An improved speckle-shearing interferometric method is presented that allows simultaneous determination of derivatives of surface displacements of a structure with respect to four different directions. The technique relaxes several limitations associated with conventional interferometry and thus is adaptable to nonlaboratory environments. The relevant theory is presented, and the method demonstrated by determining spatial derivatives of in-plane and out-of-plane displacements of statically loaded and vibrated structures.
© 1975 Optical Society of America
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