Abstract

The design and operating characteristics of several recently fabricated solid-spaced Fabry-Perot interference filters having bandwidths from 0.3 Å to 8 Å in the 1–5-μm ir wavelength range are discussed. The 104 achievable resolving power of these devices, particularly at the higher wavelengths, represents several orders of magnitude improvement over conventional ir filters, and the implications of this very high resolution along with the tilt-tuning properties of narrow-band filters are discussed in relation to atmospheric remote sensing.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. H. Eather, D. L. Reasoner, Appl. Opt. 8, 227 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 1746 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 77, 660 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. C. Schaeffer, W. G. Fastie, Appl. Opt. 11, 2289 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. C. Gerard, O. E. Harang, Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1973), p. 241.
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. M. Hunten, Space Sci. Rev. 6, 493 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. M. Title, New Techniques in Space Astronomy Labuhn, Lüst (Eds.) (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1971), pp. 325–332.
  8. R. R. Austin, Electro Opt. Syst. Design 6, 32 (1973).
  9. A. M. Title, Harvard College Observatory, Report TR-18, June1970.
  10. D. E. Gray, Ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972), Chap. 6.
  11. A. E. Roche, C. B. Cosmovici, S. Drapatz, K. W. Michel, W. C. Wells, Icarus January (1974) (in press).
  12. D. M. Murcray, University of Denver; private communication.
  13. P. J. Crutzen, Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed. (D. Reidel Publishing, Co., Dordrecht, Holland1973), p. 110.
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. B. Farmer, P. W. Schaper, O. F. Raper, R. A. Schindler, R. A. Toth, 2nd Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, A. J. Broderick, Ed., Washington, D.C., Dec.10–12, 1973 (D. O. T. Report No. TSC-OST-73-4), pp. 9–15; B. A. Ridley, H. I. Schiff, A. N. Shaw, L. Bates, C. Howlett, H. Levaux, L. R. Megill, T. E. Ashenfelter, Nature 245, 308 (1973); J. C. Fontanella, A. Girard, L. Gramont, N. Louisnard, communication presented to 3rd CIAP Conference, Boston, 25 February–2 March (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Andelin, A. M. Title, T. Pope, “Drift in Interference Filters, 1: Thermal Effects,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2675 (1974); A. M. Title, “Drift in Interference Filters, 2. Radiation Effects,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2680 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

1973 (1)

R. R. Austin, Electro Opt. Syst. Design 6, 32 (1973).

1972 (2)

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 77, 660 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Schaeffer, W. G. Fastie, Appl. Opt. 11, 2289 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1971 (1)

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 1746 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

1967 (1)

D. M. Hunten, Space Sci. Rev. 6, 493 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Andelin, S.

Austin, R. R.

R. R. Austin, Electro Opt. Syst. Design 6, 32 (1973).

Cosmovici, C. B.

A. E. Roche, C. B. Cosmovici, S. Drapatz, K. W. Michel, W. C. Wells, Icarus January (1974) (in press).

Crutzen, P. J.

P. J. Crutzen, Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed. (D. Reidel Publishing, Co., Dordrecht, Holland1973), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Drapatz, S.

A. E. Roche, C. B. Cosmovici, S. Drapatz, K. W. Michel, W. C. Wells, Icarus January (1974) (in press).

Eather, R. H.

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 77, 660 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 1746 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Eather, D. L. Reasoner, Appl. Opt. 8, 227 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farmer, C. B.

C. B. Farmer, P. W. Schaper, O. F. Raper, R. A. Schindler, R. A. Toth, 2nd Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, A. J. Broderick, Ed., Washington, D.C., Dec.10–12, 1973 (D. O. T. Report No. TSC-OST-73-4), pp. 9–15; B. A. Ridley, H. I. Schiff, A. N. Shaw, L. Bates, C. Howlett, H. Levaux, L. R. Megill, T. E. Ashenfelter, Nature 245, 308 (1973); J. C. Fontanella, A. Girard, L. Gramont, N. Louisnard, communication presented to 3rd CIAP Conference, Boston, 25 February–2 March (1974).
[CrossRef]

Fastie, W. G.

Gerard, J. C.

J. C. Gerard, O. E. Harang, Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1973), p. 241.
[CrossRef]

Harang, O. E.

J. C. Gerard, O. E. Harang, Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1973), p. 241.
[CrossRef]

Hunten, D. M.

D. M. Hunten, Space Sci. Rev. 6, 493 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Mende, S. B.

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 77, 660 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 1746 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Michel, K. W.

A. E. Roche, C. B. Cosmovici, S. Drapatz, K. W. Michel, W. C. Wells, Icarus January (1974) (in press).

Murcray, D. M.

D. M. Murcray, University of Denver; private communication.

Pope, T.

Raper, O. F.

C. B. Farmer, P. W. Schaper, O. F. Raper, R. A. Schindler, R. A. Toth, 2nd Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, A. J. Broderick, Ed., Washington, D.C., Dec.10–12, 1973 (D. O. T. Report No. TSC-OST-73-4), pp. 9–15; B. A. Ridley, H. I. Schiff, A. N. Shaw, L. Bates, C. Howlett, H. Levaux, L. R. Megill, T. E. Ashenfelter, Nature 245, 308 (1973); J. C. Fontanella, A. Girard, L. Gramont, N. Louisnard, communication presented to 3rd CIAP Conference, Boston, 25 February–2 March (1974).
[CrossRef]

Reasoner, D. L.

Roche, A. E.

A. E. Roche, C. B. Cosmovici, S. Drapatz, K. W. Michel, W. C. Wells, Icarus January (1974) (in press).

Schaeffer, R. C.

Schaper, P. W.

C. B. Farmer, P. W. Schaper, O. F. Raper, R. A. Schindler, R. A. Toth, 2nd Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, A. J. Broderick, Ed., Washington, D.C., Dec.10–12, 1973 (D. O. T. Report No. TSC-OST-73-4), pp. 9–15; B. A. Ridley, H. I. Schiff, A. N. Shaw, L. Bates, C. Howlett, H. Levaux, L. R. Megill, T. E. Ashenfelter, Nature 245, 308 (1973); J. C. Fontanella, A. Girard, L. Gramont, N. Louisnard, communication presented to 3rd CIAP Conference, Boston, 25 February–2 March (1974).
[CrossRef]

Schindler, R. A.

C. B. Farmer, P. W. Schaper, O. F. Raper, R. A. Schindler, R. A. Toth, 2nd Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, A. J. Broderick, Ed., Washington, D.C., Dec.10–12, 1973 (D. O. T. Report No. TSC-OST-73-4), pp. 9–15; B. A. Ridley, H. I. Schiff, A. N. Shaw, L. Bates, C. Howlett, H. Levaux, L. R. Megill, T. E. Ashenfelter, Nature 245, 308 (1973); J. C. Fontanella, A. Girard, L. Gramont, N. Louisnard, communication presented to 3rd CIAP Conference, Boston, 25 February–2 March (1974).
[CrossRef]

Title, A. M.

S. Andelin, A. M. Title, T. Pope, “Drift in Interference Filters, 1: Thermal Effects,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2675 (1974); A. M. Title, “Drift in Interference Filters, 2. Radiation Effects,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2680 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Title, Harvard College Observatory, Report TR-18, June1970.

A. M. Title, New Techniques in Space Astronomy Labuhn, Lüst (Eds.) (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1971), pp. 325–332.

Toth, R. A.

C. B. Farmer, P. W. Schaper, O. F. Raper, R. A. Schindler, R. A. Toth, 2nd Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, A. J. Broderick, Ed., Washington, D.C., Dec.10–12, 1973 (D. O. T. Report No. TSC-OST-73-4), pp. 9–15; B. A. Ridley, H. I. Schiff, A. N. Shaw, L. Bates, C. Howlett, H. Levaux, L. R. Megill, T. E. Ashenfelter, Nature 245, 308 (1973); J. C. Fontanella, A. Girard, L. Gramont, N. Louisnard, communication presented to 3rd CIAP Conference, Boston, 25 February–2 March (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wells, W. C.

A. E. Roche, C. B. Cosmovici, S. Drapatz, K. W. Michel, W. C. Wells, Icarus January (1974) (in press).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Electro Opt. Syst. Design (1)

R. R. Austin, Electro Opt. Syst. Design 6, 32 (1973).

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 1746 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Eather, S. B. Mende, J. Geophys. Res. 77, 660 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Space Sci. Rev. (1)

D. M. Hunten, Space Sci. Rev. 6, 493 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

A. M. Title, New Techniques in Space Astronomy Labuhn, Lüst (Eds.) (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1971), pp. 325–332.

J. C. Gerard, O. E. Harang, Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1973), p. 241.
[CrossRef]

A. M. Title, Harvard College Observatory, Report TR-18, June1970.

D. E. Gray, Ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972), Chap. 6.

A. E. Roche, C. B. Cosmovici, S. Drapatz, K. W. Michel, W. C. Wells, Icarus January (1974) (in press).

D. M. Murcray, University of Denver; private communication.

P. J. Crutzen, Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed. (D. Reidel Publishing, Co., Dordrecht, Holland1973), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

C. B. Farmer, P. W. Schaper, O. F. Raper, R. A. Schindler, R. A. Toth, 2nd Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, A. J. Broderick, Ed., Washington, D.C., Dec.10–12, 1973 (D. O. T. Report No. TSC-OST-73-4), pp. 9–15; B. A. Ridley, H. I. Schiff, A. N. Shaw, L. Bates, C. Howlett, H. Levaux, L. R. Megill, T. E. Ashenfelter, Nature 245, 308 (1973); J. C. Fontanella, A. Girard, L. Gramont, N. Louisnard, communication presented to 3rd CIAP Conference, Boston, 25 February–2 March (1974).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission band profiles for the 10,830-Å filter, measured at this wavelength (finesse 30.3).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tilt scan of the He I (23P − 23S) triplet feature in a laboratory source using the 10,830-Å filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission band profiles of the 5.0-μm filter, measured at 4.6 μm. The wavelength scale is shown interrupted so as to show the individual profiles in detail (finesse 37.5).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission band profiles of two 3.35-μm filters designed for methane measurements. Profiles measured at 3.34 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Tilting filter absorption scans of two lines (P2 and P3) in the methane ν3 band using the high finesse (43) filter shown in Fig. 4.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ m = 2 n d / m ,
λ s = λ m 2 / 2 n d ,
δ λ = λ 0 θ 2 / 2 n 2 .
d λ λ = [ 1 n d n d T + 1 d d ( d ) d T ] Δ T .

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