Abstract

A bibliography of various methods of optical testing has been compiled, with the papers grouped by subject, e.g., Fizeau interferometer. Only interferometer papers—or those on similar devices—that have direct relevance to shop testing are included. This reasonably complete compendium should be of use to workers in optical fabrication and testing.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”
  2. I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”
  3. C. R. Batishko, R. R. Shannon, Appl. Opt. 11, 195 (1972), “Problem in Large-Path Difference Laser Interferometry.”
  4. M. Bottema, F. Zernike, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 870 (1951), “The Three-Beam Interferometer.”
  5. J. H. Bruning, D. R. Herriot, Appl. Opt. 9, 2180 (1970), “A Versatile Laser Interferometer.”
  6. A. P. Buin, M. P. Semenova, L. A. Kiryukhina, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 720 (1969), “Inspection of the Surface Quality of Large Scale Optical Components of an Unequal Arm Interferometer.”
  7. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 4, 365 (1965), “On Using a Williams Interferometer for Making a Divider Plate.”
  8. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 9, 1219 (1970), “Supplement to: Some Aspects of Interferometric Testing and Optical Figuring.”
  9. V. Grigull, H. Rottenkolber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 149 (1967), “Two Beam Interferometer Using a Laser.”
  10. G. Hansen, Optik (Stuttg.) 12, 5 (1955), “Die Sichtbarkeit der Interferenzen beim Twyman-Interferometer.” (The Visibility of Interference Fringes in Twyman Interferometer.)
  11. D. C. Harper, R. D. Pickering, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 813 (1953), “The Use of Power Compensation in the Testing of Optical Components in the Twyman-Green Interferometer.”
  12. O. G. Hay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 31, 91 (1929–30), “Ross Modification of the Hilger Interferometer for Testing Large Optical Elements.”
  13. J. B. Houston, C. J. Buccini, P. K. O'Neill, Appl. Opt. 6, 1237 (1967), “A Laser Unequal Path Interferometer for the Optical Shop.”
  14. R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 27, 94 (1925–26), “The Interferometer Patterns due to the Primary Aberrations.”
  15. R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 28, 1 (1926–27), “The Analysis of an Interferogram.”
  16. D. G. Kocher, Appl. Opt. 11, 1872 (1972), “Twyman-Green Interferometer to Test Large Aperture Optical Systems.”
  17. P. Langenbeck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 499 (1968), “Optical Wavefront Mapping by Dual Interferometry.”
  18. A. Maréchal, P. Dejonc, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 29, 430 (1950), “Quelques Aspects des Franges de Twyman.” (Some Aspects of Twyman Fringes.)
  19. L. C. Martin, R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 25, 213 (1923–24), “The Measurement of Chromatic Aberration on the Hilger Lens Testing Interferometer.”
  20. T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”
  21. A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1918), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”
  22. T. Morokuma, K. F. Neflen, T. R. Lawrence, T. M. Klucher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 394 (1963), “Interference Fringes with Long Path Difference Using He–Ne Laser.”
  23. C. K. Munnerlyn, M. P. Givens, R. E. Hopkins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 359 (1969), “Interferometric Measurements of Optically Rough Surfaces.”
  24. M. V. R. K. Murty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1089 (1960), “Simulation of Primary Aberrations of a Lens Using a Generalized Michelson Interferometer.”
  25. M. V. R. K. Murty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1187 (1964), “Interference between Wavefronts Rotated or Reversed with Respect to Each Other and Its Relation to Spatial Coherence.”
  26. M. A. Ostrovskaya, N. F. Filimonova, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 563 (1969), “Use of the Gas Laser for Interferometric Quality Control in Telescope Manufacture.”
  27. J. Pastor, P. H. Lee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 149 (1968), “Transmission Fringes in Reflection Multiple Beam Interferometry.”
  28. J. W. Perry, Trans. Opt. Soc. 25, 97 (1923–24), “The Determination of Aberrations, as Expressed in Geometrical Optics, from the Indications of the Hilger Interferometer.”
  29. W. N. Peters, J. Ivaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Moiré Phase-Measuring Interferometer for Aspheric Mirrors.”
  30. M. P. Rimmer, D. M. King, D. G. Fox, Appl. Opt. 11, 2790 (1972), “Computer Program for the Analysis of Interferometric Test Data.”
  31. G. L. Rogers, Opt. Acta 17, 527 (1970), “The Equivalent Interferometer in Holography.”
  32. J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 69C, 251 (1965), “Precision Method for Evaluating Primary Aberrations of Lenses with a Twyman Interferometer.”
  33. H. Slevogt, Optik 11, 366 (1954), “Zur Geometrischen Optik der Zweistrahl-Interferometer.” (About the Geometrical Optics of Two-Beam Interferometers.)
  34. T. Smith, Trans. Opt. Soc. 28, 104 (1926–27), “The Theory of the Lens-Testing Interferometer.”
  35. F. Twyman, A. Green, British Patent103832 (1916).
  36. F. Twyman, Astrophys. J. 48, 256 (1918), “Correction of Optical Surfaces.”
  37. F. Twyman, Philos. Mag. Ser. 6 35, 49 (1918), “Interferometers for the Experimental Study of Optical Systems from the Point of View of the Wave Theory.”
  38. F. Twyman, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 174 (1920–21), “An Interferometer for Testing Camera Lenses.”
  39. F. Twyman, Trans. Opt. Soc. 24, 189 (1922–23), “The Hilger Microscope Interferometer.”
  40. F. Twyman, Nature (Lond.) 151, 43 (1943), “The Interferometer in Lens and Prism Manufacture.”
  41. F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”
  42. A. R. Tynes, D. L. Bisbee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 459 (1967), “Precise Interferometry of Glass Plates.”
  43. A. C. S. Van Heel, C. A. J. Simons, Appl. Opt. 6, 803 (1967), “Lens and Surface Testing with Compact Interferometers.”
  44. W. Weinstein, J. Sci. Instrum. 28, 351 (1951), “A Beam Splitter for Non-Collimated Light.”
  45. T. R. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 874 (1952), “Test of Aerial Camera Lenses of Large Aperture with a Twyman Interferometer.”
  46. I. Ya Bubis, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 39, 411 (1972), “Multipass Interferometer for Surface Shape Inspection.”
  47. P. Hariharan, D. Sen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 357 (1960), “Double-Passed Two Beam Interferometers.”
  48. P. Hariharan, D. Sen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 999 (1960), “The Double-Passed Fizeau Interferometer.”
  49. P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 543 (1969), “Multipass Interferometry.”
  50. I. S. Bowen, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 62, 91 (1950), “Final Adjustments and Tests of the Hale Telescope.”
  51. M. De, M. K. Sen Gupta, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 158 (1961), “Measurement of Wave Aberrations of Microscope and Other Objectives.”
  52. P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the Forty-Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”
  53. I. C. Gardner, A. H. Bennett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 441 (1921), “A Modified Hartmann Test Based on Interference.”
  54. J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 20, 47 (1900), “Bemerkungen über den Bau und die Justierung von Spectrographen. IV Prüfung und Justierung der Apparate.” (Note about the Construction and Adjustment of a Spectrograph. IV Testing and Adjustment of the Apparatus.)
  55. J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 1 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)
  56. J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 33 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)
  57. J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 97 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)
  58. N. A. Hochgraf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Angular Surface Measurements by Scanning-Pentaprism Test, Improved and Extended.”
  59. R. B. Hooker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Automated, Noninterferometric Device for Testing Large Optical Devices.”
  60. R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 27, 221 (1925–26), “Application of the Hartmann Test to the Measurement of Oblique Aberrations.”
  61. R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 29, 133 (1927–28), “The Absolute Hartmann Test.”
  62. R. Kingslake, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 26, 251 (1936), “Measurement of the Aberrations of a Microscope Objective.”
  63. H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 103 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive I.” (Application of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives I.)
  64. H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 325 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive II.” (Applications of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives II.)
  65. D. Malacara, Appl. Opt. 11, 99 (1972), “Hartmann Test of Aspherical Mirrors.”
  66. N. U. Mayall, S. Vasilevskis, Lick Obs. Bull. No. 567 (1960), “Quantitative Tests of the Lick Observatory 120-Inch Mirror.”
  67. A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1917), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”
  68. H. H. Plaskett, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 99, 219 (1938), “The Oxford Solar Telescope and Hartmann Tests of Its Performance.”
  69. J. S. Plaskett, Astrophys. J. 89, 84 (1939), “82-Inch Mirror of McDonald Observatory.”
  70. D. H. Schulte, Appl. Opt. 7, 119 (1968), “A Hartmann Test Reduction Program.”
  71. R. V. Shack, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Direct Phase-Sensing Interferometer.”
  72. R. V. Shack, B. C. Platt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656 (1971), “Production and Use of a Lenticular Hartmann Screen.”
  73. H. T. Stetson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 293 (1933), “Optical Tests of the 69-Inch Perkins Observatory Reflector.”
  74. R. G. Tull, Sky Telesc. 36, 213 (1968), “Shop-Testing a 107-Inch Telescope Mirror.”
  75. W. M. Vaidya, M. K. Sen Gupta, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 467 (1960), “Measurement of Axial and Off-Axis Geometrical Aberrations of Microscope Objectives.”
  76. L. Van Zuylen, Physica 3, 243 (1936), “Zur Qualititativen Untersuchung der Spharischen Abweichung Optischer Systema.” (Qualitative Investigation of Spherical Aberration in Optical Systems.)
  77. F. E. Washer, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 42, 137 (1949), “An Instrument for Measuring Longitudinal Spherical Aberration of Lenses.”
  78. T. L. Williams, Opt. Acta 15, 553 (1968), “A Spot Diagram Generator for Lens Testing.”
  79. P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the 40 Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”
  80. J. L. Houghton, E. W. H. Selwyn, J. Sci. Instrum. 15, 367 (1938), “Lens Testing Bench.”
  81. Y. Ichioka, T. Suzuki, Appl. Opt. 7, 926 (1968), “Assessment of Image Quality of Optical Systems.”
  82. R. Kingslake, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 207 (1932), “A New Bench for Testing Photographic Lenses.”
  83. K. Leistner, B. Marcus, B. W. Wheeler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 44 (1953), “Lens Testing Bench.”
  84. T. Smith, J. S. Anderson, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 188 (1921–22), “A Criticism of the Nodal Slide as an Aid in Testing Photographic Lenses.”
  85. F. E. Washer, W. R. Darling, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 517 (1959), “Factors Affecting the Accuracy of Distortion Measurements Made on the Nodal Slide Optical Bench.”
  86. W. T. Welford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 21 (1960), “On the Limiting Sensitivity of the Star Test for Optical Instruments.”
  87. T. G. Bergman, J. L. Thompson, Appl. Opt. 7, 923 (1968), “An Interference Method for Determining the Degree of Parallelism of (Laser) Surfaces.”
  88. C. F. Bruce, W. A. F. Cuninghame, Aust. J. Appl. Sci. 1, 243 (1950), “Measurement of Angle by Interferometry.”
  89. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 7, 1085 (1968), “Making and Testing Right Angle and Dove Prisms.”
  90. A. S. De Vany, Appl Opt. 10, 1371 (1971), “Reduplication of a Penta Prism Angle Using Master Angle Prisms and Piano-Interferometer.”
  91. J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 297 (1921–22), “Angle Comparators of High Precision for the Goniometry of Prisms.”
  92. J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 139 (1920–21), “Note on Pyramidal Error in Prisms.”
  93. D. C. Harper, J. Phys. E. 1, Ser. 2687 (1968), “A Comparative Method of Checking Angles on Glass Samples.”
  94. D. C. Harper, Appl. Opt. 9, 527 (1970), “Preparation of Drawing of Optical Elements and Methods of Testing.”
  95. G. W. Leppelmier, D. J. Mullenhoff, Appl. Opt. 9, 509 (1970), “A Technique to Measure the Wedge Angle of Optical Flats.”
  96. D. Malacara, O. Harris, Appl. Opt. 9, 1630 (1970), “Interferometric Measurement of Angles.”
  97. V. Met, Appl. Opt. 5, 1242 (1966), “Determination of Small Wedge Angles Using a Gas Laser.”
  98. M. V. R. K. Murty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1187 (1964), “Interference Between Wavefronts Rotated or Reversed with Respect to Each Other and Its Relation to Spatial Coherence.”
  99. R. O. Naess, Appl. Opt. 7, 2315 (1968), “A Measuring Interferometer for High Accuracy Alignment.”
  100. D. H. Rank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 116 (1946), “Calibration of a Set of Master Wedges.”
  101. F. Ratajczyk, Z. Bodner, Appl. Opt. 5, 755 (1966), “An Autocollimation Measurement of the Right Angle Error with the Help of Polarized Light.”
  102. J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 859 (1961), “Suggested Arrangement of Mirrors to Form Multiple Reference Angles.”
  103. J. B. Saunders, Appl. Opt. 2, 541 (1963), “An Alignment Interferometer.”
  104. J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 67C, 307 (1963), “An Alignment Interferometer.”
  105. E. J. Schneider, T. Kolany, Opt. Spectra 1, No. 4, 24 (1967), “The Autocollimator.”
  106. D. Sen, P. N. Puntambekar, Appl. Opt. 5, 1009 (1966), “Shearing Interferometers for Testing Corner Cubes and Right Angle Prisms.”
  107. M. Sing, H. D. Pandey, P. R. Sawhnew, Optik (Stuttg.) 33, 457 (1971), “Measurement of Angles Using a Gas Laser.”
  108. H. Wasilik, T. V. Blomquist, C. S. Willett, Appl. Opt. 10, 2107 (1971), “Measurement of Parallelism of the Surfaces of a Transparent Sample Using Two-Beam Nonlocalized Fringes Produced by a Laser.”
  109. H. S. Coleman, M. F. Coleman, D. L. Fridge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 94 (1951), “Theory and Use of the Dioptometer.”
  110. J. D. Evans, Appl. Opt. 10, 995 (1971), “Method for Approximating the Radius of Curvature of Small Concave Spherical Mirrors Using a He–Ne Laser.”
  111. J. D. Evans, Appl. Opt. 11, 945 (1972), “Error Analysis to: Method for Approximating the Radius of Curvature of Small Concave Spherical Mirrors Using a He–Ne Laser.”
  112. N. V. Malysheva, T. M. Bylkina, Sov. J. Opt Technol. 35, 310 (1968), “An Autocollimating Device for Measuring Radii of Curvature of Polished Concave Spherical Surfaces.”
  113. G. E. Patston, Sky Telesc. 26, 358 (1963), “A Method of Checking Focal Length While Grinding.”
  114. D. H. Rank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 108 (1946), “Measurement of the Radius of Curvature of Concave Spheres.”
  115. G. Schulz, Optik (Stuttg.) 9, 167 (1952), “A New Method of Measuring Focal Length.”
  116. G. Speyer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 14, 336 (1943), “The Interference Spherometer.”
  117. T. Tsuruta, M. Kishi, T. Gonda, Appl. Opt. 11, 2706 (1972), “Automatic Vertometer for Spherical Ophthalmic Lenses.”
  118. F. E. Washer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 719 (1955), “Instrument for Measuring the Marginal Power of Spectacle Lenses.”
  119. I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 300 (1970), “The Application of Fringes of Equal Chromatic Order to the Assessment of the Surface Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”
  120. I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 341 (1970), “A Simpler Scatter Method for Optical Surface Roughness and Slope Measurements: Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”
  121. W. F. Koehler, W. C. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1011 (1955), “Multiple Beam Fringes of Equal Chromatic Order. Part VI. Method of Measuring Roughness.”
  122. W. B. Ribbens, Appl. Opt. 8, 2173 (1969), “Interferometric Surface Roughness Measurement.”
  123. S. H. Rowe, W. T. Welford, Nature (Lond.) 216, 786 (1967), “Surface Topography of Non-Optical Surfaces by Projected Interference Fringes.”
  124. R. A. Sprague, Appl. Opt. 11, 2811 (1972), “Surface Roughness Measurement Using White Light Speckle.”
  125. C. Timms, J. Sci. Instrum. 22, 245 (1945), “The Measurement of Finely Finished Surfaces by Optical Interference.”
  126. J. P. M. Verbunt, Opt. Laser Technol. 4, 155 (1972), “A Simple Optical Test for Surface Quality.”
  127. J. P. M. Verbunt, Appl. Opt. 12, 1839 (1973), “Simple Optical Interference Method for the Inspection of Solid Surfaces.”
  128. J. P. M. Verbunt, Philips Tech. Rev. 33 (3), 74 (1973), “‘Droplet Interferometry’ for Investigating Smooth Surfaces.”
  129. I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”
  130. I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”
  131. A. Ashton, A. C. Marchant, Opt. Acta 14, 203 (1967), “Note on the Testing of Large Glass Panels.”
  132. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 3, 645 (1964), “A Note on Testing Homogeneity of Glass.”
  133. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 4, 513 (1965), “An Instrument for Measuring Strain and Homogeneity in Glass.”
  134. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 4, 756 (1965), “Supplement to: An Instrument for Measuring Strain and Homogeneity in Glass.”
  135. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 10, 1459 (1971), “Using a Murty Interferometer for Testing the Homogeneity of Test Samples of Optical Materials.”
  136. H. Fizeau, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 54, 1237 (1862), “Recherches sur les Modifications que Subit la Vitesse de la Lumière dans la Verre et Plusieurs Autres Corps Solides sous Flnfluence de la Chaleur.” (Research on the Modifications That the Speed of Light Suffers in Glass and Several Other Solid Bodies Under the Influence of Heat.)
  137. P. F. Forman, Appl. Opt. 3, 646 (1964), “A Note on Possible Errors Due to Thickness Variations in Testing Nominally Parallel Plates.”
  138. M. Françon, D. Wagner, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 230, 1850 (1950), “Etude des Defauts d'Homogénéité par la méthode de l'Ombre Portée.” (Study of Homogeneity Defects by the Carried Shadow Method.)
  139. G. E. Hale, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 24, 107 (1912), “A Method of Testing Optical Glass.”
  140. P. Hariharan, D. Sen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1105 (1959), “Triangular Path Macrointerferometer.”
  141. A. Lohmann, O. Bryngdahl, Appl. Opt. 6, 1934 (1967), “A Lateral Wavefront Shearing Interferometer with Variable Shear.”
  142. T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”
  143. M. V. R. K. Murty, Appl. Opt. 2, 1337 (1963), “A Note on the Testing of Homogeneity of Large Aperture Parallel Plates of Glass.”
  144. M. V. R. K. Murty, Appl. Opt. 3, 784 (1964), “Addendum to: A Note on the Testing of Homogeneity of Large Aperture Parallel Plates of Glass.”
  145. F. Reitmayer, E. Schuster, Appl. Opt. 11, 1107 (1972), “Homogeneity of Optical Glasses.”
  146. F. E. Roberts, P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 2311 (1969), “Homogeneity Evaluation of Very Large Disks.”
  147. F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”
  148. R. Barakat, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1432 (1969), “General Diffraction Theory of Optical Aberration Tests, from the Point View of Spatial Filtering.”
  149. L. R. Baker, T. L. Williams, Appl. Opt. 4, 285 (1965), “New Electronic Wavefront Plotter.”
  150. K. G. Birch, Opt. Acta 19, 615 (1972), “A Modified Measuring Projector for the Evaluation of Interferograms.”
  151. J. D. Briers, Appl. Opt. 10, 519 (1971), “Interferometric Flatness Testing of Nonoptical Surfaces.”
  152. F. J. Cheshire, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 235 (1920–21), “Note on an Eyepiece for Testing the Squaring on of Telescope Object Glasses.”
  153. R. Crane, Appl. Opt. 8, 538 (1969), “Interference Phase Measurement.”
  154. A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 5, 867 (1966), “A Universal Tester.”
  155. T. F. Embleton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 152 (1955), “Improved Mirror Mounting for Optical Interferometers.”
  156. J. W. Gates, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 5, 133 (1954), “The Evaluation of Interferograms by Displacement and Stereoscopic Methods.”
  157. B. Goldberg, N. C. Benson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 186 (1947), “Apparatus for Determining Spherical Aberration of Convex Surface of Paraboloid of Revolution.”
  158. D. C. Grey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “A Device for Testing Aspheric Surfaces.”
  159. W. Herriot, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 472 (1947), “A Photoelectric Lens Bench.”
  160. D. Post, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 243 (1954), “Characteristics of the Series Interferometer.”
  161. D. T. Puryayev, T. D. Savostin, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 706 (1969), “A Profile-Control Method for Aspherical Surfaces.”
  162. C. Rodriguez-Torres, Opt. Sci. Tech. Rept. 54June (1970), “Multiple Source Testing of Camera Systems.”
  163. J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 241 (1954), “In-Line Interferometer.”
  164. J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 61, 491 (1958), “Parallel Testing Interferometer.”
  165. E. R. Schumacher, Appl. Opt. 5, 475 (1966), “A Precision All-Purpose Optical Tester.”
  166. R. R. Shannon, C. Rodriguez-Torres, Appl. Opt. 10, 264 (1971), “Paired Source Testing of Optical Systems.”
  167. R. N. Smartt, Appl. Opt. 9, 970 (1970), “A Variable Transmittance Beam Splitter.”
  168. A. C. S. Van Heel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “Optical Precision Method to Measure the Form of a Reflecting Surface.”
  169. B. H. Walker, Opt. Spectra 4 (7), 44 (1970), “Lens Evaluation with Basic Laboratory Equipment.”
  170. J. D. Briers, Opt. Laser Technol. 4, 28 (1972), “Interferometric Testing of Optical Systems and Components: A Review.”
  171. D. L. Crawford, A. B. Meinel, M. W. Stockton, Opt. Sci. Ctr. Univ. Ariz. Tech. Rept. No. 3 (1968), “A Symposium on Support and Testing of Large Astronomical Mirrors.”
  172. I. I. Dukhopel, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 38, 570 (1971), “Interference Methods and Instruments for Inspecting Optical Flats.”
  173. H. Khun, Rept. Phys. Soc. Progr. Phys. 14, 80 (1951), “New Techniques in Optical Interferometry.”
  174. M. V. R. K. Murty, Bull. Opt. Soc. India 1, 29 (1967), “Interferometry Applied to Testing of Optics.”
  175. C. D. Reid, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 10, 241 (Sept–Oct 1966), “A History of the Testing of Photographic Lenses I.”
  176. G. W. Ritchey, Astrophys. J. 19, 53 (1904), “On Methods of Testing Optical Mirrors During Construction.”
  177. R. R. Shannon, IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst. AES-5, 273 (1969), “Closing the Loop in Optical System Design.”
  178. E. J. Tew, Appl. Opt. 5, 695 (1966), “Measurement Techniques Used in the Optics Workshop.”
  179. R. Wehn, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 39 (1962), “Die Methode der Ronchi-Gitter in der Praxis.” The Method of Ronchi-Ruling in Practice.)
  180. R. R. Willey, Sky Telesc. 23, 226 (1962), “Characteristics and Testing of a Cassegrain Type Telescope.”
  181. C. Candler, Modern Interferometers (Hilger and Watts, London, 1951).This book contains a very good description and analysis of the Twyman-Green interferometer, Chap. VI. Twyman Prism Interferometer, and Chap. VII. Twyman Lens Interferometer.
  182. A. H. Cook, Interference of Electromagnetic Waves (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1971).This book contains a general description of the main interferometers in the following chapters: II. Michelson-Fizeau Interferometers, I. Theory; IV. Michelson-Fizeau Interferometers, II. Applications.
  183. D. L. Crawford (Ed.), The Construction of Large Telescopes (International Astronomical Union, Symposium 27) (Academic Press, New York, (1966).Part 2, Sec. C.3, contains a discussion about telescope testing procedures, especially about the Hartmann test.
  184. C. Dévé, Optical Workshop Principles, transl. T. L. Tippell (Hilger and Watts, Ltd., London, 1945).Chapter VI Optical Tests in Workshop describes some tests, especially Newton's test and angle measurements in prisms.
  185. M. Françon, Optical Interferometry (Academic Press, New York, 1966).The following two chapters have a good description of the interferometric optical testing procedures: XI. Interferential Study of Wavefronts and XVI. Diverse Applications of Interference.
  186. M. Françon, S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley-Interscience, New York1971).This book contains a very brief description of some polarization interferometers, especially the following chapter: VIII. Testing of Optical Systems.
  187. D. F. Horne, Optical Production Technology (Adam Hilger, London, 1972): (Crane Russak, New York, 1972).Chapter XI Testing Optical Components presents a very complete review of the main optical testing techniques.
  188. A. G. Ingalls, (Ed.) Amateur Telescope Making (Scientific American, Inc., New York, 1953), 3 vols.In these books the following papers may be found: R. W. Porter, “Mirror Making for Reflecting Telescop” (Foucault), p. 1, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “The Prism or Diagonal” (Newton test), p. 52, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “Testing: Foucault's Shadow Test,” p. 82, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “How to Recognize the Paraboloid Zonal Testing,” p. 96, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “Testing and Figuring,” (Foucault test for lenses), p. 120, Vol. 1.A. R. Kirkham, “The Ronchi Test for Mirrors,” p. 264, Vol. 1.R. W. Porter, “Notes on the Ronchi Band Patterns,” p. 268, Vol. 1.A. R. Kirkham, “The Direct Focal Test for Gregorian Secondaries,” p. 271, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “The Diffraction Ring Test,” (star test), p. 428, Vol. 1.A. W. Everest, “Backwoods Philosophy,” (Foucault test), p. 3, Vol. 2.G. E. Warner, “Astigmatism,” (in Foucault test), p. 70, Vol. 2.J. H. King, “A Quantitative Test for Telescope Mirrors,” (Ronchi test, from J. Opt. Soc. Am., Sept.1934), p. 104, Vol. 2.W. A. Calder, “The Hartmann Test,” p. 109, Vol. 2.H. H. Selby, “Flats” (Newton), p. 118, Vol. 2.H. H. Selby, “Notes on the Optical Testing of Aspheric Surfaces” (Foucault test for conic surfaces), p. 132, Vol. 2.H. A. Lower, “Notes on the Construction of an F/1 Schmidt Camera” (Lower test), p. 410, Vol. 2.C. R. Burch, “Small Pinholes” (for Foucault test), p. 65, Vol. 3.H. E. Dall, “A Null Test for Paraboloids,” p. 149, Vol. 3.I. C. Gardner, “A Spherometer for Measuring Radii of Curvature of Small Strongly Curved Surfaces,” p. 200, Vol. 3.G. D. Hanna, “A Reflecting Autocollimator for Precise Measurement of Prism Angles,” p. 253, Vol. 3.I. H. Schroader, “The Caustic Test,” p. 429, Vol. 3.
  189. B. K. Johnson, Optics and Optical Instruments (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1947).The following chapters are of some interest: II. Focal Length Measurement and VIII. Optical Glass: Its Working and Testing.
  190. R. Kingslake (Ed.) Applied Optics and Optical Engineering (Academic Press, New York, (1967), 5 vols.The following chapters in Vols. 3 and 4 describe some optical testing procedures: R. M. Scott, Chap. 2, Vol. 3. Optical Manufacturing.R. R. Shannon, Chap. 5, Vol. 3. The Testing of Complete Objectives.A. W. Young, Chap. 7, Vol. 4. Optical Workshop Instruments.K. M. Baird, G. R. Hanes, Chap. 9, Vol. 4Interferometers.
  191. P. Langenbeck, Optical Instruments and Techniques (Oriel Press, 1969), p. 277. (Chapter: Advantages of Multipass Interferometry).
  192. E. H. Linfoot, Recent Advances in Optics (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1955).This book has a very good theoretical analysis of the Foucault knife-edge test in Chap. II: The Foucault Test.
  193. D. D. Maksutov, Izgotovleniye i Issledovaniye Astronomicheskoy Optiki (The Fabrication and Testing of Astronomical Optics) (Gostekhizdat Press, Moscow, 1948).
  194. D. Malacara, “Testing of Optical Surfaces,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Rochester (1965) (University Microfilms Inc. Ann Arbor, Michigan, order No. 65-12, 013).This thesis contains a description of an automatic testing procedure for aspherical surfaces using the Ronchi test and the Murty interferometer.
  195. L. C. Martin, Technical Optics (Pitman and Sons, Ltd., London, 1960), 2 vols. Chap. VII, “The testing of Optical Instruments and the Study of Their Performance,” in Vol. 2 contains a very complete description of the main optical testing techniques.
  196. Optical Image Evaluation Symposium (NBS Circular 256) (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1954).The following article in this book is of interest: Toraldo di Francia, “Geometrical and Interferential Aspects of Ronchi Test,” p. 161.
  197. V. Ronchi, Corso di Ottica Tecnica (Associazione Ottica Italiana, Firenze, 1954), 2d ed.Contains a very good description of the Ronchi test.
  198. J. Strong, Procedures in Experimental Physics (Prentice Hall, Inc., New York, (1938).A very good qualitative description of Newton's and Foucault's knife-edge tests and Ronchi test is found in Chap. II: Laboratory Optical Work.
  199. J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (W. H. Freeman, New York, 1958).This book has some very interesting chapters and appendices relevant to optical testing: Chap. XIII. Images of Points by Single Surfaces (describes Foucault's and Gaviola's test).Appendix B: Interferometers, by J. Dyson (describes some common path interferometers).Appendix C: The Koster's Double-Image Prism, by J. B. Saunders
  200. H. D. Taylor, The Adjustment and Testing of Telescope Objectives (Grubb, Parsons and Co., London, 1946).This book has a very good description of the star test of telescope objectives.
  201. J. Texerau, How to Make a Telescope (Doubleday, New York, 1963).Chapters II and III have several sections concerning the testing of concave and plane mirrors.
  202. S. Tolansky, Multiple-Beam Interferometry of Surfaces and Films (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1943), (Dover Publications, New York, 1970).Although optical testing is not specifically mentioned, this book contains very useful material indirectly relevant to this topic.
  203. F. Twyman, Prism and Lens Making (Hilger and Watts, Ltd., London, 1957).This book has the following very good chapters concerning optical shop testing. Unfortunately this book is now out of print.Chap. 11: Testing Optical Work.Chap. 12: The Hilger Interferometers for Testing Prisms and Lenses.Chap. 14: Testing Optical Glass.Chap. 15: Large Object Glasses and Mirrors.
  204. U.S. Dept. of Defense, Military Handbook 141 (Mil-HDBK-141) (1963)A good review of the main tests is found in: H. Osterberg, Sec. 16, Applications of Physical Optics.H. Osterberg, Sec. 25, Production Phase Optical Tests.
  205. E. Wolf (Ed.), Progress in Optics (North-Holland, Amsterdam, (1965–72), 9 vols.The following chapters in Vols. 4 and 5 describe some optical testing procedures:D. R. Herriott, Chap. V, Vol. 4, p. 171, “Some Application of Lasers to Interferometry.”O. Bryngdahl, O. Chap. II, Vol. 4, p. 39, “Applications of Shearing Interferometry.”W. H. Steel, Chap. III, Vol. 5, p. 145, “Two Beam Interferometry.”

1973 (2)

J. P. M. Verbunt, Appl. Opt. 12, 1839 (1973), “Simple Optical Interference Method for the Inspection of Solid Surfaces.”

J. P. M. Verbunt, Philips Tech. Rev. 33 (3), 74 (1973), “‘Droplet Interferometry’ for Investigating Smooth Surfaces.”

1972 (12)

1971 (13)

I. I. Dukhopel, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 38, 570 (1971), “Interference Methods and Instruments for Inspecting Optical Flats.”

R. R. Shannon, C. Rodriguez-Torres, Appl. Opt. 10, 264 (1971), “Paired Source Testing of Optical Systems.”

N. A. Hochgraf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Angular Surface Measurements by Scanning-Pentaprism Test, Improved and Extended.”

R. B. Hooker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Automated, Noninterferometric Device for Testing Large Optical Devices.”

R. V. Shack, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Direct Phase-Sensing Interferometer.”

R. V. Shack, B. C. Platt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656 (1971), “Production and Use of a Lenticular Hartmann Screen.”

W. N. Peters, J. Ivaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Moiré Phase-Measuring Interferometer for Aspheric Mirrors.”

J. D. Evans, Appl. Opt. 10, 995 (1971), “Method for Approximating the Radius of Curvature of Small Concave Spherical Mirrors Using a He–Ne Laser.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl Opt. 10, 1371 (1971), “Reduplication of a Penta Prism Angle Using Master Angle Prisms and Piano-Interferometer.”

M. Sing, H. D. Pandey, P. R. Sawhnew, Optik (Stuttg.) 33, 457 (1971), “Measurement of Angles Using a Gas Laser.”

H. Wasilik, T. V. Blomquist, C. S. Willett, Appl. Opt. 10, 2107 (1971), “Measurement of Parallelism of the Surfaces of a Transparent Sample Using Two-Beam Nonlocalized Fringes Produced by a Laser.”

J. D. Briers, Appl. Opt. 10, 519 (1971), “Interferometric Flatness Testing of Nonoptical Surfaces.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 10, 1459 (1971), “Using a Murty Interferometer for Testing the Homogeneity of Test Samples of Optical Materials.”

1970 (10)

D. C. Harper, Appl. Opt. 9, 527 (1970), “Preparation of Drawing of Optical Elements and Methods of Testing.”

G. W. Leppelmier, D. J. Mullenhoff, Appl. Opt. 9, 509 (1970), “A Technique to Measure the Wedge Angle of Optical Flats.”

D. Malacara, O. Harris, Appl. Opt. 9, 1630 (1970), “Interferometric Measurement of Angles.”

I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 300 (1970), “The Application of Fringes of Equal Chromatic Order to the Assessment of the Surface Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”

I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 341 (1970), “A Simpler Scatter Method for Optical Surface Roughness and Slope Measurements: Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”

G. L. Rogers, Opt. Acta 17, 527 (1970), “The Equivalent Interferometer in Holography.”

J. H. Bruning, D. R. Herriot, Appl. Opt. 9, 2180 (1970), “A Versatile Laser Interferometer.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 9, 1219 (1970), “Supplement to: Some Aspects of Interferometric Testing and Optical Figuring.”

R. N. Smartt, Appl. Opt. 9, 970 (1970), “A Variable Transmittance Beam Splitter.”

B. H. Walker, Opt. Spectra 4 (7), 44 (1970), “Lens Evaluation with Basic Laboratory Equipment.”

1969 (10)

R. R. Shannon, IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst. AES-5, 273 (1969), “Closing the Loop in Optical System Design.”

A. P. Buin, M. P. Semenova, L. A. Kiryukhina, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 720 (1969), “Inspection of the Surface Quality of Large Scale Optical Components of an Unequal Arm Interferometer.”

C. K. Munnerlyn, M. P. Givens, R. E. Hopkins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 359 (1969), “Interferometric Measurements of Optically Rough Surfaces.”

M. A. Ostrovskaya, N. F. Filimonova, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 563 (1969), “Use of the Gas Laser for Interferometric Quality Control in Telescope Manufacture.”

P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 543 (1969), “Multipass Interferometry.”

W. B. Ribbens, Appl. Opt. 8, 2173 (1969), “Interferometric Surface Roughness Measurement.”

R. Crane, Appl. Opt. 8, 538 (1969), “Interference Phase Measurement.”

F. E. Roberts, P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 2311 (1969), “Homogeneity Evaluation of Very Large Disks.”

R. Barakat, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1432 (1969), “General Diffraction Theory of Optical Aberration Tests, from the Point View of Spatial Filtering.”

D. T. Puryayev, T. D. Savostin, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 706 (1969), “A Profile-Control Method for Aspherical Surfaces.”

1968 (11)

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 7, 1085 (1968), “Making and Testing Right Angle and Dove Prisms.”

N. V. Malysheva, T. M. Bylkina, Sov. J. Opt Technol. 35, 310 (1968), “An Autocollimating Device for Measuring Radii of Curvature of Polished Concave Spherical Surfaces.”

D. C. Harper, J. Phys. E. 1, Ser. 2687 (1968), “A Comparative Method of Checking Angles on Glass Samples.”

R. O. Naess, Appl. Opt. 7, 2315 (1968), “A Measuring Interferometer for High Accuracy Alignment.”

R. G. Tull, Sky Telesc. 36, 213 (1968), “Shop-Testing a 107-Inch Telescope Mirror.”

D. H. Schulte, Appl. Opt. 7, 119 (1968), “A Hartmann Test Reduction Program.”

T. L. Williams, Opt. Acta 15, 553 (1968), “A Spot Diagram Generator for Lens Testing.”

Y. Ichioka, T. Suzuki, Appl. Opt. 7, 926 (1968), “Assessment of Image Quality of Optical Systems.”

T. G. Bergman, J. L. Thompson, Appl. Opt. 7, 923 (1968), “An Interference Method for Determining the Degree of Parallelism of (Laser) Surfaces.”

J. Pastor, P. H. Lee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 149 (1968), “Transmission Fringes in Reflection Multiple Beam Interferometry.”

P. Langenbeck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 499 (1968), “Optical Wavefront Mapping by Dual Interferometry.”

1967 (9)

J. B. Houston, C. J. Buccini, P. K. O'Neill, Appl. Opt. 6, 1237 (1967), “A Laser Unequal Path Interferometer for the Optical Shop.”

V. Grigull, H. Rottenkolber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 149 (1967), “Two Beam Interferometer Using a Laser.”

A. R. Tynes, D. L. Bisbee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 459 (1967), “Precise Interferometry of Glass Plates.”

A. C. S. Van Heel, C. A. J. Simons, Appl. Opt. 6, 803 (1967), “Lens and Surface Testing with Compact Interferometers.”

E. J. Schneider, T. Kolany, Opt. Spectra 1, No. 4, 24 (1967), “The Autocollimator.”

S. H. Rowe, W. T. Welford, Nature (Lond.) 216, 786 (1967), “Surface Topography of Non-Optical Surfaces by Projected Interference Fringes.”

A. Lohmann, O. Bryngdahl, Appl. Opt. 6, 1934 (1967), “A Lateral Wavefront Shearing Interferometer with Variable Shear.”

A. Ashton, A. C. Marchant, Opt. Acta 14, 203 (1967), “Note on the Testing of Large Glass Panels.”

M. V. R. K. Murty, Bull. Opt. Soc. India 1, 29 (1967), “Interferometry Applied to Testing of Optics.”

1966 (7)

1965 (5)

1964 (5)

1963 (5)

1962 (6)

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

R. Wehn, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 39 (1962), “Die Methode der Ronchi-Gitter in der Praxis.” The Method of Ronchi-Ruling in Practice.)

R. R. Willey, Sky Telesc. 23, 226 (1962), “Characteristics and Testing of a Cassegrain Type Telescope.”

1961 (4)

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 859 (1961), “Suggested Arrangement of Mirrors to Form Multiple Reference Angles.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

M. De, M. K. Sen Gupta, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 158 (1961), “Measurement of Wave Aberrations of Microscope and Other Objectives.”

1960 (6)

1959 (2)

1958 (1)

J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 61, 491 (1958), “Parallel Testing Interferometer.”

1955 (4)

1954 (4)

H. Slevogt, Optik 11, 366 (1954), “Zur Geometrischen Optik der Zweistrahl-Interferometer.” (About the Geometrical Optics of Two-Beam Interferometers.)

J. W. Gates, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 5, 133 (1954), “The Evaluation of Interferograms by Displacement and Stereoscopic Methods.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 241 (1954), “In-Line Interferometer.”

D. Post, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 243 (1954), “Characteristics of the Series Interferometer.”

1953 (2)

D. C. Harper, R. D. Pickering, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 813 (1953), “The Use of Power Compensation in the Testing of Optical Components in the Twyman-Green Interferometer.”

K. Leistner, B. Marcus, B. W. Wheeler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 44 (1953), “Lens Testing Bench.”

1952 (2)

T. R. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 874 (1952), “Test of Aerial Camera Lenses of Large Aperture with a Twyman Interferometer.”

G. Schulz, Optik (Stuttg.) 9, 167 (1952), “A New Method of Measuring Focal Length.”

1951 (6)

H. S. Coleman, M. F. Coleman, D. L. Fridge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 94 (1951), “Theory and Use of the Dioptometer.”

D. C. Grey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “A Device for Testing Aspheric Surfaces.”

W. Weinstein, J. Sci. Instrum. 28, 351 (1951), “A Beam Splitter for Non-Collimated Light.”

M. Bottema, F. Zernike, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 870 (1951), “The Three-Beam Interferometer.”

A. C. S. Van Heel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “Optical Precision Method to Measure the Form of a Reflecting Surface.”

H. Khun, Rept. Phys. Soc. Progr. Phys. 14, 80 (1951), “New Techniques in Optical Interferometry.”

1950 (4)

A. Maréchal, P. Dejonc, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 29, 430 (1950), “Quelques Aspects des Franges de Twyman.” (Some Aspects of Twyman Fringes.)

C. F. Bruce, W. A. F. Cuninghame, Aust. J. Appl. Sci. 1, 243 (1950), “Measurement of Angle by Interferometry.”

I. S. Bowen, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 62, 91 (1950), “Final Adjustments and Tests of the Hale Telescope.”

M. Françon, D. Wagner, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 230, 1850 (1950), “Etude des Defauts d'Homogénéité par la méthode de l'Ombre Portée.” (Study of Homogeneity Defects by the Carried Shadow Method.)

1949 (1)

F. E. Washer, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 42, 137 (1949), “An Instrument for Measuring Longitudinal Spherical Aberration of Lenses.”

1947 (2)

1946 (2)

1945 (1)

C. Timms, J. Sci. Instrum. 22, 245 (1945), “The Measurement of Finely Finished Surfaces by Optical Interference.”

1943 (2)

G. Speyer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 14, 336 (1943), “The Interference Spherometer.”

F. Twyman, Nature (Lond.) 151, 43 (1943), “The Interferometer in Lens and Prism Manufacture.”

1939 (1)

J. S. Plaskett, Astrophys. J. 89, 84 (1939), “82-Inch Mirror of McDonald Observatory.”

1938 (2)

H. H. Plaskett, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 99, 219 (1938), “The Oxford Solar Telescope and Hartmann Tests of Its Performance.”

J. L. Houghton, E. W. H. Selwyn, J. Sci. Instrum. 15, 367 (1938), “Lens Testing Bench.”

1936 (2)

L. Van Zuylen, Physica 3, 243 (1936), “Zur Qualititativen Untersuchung der Spharischen Abweichung Optischer Systema.” (Qualitative Investigation of Spherical Aberration in Optical Systems.)

R. Kingslake, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 26, 251 (1936), “Measurement of the Aberrations of a Microscope Objective.”

1933 (1)

1932 (1)

1921 (1)

1918 (3)

F. Twyman, Astrophys. J. 48, 256 (1918), “Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

F. Twyman, Philos. Mag. Ser. 6 35, 49 (1918), “Interferometers for the Experimental Study of Optical Systems from the Point of View of the Wave Theory.”

A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1918), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

1917 (1)

A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1917), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

1912 (1)

G. E. Hale, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 24, 107 (1912), “A Method of Testing Optical Glass.”

1908 (2)

P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the Forty-Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”

P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the 40 Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”

1904 (4)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 1 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 33 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 97 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

G. W. Ritchey, Astrophys. J. 19, 53 (1904), “On Methods of Testing Optical Mirrors During Construction.”

1902 (2)

H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 103 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive I.” (Application of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives I.)

H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 325 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive II.” (Applications of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives II.)

1900 (1)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 20, 47 (1900), “Bemerkungen über den Bau und die Justierung von Spectrographen. IV Prüfung und Justierung der Apparate.” (Note about the Construction and Adjustment of a Spectrograph. IV Testing and Adjustment of the Apparatus.)

1862 (1)

H. Fizeau, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 54, 1237 (1862), “Recherches sur les Modifications que Subit la Vitesse de la Lumière dans la Verre et Plusieurs Autres Corps Solides sous Flnfluence de la Chaleur.” (Research on the Modifications That the Speed of Light Suffers in Glass and Several Other Solid Bodies Under the Influence of Heat.)

Adachi, I.

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

Anderson, J. S.

T. Smith, J. S. Anderson, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 188 (1921–22), “A Criticism of the Nodal Slide as an Aid in Testing Photographic Lenses.”

Ashton, A.

A. Ashton, A. C. Marchant, Opt. Acta 14, 203 (1967), “Note on the Testing of Large Glass Panels.”

Baker, L. R.

Barakat, R.

Batishko, C. R.

Bennett, A. H.

Benson, N. C.

Bergman, T. G.

Birch, K. G.

K. G. Birch, Opt. Acta 19, 615 (1972), “A Modified Measuring Projector for the Evaluation of Interferograms.”

Bisbee, D. L.

A. R. Tynes, D. L. Bisbee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 459 (1967), “Precise Interferometry of Glass Plates.”

Blomquist, T. V.

Bodner, Z.

Bottema, M.

M. Bottema, F. Zernike, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 870 (1951), “The Three-Beam Interferometer.”

Bowen, I. S.

I. S. Bowen, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 62, 91 (1950), “Final Adjustments and Tests of the Hale Telescope.”

Briers, J. D.

J. D. Briers, Opt. Laser Technol. 4, 28 (1972), “Interferometric Testing of Optical Systems and Components: A Review.”

J. D. Briers, Appl. Opt. 10, 519 (1971), “Interferometric Flatness Testing of Nonoptical Surfaces.”

Bruce, C. F.

C. F. Bruce, W. A. F. Cuninghame, Aust. J. Appl. Sci. 1, 243 (1950), “Measurement of Angle by Interferometry.”

Bruning, J. H.

Bryngdahl, O.

Buccini, C. J.

Buin, A. P.

A. P. Buin, M. P. Semenova, L. A. Kiryukhina, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 720 (1969), “Inspection of the Surface Quality of Large Scale Optical Components of an Unequal Arm Interferometer.”

Bylkina, T. M.

N. V. Malysheva, T. M. Bylkina, Sov. J. Opt Technol. 35, 310 (1968), “An Autocollimating Device for Measuring Radii of Curvature of Polished Concave Spherical Surfaces.”

Candler, C.

C. Candler, Modern Interferometers (Hilger and Watts, London, 1951).This book contains a very good description and analysis of the Twyman-Green interferometer, Chap. VI. Twyman Prism Interferometer, and Chap. VII. Twyman Lens Interferometer.

Cheshire, F. J.

F. J. Cheshire, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 235 (1920–21), “Note on an Eyepiece for Testing the Squaring on of Telescope Object Glasses.”

Coleman, H. S.

Coleman, M. F.

Cook, A. H.

A. H. Cook, Interference of Electromagnetic Waves (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1971).This book contains a general description of the main interferometers in the following chapters: II. Michelson-Fizeau Interferometers, I. Theory; IV. Michelson-Fizeau Interferometers, II. Applications.

Crane, R.

R. Crane, Appl. Opt. 8, 538 (1969), “Interference Phase Measurement.”

Crawford, D. L.

D. L. Crawford, A. B. Meinel, M. W. Stockton, Opt. Sci. Ctr. Univ. Ariz. Tech. Rept. No. 3 (1968), “A Symposium on Support and Testing of Large Astronomical Mirrors.”

Cuninghame, W. A. F.

C. F. Bruce, W. A. F. Cuninghame, Aust. J. Appl. Sci. 1, 243 (1950), “Measurement of Angle by Interferometry.”

Dalladay, A. J.

F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”

F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”

Darling, W. R.

De, M.

De Vany, A. S.

Dejonc, P.

A. Maréchal, P. Dejonc, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 29, 430 (1950), “Quelques Aspects des Franges de Twyman.” (Some Aspects of Twyman Fringes.)

Dévé, C.

C. Dévé, Optical Workshop Principles, transl. T. L. Tippell (Hilger and Watts, Ltd., London, 1945).Chapter VI Optical Tests in Workshop describes some tests, especially Newton's test and angle measurements in prisms.

Dukhopel, I. I.

I. I. Dukhopel, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 38, 570 (1971), “Interference Methods and Instruments for Inspecting Optical Flats.”

Embleton, T. F.

Evans, J. D.

Filimonova, N. F.

M. A. Ostrovskaya, N. F. Filimonova, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 563 (1969), “Use of the Gas Laser for Interferometric Quality Control in Telescope Manufacture.”

Fizeau, H.

H. Fizeau, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 54, 1237 (1862), “Recherches sur les Modifications que Subit la Vitesse de la Lumière dans la Verre et Plusieurs Autres Corps Solides sous Flnfluence de la Chaleur.” (Research on the Modifications That the Speed of Light Suffers in Glass and Several Other Solid Bodies Under the Influence of Heat.)

Forman, P. F.

Fox, D. G.

Fox, P.

P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the Forty-Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”

P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the 40 Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”

Françon, M.

M. Françon, D. Wagner, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 230, 1850 (1950), “Etude des Defauts d'Homogénéité par la méthode de l'Ombre Portée.” (Study of Homogeneity Defects by the Carried Shadow Method.)

M. Françon, Optical Interferometry (Academic Press, New York, 1966).The following two chapters have a good description of the interferometric optical testing procedures: XI. Interferential Study of Wavefronts and XVI. Diverse Applications of Interference.

M. Françon, S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley-Interscience, New York1971).This book contains a very brief description of some polarization interferometers, especially the following chapter: VIII. Testing of Optical Systems.

Fridge, D. L.

Gardner, I. C.

Gates, J. W.

J. W. Gates, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 5, 133 (1954), “The Evaluation of Interferograms by Displacement and Stereoscopic Methods.”

Givens, M. P.

C. K. Munnerlyn, M. P. Givens, R. E. Hopkins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 359 (1969), “Interferometric Measurements of Optically Rough Surfaces.”

Goldberg, B.

Gonda, T.

Green, A.

F. Twyman, A. Green, British Patent103832 (1916).

Grey, D. C.

D. C. Grey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “A Device for Testing Aspheric Surfaces.”

Grigull, V.

Guild, J.

J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 297 (1921–22), “Angle Comparators of High Precision for the Goniometry of Prisms.”

J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 139 (1920–21), “Note on Pyramidal Error in Prisms.”

Hale, G. E.

G. E. Hale, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 24, 107 (1912), “A Method of Testing Optical Glass.”

Hansen, G.

G. Hansen, Optik (Stuttg.) 12, 5 (1955), “Die Sichtbarkeit der Interferenzen beim Twyman-Interferometer.” (The Visibility of Interference Fringes in Twyman Interferometer.)

Hariharan, P.

Harper, D. C.

D. C. Harper, Appl. Opt. 9, 527 (1970), “Preparation of Drawing of Optical Elements and Methods of Testing.”

D. C. Harper, J. Phys. E. 1, Ser. 2687 (1968), “A Comparative Method of Checking Angles on Glass Samples.”

D. C. Harper, R. D. Pickering, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 813 (1953), “The Use of Power Compensation in the Testing of Optical Components in the Twyman-Green Interferometer.”

Harris, O.

Hartmann, J.

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 1 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 33 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 97 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 20, 47 (1900), “Bemerkungen über den Bau und die Justierung von Spectrographen. IV Prüfung und Justierung der Apparate.” (Note about the Construction and Adjustment of a Spectrograph. IV Testing and Adjustment of the Apparatus.)

Hay, O. G.

O. G. Hay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 31, 91 (1929–30), “Ross Modification of the Hilger Interferometer for Testing Large Optical Elements.”

Herriot, D. R.

Herriot, W.

Hochgraf, N. A.

N. A. Hochgraf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Angular Surface Measurements by Scanning-Pentaprism Test, Improved and Extended.”

Hodgkinson, I. J.

I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 300 (1970), “The Application of Fringes of Equal Chromatic Order to the Assessment of the Surface Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”

I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 341 (1970), “A Simpler Scatter Method for Optical Surface Roughness and Slope Measurements: Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”

Hooker, R. B.

R. B. Hooker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Automated, Noninterferometric Device for Testing Large Optical Devices.”

Hopkins, R. E.

C. K. Munnerlyn, M. P. Givens, R. E. Hopkins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 359 (1969), “Interferometric Measurements of Optically Rough Surfaces.”

Horne, D. F.

D. F. Horne, Optical Production Technology (Adam Hilger, London, 1972): (Crane Russak, New York, 1972).Chapter XI Testing Optical Components presents a very complete review of the main optical testing techniques.

Houghton, J. L.

J. L. Houghton, E. W. H. Selwyn, J. Sci. Instrum. 15, 367 (1938), “Lens Testing Bench.”

Houston, J. B.

Ichioka, Y.

Y. Ichioka, T. Suzuki, Appl. Opt. 7, 926 (1968), “Assessment of Image Quality of Optical Systems.”

Ivaldi, J.

W. N. Peters, J. Ivaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Moiré Phase-Measuring Interferometer for Aspheric Mirrors.”

Johnson, B. K.

B. K. Johnson, Optics and Optical Instruments (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1947).The following chapters are of some interest: II. Focal Length Measurement and VIII. Optical Glass: Its Working and Testing.

Khun, H.

H. Khun, Rept. Phys. Soc. Progr. Phys. 14, 80 (1951), “New Techniques in Optical Interferometry.”

King, D. M.

Kingslake, R.

R. Kingslake, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 26, 251 (1936), “Measurement of the Aberrations of a Microscope Objective.”

R. Kingslake, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 207 (1932), “A New Bench for Testing Photographic Lenses.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 29, 133 (1927–28), “The Absolute Hartmann Test.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 28, 1 (1926–27), “The Analysis of an Interferogram.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 27, 94 (1925–26), “The Interferometer Patterns due to the Primary Aberrations.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 27, 221 (1925–26), “Application of the Hartmann Test to the Measurement of Oblique Aberrations.”

L. C. Martin, R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 25, 213 (1923–24), “The Measurement of Chromatic Aberration on the Hilger Lens Testing Interferometer.”

Kiryukhina, L. A.

A. P. Buin, M. P. Semenova, L. A. Kiryukhina, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 720 (1969), “Inspection of the Surface Quality of Large Scale Optical Components of an Unequal Arm Interferometer.”

Kishi, M.

Klucher, T. M.

Kocher, D. G.

Koehler, W. F.

Kolany, T.

E. J. Schneider, T. Kolany, Opt. Spectra 1, No. 4, 24 (1967), “The Autocollimator.”

Langenbeck, P.

P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 543 (1969), “Multipass Interferometry.”

F. E. Roberts, P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 2311 (1969), “Homogeneity Evaluation of Very Large Disks.”

P. Langenbeck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 499 (1968), “Optical Wavefront Mapping by Dual Interferometry.”

P. Langenbeck, Optical Instruments and Techniques (Oriel Press, 1969), p. 277. (Chapter: Advantages of Multipass Interferometry).

Lawrence, T. R.

Lee, P. H.

Lehmann, H.

H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 103 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive I.” (Application of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives I.)

H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 325 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive II.” (Applications of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives II.)

Leistner, K.

Leppelmier, G. W.

Linfoot, E. H.

E. H. Linfoot, Recent Advances in Optics (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1955).This book has a very good theoretical analysis of the Foucault knife-edge test in Chap. II: The Foucault Test.

Lohmann, A.

Maksutov, D. D.

D. D. Maksutov, Izgotovleniye i Issledovaniye Astronomicheskoy Optiki (The Fabrication and Testing of Astronomical Optics) (Gostekhizdat Press, Moscow, 1948).

Malacara, D.

D. Malacara, Appl. Opt. 11, 99 (1972), “Hartmann Test of Aspherical Mirrors.”

D. Malacara, O. Harris, Appl. Opt. 9, 1630 (1970), “Interferometric Measurement of Angles.”

D. Malacara, “Testing of Optical Surfaces,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Rochester (1965) (University Microfilms Inc. Ann Arbor, Michigan, order No. 65-12, 013).This thesis contains a description of an automatic testing procedure for aspherical surfaces using the Ronchi test and the Murty interferometer.

Mallick, S.

M. Françon, S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley-Interscience, New York1971).This book contains a very brief description of some polarization interferometers, especially the following chapter: VIII. Testing of Optical Systems.

Malysheva, N. V.

N. V. Malysheva, T. M. Bylkina, Sov. J. Opt Technol. 35, 310 (1968), “An Autocollimating Device for Measuring Radii of Curvature of Polished Concave Spherical Surfaces.”

Marchant, A. C.

A. Ashton, A. C. Marchant, Opt. Acta 14, 203 (1967), “Note on the Testing of Large Glass Panels.”

Marcus, B.

Maréchal, A.

A. Maréchal, P. Dejonc, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 29, 430 (1950), “Quelques Aspects des Franges de Twyman.” (Some Aspects of Twyman Fringes.)

Martin, L. C.

L. C. Martin, R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 25, 213 (1923–24), “The Measurement of Chromatic Aberration on the Hilger Lens Testing Interferometer.”

L. C. Martin, Technical Optics (Pitman and Sons, Ltd., London, 1960), 2 vols. Chap. VII, “The testing of Optical Instruments and the Study of Their Performance,” in Vol. 2 contains a very complete description of the main optical testing techniques.

Masuda, T.

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

Mayall, N. U.

N. U. Mayall, S. Vasilevskis, Lick Obs. Bull. No. 567 (1960), “Quantitative Tests of the Lick Observatory 120-Inch Mirror.”

Meinel, A. B.

D. L. Crawford, A. B. Meinel, M. W. Stockton, Opt. Sci. Ctr. Univ. Ariz. Tech. Rept. No. 3 (1968), “A Symposium on Support and Testing of Large Astronomical Mirrors.”

Met, V.

Michelson, A. A.

A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1918), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1917), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

Morokuma, T.

Mullenhoff, D. J.

Munnerlyn, C. K.

C. K. Munnerlyn, M. P. Givens, R. E. Hopkins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 359 (1969), “Interferometric Measurements of Optically Rough Surfaces.”

Murty, M. V. R. K.

Naess, R. O.

Nakata, T.

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

Neflen, K. F.

Nishiyama, S.

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

O'Neill, P. K.

Ostrovskaya, M. A.

M. A. Ostrovskaya, N. F. Filimonova, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 563 (1969), “Use of the Gas Laser for Interferometric Quality Control in Telescope Manufacture.”

Pandey, H. D.

M. Sing, H. D. Pandey, P. R. Sawhnew, Optik (Stuttg.) 33, 457 (1971), “Measurement of Angles Using a Gas Laser.”

Pastor, J.

Patston, G. E.

G. E. Patston, Sky Telesc. 26, 358 (1963), “A Method of Checking Focal Length While Grinding.”

Perry, J. W.

J. W. Perry, Trans. Opt. Soc. 25, 97 (1923–24), “The Determination of Aberrations, as Expressed in Geometrical Optics, from the Indications of the Hilger Interferometer.”

Peters, W. N.

W. N. Peters, J. Ivaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Moiré Phase-Measuring Interferometer for Aspheric Mirrors.”

Pickering, R. D.

D. C. Harper, R. D. Pickering, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 813 (1953), “The Use of Power Compensation in the Testing of Optical Components in the Twyman-Green Interferometer.”

Plaskett, H. H.

H. H. Plaskett, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 99, 219 (1938), “The Oxford Solar Telescope and Hartmann Tests of Its Performance.”

Plaskett, J. S.

J. S. Plaskett, Astrophys. J. 89, 84 (1939), “82-Inch Mirror of McDonald Observatory.”

Platt, B. C.

R. V. Shack, B. C. Platt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656 (1971), “Production and Use of a Lenticular Hartmann Screen.”

Post, D.

Puntambekar, P. N.

Puryayev, D. T.

D. T. Puryayev, T. D. Savostin, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 706 (1969), “A Profile-Control Method for Aspherical Surfaces.”

Rank, D. H.

Ratajczyk, F.

Reid, C. D.

C. D. Reid, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 10, 241 (Sept–Oct 1966), “A History of the Testing of Photographic Lenses I.”

Reitmayer, F.

Ribbens, W. B.

Rimmer, M. P.

Ritchey, G. W.

G. W. Ritchey, Astrophys. J. 19, 53 (1904), “On Methods of Testing Optical Mirrors During Construction.”

Roberts, F. E.

Rodriguez-Torres, C.

R. R. Shannon, C. Rodriguez-Torres, Appl. Opt. 10, 264 (1971), “Paired Source Testing of Optical Systems.”

C. Rodriguez-Torres, Opt. Sci. Tech. Rept. 54June (1970), “Multiple Source Testing of Camera Systems.”

Rogers, G. L.

G. L. Rogers, Opt. Acta 17, 527 (1970), “The Equivalent Interferometer in Holography.”

Ronchi, V.

V. Ronchi, Corso di Ottica Tecnica (Associazione Ottica Italiana, Firenze, 1954), 2d ed.Contains a very good description of the Ronchi test.

Rottenkolber, H.

Rowe, S. H.

S. H. Rowe, W. T. Welford, Nature (Lond.) 216, 786 (1967), “Surface Topography of Non-Optical Surfaces by Projected Interference Fringes.”

Saunders, J. B.

J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 69C, 251 (1965), “Precision Method for Evaluating Primary Aberrations of Lenses with a Twyman Interferometer.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 67C, 307 (1963), “An Alignment Interferometer.”

J. B. Saunders, Appl. Opt. 2, 541 (1963), “An Alignment Interferometer.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 859 (1961), “Suggested Arrangement of Mirrors to Form Multiple Reference Angles.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 61, 491 (1958), “Parallel Testing Interferometer.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 241 (1954), “In-Line Interferometer.”

Savostin, T. D.

D. T. Puryayev, T. D. Savostin, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 706 (1969), “A Profile-Control Method for Aspherical Surfaces.”

Sawhnew, P. R.

M. Sing, H. D. Pandey, P. R. Sawhnew, Optik (Stuttg.) 33, 457 (1971), “Measurement of Angles Using a Gas Laser.”

Schneider, E. J.

E. J. Schneider, T. Kolany, Opt. Spectra 1, No. 4, 24 (1967), “The Autocollimator.”

Schulte, D. H.

Schulz, G.

G. Schulz, Optik (Stuttg.) 9, 167 (1952), “A New Method of Measuring Focal Length.”

Schumacher, E. R.

Schuster, E.

Selwyn, E. W. H.

J. L. Houghton, E. W. H. Selwyn, J. Sci. Instrum. 15, 367 (1938), “Lens Testing Bench.”

Semenova, M. P.

A. P. Buin, M. P. Semenova, L. A. Kiryukhina, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 720 (1969), “Inspection of the Surface Quality of Large Scale Optical Components of an Unequal Arm Interferometer.”

Sen, D.

Sen Gupta, M. K.

Shack, R. V.

R. V. Shack, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Direct Phase-Sensing Interferometer.”

R. V. Shack, B. C. Platt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656 (1971), “Production and Use of a Lenticular Hartmann Screen.”

Shannon, R. R.

Simons, C. A. J.

Sing, M.

M. Sing, H. D. Pandey, P. R. Sawhnew, Optik (Stuttg.) 33, 457 (1971), “Measurement of Angles Using a Gas Laser.”

Slevogt, H.

H. Slevogt, Optik 11, 366 (1954), “Zur Geometrischen Optik der Zweistrahl-Interferometer.” (About the Geometrical Optics of Two-Beam Interferometers.)

Smartt, R. N.

Smith, T.

T. Smith, Trans. Opt. Soc. 28, 104 (1926–27), “The Theory of the Lens-Testing Interferometer.”

T. Smith, J. S. Anderson, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 188 (1921–22), “A Criticism of the Nodal Slide as an Aid in Testing Photographic Lenses.”

Speyer, G.

G. Speyer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 14, 336 (1943), “The Interference Spherometer.”

Sprague, R. A.

Stetson, H. T.

Stockton, M. W.

D. L. Crawford, A. B. Meinel, M. W. Stockton, Opt. Sci. Ctr. Univ. Ariz. Tech. Rept. No. 3 (1968), “A Symposium on Support and Testing of Large Astronomical Mirrors.”

Strong, J.

J. Strong, Procedures in Experimental Physics (Prentice Hall, Inc., New York, (1938).A very good qualitative description of Newton's and Foucault's knife-edge tests and Ronchi test is found in Chap. II: Laboratory Optical Work.

J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (W. H. Freeman, New York, 1958).This book has some very interesting chapters and appendices relevant to optical testing: Chap. XIII. Images of Points by Single Surfaces (describes Foucault's and Gaviola's test).Appendix B: Interferometers, by J. Dyson (describes some common path interferometers).Appendix C: The Koster's Double-Image Prism, by J. B. Saunders

Suzuki, T.

Y. Ichioka, T. Suzuki, Appl. Opt. 7, 926 (1968), “Assessment of Image Quality of Optical Systems.”

Taylor, H. D.

H. D. Taylor, The Adjustment and Testing of Telescope Objectives (Grubb, Parsons and Co., London, 1946).This book has a very good description of the star test of telescope objectives.

Tew, E. J.

Texerau, J.

J. Texerau, How to Make a Telescope (Doubleday, New York, 1963).Chapters II and III have several sections concerning the testing of concave and plane mirrors.

Thompson, J. L.

Timms, C.

C. Timms, J. Sci. Instrum. 22, 245 (1945), “The Measurement of Finely Finished Surfaces by Optical Interference.”

Tolansky, S.

S. Tolansky, Multiple-Beam Interferometry of Surfaces and Films (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1943), (Dover Publications, New York, 1970).Although optical testing is not specifically mentioned, this book contains very useful material indirectly relevant to this topic.

Tsuruta, T.

Tull, R. G.

R. G. Tull, Sky Telesc. 36, 213 (1968), “Shop-Testing a 107-Inch Telescope Mirror.”

Twyman, F.

F. Twyman, Nature (Lond.) 151, 43 (1943), “The Interferometer in Lens and Prism Manufacture.”

F. Twyman, Trans. Opt. Soc. 24, 189 (1922–23), “The Hilger Microscope Interferometer.”

F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”

F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”

F. Twyman, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 174 (1920–21), “An Interferometer for Testing Camera Lenses.”

F. Twyman, Astrophys. J. 48, 256 (1918), “Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

F. Twyman, Philos. Mag. Ser. 6 35, 49 (1918), “Interferometers for the Experimental Study of Optical Systems from the Point of View of the Wave Theory.”

F. Twyman, A. Green, British Patent103832 (1916).

F. Twyman, Prism and Lens Making (Hilger and Watts, Ltd., London, 1957).This book has the following very good chapters concerning optical shop testing. Unfortunately this book is now out of print.Chap. 11: Testing Optical Work.Chap. 12: The Hilger Interferometers for Testing Prisms and Lenses.Chap. 14: Testing Optical Glass.Chap. 15: Large Object Glasses and Mirrors.

Tynes, A. R.

A. R. Tynes, D. L. Bisbee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 459 (1967), “Precise Interferometry of Glass Plates.”

Vaidya, W. M.

Van Heel, A. C. S.

A. C. S. Van Heel, C. A. J. Simons, Appl. Opt. 6, 803 (1967), “Lens and Surface Testing with Compact Interferometers.”

A. C. S. Van Heel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “Optical Precision Method to Measure the Form of a Reflecting Surface.”

Van Zuylen, L.

L. Van Zuylen, Physica 3, 243 (1936), “Zur Qualititativen Untersuchung der Spharischen Abweichung Optischer Systema.” (Qualitative Investigation of Spherical Aberration in Optical Systems.)

Vasilevskis, S.

N. U. Mayall, S. Vasilevskis, Lick Obs. Bull. No. 567 (1960), “Quantitative Tests of the Lick Observatory 120-Inch Mirror.”

Verbunt, J. P. M.

J. P. M. Verbunt, Philips Tech. Rev. 33 (3), 74 (1973), “‘Droplet Interferometry’ for Investigating Smooth Surfaces.”

J. P. M. Verbunt, Appl. Opt. 12, 1839 (1973), “Simple Optical Interference Method for the Inspection of Solid Surfaces.”

J. P. M. Verbunt, Opt. Laser Technol. 4, 155 (1972), “A Simple Optical Test for Surface Quality.”

Wagner, D.

M. Françon, D. Wagner, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 230, 1850 (1950), “Etude des Defauts d'Homogénéité par la méthode de l'Ombre Portée.” (Study of Homogeneity Defects by the Carried Shadow Method.)

Walker, B. H.

B. H. Walker, Opt. Spectra 4 (7), 44 (1970), “Lens Evaluation with Basic Laboratory Equipment.”

Washer, F. E.

Wasilik, H.

Wehn, R.

R. Wehn, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 39 (1962), “Die Methode der Ronchi-Gitter in der Praxis.” The Method of Ronchi-Ruling in Practice.)

Weinstein, W.

W. Weinstein, J. Sci. Instrum. 28, 351 (1951), “A Beam Splitter for Non-Collimated Light.”

Welford, W. T.

S. H. Rowe, W. T. Welford, Nature (Lond.) 216, 786 (1967), “Surface Topography of Non-Optical Surfaces by Projected Interference Fringes.”

W. T. Welford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 21 (1960), “On the Limiting Sensitivity of the Star Test for Optical Instruments.”

Wheeler, B. W.

White, W. C.

Willett, C. S.

Willey, R. R.

R. R. Willey, Sky Telesc. 23, 226 (1962), “Characteristics and Testing of a Cassegrain Type Telescope.”

Williams, T. L.

T. L. Williams, Opt. Acta 15, 553 (1968), “A Spot Diagram Generator for Lens Testing.”

L. R. Baker, T. L. Williams, Appl. Opt. 4, 285 (1965), “New Electronic Wavefront Plotter.”

Ya Bubis, I.

I. Ya Bubis, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 39, 411 (1972), “Multipass Interferometer for Surface Shape Inspection.”

Young, T. R.

T. R. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 874 (1952), “Test of Aerial Camera Lenses of Large Aperture with a Twyman Interferometer.”

Zernike, F.

M. Bottema, F. Zernike, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 870 (1951), “The Three-Beam Interferometer.”

Appl Opt. (1)

A. S. De Vany, Appl Opt. 10, 1371 (1971), “Reduplication of a Penta Prism Angle Using Master Angle Prisms and Piano-Interferometer.”

Appl. Opt. (47)

Y. Ichioka, T. Suzuki, Appl. Opt. 7, 926 (1968), “Assessment of Image Quality of Optical Systems.”

P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 543 (1969), “Multipass Interferometry.”

R. Crane, Appl. Opt. 8, 538 (1969), “Interference Phase Measurement.”

L. R. Baker, T. L. Williams, Appl. Opt. 4, 285 (1965), “New Electronic Wavefront Plotter.”

E. J. Tew, Appl. Opt. 5, 695 (1966), “Measurement Techniques Used in the Optics Workshop.”

F. Ratajczyk, Z. Bodner, Appl. Opt. 5, 755 (1966), “An Autocollimation Measurement of the Right Angle Error with the Help of Polarized Light.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 5, 867 (1966), “A Universal Tester.”

D. Sen, P. N. Puntambekar, Appl. Opt. 5, 1009 (1966), “Shearing Interferometers for Testing Corner Cubes and Right Angle Prisms.”

A. C. S. Van Heel, C. A. J. Simons, Appl. Opt. 6, 803 (1967), “Lens and Surface Testing with Compact Interferometers.”

J. B. Houston, C. J. Buccini, P. K. O'Neill, Appl. Opt. 6, 1237 (1967), “A Laser Unequal Path Interferometer for the Optical Shop.”

A. Lohmann, O. Bryngdahl, Appl. Opt. 6, 1934 (1967), “A Lateral Wavefront Shearing Interferometer with Variable Shear.”

D. H. Schulte, Appl. Opt. 7, 119 (1968), “A Hartmann Test Reduction Program.”

T. G. Bergman, J. L. Thompson, Appl. Opt. 7, 923 (1968), “An Interference Method for Determining the Degree of Parallelism of (Laser) Surfaces.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 7, 1085 (1968), “Making and Testing Right Angle and Dove Prisms.”

R. O. Naess, Appl. Opt. 7, 2315 (1968), “A Measuring Interferometer for High Accuracy Alignment.”

W. B. Ribbens, Appl. Opt. 8, 2173 (1969), “Interferometric Surface Roughness Measurement.”

F. E. Roberts, P. Langenbeck, Appl. Opt. 8, 2311 (1969), “Homogeneity Evaluation of Very Large Disks.”

D. C. Harper, Appl. Opt. 9, 527 (1970), “Preparation of Drawing of Optical Elements and Methods of Testing.”

D. Malacara, O. Harris, Appl. Opt. 9, 1630 (1970), “Interferometric Measurement of Angles.”

R. R. Shannon, C. Rodriguez-Torres, Appl. Opt. 10, 264 (1971), “Paired Source Testing of Optical Systems.”

J. D. Briers, Appl. Opt. 10, 519 (1971), “Interferometric Flatness Testing of Nonoptical Surfaces.”

J. D. Evans, Appl. Opt. 10, 995 (1971), “Method for Approximating the Radius of Curvature of Small Concave Spherical Mirrors Using a He–Ne Laser.”

C. R. Batishko, R. R. Shannon, Appl. Opt. 11, 195 (1972), “Problem in Large-Path Difference Laser Interferometry.”

D. Malacara, Appl. Opt. 11, 99 (1972), “Hartmann Test of Aspherical Mirrors.”

J. D. Evans, Appl. Opt. 11, 945 (1972), “Error Analysis to: Method for Approximating the Radius of Curvature of Small Concave Spherical Mirrors Using a He–Ne Laser.”

F. Reitmayer, E. Schuster, Appl. Opt. 11, 1107 (1972), “Homogeneity of Optical Glasses.”

T. Tsuruta, M. Kishi, T. Gonda, Appl. Opt. 11, 2706 (1972), “Automatic Vertometer for Spherical Ophthalmic Lenses.”

M. P. Rimmer, D. M. King, D. G. Fox, Appl. Opt. 11, 2790 (1972), “Computer Program for the Analysis of Interferometric Test Data.”

R. A. Sprague, Appl. Opt. 11, 2811 (1972), “Surface Roughness Measurement Using White Light Speckle.”

J. P. M. Verbunt, Appl. Opt. 12, 1839 (1973), “Simple Optical Interference Method for the Inspection of Solid Surfaces.”

H. Wasilik, T. V. Blomquist, C. S. Willett, Appl. Opt. 10, 2107 (1971), “Measurement of Parallelism of the Surfaces of a Transparent Sample Using Two-Beam Nonlocalized Fringes Produced by a Laser.”

J. B. Saunders, Appl. Opt. 2, 541 (1963), “An Alignment Interferometer.”

M. V. R. K. Murty, Appl. Opt. 2, 1337 (1963), “A Note on the Testing of Homogeneity of Large Aperture Parallel Plates of Glass.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 3, 645 (1964), “A Note on Testing Homogeneity of Glass.”

P. F. Forman, Appl. Opt. 3, 646 (1964), “A Note on Possible Errors Due to Thickness Variations in Testing Nominally Parallel Plates.”

M. V. R. K. Murty, Appl. Opt. 3, 784 (1964), “Addendum to: A Note on the Testing of Homogeneity of Large Aperture Parallel Plates of Glass.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 4, 365 (1965), “On Using a Williams Interferometer for Making a Divider Plate.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 10, 1459 (1971), “Using a Murty Interferometer for Testing the Homogeneity of Test Samples of Optical Materials.”

D. G. Kocher, Appl. Opt. 11, 1872 (1972), “Twyman-Green Interferometer to Test Large Aperture Optical Systems.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 4, 513 (1965), “An Instrument for Measuring Strain and Homogeneity in Glass.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 9, 1219 (1970), “Supplement to: Some Aspects of Interferometric Testing and Optical Figuring.”

J. H. Bruning, D. R. Herriot, Appl. Opt. 9, 2180 (1970), “A Versatile Laser Interferometer.”

R. N. Smartt, Appl. Opt. 9, 970 (1970), “A Variable Transmittance Beam Splitter.”

E. R. Schumacher, Appl. Opt. 5, 475 (1966), “A Precision All-Purpose Optical Tester.”

G. W. Leppelmier, D. J. Mullenhoff, Appl. Opt. 9, 509 (1970), “A Technique to Measure the Wedge Angle of Optical Flats.”

A. S. De Vany, Appl. Opt. 4, 756 (1965), “Supplement to: An Instrument for Measuring Strain and Homogeneity in Glass.”

V. Met, Appl. Opt. 5, 1242 (1966), “Determination of Small Wedge Angles Using a Gas Laser.”

Astrophys. J. (7)

G. W. Ritchey, Astrophys. J. 19, 53 (1904), “On Methods of Testing Optical Mirrors During Construction.”

F. Twyman, Astrophys. J. 48, 256 (1918), “Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1918), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the 40 Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”

P. Fox, Astrophys. J. 27, 237 (1908), “An Investigation of the Forty-Inch Objective of the Yerkes Observatory.”

A. A. Michelson, Astrophys. J. 47, 283 (1917), “On the Correction of Optical Surfaces.”

J. S. Plaskett, Astrophys. J. 89, 84 (1939), “82-Inch Mirror of McDonald Observatory.”

Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica (7)

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, T. Nakata, I. Adachi, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 197 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer II.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 16, 666 (1961), “A Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer.”

I. Adachi, T. Masuda, T. Nakata, S. Nishiyama, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 319 (1962), “The Testing of Optical Materials by the Twyman Type Interferometer III.”

R. Wehn, Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi Contrib. Ist. Naz. Ottica 17, 39 (1962), “Die Methode der Ronchi-Gitter in der Praxis.” The Method of Ronchi-Ruling in Practice.)

Aust. J. Appl. Sci. (1)

C. F. Bruce, W. A. F. Cuninghame, Aust. J. Appl. Sci. 1, 243 (1950), “Measurement of Angle by Interferometry.”

Br. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. W. Gates, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 5, 133 (1954), “The Evaluation of Interferograms by Displacement and Stereoscopic Methods.”

Bull. Opt. Soc. India (1)

M. V. R. K. Murty, Bull. Opt. Soc. India 1, 29 (1967), “Interferometry Applied to Testing of Optics.”

C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) (2)

H. Fizeau, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 54, 1237 (1862), “Recherches sur les Modifications que Subit la Vitesse de la Lumière dans la Verre et Plusieurs Autres Corps Solides sous Flnfluence de la Chaleur.” (Research on the Modifications That the Speed of Light Suffers in Glass and Several Other Solid Bodies Under the Influence of Heat.)

M. Françon, D. Wagner, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 230, 1850 (1950), “Etude des Defauts d'Homogénéité par la méthode de l'Ombre Portée.” (Study of Homogeneity Defects by the Carried Shadow Method.)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. K. Munnerlyn, M. P. Givens, R. E. Hopkins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 359 (1969), “Interferometric Measurements of Optically Rough Surfaces.”

A. R. Tynes, D. L. Bisbee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 459 (1967), “Precise Interferometry of Glass Plates.”

IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst. (1)

R. R. Shannon, IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst. AES-5, 273 (1969), “Closing the Loop in Optical System Design.”

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (41)

A. C. S. Van Heel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “Optical Precision Method to Measure the Form of a Reflecting Surface.”

F. E. Washer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 719 (1955), “Instrument for Measuring the Marginal Power of Spectacle Lenses.”

V. Grigull, H. Rottenkolber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 149 (1967), “Two Beam Interferometer Using a Laser.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 859 (1961), “Suggested Arrangement of Mirrors to Form Multiple Reference Angles.”

M. De, M. K. Sen Gupta, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 158 (1961), “Measurement of Wave Aberrations of Microscope and Other Objectives.”

H. T. Stetson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 293 (1933), “Optical Tests of the 69-Inch Perkins Observatory Reflector.”

W. Herriot, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 472 (1947), “A Photoelectric Lens Bench.”

B. Goldberg, N. C. Benson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 186 (1947), “Apparatus for Determining Spherical Aberration of Convex Surface of Paraboloid of Revolution.”

D. H. Rank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 108 (1946), “Measurement of the Radius of Curvature of Concave Spheres.”

D. H. Rank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 116 (1946), “Calibration of a Set of Master Wedges.”

T. Morokuma, K. F. Neflen, T. R. Lawrence, T. M. Klucher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 394 (1963), “Interference Fringes with Long Path Difference Using He–Ne Laser.”

T. R. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 874 (1952), “Test of Aerial Camera Lenses of Large Aperture with a Twyman Interferometer.”

W. N. Peters, J. Ivaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Moiré Phase-Measuring Interferometer for Aspheric Mirrors.”

M. Bottema, F. Zernike, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 870 (1951), “The Three-Beam Interferometer.”

D. C. Harper, R. D. Pickering, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 813 (1953), “The Use of Power Compensation in the Testing of Optical Components in the Twyman-Green Interferometer.”

M. V. R. K. Murty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1187 (1964), “Interference Between Wavefronts Rotated or Reversed with Respect to Each Other and Its Relation to Spatial Coherence.”

R. V. Shack, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Direct Phase-Sensing Interferometer.”

R. V. Shack, B. C. Platt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656 (1971), “Production and Use of a Lenticular Hartmann Screen.”

N. A. Hochgraf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Angular Surface Measurements by Scanning-Pentaprism Test, Improved and Extended.”

R. B. Hooker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 655 (1971), “Automated, Noninterferometric Device for Testing Large Optical Devices.”

D. C. Grey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 876 (1951), “A Device for Testing Aspheric Surfaces.”

I. C. Gardner, A. H. Bennett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 441 (1921), “A Modified Hartmann Test Based on Interference.”

R. Kingslake, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 207 (1932), “A New Bench for Testing Photographic Lenses.”

R. Kingslake, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 26, 251 (1936), “Measurement of the Aberrations of a Microscope Objective.”

H. S. Coleman, M. F. Coleman, D. L. Fridge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 94 (1951), “Theory and Use of the Dioptometer.”

K. Leistner, B. Marcus, B. W. Wheeler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 44 (1953), “Lens Testing Bench.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 241 (1954), “In-Line Interferometer.”

D. Post, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 243 (1954), “Characteristics of the Series Interferometer.”

T. F. Embleton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 152 (1955), “Improved Mirror Mounting for Optical Interferometers.”

W. F. Koehler, W. C. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1011 (1955), “Multiple Beam Fringes of Equal Chromatic Order. Part VI. Method of Measuring Roughness.”

F. E. Washer, W. R. Darling, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 517 (1959), “Factors Affecting the Accuracy of Distortion Measurements Made on the Nodal Slide Optical Bench.”

P. Hariharan, D. Sen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1105 (1959), “Triangular Path Macrointerferometer.”

W. T. Welford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 21 (1960), “On the Limiting Sensitivity of the Star Test for Optical Instruments.”

P. Hariharan, D. Sen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 357 (1960), “Double-Passed Two Beam Interferometers.”

W. M. Vaidya, M. K. Sen Gupta, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 467 (1960), “Measurement of Axial and Off-Axis Geometrical Aberrations of Microscope Objectives.”

P. Hariharan, D. Sen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 999 (1960), “The Double-Passed Fizeau Interferometer.”

M. V. R. K. Murty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1089 (1960), “Simulation of Primary Aberrations of a Lens Using a Generalized Michelson Interferometer.”

M. V. R. K. Murty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1187 (1964), “Interference between Wavefronts Rotated or Reversed with Respect to Each Other and Its Relation to Spatial Coherence.”

J. Pastor, P. H. Lee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 149 (1968), “Transmission Fringes in Reflection Multiple Beam Interferometry.”

P. Langenbeck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 499 (1968), “Optical Wavefront Mapping by Dual Interferometry.”

R. Barakat, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1432 (1969), “General Diffraction Theory of Optical Aberration Tests, from the Point View of Spatial Filtering.”

J. Phys. E (2)

I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 300 (1970), “The Application of Fringes of Equal Chromatic Order to the Assessment of the Surface Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”

I. J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. E 3, 341 (1970), “A Simpler Scatter Method for Optical Surface Roughness and Slope Measurements: Roughness of Polished Fused Silica.”

J. Phys. E. (1)

D. C. Harper, J. Phys. E. 1, Ser. 2687 (1968), “A Comparative Method of Checking Angles on Glass Samples.”

J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. (4)

J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 67C, 307 (1963), “An Alignment Interferometer.”

F. E. Washer, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 42, 137 (1949), “An Instrument for Measuring Longitudinal Spherical Aberration of Lenses.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 69C, 251 (1965), “Precision Method for Evaluating Primary Aberrations of Lenses with a Twyman Interferometer.”

J. B. Saunders, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 61, 491 (1958), “Parallel Testing Interferometer.”

J. Sci. Instrum. (3)

W. Weinstein, J. Sci. Instrum. 28, 351 (1951), “A Beam Splitter for Non-Collimated Light.”

J. L. Houghton, E. W. H. Selwyn, J. Sci. Instrum. 15, 367 (1938), “Lens Testing Bench.”

C. Timms, J. Sci. Instrum. 22, 245 (1945), “The Measurement of Finely Finished Surfaces by Optical Interference.”

Lick Obs. Bull. No. 567 (1)

N. U. Mayall, S. Vasilevskis, Lick Obs. Bull. No. 567 (1960), “Quantitative Tests of the Lick Observatory 120-Inch Mirror.”

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

H. H. Plaskett, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 99, 219 (1938), “The Oxford Solar Telescope and Hartmann Tests of Its Performance.”

Nature (Lond.) (2)

F. Twyman, Nature (Lond.) 151, 43 (1943), “The Interferometer in Lens and Prism Manufacture.”

S. H. Rowe, W. T. Welford, Nature (Lond.) 216, 786 (1967), “Surface Topography of Non-Optical Surfaces by Projected Interference Fringes.”

Opt. Acta (4)

A. Ashton, A. C. Marchant, Opt. Acta 14, 203 (1967), “Note on the Testing of Large Glass Panels.”

K. G. Birch, Opt. Acta 19, 615 (1972), “A Modified Measuring Projector for the Evaluation of Interferograms.”

G. L. Rogers, Opt. Acta 17, 527 (1970), “The Equivalent Interferometer in Holography.”

T. L. Williams, Opt. Acta 15, 553 (1968), “A Spot Diagram Generator for Lens Testing.”

Opt. Laser Technol. (2)

J. P. M. Verbunt, Opt. Laser Technol. 4, 155 (1972), “A Simple Optical Test for Surface Quality.”

J. D. Briers, Opt. Laser Technol. 4, 28 (1972), “Interferometric Testing of Optical Systems and Components: A Review.”

Opt. Spectra (2)

B. H. Walker, Opt. Spectra 4 (7), 44 (1970), “Lens Evaluation with Basic Laboratory Equipment.”

E. J. Schneider, T. Kolany, Opt. Spectra 1, No. 4, 24 (1967), “The Autocollimator.”

Optik (1)

H. Slevogt, Optik 11, 366 (1954), “Zur Geometrischen Optik der Zweistrahl-Interferometer.” (About the Geometrical Optics of Two-Beam Interferometers.)

Optik (Stuttg.) (3)

G. Hansen, Optik (Stuttg.) 12, 5 (1955), “Die Sichtbarkeit der Interferenzen beim Twyman-Interferometer.” (The Visibility of Interference Fringes in Twyman Interferometer.)

M. Sing, H. D. Pandey, P. R. Sawhnew, Optik (Stuttg.) 33, 457 (1971), “Measurement of Angles Using a Gas Laser.”

G. Schulz, Optik (Stuttg.) 9, 167 (1952), “A New Method of Measuring Focal Length.”

Philips Tech. Rev. (1)

J. P. M. Verbunt, Philips Tech. Rev. 33 (3), 74 (1973), “‘Droplet Interferometry’ for Investigating Smooth Surfaces.”

Philos. Mag. Ser. 6 (1)

F. Twyman, Philos. Mag. Ser. 6 35, 49 (1918), “Interferometers for the Experimental Study of Optical Systems from the Point of View of the Wave Theory.”

Photogr. Sci. Eng. (1)

C. D. Reid, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 10, 241 (Sept–Oct 1966), “A History of the Testing of Photographic Lenses I.”

Physica (1)

L. Van Zuylen, Physica 3, 243 (1936), “Zur Qualititativen Untersuchung der Spharischen Abweichung Optischer Systema.” (Qualitative Investigation of Spherical Aberration in Optical Systems.)

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (2)

I. S. Bowen, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 62, 91 (1950), “Final Adjustments and Tests of the Hale Telescope.”

G. E. Hale, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 24, 107 (1912), “A Method of Testing Optical Glass.”

Rept. Phys. Soc. Progr. Phys. (1)

H. Khun, Rept. Phys. Soc. Progr. Phys. 14, 80 (1951), “New Techniques in Optical Interferometry.”

Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. (1)

A. Maréchal, P. Dejonc, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 29, 430 (1950), “Quelques Aspects des Franges de Twyman.” (Some Aspects of Twyman Fringes.)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Speyer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 14, 336 (1943), “The Interference Spherometer.”

Sky Telesc. (3)

R. G. Tull, Sky Telesc. 36, 213 (1968), “Shop-Testing a 107-Inch Telescope Mirror.”

G. E. Patston, Sky Telesc. 26, 358 (1963), “A Method of Checking Focal Length While Grinding.”

R. R. Willey, Sky Telesc. 23, 226 (1962), “Characteristics and Testing of a Cassegrain Type Telescope.”

Sov. J. Opt Technol. (1)

N. V. Malysheva, T. M. Bylkina, Sov. J. Opt Technol. 35, 310 (1968), “An Autocollimating Device for Measuring Radii of Curvature of Polished Concave Spherical Surfaces.”

Sov. J. Opt. Technol. (5)

M. A. Ostrovskaya, N. F. Filimonova, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 563 (1969), “Use of the Gas Laser for Interferometric Quality Control in Telescope Manufacture.”

A. P. Buin, M. P. Semenova, L. A. Kiryukhina, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 720 (1969), “Inspection of the Surface Quality of Large Scale Optical Components of an Unequal Arm Interferometer.”

I. Ya Bubis, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 39, 411 (1972), “Multipass Interferometer for Surface Shape Inspection.”

I. I. Dukhopel, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 38, 570 (1971), “Interference Methods and Instruments for Inspecting Optical Flats.”

D. T. Puryayev, T. D. Savostin, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 36, 706 (1969), “A Profile-Control Method for Aspherical Surfaces.”

Trans. Opt. Soc. (16)

F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”

F. Twyman, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 174 (1920–21), “An Interferometer for Testing Camera Lenses.”

F. Twyman, Trans. Opt. Soc. 24, 189 (1922–23), “The Hilger Microscope Interferometer.”

T. Smith, Trans. Opt. Soc. 28, 104 (1926–27), “The Theory of the Lens-Testing Interferometer.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 27, 94 (1925–26), “The Interferometer Patterns due to the Primary Aberrations.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 28, 1 (1926–27), “The Analysis of an Interferogram.”

O. G. Hay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 31, 91 (1929–30), “Ross Modification of the Hilger Interferometer for Testing Large Optical Elements.”

J. W. Perry, Trans. Opt. Soc. 25, 97 (1923–24), “The Determination of Aberrations, as Expressed in Geometrical Optics, from the Indications of the Hilger Interferometer.”

L. C. Martin, R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 25, 213 (1923–24), “The Measurement of Chromatic Aberration on the Hilger Lens Testing Interferometer.”

T. Smith, J. S. Anderson, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 188 (1921–22), “A Criticism of the Nodal Slide as an Aid in Testing Photographic Lenses.”

J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 297 (1921–22), “Angle Comparators of High Precision for the Goniometry of Prisms.”

J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 139 (1920–21), “Note on Pyramidal Error in Prisms.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 27, 221 (1925–26), “Application of the Hartmann Test to the Measurement of Oblique Aberrations.”

R. Kingslake, Trans. Opt. Soc. 29, 133 (1927–28), “The Absolute Hartmann Test.”

F. Twyman, A. J. Dalladay, Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 131 (1921–22), “Variation in Refractive Index Near the Surfaces of Glass Melts.”

F. J. Cheshire, Trans. Opt. Soc. 22, 235 (1920–21), “Note on an Eyepiece for Testing the Squaring on of Telescope Object Glasses.”

Z. Instrumentenkd. (6)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 20, 47 (1900), “Bemerkungen über den Bau und die Justierung von Spectrographen. IV Prüfung und Justierung der Apparate.” (Note about the Construction and Adjustment of a Spectrograph. IV Testing and Adjustment of the Apparatus.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 1 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 33 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

J. Hartmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 24, 97 (1904), “Objektivuntersuchungen.” (Inspection of Objectives.)

H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 103 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive I.” (Application of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives I.)

H. Lehmann, Z. Instrumentenkd. 22, 325 (1902), “Anwendung der Hartmann'schen Methode der Zonenprufung auf Astronomische Objektive II.” (Applications of the Hartmann's Method for Zonal Testing on Astronomical Objectives II.)

Other (28)

F. Twyman, A. Green, British Patent103832 (1916).

C. Candler, Modern Interferometers (Hilger and Watts, London, 1951).This book contains a very good description and analysis of the Twyman-Green interferometer, Chap. VI. Twyman Prism Interferometer, and Chap. VII. Twyman Lens Interferometer.

A. H. Cook, Interference of Electromagnetic Waves (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1971).This book contains a general description of the main interferometers in the following chapters: II. Michelson-Fizeau Interferometers, I. Theory; IV. Michelson-Fizeau Interferometers, II. Applications.

D. L. Crawford (Ed.), The Construction of Large Telescopes (International Astronomical Union, Symposium 27) (Academic Press, New York, (1966).Part 2, Sec. C.3, contains a discussion about telescope testing procedures, especially about the Hartmann test.

C. Dévé, Optical Workshop Principles, transl. T. L. Tippell (Hilger and Watts, Ltd., London, 1945).Chapter VI Optical Tests in Workshop describes some tests, especially Newton's test and angle measurements in prisms.

M. Françon, Optical Interferometry (Academic Press, New York, 1966).The following two chapters have a good description of the interferometric optical testing procedures: XI. Interferential Study of Wavefronts and XVI. Diverse Applications of Interference.

M. Françon, S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley-Interscience, New York1971).This book contains a very brief description of some polarization interferometers, especially the following chapter: VIII. Testing of Optical Systems.

D. F. Horne, Optical Production Technology (Adam Hilger, London, 1972): (Crane Russak, New York, 1972).Chapter XI Testing Optical Components presents a very complete review of the main optical testing techniques.

A. G. Ingalls, (Ed.) Amateur Telescope Making (Scientific American, Inc., New York, 1953), 3 vols.In these books the following papers may be found: R. W. Porter, “Mirror Making for Reflecting Telescop” (Foucault), p. 1, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “The Prism or Diagonal” (Newton test), p. 52, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “Testing: Foucault's Shadow Test,” p. 82, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “How to Recognize the Paraboloid Zonal Testing,” p. 96, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “Testing and Figuring,” (Foucault test for lenses), p. 120, Vol. 1.A. R. Kirkham, “The Ronchi Test for Mirrors,” p. 264, Vol. 1.R. W. Porter, “Notes on the Ronchi Band Patterns,” p. 268, Vol. 1.A. R. Kirkham, “The Direct Focal Test for Gregorian Secondaries,” p. 271, Vol. 1.A. G. Ingalls, “The Diffraction Ring Test,” (star test), p. 428, Vol. 1.A. W. Everest, “Backwoods Philosophy,” (Foucault test), p. 3, Vol. 2.G. E. Warner, “Astigmatism,” (in Foucault test), p. 70, Vol. 2.J. H. King, “A Quantitative Test for Telescope Mirrors,” (Ronchi test, from J. Opt. Soc. Am., Sept.1934), p. 104, Vol. 2.W. A. Calder, “The Hartmann Test,” p. 109, Vol. 2.H. H. Selby, “Flats” (Newton), p. 118, Vol. 2.H. H. Selby, “Notes on the Optical Testing of Aspheric Surfaces” (Foucault test for conic surfaces), p. 132, Vol. 2.H. A. Lower, “Notes on the Construction of an F/1 Schmidt Camera” (Lower test), p. 410, Vol. 2.C. R. Burch, “Small Pinholes” (for Foucault test), p. 65, Vol. 3.H. E. Dall, “A Null Test for Paraboloids,” p. 149, Vol. 3.I. C. Gardner, “A Spherometer for Measuring Radii of Curvature of Small Strongly Curved Surfaces,” p. 200, Vol. 3.G. D. Hanna, “A Reflecting Autocollimator for Precise Measurement of Prism Angles,” p. 253, Vol. 3.I. H. Schroader, “The Caustic Test,” p. 429, Vol. 3.

B. K. Johnson, Optics and Optical Instruments (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1947).The following chapters are of some interest: II. Focal Length Measurement and VIII. Optical Glass: Its Working and Testing.

R. Kingslake (Ed.) Applied Optics and Optical Engineering (Academic Press, New York, (1967), 5 vols.The following chapters in Vols. 3 and 4 describe some optical testing procedures: R. M. Scott, Chap. 2, Vol. 3. Optical Manufacturing.R. R. Shannon, Chap. 5, Vol. 3. The Testing of Complete Objectives.A. W. Young, Chap. 7, Vol. 4. Optical Workshop Instruments.K. M. Baird, G. R. Hanes, Chap. 9, Vol. 4Interferometers.

P. Langenbeck, Optical Instruments and Techniques (Oriel Press, 1969), p. 277. (Chapter: Advantages of Multipass Interferometry).

E. H. Linfoot, Recent Advances in Optics (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1955).This book has a very good theoretical analysis of the Foucault knife-edge test in Chap. II: The Foucault Test.

D. D. Maksutov, Izgotovleniye i Issledovaniye Astronomicheskoy Optiki (The Fabrication and Testing of Astronomical Optics) (Gostekhizdat Press, Moscow, 1948).

D. Malacara, “Testing of Optical Surfaces,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Rochester (1965) (University Microfilms Inc. Ann Arbor, Michigan, order No. 65-12, 013).This thesis contains a description of an automatic testing procedure for aspherical surfaces using the Ronchi test and the Murty interferometer.

L. C. Martin, Technical Optics (Pitman and Sons, Ltd., London, 1960), 2 vols. Chap. VII, “The testing of Optical Instruments and the Study of Their Performance,” in Vol. 2 contains a very complete description of the main optical testing techniques.

Optical Image Evaluation Symposium (NBS Circular 256) (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1954).The following article in this book is of interest: Toraldo di Francia, “Geometrical and Interferential Aspects of Ronchi Test,” p. 161.

V. Ronchi, Corso di Ottica Tecnica (Associazione Ottica Italiana, Firenze, 1954), 2d ed.Contains a very good description of the Ronchi test.

J. Strong, Procedures in Experimental Physics (Prentice Hall, Inc., New York, (1938).A very good qualitative description of Newton's and Foucault's knife-edge tests and Ronchi test is found in Chap. II: Laboratory Optical Work.

J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (W. H. Freeman, New York, 1958).This book has some very interesting chapters and appendices relevant to optical testing: Chap. XIII. Images of Points by Single Surfaces (describes Foucault's and Gaviola's test).Appendix B: Interferometers, by J. Dyson (describes some common path interferometers).Appendix C: The Koster's Double-Image Prism, by J. B. Saunders

H. D. Taylor, The Adjustment and Testing of Telescope Objectives (Grubb, Parsons and Co., London, 1946).This book has a very good description of the star test of telescope objectives.

J. Texerau, How to Make a Telescope (Doubleday, New York, 1963).Chapters II and III have several sections concerning the testing of concave and plane mirrors.

S. Tolansky, Multiple-Beam Interferometry of Surfaces and Films (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1943), (Dover Publications, New York, 1970).Although optical testing is not specifically mentioned, this book contains very useful material indirectly relevant to this topic.

F. Twyman, Prism and Lens Making (Hilger and Watts, Ltd., London, 1957).This book has the following very good chapters concerning optical shop testing. Unfortunately this book is now out of print.Chap. 11: Testing Optical Work.Chap. 12: The Hilger Interferometers for Testing Prisms and Lenses.Chap. 14: Testing Optical Glass.Chap. 15: Large Object Glasses and Mirrors.

U.S. Dept. of Defense, Military Handbook 141 (Mil-HDBK-141) (1963)A good review of the main tests is found in: H. Osterberg, Sec. 16, Applications of Physical Optics.H. Osterberg, Sec. 25, Production Phase Optical Tests.

E. Wolf (Ed.), Progress in Optics (North-Holland, Amsterdam, (1965–72), 9 vols.The following chapters in Vols. 4 and 5 describe some optical testing procedures:D. R. Herriott, Chap. V, Vol. 4, p. 171, “Some Application of Lasers to Interferometry.”O. Bryngdahl, O. Chap. II, Vol. 4, p. 39, “Applications of Shearing Interferometry.”W. H. Steel, Chap. III, Vol. 5, p. 145, “Two Beam Interferometry.”

C. Rodriguez-Torres, Opt. Sci. Tech. Rept. 54June (1970), “Multiple Source Testing of Camera Systems.”

D. L. Crawford, A. B. Meinel, M. W. Stockton, Opt. Sci. Ctr. Univ. Ariz. Tech. Rept. No. 3 (1968), “A Symposium on Support and Testing of Large Astronomical Mirrors.”

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics