Abstract

Irreversible laser damage phenomena are investigated in pyroelectric and semiconductor ir detector materials. Thermal damage phenomena in these materials are reviewed, and new results are presented. Theoretical models, which successfully describe thermal damage in detector materials, are reviewed, and criteria for the application of these models are discussed.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2867 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Bartoli, M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3713 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1072 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2875 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4519 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, Infrared Phys. 16, 375 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, submitted for publication to Infrared Phys.
  8. J. Davit, in Proceedings of the 1973 Symposium on Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials; NBS Special Publication 387, A. J. Glass, A. H. Guenther, Eds. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1973).
  9. V. I. Kovalev, V. V. Morozov, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1208 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. M. Pakhomov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1284 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).
  12. M. Kruer, R. Allen, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, Opt. Quant. Electron. 8, 453 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Guiliani, C. Marquardt, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4993 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Bedair, H. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4776 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, J. Phys. D 7, 1259 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 574 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Carslaw, J. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids (Oxford U.P., New York, 1959), Chap. 2.
  19. J. Ready, Effects of High Power Laser Radiation (Academic, New York, 1971), Chap. 3.
  20. B. Boley, H. Weiner, Theory of Thermal Stresses (Wiley, New York, 1960), Chap. 9.
  21. M. Anthony, in Proceedings of the General Discussion on Heat Transfer, Sept. 1951 (Inst. of Mechanical Engineers, London, 1952), p. 236.
  22. F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, Appl. Opt. 14, 2499 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Torvik, technical report AFIT tr 72-2, Air Force Institute of Technology (March1972).
  24. Same sample size and experimental conditions as for SBN (Ref. 3).
  25. Same sample size and experimental conditions as for Ge:Y (Ref. 7).

1976 (5)

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2867 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2875 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, Infrared Phys. 16, 375 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, R. Allen, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, Opt. Quant. Electron. 8, 453 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (5)

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, Appl. Opt. 14, 2499 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1072 (1975).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kovalev, V. V. Morozov, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1208 (1975).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Pakhomov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1284 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4519 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (3)

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, J. Phys. D 7, 1259 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Guiliani, C. Marquardt, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4993 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 574 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

F. Bartoli, M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3713 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S. Bedair, H. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4776 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).

Allen, R.

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2867 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2875 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, Infrared Phys. 16, 375 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, R. Allen, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, Opt. Quant. Electron. 8, 453 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, Appl. Opt. 14, 2499 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4519 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1072 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3713 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, submitted for publication to Infrared Phys.

Anthony, M.

M. Anthony, in Proceedings of the General Discussion on Heat Transfer, Sept. 1951 (Inst. of Mechanical Engineers, London, 1952), p. 236.

Bartoli, F.

M. Kruer, R. Allen, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, Opt. Quant. Electron. 8, 453 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, Infrared Phys. 16, 375 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2867 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2875 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1072 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4519 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, Appl. Opt. 14, 2499 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bartoli, M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3713 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, submitted for publication to Infrared Phys.

Bedair, S.

S. Bedair, H. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4776 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bertolatti, M.

M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Boley, B.

B. Boley, H. Weiner, Theory of Thermal Stresses (Wiley, New York, 1960), Chap. 9.

Carslaw, H.

H. Carslaw, J. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids (Oxford U.P., New York, 1959), Chap. 2.

Davit, J.

J. Davit, in Proceedings of the 1973 Symposium on Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials; NBS Special Publication 387, A. J. Glass, A. H. Guenther, Eds. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1973).

Depasquale, F.

M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Esterowitz, L.

M. Kruer, R. Allen, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, Opt. Quant. Electron. 8, 453 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, Infrared Phys. 16, 375 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2867 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2875 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1072 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4519 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, Appl. Opt. 14, 2499 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bartoli, M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3713 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, submitted for publication to Infrared Phys.

Faizullov, F. S.

V. I. Kovalev, V. V. Morozov, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1208 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Grindberg, A.

A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).

Guiliani, J.

J. Guiliani, C. Marquardt, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4993 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, J.

H. Carslaw, J. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids (Oxford U.P., New York, 1959), Chap. 2.

Kovalev, V. I.

V. I. Kovalev, V. V. Morozov, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1208 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kruer, M.

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, Infrared Phys. 16, 375 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2867 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2875 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, R. Allen, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, Opt. Quant. Electron. 8, 453 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, Appl. Opt. 14, 2499 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4519 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1072 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3713 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, submitted for publication to Infrared Phys.

Marietti, P.

M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, C.

J. Guiliani, C. Marquardt, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4993 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, Y.

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, J. Phys. D 7, 1259 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 574 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Mekhtieo, R.

A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).

Morozov, V. V.

V. I. Kovalev, V. V. Morozov, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1208 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pakhomov, L. M.

L. M. Pakhomov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1284 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ready, J.

J. Ready, Effects of High Power Laser Radiation (Academic, New York, 1971), Chap. 3.

Ryokin, S.

A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).

Salmanov, V.

A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).

Setti, D.

M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H.

S. Bedair, H. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4776 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Torvik, P.

P. Torvik, technical report AFIT tr 72-2, Air Force Institute of Technology (March1972).

Usami, A.

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, J. Phys. D 7, 1259 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 574 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Vitali, G.

M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, H.

B. Boley, H. Weiner, Theory of Thermal Stresses (Wiley, New York, 1960), Chap. 9.

Yaroshetskii, I.

A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 574 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, Infrared Phys. 16, 375 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (8)

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2867 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3713 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1072 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2875 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. Bartoli, L. Esterowitz, M. Kruer, R. Allen, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4519 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Guiliani, C. Marquardt, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4993 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Bedair, H. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4776 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. Bertolatti, F. Depasquale, P. Marietti, D. Setti, G. Vitali, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4088 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

Y. Matsuoka, A. Usami, J. Phys. D 7, 1259 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quant. Electron. (1)

M. Kruer, R. Allen, L. Esterowitz, F. Bartoli, Opt. Quant. Electron. 8, 453 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. I. Kovalev, V. V. Morozov, F. S. Faizullov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1208 (1975).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Pakhomov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1284 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State (1)

A. Grindberg, R. Mekhtieo, S. Ryokin, V. Salmanov, I. Yaroshetskii, Sov. Phys. Solid State 9, 1085 (1967).

Other (9)

M. Kruer, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, F. Bartoli, submitted for publication to Infrared Phys.

J. Davit, in Proceedings of the 1973 Symposium on Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials; NBS Special Publication 387, A. J. Glass, A. H. Guenther, Eds. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1973).

H. Carslaw, J. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids (Oxford U.P., New York, 1959), Chap. 2.

J. Ready, Effects of High Power Laser Radiation (Academic, New York, 1971), Chap. 3.

B. Boley, H. Weiner, Theory of Thermal Stresses (Wiley, New York, 1960), Chap. 9.

M. Anthony, in Proceedings of the General Discussion on Heat Transfer, Sept. 1951 (Inst. of Mechanical Engineers, London, 1952), p. 236.

P. Torvik, technical report AFIT tr 72-2, Air Force Institute of Technology (March1972).

Same sample size and experimental conditions as for SBN (Ref. 3).

Same sample size and experimental conditions as for Ge:Y (Ref. 7).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental thresholds P0 for onset of laser damage in ir detector materials. P0, in W/cm2, is plotted as a function of irradiation time τ. Wavelengths of lasers used: curves 1, 2, 5, 7–10 and 13—10.6 μm; curves 6 and 11—5.2 μm; curves 3 and 12—1.06 μm; and curve 4—0.69 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Values of P0 as a function of τ calculated using Gaussian beam–semi-infinite solid model. Figure illustrates three regions of τ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated thresholds P0 as a function of τ for onset of damage of PbS films on substrates of (A) silicon, (B) strontium titanate, and (C) quartz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated values of P0 as a function of τ for HgCdTe material. Experimental data are shown for two different irradiation conditions: circles for Gaussian beam and squares for approximately uniform irradiation.

Equations (2)

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E 0 = E Δ T [ 1 + k τ α π 1 / 2 a tan - 1 ( 4 k τ / a 2 ) 1 / 2 ] ,
E Δ T = Δ T ρ c ( 1 - R ) α .

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