Abstract

A new lens design for precise copying exemplifies the success of the rms error function as a suitable criterion for the design of high resolution lenses. The design, a 145-mm f/4.0, gives 400-line/mm, high contrast, white-light visual resolution throughout a 30-mm flat image when used at 20:1 conjugates. On high resolution plates, a resolution of 320 lines/mm is obtained. The five-glass design has no vignetting of the marginal beams, presents no manufacturing problems, and gave full resolution when first assembled. The prescription was found by the LASL 1972 Lens Design Program.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Brixner, Appl. Opt. 12, 2703 (1973).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. F. Twyman, Prism and Lens Making (Hilger & Watts, London, 1952), pp. 429, 435.
  3. B. Brixner, in Proceedings of Sixth International Congress on High-Speed Photography, The Hague-Scheveningen, Netherlands, 1962, J. G. A. de Graff, P. Tegelaar, Eds. (Tjeenk Willink & Zoon, Haarlem, Netherlands, 1963).
  4. B. Brixner, Appl. Opt. 5, 1950 (1966).
  5. A. B. Meinel, in Proceedings of Panel Discussion of Some Automatic Methods of Lens Design, Washington, D.C., 1966, J. S. Courtney-Pratt, Ed. (SMPTE, New York, 1967), pp. 201–203, 209–210.
  6. T. H. Jamieson, Optimization Techniques in Lens Design (American Elsevier, New York, 1971), pp. 63, 77, 79, 81.
  7. R. R. Shannon, in Ref. 5, p. 207.
  8. T. H. Jamieson, in Ref. 6, pp. 36–37.
  9. D. G. Hawkins, E. H. Linfoot, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 105, 343 (1945).
  10. M. Herzberger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 489 (1947).
    [Crossref]
  11. E. H. Linfoot, Recent Advances in Optics (Oxford U.P., New York, 1955), p. 224.
  12. M. Herzberger, Modern Geometrical Optics (Interscience, New York, 1958), p. 287.
  13. R. Kingslake, in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R. Kingslake, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1965), Vol. 3, p. 17.

1973 (1)

1966 (1)

B. Brixner, Appl. Opt. 5, 1950 (1966).

1947 (1)

M. Herzberger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 489 (1947).
[Crossref]

1945 (1)

D. G. Hawkins, E. H. Linfoot, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 105, 343 (1945).

Brixner, B.

B. Brixner, Appl. Opt. 12, 2703 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Brixner, Appl. Opt. 5, 1950 (1966).

B. Brixner, in Proceedings of Sixth International Congress on High-Speed Photography, The Hague-Scheveningen, Netherlands, 1962, J. G. A. de Graff, P. Tegelaar, Eds. (Tjeenk Willink & Zoon, Haarlem, Netherlands, 1963).

Hawkins, D. G.

D. G. Hawkins, E. H. Linfoot, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 105, 343 (1945).

Herzberger, M.

M. Herzberger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 489 (1947).
[Crossref]

M. Herzberger, Modern Geometrical Optics (Interscience, New York, 1958), p. 287.

Jamieson, T. H.

T. H. Jamieson, in Ref. 6, pp. 36–37.

T. H. Jamieson, Optimization Techniques in Lens Design (American Elsevier, New York, 1971), pp. 63, 77, 79, 81.

Kingslake, R.

R. Kingslake, in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R. Kingslake, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1965), Vol. 3, p. 17.

Linfoot, E. H.

D. G. Hawkins, E. H. Linfoot, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 105, 343 (1945).

E. H. Linfoot, Recent Advances in Optics (Oxford U.P., New York, 1955), p. 224.

Meinel, A. B.

A. B. Meinel, in Proceedings of Panel Discussion of Some Automatic Methods of Lens Design, Washington, D.C., 1966, J. S. Courtney-Pratt, Ed. (SMPTE, New York, 1967), pp. 201–203, 209–210.

Shannon, R. R.

R. R. Shannon, in Ref. 5, p. 207.

Twyman, F.

F. Twyman, Prism and Lens Making (Hilger & Watts, London, 1952), pp. 429, 435.

Appl. Opt. (2)

B. Brixner, Appl. Opt. 5, 1950 (1966).

B. Brixner, Appl. Opt. 12, 2703 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

M. Herzberger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 489 (1947).
[Crossref]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

D. G. Hawkins, E. H. Linfoot, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 105, 343 (1945).

Other (9)

F. Twyman, Prism and Lens Making (Hilger & Watts, London, 1952), pp. 429, 435.

B. Brixner, in Proceedings of Sixth International Congress on High-Speed Photography, The Hague-Scheveningen, Netherlands, 1962, J. G. A. de Graff, P. Tegelaar, Eds. (Tjeenk Willink & Zoon, Haarlem, Netherlands, 1963).

E. H. Linfoot, Recent Advances in Optics (Oxford U.P., New York, 1955), p. 224.

M. Herzberger, Modern Geometrical Optics (Interscience, New York, 1958), p. 287.

R. Kingslake, in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R. Kingslake, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1965), Vol. 3, p. 17.

A. B. Meinel, in Proceedings of Panel Discussion of Some Automatic Methods of Lens Design, Washington, D.C., 1966, J. S. Courtney-Pratt, Ed. (SMPTE, New York, 1967), pp. 201–203, 209–210.

T. H. Jamieson, Optimization Techniques in Lens Design (American Elsevier, New York, 1971), pp. 63, 77, 79, 81.

R. R. Shannon, in Ref. 5, p. 207.

T. H. Jamieson, in Ref. 6, pp. 36–37.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

LASL precision copy lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Twyman-Green interferograms of LASL copy lens.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fifty-two-ray spot diagrams of LASL copy lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Image-forming cones (rms radius profiles) at focal plane of LASL copy lens.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Selected performance characteristics of lens types evaluated during search for LASL copy lens.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fifty-two-ray image-spot sizes at focal plane of LASL copy lens.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fifty-two-ray image-spot sizes at optimum focal points of LASL copy lens.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Fifty-two-ray astigmatic surfaces of LASL copy lens.

Tables (2)

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Table I Characteristics of Microfilm Lens Designsa

Tables Icon

Table II Prescriptions for Microfilm Lens Designsa

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