Abstract

A self-scanned photodiode array was fiber-optically coupled to an ITT proximity-focused image intensifier tube. It was determined that a single photoelectron event produces 3.4 × 104 charge carriers in a photo-diode. This charge is only a factor of 2.8 above the rms noise level of the preamplifier used in the tests, but standard charge-sensitive techniques are at least a factor of 12 better. The image tube and photodiode array combination can be packaged in a disk 5.1 cm in diameter and 2.6 cm thick.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Lampton, F. Paresce, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1098 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. F. McNall, in Imaging in Astronomy, FB-8 (Cambridge, Mass., 1975).
  3. S. B. Mende, E. G. Shelley, Appl. Opt. 14, 691 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. M. Peterson, C. R. Canizares, G. W. Clark, J. E. McClin-tock, in Imaging in Astronomy, FA-6 Cambridge, Mass., Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1975).
  5. G. R. Riegler, K. A. More, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-20, 102 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. G. Timothy, R. L. Bybee, Appl. Opt. 14, 1632 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. G. Tull, J. P. Choisser, E. H. Snow, Appl. Opt. 14, 1182 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. D. Owen, Bendix Technical Memo EOTM 108 (May1971).
  9. R. R. Buss, S. C. Tanaka, G. P. Weckler, in NATO American Space Institute Series (8 July 1975)No. 16, P. Jespers, F. vander Wiele, M. White, Eds. (Nordhoff, Leyden, 1975).
  10. W. C. Livingston, J. Harvey, C. Slaughter, D. Trumbo, Appl. Opt. 15, 40 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. R. Lynds, R. I. Aikens, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 77, 347 (1965).
    [CrossRef]

1976 (1)

1975 (3)

1974 (1)

M. Lampton, F. Paresce, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1098 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

G. R. Riegler, K. A. More, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-20, 102 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

C. R. Lynds, R. I. Aikens, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 77, 347 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Aikens, R. I.

C. R. Lynds, R. I. Aikens, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 77, 347 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Buss, R. R.

R. R. Buss, S. C. Tanaka, G. P. Weckler, in NATO American Space Institute Series (8 July 1975)No. 16, P. Jespers, F. vander Wiele, M. White, Eds. (Nordhoff, Leyden, 1975).

Bybee, R. L.

Canizares, C. R.

P. M. Peterson, C. R. Canizares, G. W. Clark, J. E. McClin-tock, in Imaging in Astronomy, FA-6 Cambridge, Mass., Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1975).

Choisser, J. P.

Clark, G. W.

P. M. Peterson, C. R. Canizares, G. W. Clark, J. E. McClin-tock, in Imaging in Astronomy, FA-6 Cambridge, Mass., Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1975).

Harvey, J.

Lampton, M.

M. Lampton, F. Paresce, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1098 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Livingston, W. C.

Lynds, C. R.

C. R. Lynds, R. I. Aikens, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 77, 347 (1965).
[CrossRef]

McClin-tock, J. E.

P. M. Peterson, C. R. Canizares, G. W. Clark, J. E. McClin-tock, in Imaging in Astronomy, FA-6 Cambridge, Mass., Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1975).

McNall, J. F.

J. F. McNall, in Imaging in Astronomy, FB-8 (Cambridge, Mass., 1975).

Mende, S. B.

More, K. A.

G. R. Riegler, K. A. More, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-20, 102 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Owen, L. D.

L. D. Owen, Bendix Technical Memo EOTM 108 (May1971).

Paresce, F.

M. Lampton, F. Paresce, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1098 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, P. M.

P. M. Peterson, C. R. Canizares, G. W. Clark, J. E. McClin-tock, in Imaging in Astronomy, FA-6 Cambridge, Mass., Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1975).

Riegler, G. R.

G. R. Riegler, K. A. More, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-20, 102 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Shelley, E. G.

Slaughter, C.

Snow, E. H.

Tanaka, S. C.

R. R. Buss, S. C. Tanaka, G. P. Weckler, in NATO American Space Institute Series (8 July 1975)No. 16, P. Jespers, F. vander Wiele, M. White, Eds. (Nordhoff, Leyden, 1975).

Timothy, J. G.

Trumbo, D.

Tull, R. G.

Weckler, G. P.

R. R. Buss, S. C. Tanaka, G. P. Weckler, in NATO American Space Institute Series (8 July 1975)No. 16, P. Jespers, F. vander Wiele, M. White, Eds. (Nordhoff, Leyden, 1975).

Appl. Opt. (4)

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

G. R. Riegler, K. A. More, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-20, 102 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

C. R. Lynds, R. I. Aikens, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 77, 347 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Lampton, F. Paresce, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1098 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. F. McNall, in Imaging in Astronomy, FB-8 (Cambridge, Mass., 1975).

P. M. Peterson, C. R. Canizares, G. W. Clark, J. E. McClin-tock, in Imaging in Astronomy, FA-6 Cambridge, Mass., Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1975).

L. D. Owen, Bendix Technical Memo EOTM 108 (May1971).

R. R. Buss, S. C. Tanaka, G. P. Weckler, in NATO American Space Institute Series (8 July 1975)No. 16, P. Jespers, F. vander Wiele, M. White, Eds. (Nordhoff, Leyden, 1975).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the experimental setup. The primary components are the image intensifier tube (the cathode, microchannel plate, phosphor, and fiber-optics plate), self-scanned photodiode array, readout electronics, and a calibrated light source used to illuminate the cathode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A representative intensity scan along a single line of the photodiode array. The bars above the histogram indicate the position of the illumination on the photocathode.

Equations (1)

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Q = G ( V - V p ) η T q λ N ,

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