Abstract

Optical constants for fused quartz were determined from 1400 cm−1 to 400 cm−1. Three absorption bands were observed in the infrared for amorphous quartz powder dispersed in KBr. These same bands, somewhat altered in shape and in peak position, were seen in amorphous SiO2 smoke particles in air. Two of these bands were determined to be due to surface modes. Measurements agreed well with calculated peak positions and relative peak heights, but were broader and lower than those predicted by theory. The observed broadening could not be attributed to the size or shape of the individual particles.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Fuchs, K. L. Kliewer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 319 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), p. 114.
  4. A. J. Hunt, T. R. Steyer, D. R. Huffman, Surf. Sci. 36, 454 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Sov. Phys.—Solid State, 13, 1342 (1971).
  6. L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Phys. Status Solidi B, 51, 91 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. T. Luxon, D. J. Montgomery, R. Summitt, Phys. Rev. 188, 1345 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. P. Martin, Phys. Rev. 177, 1349 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Ruppin, Surf. Sci. 34, 20 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Stern, Solid State Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turnbull, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1963), Vol. 15, p. 279.
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. H. Perry, J. D. Wrigley, Appl. Opt. 6, 586 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. M. Zolotarev, Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 34 (1970).
  13. N. L. Alpert, W. E. Keiser, H. A. Szymanski, Infrared Theory and Practice of Infrared Spectroscopy (Plenum Press, New York, 1970), p. 332.
  14. S. I. Popova, T. S. Tolstykh, V. T. Vorobev, Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 444 (1972).
  15. A. C. Lind, J. M. Greenberg, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3195 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Ref. 3, p 39.
  17. W. Eitel, Silicate Science (Academic Press, New York and London, 1966), Vol. 5, p. 265–266.
  18. J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Lefevre, Astron. Astrophys. 5, 37 (1970).
  20. J. D. Holmgren, J. O. Gidson, C. Sheer, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 129.
  21. J. Amick, J. Turkevich, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 146.
  22. K. A. Loftman, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 196.
  23. T. P. Martin, Solid State Commun. 9, 623 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  24. L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Surf. Sci. 34, 33 (1973).
    [CrossRef]

1973 (4)

A. J. Hunt, T. R. Steyer, D. R. Huffman, Surf. Sci. 36, 454 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. Ruppin, Surf. Sci. 34, 20 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Surf. Sci. 34, 33 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

S. I. Popova, T. S. Tolstykh, V. T. Vorobev, Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 444 (1972).

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Phys. Status Solidi B, 51, 91 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Sov. Phys.—Solid State, 13, 1342 (1971).

T. P. Martin, Solid State Commun. 9, 623 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (3)

V. M. Zolotarev, Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 34 (1970).

J. Lefevre, Astron. Astrophys. 5, 37 (1970).

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (2)

J. T. Luxon, D. J. Montgomery, R. Summitt, Phys. Rev. 188, 1345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Martin, Phys. Rev. 177, 1349 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

1967 (1)

1966 (1)

A. C. Lind, J. M. Greenberg, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3195 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, R. W.

J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Alpert, N. L.

N. L. Alpert, W. E. Keiser, H. A. Szymanski, Infrared Theory and Practice of Infrared Spectroscopy (Plenum Press, New York, 1970), p. 332.

Amick, J.

J. Amick, J. Turkevich, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 146.

Bell, R. J.

J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bryksin, V. V.

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Sov. Phys.—Solid State, 13, 1342 (1971).

Eitel, W.

W. Eitel, Silicate Science (Academic Press, New York and London, 1966), Vol. 5, p. 265–266.

Englman, R.

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, R.

Genzel, L.

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Surf. Sci. 34, 33 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Phys. Status Solidi B, 51, 91 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gerbshtein, Yu. M.

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Sov. Phys.—Solid State, 13, 1342 (1971).

Gidson, J. O.

J. D. Holmgren, J. O. Gidson, C. Sheer, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 129.

Greenberg, J. M.

A. C. Lind, J. M. Greenberg, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3195 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Holmgren, J. D.

J. D. Holmgren, J. O. Gidson, C. Sheer, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 129.

Huffman, D. R.

A. J. Hunt, T. R. Steyer, D. R. Huffman, Surf. Sci. 36, 454 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, A. J.

A. J. Hunt, T. R. Steyer, D. R. Huffman, Surf. Sci. 36, 454 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Keiser, W. E.

N. L. Alpert, W. E. Keiser, H. A. Szymanski, Infrared Theory and Practice of Infrared Spectroscopy (Plenum Press, New York, 1970), p. 332.

Kliewer, K. L.

Lefevre, J.

J. Lefevre, Astron. Astrophys. 5, 37 (1970).

Lind, A. C.

A. C. Lind, J. M. Greenberg, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3195 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Loftman, K. A.

K. A. Loftman, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 196.

Luxon, J. T.

J. T. Luxon, D. J. Montgomery, R. Summitt, Phys. Rev. 188, 1345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mann, R. A.

J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Martin, T. P.

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Surf. Sci. 34, 33 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Phys. Status Solidi B, 51, 91 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Martin, Solid State Commun. 9, 623 (1971).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Martin, Phys. Rev. 177, 1349 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mirlin, D. N.

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Sov. Phys.—Solid State, 13, 1342 (1971).

Montgomery, D. J.

J. T. Luxon, D. J. Montgomery, R. Summitt, Phys. Rev. 188, 1345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Perry, C. H.

Popova, S. I.

S. I. Popova, T. S. Tolstykh, V. T. Vorobev, Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 444 (1972).

Ruppin, R.

R. Ruppin, Surf. Sci. 34, 20 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sheer, C.

J. D. Holmgren, J. O. Gidson, C. Sheer, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 129.

Stern, F.

F. Stern, Solid State Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turnbull, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1963), Vol. 15, p. 279.
[CrossRef]

Steyer, T. R.

A. J. Hunt, T. R. Steyer, D. R. Huffman, Surf. Sci. 36, 454 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Summitt, R.

J. T. Luxon, D. J. Montgomery, R. Summitt, Phys. Rev. 188, 1345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Szymanski, H. A.

N. L. Alpert, W. E. Keiser, H. A. Szymanski, Infrared Theory and Practice of Infrared Spectroscopy (Plenum Press, New York, 1970), p. 332.

Teng, L.

J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Tolstykh, T. S.

S. I. Popova, T. S. Tolstykh, V. T. Vorobev, Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 444 (1972).

Turkevich, J.

J. Amick, J. Turkevich, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 146.

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), p. 114.

Vorobev, V. T.

S. I. Popova, T. S. Tolstykh, V. T. Vorobev, Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 444 (1972).

Weaver, J. H.

J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Wrigley, J. D.

Zolotarev, V. M.

V. M. Zolotarev, Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 34 (1970).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

J. Lefevre, Astron. Astrophys. 5, 37 (1970).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. C. Lind, J. M. Greenberg, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3195 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Spectrosc. (2)

S. I. Popova, T. S. Tolstykh, V. T. Vorobev, Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 444 (1972).

V. M. Zolotarev, Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 34 (1970).

Phys. Rev. (2)

J. T. Luxon, D. J. Montgomery, R. Summitt, Phys. Rev. 188, 1345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Martin, Phys. Rev. 177, 1349 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

J. H. Weaver, R. W. Alexander, L. Teng, R. A. Mann, R. J. Bell, Phys. Status Solidi A, 20, 321 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Phys. Status Solidi B, 51, 91 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

T. P. Martin, Solid State Commun. 9, 623 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys.—Solid State (1)

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Sov. Phys.—Solid State, 13, 1342 (1971).

Surf. Sci. (3)

A. J. Hunt, T. R. Steyer, D. R. Huffman, Surf. Sci. 36, 454 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. Ruppin, Surf. Sci. 34, 20 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, Surf. Sci. 34, 33 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

J. D. Holmgren, J. O. Gidson, C. Sheer, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 129.

J. Amick, J. Turkevich, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 146.

K. A. Loftman, Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), p. 196.

F. Stern, Solid State Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turnbull, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1963), Vol. 15, p. 279.
[CrossRef]

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), p. 114.

N. L. Alpert, W. E. Keiser, H. A. Szymanski, Infrared Theory and Practice of Infrared Spectroscopy (Plenum Press, New York, 1970), p. 332.

Ref. 3, p 39.

W. Eitel, Silicate Science (Academic Press, New York and London, 1966), Vol. 5, p. 265–266.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dielectric constants of amorphous quartz. The upper arrows designate bulk mode frequencies and the lower arrows designate surface mode frequencies as discussed in the text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured extinction for SiO2 powder in KBr compared with results of Mie theory.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured extinction for amorphous quartz smoke compared with results of Mie theory. The absolute extinction is scaled arbitrarily, but experimental curve I is scaled properly relative to the theoretical curve m. Curve II is the experimental curve (I) multiplied by 2.2 to make experimental and theoretical curves more easily comparable in peak positions and shapes.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Optical Constants

Tables Icon

Table II A Summary of Bulk and Surface Mode Frequencies in KBr and in Air Determined Experimentally and Theoreticallya

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N = n + i k .
and             1 = n 2 - k 2 2 = 2 n k
1 = - 2 M .

Metrics