
  2. D. Rudolph, G. Schmahl, Umsch. Wiss. Tech. 67, 225 (1967).
  3. D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 2, 309 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Pavageau, J. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 17, 469 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 7, 331 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, J. Gilewicz, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 5, 79 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, Suppl. 14-1, 159 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 6, 50 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. J. Pröger, Exp. Tech. Phys. 9, 236 (1961).
  10. W. A. Anderson, G. L. Griffin, C. F. Mooney, R. S. Wiley, Appl. Opt. 4, 999 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. Bennett, J. Phys. E 2, 816 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. F. Verrill, J. Phys, E 6, 1199 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. F. Verrill, Opt. Acta 23, 425 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. C. Hutley, J. Phys. E 9, 513 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. J. Beesley, J. G. CastledineAppl. Opt. 9, 2720 (1970).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Kogelnik, in Modern Optics, J. Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, 1967).
  17. W. R. Hunter, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory; personal communication.
  18. R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 23, Suppl. 1, 13 (1974).
  19. E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14Suppl 14-1, 143 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. J. Wilson, R. C. McPhedran, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 9, 263 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  21. I. J. Wilson, Ph.D. Thesis, U. Tasmania (1977).

1976 (2)

J. F. Verrill, Opt. Acta 23, 425 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hutley, J. Phys. E 9, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14Suppl 14-1, 143 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, Suppl. 14-1, 159 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, J. Gilewicz, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 5, 79 (1974).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 23, Suppl. 1, 13 (1974).

1973 (3)

I. J. Wilson, R. C. McPhedran, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 9, 263 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Verrill, J. Phys, E 6, 1199 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 7, 331 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 6, 50 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (3)

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 2, 309 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Pavageau, J. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 17, 469 (1970).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Beesley, J. G. CastledineAppl. Opt. 9, 2720 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969 (1)

J. M. Bennett, J. Phys. E 2, 816 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

D. Rudolph, G. Schmahl, Umsch. Wiss. Tech. 67, 225 (1967).

1965 (1)

1961 (1)

H. J. Pröger, Exp. Tech. Phys. 9, 236 (1961).

Anderson, W. A.

Beesley, M. J.

Bennett, J. M.

J. M. Bennett, J. Phys. E 2, 816 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bousquet, J.

J. Pavageau, J. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 17, 469 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Castledine, J. G.

Duban, M.

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, J. Gilewicz, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 5, 79 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Gilewicz, J.

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, J. Gilewicz, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 5, 79 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, G. L.

Hunter, W. R.

W. R. Hunter, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory; personal communication.

Hutley, M. C.

M. C. Hutley, J. Phys. E 9, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, in Modern Optics, J. Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, 1967).

Labeyrie, A.

A. Labeyrie, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optics, Marseilles (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, 1967), Report 00015/PR/ED.

Loewen, E. G.

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14Suppl 14-1, 143 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14Suppl 14-1, 143 (1975).
[CrossRef]

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, J. Gilewicz, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 5, 79 (1974).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 23, Suppl. 1, 13 (1974).

D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 6, 50 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 2, 309 (1970).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, Suppl. 14-1, 159 (1975).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14Suppl 14-1, 143 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 23, Suppl. 1, 13 (1974).

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 7, 331 (1973).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Wilson, R. C. McPhedran, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 9, 263 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Mooney, C. F.

Pavageau, J.

J. Pavageau, J. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 17, 469 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Petit, R.

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, J. Gilewicz, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 5, 79 (1974).
[CrossRef]

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 2, 309 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pröger, H. J.

H. J. Pröger, Exp. Tech. Phys. 9, 236 (1961).

Rudolph, D.

D. Rudolph, G. Schmahl, Umsch. Wiss. Tech. 67, 225 (1967).

Schmahl, G.

D. Rudolph, G. Schmahl, Umsch. Wiss. Tech. 67, 225 (1967).

Verrill, J. F.

J. F. Verrill, Opt. Acta 23, 425 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Verrill, J. Phys, E 6, 1199 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Waterworth, M. D.

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 7, 331 (1973).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Wilson, R. C. McPhedran, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 9, 263 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Wiley, R. S.

Wilson, I. J.

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14Suppl 14-1, 143 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, Suppl. 14-1, 159 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 7, 331 (1973).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Wilson, R. C. McPhedran, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 9, 263 (1973).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Wilson, Ph.D. Thesis, U. Tasmania (1977).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Exp. Tech. Phys. (1)

H. J. Pröger, Exp. Tech. Phys. 9, 236 (1961).

J. Phys, E (1)

J. F. Verrill, J. Phys, E 6, 1199 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E (2)

J. M. Bennett, J. Phys. E 2, 816 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hutley, J. Phys. E 9, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. (1)

R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 23, Suppl. 1, 13 (1974).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14Suppl 14-1, 143 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, Suppl. 14-1, 159 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nouv. Rev. Opt. (1)

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, J. Gilewicz, Nouv. Rev. Opt. 5, 79 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (2)

J. Pavageau, J. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 17, 469 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Verrill, Opt. Acta 23, 425 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

R. C. McPhedran, I. J. Wilson, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 7, 331 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 2, 309 (1970).
[CrossRef]

D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 6, 50 (1972).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Wilson, R. C. McPhedran, M. D. Waterworth, Opt. Commun. 9, 263 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Umsch. Wiss. Tech. (1)

D. Rudolph, G. Schmahl, Umsch. Wiss. Tech. 67, 225 (1967).

Other (4)

A. Labeyrie, in Proceedings of the Conference on Optics, Marseilles (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, 1967), Report 00015/PR/ED.

H. Kogelnik, in Modern Optics, J. Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, 1967).

W. R. Hunter, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory; personal communication.

I. J. Wilson, Ph.D. Thesis, U. Tasmania (1977).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Zero order efficiencies as a function of the angle of incidence θi for various groove depths h. The sinusoidal groove grating has an evaporated aluminum surface, 1800 grooves/mm, and λ = 0.4579 Am.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Order-1 efficiencies as a function of the angle of incidence θi for various groove depths h. The sinusoidal groove grating has an evaporated aluminum surface, 1800 grooves/mm, and λ = 0.4579 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Littrow and normal incidence efficiencies as a function of groove depth h for an 1800-groove/mm sinusoidal groove grating with λ = 0.4579 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Littrow and normal incidence efficiencies as a function of groove depth h for a 1200-groove/mm sinusoidal groove grating with λ = 0.6328 μm.

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