Abstract

The simultaneous multiple line operation of a double pass dye laser amplifier is reported. Standard schemes have been used to generate two independently tunable lines and to scan one narrow line linearly around a fixed one. A simple, new scheme is illustrated, which allows symmetric splitting of narrow laser lines.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. L. Stansfield, R. Nodwell, J. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 1219 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieth, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. F. Zalewski, R. A. Keller, Appl. Opt. 10, 2773 (1971).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. H. S. Pilloff, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 339 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Y. Wu, J. R. Lombardi, Opt. Commun. 7, 233 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 249 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, D. Peri, Opt. Commun. 9, 149 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. J. Cody, H. S. Pilloff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1152 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. Marowsky, F. Zagara, Opt. Commun. 11, 343 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. A. Chodzko, Appl. Opt. 13, 2321 (1974).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. R. C. Hillborn, H. C. Brayman, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  13. L. D. Hutcheson, R. S. Hughes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 462 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. J. Schimidt, Opt. Commun. 14, 294 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  15. P. Flamant, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 13, 13 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Lotem, R. T. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 27, 344 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  17. B. R. Marx, G. Holloway, L. Allen, Opt. Commun. 18, 437 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Burlamacchi, R. Pratesi, R. Salimbeni, Appl. Opt. 14, 1311 (1975).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. P. Burlamacchi, R. Pratesi, U. Vanni, Appl. Opt. 15, 2684 (1976).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. Burlamacchi, R. Pratesi, L. Ronchi, Appl. Opt. 14, 79 (1975).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. F. P. Schäfer, H. Müller, Opt. Commun. 2, 407 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  22. R. Pratesi, L. Ronchi, Opt. Acta 23, 933 (1976).
    [Crossref]

1976 (3)

B. R. Marx, G. Holloway, L. Allen, Opt. Commun. 18, 437 (1976).
[Crossref]

P. Burlamacchi, R. Pratesi, U. Vanni, Appl. Opt. 15, 2684 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Pratesi, L. Ronchi, Opt. Acta 23, 933 (1976).
[Crossref]

1975 (5)

P. Burlamacchi, R. Pratesi, L. Ronchi, Appl. Opt. 14, 79 (1975).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Burlamacchi, R. Pratesi, R. Salimbeni, Appl. Opt. 14, 1311 (1975).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Schimidt, Opt. Commun. 14, 294 (1975).
[Crossref]

P. Flamant, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 13, 13 (1975).
[Crossref]

H. Lotem, R. T. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 27, 344 (1975).
[Crossref]

1974 (4)

G. Marowsky, F. Zagara, Opt. Commun. 11, 343 (1974).
[Crossref]

R. A. Chodzko, Appl. Opt. 13, 2321 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Hillborn, H. C. Brayman, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912 (1974).
[Crossref]

L. D. Hutcheson, R. S. Hughes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 462 (1974).
[Crossref]

1973 (5)

C. Y. Wu, J. R. Lombardi, Opt. Commun. 7, 233 (1973).
[Crossref]

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 249 (1973).
[Crossref]

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, D. Peri, Opt. Commun. 9, 149 (1973).
[Crossref]

R. J. Cody, H. S. Pilloff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1152 (1973).
[Crossref]

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

H. S. Pilloff, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 339 (1972).
[Crossref]

1971 (4)

B. L. Stansfield, R. Nodwell, J. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 1219 (1971).
[Crossref]

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieth, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269 (1971).
[Crossref]

E. F. Zalewski, R. A. Keller, Appl. Opt. 10, 2773 (1971).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. P. Schäfer, H. Müller, Opt. Commun. 2, 407 (1971).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

B. R. Marx, G. Holloway, L. Allen, Opt. Commun. 18, 437 (1976).
[Crossref]

Brayman, H. C.

R. C. Hillborn, H. C. Brayman, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912 (1974).
[Crossref]

Burlamacchi, P.

Chodzko, R. A.

Cody, R. J.

R. J. Cody, H. S. Pilloff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1152 (1973).
[Crossref]

Flamant, P.

P. Flamant, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 13, 13 (1975).
[Crossref]

Friesem, A. A.

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 249 (1973).
[Crossref]

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, D. Peri, Opt. Commun. 9, 149 (1973).
[Crossref]

Ganiel, U.

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, D. Peri, Opt. Commun. 9, 149 (1973).
[Crossref]

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 249 (1973).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieth, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269 (1971).
[Crossref]

Harris, S. E.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieth, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269 (1971).
[Crossref]

Hillborn, R. C.

R. C. Hillborn, H. C. Brayman, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912 (1974).
[Crossref]

Holloway, G.

B. R. Marx, G. Holloway, L. Allen, Opt. Commun. 18, 437 (1976).
[Crossref]

Hughes, R. S.

L. D. Hutcheson, R. S. Hughes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 462 (1974).
[Crossref]

Hutcheson, L. D.

L. D. Hutcheson, R. S. Hughes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 462 (1974).
[Crossref]

Keller, R. A.

Lombardi, J. R.

C. Y. Wu, J. R. Lombardi, Opt. Commun. 7, 233 (1973).
[Crossref]

Lotem, H.

H. Lotem, R. T. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 27, 344 (1975).
[Crossref]

Lynch, R. T.

H. Lotem, R. T. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 27, 344 (1975).
[Crossref]

Marowsky, G.

G. Marowsky, F. Zagara, Opt. Commun. 11, 343 (1974).
[Crossref]

Marx, B. R.

B. R. Marx, G. Holloway, L. Allen, Opt. Commun. 18, 437 (1976).
[Crossref]

Meyer, J.

B. L. Stansfield, R. Nodwell, J. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 1219 (1971).
[Crossref]

Meyer, Y. H.

P. Flamant, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 13, 13 (1975).
[Crossref]

Morris, J. R.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Müller, H.

F. P. Schäfer, H. Müller, Opt. Commun. 2, 407 (1971).
[Crossref]

Neumann, G.

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 249 (1973).
[Crossref]

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, D. Peri, Opt. Commun. 9, 149 (1973).
[Crossref]

Nieth, S. T. K.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieth, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269 (1971).
[Crossref]

Nodwell, R.

B. L. Stansfield, R. Nodwell, J. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 1219 (1971).
[Crossref]

Peri, D.

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, D. Peri, Opt. Commun. 9, 149 (1973).
[Crossref]

Pilloff, H. S.

R. J. Cody, H. S. Pilloff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1152 (1973).
[Crossref]

H. S. Pilloff, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 339 (1972).
[Crossref]

Pratesi, R.

Richards, P. L.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Ronchi, L.

Salimbeni, R.

Schäfer, F. P.

F. P. Schäfer, H. Müller, Opt. Commun. 2, 407 (1971).
[Crossref]

Schimidt, A. J.

A. J. Schimidt, Opt. Commun. 14, 294 (1975).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Stansfield, B. L.

B. L. Stansfield, R. Nodwell, J. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 1219 (1971).
[Crossref]

Taylor, D. J.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieth, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269 (1971).
[Crossref]

Vanni, U.

Wu, C. Y.

C. Y. Wu, J. R. Lombardi, Opt. Commun. 7, 233 (1973).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. H.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Zagara, F.

G. Marowsky, F. Zagara, Opt. Commun. 11, 343 (1974).
[Crossref]

Zalewski, E. F.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

H. S. Pilloff, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 339 (1972).
[Crossref]

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieth, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269 (1971).
[Crossref]

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 249 (1973).
[Crossref]

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

H. Lotem, R. T. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 27, 344 (1975).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. J. Cody, H. S. Pilloff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 1152 (1973).
[Crossref]

L. D. Hutcheson, R. S. Hughes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 462 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. C. Hillborn, H. C. Brayman, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4912 (1974).
[Crossref]

Opt. Acta (1)

R. Pratesi, L. Ronchi, Opt. Acta 23, 933 (1976).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (7)

B. R. Marx, G. Holloway, L. Allen, Opt. Commun. 18, 437 (1976).
[Crossref]

A. J. Schimidt, Opt. Commun. 14, 294 (1975).
[Crossref]

P. Flamant, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 13, 13 (1975).
[Crossref]

F. P. Schäfer, H. Müller, Opt. Commun. 2, 407 (1971).
[Crossref]

G. Marowsky, F. Zagara, Opt. Commun. 11, 343 (1974).
[Crossref]

A. A. Friesem, U. Ganiel, G. Neumann, D. Peri, Opt. Commun. 9, 149 (1973).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Wu, J. R. Lombardi, Opt. Commun. 7, 233 (1973).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. L. Stansfield, R. Nodwell, J. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 1219 (1971).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus: PC, planar cell; FL, flash light; L1, doublet lens; L2, output collimating lens; DG, diffraction grating; M1M2, silvered plane mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tuning spectra obtained by rotating mirrors M1 and M2 as indicated in Fig. 1. The Na doublet is superimposed for calibration. Wavelength increases from left to right. (The more intense strip has been accidentally exposed twice) d = 100 μm; f = 480 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Fabry-Perot spectrum of the laser output in the case d = 50 μm, f = 480 mm. (b) Splitting of the preceding line obtained with a 30-μrad wedged plate: Δν = 7 GHZ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Two-wavelength spectrum with lines of different width. d = 50 μm; f = 480 mm. Narrow line (0.3 Å, unresolved): grating feedback; broad line (26 Å): prism + plane mirror feedback.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Fabry-Perot spectrum obtained with d = 50 μm, f = 480 mm, and a defocusing |qf| = 6 mm. Wavelength separation: 1.93 Å. (b) Plot of the wavelength separation vs |qf|/f: ○, F.P. spectra; △ grating spectrograph (d = 50 μm; f = 480 mm); ●, microdensitographic traces of grating spectrograph sepctra (d = 50 μm, f = 180 mm, and a rectangular stop inserted between the two lobes near the lens)

Equations (3)

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Δ λ = ( d θ d λ ) - 1 · d f ,
Δ λ L = 2 ( d θ d λ ) - 1 ( n - 1 ) ,
λ ± λ o ± 2 ( d θ d λ ) - 1 · θ M · q - f f .

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