A simple method has been devised for the experimental determination of mode conversion coefficients in multimode fibers and involves only the observation of the far-field output as the angle of incidence of a collimated input beam is changed. The normalized mode coupling coefficient in a liquid-core fiber is D = 3 × 10−6 rad2 m−1 and increases by as much as a factor of 10 when transverse pressure is applied. Values some 2 orders of magnitude larger are found in glass-core fibers. There is good agreement between the theory presented and experiment.
© 1975 Optical Society of America
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