Abstract

Radiation at λ = 488.0 nm was used to obtain Raman scattering in ice Ih (atmospheric pressure, hexagonal structure). New Stokes spectra were detected for frequency shifts less than 50 cm−1, and new anti-Stokes spectra were observed for frequency shifts to −212.5 cm−1. Measurements of total differential Raman scattering cross sections were made for some bands in ice Ih and liquid water. The temperature dependence of the ratio of a pair of Stokes–anti-Stokes lines is given for ice Ih.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Y. Raman, Indian J. Phys. 2, 387 (1928).
  2. J. Cooney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 1242 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Cooney, J. Appl. Meteor. 9, 182 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. E. Derr, C. G. Little, App. Opt. 9, 1976 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Opto-Electron. 2, (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 139 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Leonard, Nature 216, 142 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. M. Schotland, N. M. Reiss, in 4th Conference on Laser Radar, Tucson, Arizona (January 1972).
  9. R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Appl. Opt. 10, 2665 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Remote Sensing of Environment 2, no. 2, 101 (1972).
  11. V. E. Derr, Ed., Remote Sensing of the Troposphere, GPO Catalog C55.602.-T75, stock no. 0323-0011 (Supt. of Documents, Washington, D.C., August1972.)
  12. N. E. Dorsey, Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. 38, part 3, 248 (1948).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. G. Skinner, W. G. Nilsen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 113 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. J. Taylor, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1660 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Ockman, Adv. Phys. 7, 199 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Maisch, Thesis, Brown University (1956).
  17. E. F. Gross, V. I. Balkov, Dok. Akad. Nauk SSR 74, 453 (1950).
  18. P. K. Narayandswamy, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 27, 311 (1948).
  19. D. Eisenberg, W. Kauzmann, The Structure and Properties of Water (Oxford U. P., New York, 1969).
  20. V. E. Derr, M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. F. Calfee, G. T. McNice, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Information Content of Lidar Atmospheric Returns,” NOAA Tech. Rpt., ERL 296-WPL 29, Boulder, Col. (November1974).

1972 (1)

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Remote Sensing of Environment 2, no. 2, 101 (1972).

1971 (1)

1970 (4)

J. Cooney, J. Appl. Meteor. 9, 182 (1970).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Derr, C. G. Little, App. Opt. 9, 1976 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Opto-Electron. 2, (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 139 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1968 (2)

1967 (1)

D. Leonard, Nature 216, 142 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

M. J. Taylor, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1660 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

N. Ockman, Adv. Phys. 7, 199 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

E. F. Gross, V. I. Balkov, Dok. Akad. Nauk SSR 74, 453 (1950).

1948 (2)

P. K. Narayandswamy, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 27, 311 (1948).

N. E. Dorsey, Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. 38, part 3, 248 (1948).
[CrossRef]

1928 (1)

C. Y. Raman, Indian J. Phys. 2, 387 (1928).

Balkov, V. I.

E. F. Gross, V. I. Balkov, Dok. Akad. Nauk SSR 74, 453 (1950).

Calfee, R. F.

V. E. Derr, M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. F. Calfee, G. T. McNice, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Information Content of Lidar Atmospheric Returns,” NOAA Tech. Rpt., ERL 296-WPL 29, Boulder, Col. (November1974).

Cooney, J.

J. Cooney, J. Appl. Meteor. 9, 182 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Cooney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 1242 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Cupp, R. E.

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Remote Sensing of Environment 2, no. 2, 101 (1972).

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Appl. Opt. 10, 2665 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Derr, V. E.

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Remote Sensing of Environment 2, no. 2, 101 (1972).

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Appl. Opt. 10, 2665 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Derr, C. G. Little, App. Opt. 9, 1976 (1970).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Derr, M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. F. Calfee, G. T. McNice, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Information Content of Lidar Atmospheric Returns,” NOAA Tech. Rpt., ERL 296-WPL 29, Boulder, Col. (November1974).

Dorsey, N. E.

N. E. Dorsey, Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. 38, part 3, 248 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, D.

D. Eisenberg, W. Kauzmann, The Structure and Properties of Water (Oxford U. P., New York, 1969).

Gross, E. F.

E. F. Gross, V. I. Balkov, Dok. Akad. Nauk SSR 74, 453 (1950).

Inaba, H.

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 139 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Opto-Electron. 2, (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kauzmann, W.

D. Eisenberg, W. Kauzmann, The Structure and Properties of Water (Oxford U. P., New York, 1969).

Kobayasi, T.

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 139 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Opto-Electron. 2, (1970).
[CrossRef]

Leonard, D.

D. Leonard, Nature 216, 142 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Little, C. G.

V. E. Derr, C. G. Little, App. Opt. 9, 1976 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Maisch, W.

W. Maisch, Thesis, Brown University (1956).

McNice, G. T.

V. E. Derr, M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. F. Calfee, G. T. McNice, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Information Content of Lidar Atmospheric Returns,” NOAA Tech. Rpt., ERL 296-WPL 29, Boulder, Col. (November1974).

Narayandswamy, P. K.

P. K. Narayandswamy, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 27, 311 (1948).

Nilsen, W. G.

Ockman, N.

N. Ockman, Adv. Phys. 7, 199 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Post, M. J.

V. E. Derr, M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. F. Calfee, G. T. McNice, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Information Content of Lidar Atmospheric Returns,” NOAA Tech. Rpt., ERL 296-WPL 29, Boulder, Col. (November1974).

Raman, C. Y.

C. Y. Raman, Indian J. Phys. 2, 387 (1928).

Reiss, N. M.

R. M. Schotland, N. M. Reiss, in 4th Conference on Laser Radar, Tucson, Arizona (January 1972).

Schotland, R. M.

R. M. Schotland, N. M. Reiss, in 4th Conference on Laser Radar, Tucson, Arizona (January 1972).

Schwiesow, R. L.

V. E. Derr, M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. F. Calfee, G. T. McNice, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Information Content of Lidar Atmospheric Returns,” NOAA Tech. Rpt., ERL 296-WPL 29, Boulder, Col. (November1974).

Skinner, J. G.

Strauch, R. G.

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Remote Sensing of Environment 2, no. 2, 101 (1972).

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Appl. Opt. 10, 2665 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, M. J.

M. J. Taylor, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1660 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Whalley, E.

M. J. Taylor, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1660 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Phys. (1)

N. Ockman, Adv. Phys. 7, 199 (1958).
[CrossRef]

App. Opt. (1)

V. E. Derr, C. G. Little, App. Opt. 9, 1976 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Cooney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 1242 (1968).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 139 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Dok. Akad. Nauk SSR (1)

E. F. Gross, V. I. Balkov, Dok. Akad. Nauk SSR 74, 453 (1950).

Indian J. Phys. (1)

C. Y. Raman, Indian J. Phys. 2, 387 (1928).

J. Appl. Meteor. (1)

J. Cooney, J. Appl. Meteor. 9, 182 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. J. Taylor, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1660 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (1)

D. Leonard, Nature 216, 142 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Opto-Electron. (1)

T. Kobayasi, H. Inaba, Opto-Electron. 2, (1970).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (1)

P. K. Narayandswamy, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 27, 311 (1948).

Remote Sensing of Environment 2 (1)

R. G. Strauch, V. E. Derr, R. E. Cupp, Remote Sensing of Environment 2, no. 2, 101 (1972).

Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. (1)

N. E. Dorsey, Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. 38, part 3, 248 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

W. Maisch, Thesis, Brown University (1956).

D. Eisenberg, W. Kauzmann, The Structure and Properties of Water (Oxford U. P., New York, 1969).

V. E. Derr, M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. F. Calfee, G. T. McNice, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Information Content of Lidar Atmospheric Returns,” NOAA Tech. Rpt., ERL 296-WPL 29, Boulder, Col. (November1974).

V. E. Derr, Ed., Remote Sensing of the Troposphere, GPO Catalog C55.602.-T75, stock no. 0323-0011 (Supt. of Documents, Washington, D.C., August1972.)

R. M. Schotland, N. M. Reiss, in 4th Conference on Laser Radar, Tucson, Arizona (January 1972).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cooler and sample cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Raman bands of interest in ice Ih and liquid H2O.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Stokes to anti-Stokes scattering ratio for the ±212-cm−1 bands in ice Ih.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table I Observed Band Centers in ice Ih from Δν = −4000 cm−1 to Δν = +4000 cm−1

Tables Icon

Table II Total Differential Raman Scattering Cross Sections

Tables Icon

Table III Band Designations in Ice Ih

Tables Icon

Table IV Raman Bands Observed in Ice Ih Units of Spatial Frequency (cm−1)

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