Abstract

Quantitative measurements were made in the 1700–2636-Å wavelength interval at 22 °C of the pure HNO3 vapor absorption spectrum. Absorption coefficients, which were found to be both pressure and length dependent, were determined using six absorption cell lengths between 0.1 cm and 10.0 cm, and numerous gas pressures in the 0.0004–0.066-atm range. The statistical spectral band model with a Voigt line profile was applied to the data and the band model parameters were derived. The results were used to estimate the absorption of uv radiation by stratospheric HNO3.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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1973

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

H. Johnston, R. Graham, J. Phys. Chem. 77, 62 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Harris, Nat. Phys. Sci. 243, 103 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. Goldman, S. C. Schmidt, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 13, 709 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972

A. L. Lazrus, B. Gandrud, R. O. Cadle, J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 389 (1972).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Schmidt, R. C. Amme, D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. S. Bonomo, Nat. Phys. Sci. 238, 109 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971

P. J. Crutzen, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 7311 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Hudson, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 9, 305 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Harries, W. J. Burroughs, G. Duxbury, Nat. Phys. Sci. 232, 171 (1971).

A. Goldman, T. G. Kyle, F. S. Bonomo, Appl. Opt. 10, 65 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970

T. Bérces, S. Förgeteg, Trans. Faraday Soc. 66, 633 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

1968

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, Nature, 218, 78 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1965

A. P. Cox, J. M. Riveros, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3106 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963

1962

1960

D. J. Millen, J. R. Morton, J. Am. Chem. Soc. Part II, 1523 (1960).

S. A. Stern, J. T. Mullhaupt, Chem. Rev. 60, 185 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1959

T. Nakayama, M. Y. Kitamura, K. Watanabe, J. Chem. Phys. 30, 1180 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1952

R. M. Goody, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 165 (1952).
[CrossRef]

1951

1943

R. Dalmon, Mém. Serv. Chim. État 30, 141 (1943).

1913

R. Ladenburg, R. Reiche, Ann. Phys. 42, 181 (1913).
[CrossRef]

1852

X. Beer, Pogg. Ann. 86, 78 (1852).

Amme, R. C.

S. C. Schmidt, R. C. Amme, D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. S. Bonomo, Nat. Phys. Sci. 238, 109 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Barker, D. B.

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. B. Barker, AIAA paper No. 73, AIAA 11th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Washington, 103 (1973).

Beer, X.

X. Beer, Pogg. Ann. 86, 78 (1852).

Ben-Aryeh, Y.

Bérces, T.

T. Bérces, S. Förgeteg, Trans. Faraday Soc. 66, 633 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bonomo, F. S.

S. C. Schmidt, R. C. Amme, D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. S. Bonomo, Nat. Phys. Sci. 238, 109 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. Goldman, T. G. Kyle, F. S. Bonomo, Appl. Opt. 10, 65 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brooks, J. N.

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973), p. 278.
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. B. Barker, AIAA paper No. 73, AIAA 11th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Washington, 103 (1973).

Burch, D. E.

Burroughs, W. J.

J. E. Harries, W. J. Burroughs, G. Duxbury, Nat. Phys. Sci. 232, 171 (1971).

Cadle, R. O.

A. L. Lazrus, B. Gandrud, R. O. Cadle, J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 389 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cole, R.

Cox, A. P.

A. P. Cox, J. M. Riveros, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3106 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Crutzen, P. J.

P. J. Crutzen, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 7311 (1971).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Crutzen, “A Discussion of the Chemistry of Some Constituents in the Stratosphere and Troposphere,” Report AP-12, Institute of Meteorology, Stockholm (1973).

Csoeke-Poeckh, A.

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Dalmon, R.

R. Dalmon, Mém. Serv. Chim. État 30, 141 (1943).

Duxbury, G.

J. E. Harries, W. J. Burroughs, G. Duxbury, Nat. Phys. Sci. 232, 171 (1971).

Evered, D. S.

B. Kit, D. S. Evered, Rocket Propellant Handbook (Macmillan Co., New York, 1960).

Förgeteg, S.

T. Bérces, S. Förgeteg, Trans. Faraday Soc. 66, 633 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Fried, P. M.

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gandrud, B.

A. L. Lazrus, B. Gandrud, R. O. Cadle, J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 389 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gaydon, A. G.

R. W. B. Pearse, A. G. Gaydon, The Identification of Molecular Spectra (Chapman and Hall Ltd., London, 1963).

Goldman, A.

A. Goldman, S. C. Schmidt, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 13, 709 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Schmidt, R. C. Amme, D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. S. Bonomo, Nat. Phys. Sci. 238, 109 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. Goldman, T. G. Kyle, F. S. Bonomo, Appl. Opt. 10, 65 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, T. G. Kyle, A. Goldman, Appl. Opt. 8, 2519 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. B. Barker, AIAA paper No. 73, AIAA 11th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Washington, 103 (1973).

J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973), p. 278.
[CrossRef]

D. E. Snider, A. Goldman, private communication of work in progress, University of Denver (1973).

Goody, R. M.

R. M. Goody, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 165 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Graham, R.

H. Johnston, R. Graham, J. Phys. Chem. 77, 62 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hampson, R. F.

R. F. Hampson, “Chemical Kinetics Data Survey,” NBS Report 10, 828, U. S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington (1972).

Harries, J. E.

J. E. Harries, W. J. Burroughs, G. Duxbury, Nat. Phys. Sci. 232, 171 (1971).

J. E. Harries, N. W. B. Stone, Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Climatic Impact Assessment Program, A. J. Broderick, Ed., DOT-TSC-OST-73-4 (1973), p. 78.

Harris, L. E.

L. E. Harris, Nat. Phys. Sci. 243, 103 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hesstvedt, E.

E. Hesstvedt, Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Climatic Impact Assessment Program, A. J. Broderick, Ed., DOT-TSC-OST-73-4 (1973), p. 285.

Hudson, R. D.

R. D. Hudson, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 9, 305 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, H. K.

Johnston, H.

H. Johnston, R. Graham, J. Phys. Chem. 77, 62 (1973).
[CrossRef]

H. Johnston, Proceedings of the Survey Conference on the Climatic Impact Assessment Program, A. E. Barrington, Ed., DOT-TSC-OST-72-13 (1972), p. 90.

Kit, B.

B. Kit, D. S. Evered, Rocket Propellant Handbook (Macmillan Co., New York, 1960).

Kitamura, M. Y.

T. Nakayama, M. Y. Kitamura, K. Watanabe, J. Chem. Phys. 30, 1180 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Kosters, J. J.

J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973), p. 278.
[CrossRef]

Kyle, T. G.

Ladenburg, R.

R. Ladenburg, R. Reiche, Ann. Phys. 42, 181 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Lazrus, A. L.

A. L. Lazrus, B. Gandrud, R. O. Cadle, J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 389 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Leighton, P. A.

P. A. Leighton, Photo Chemistry of Air Pollution (Academic Press, London, 1961).

Mayer, H.

H. Mayer, “Methods of Opacity Calculations,” Report LA-647, Los Alamos Sci. Lab., unpublished (1947).

Millen, D. J.

D. J. Millen, J. R. Morton, J. Am. Chem. Soc. Part II, 1523 (1960).

Morton, J. R.

D. J. Millen, J. R. Morton, J. Am. Chem. Soc. Part II, 1523 (1960).

Mullhaupt, J. T.

S. A. Stern, J. T. Mullhaupt, Chem. Rev. 60, 185 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Murcray, D. G.

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Schmidt, R. C. Amme, D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. S. Bonomo, Nat. Phys. Sci. 238, 109 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, T. G. Kyle, A. Goldman, Appl. Opt. 8, 2519 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1131 (1969).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, Nature, 218, 78 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973), p. 278.
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. B. Barker, AIAA paper No. 73, AIAA 11th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Washington, 103 (1973).

Murcray, F. H.

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, T. G. Kyle, A. Goldman, Appl. Opt. 8, 2519 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1131 (1969).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, Nature, 218, 78 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973), p. 278.
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. B. Barker, AIAA paper No. 73, AIAA 11th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Washington, 103 (1973).

Nakayama, T.

T. Nakayama, M. Y. Kitamura, K. Watanabe, J. Chem. Phys. 30, 1180 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Oppenheim, U. P.

Pearse, R. W. B.

R. W. B. Pearse, A. G. Gaydon, The Identification of Molecular Spectra (Chapman and Hall Ltd., London, 1963).

Reiche, R.

R. Ladenburg, R. Reiche, Ann. Phys. 42, 181 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Riveros, J. M.

A. P. Cox, J. M. Riveros, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3106 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, S. C.

A. Goldman, S. C. Schmidt, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 13, 709 (1973).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Schmidt, R. C. Amme, D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. S. Bonomo, Nat. Phys. Sci. 238, 109 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Singleton, E. B.

Snider, D. E.

D. E. Snider, A. Goldman, private communication of work in progress, University of Denver (1973).

Stern, S. A.

S. A. Stern, J. T. Mullhaupt, Chem. Rev. 60, 185 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Stocker, R. N.

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Stone, N. W. B.

J. E. Harries, N. W. B. Stone, Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Climatic Impact Assessment Program, A. J. Broderick, Ed., DOT-TSC-OST-73-4 (1973), p. 78.

Watanabe, K.

T. Nakayama, M. Y. Kitamura, K. Watanabe, J. Chem. Phys. 30, 1180 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Weinmann, J. A.

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D.

Williams, W. J.

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, T. G. Kyle, A. Goldman, Appl. Opt. 8, 2519 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1131 (1969).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, Nature, 218, 78 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, ed. (D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973), p. 278.
[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. B. Barker, AIAA paper No. 73, AIAA 11th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Washington, 103 (1973).

Ann. Phys.

R. Ladenburg, R. Reiche, Ann. Phys. 42, 181 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Chem. Rev.

S. A. Stern, J. T. Mullhaupt, Chem. Rev. 60, 185 (1960).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. Part II

D. J. Millen, J. R. Morton, J. Am. Chem. Soc. Part II, 1523 (1960).

J. Appl. Meteorol.

A. L. Lazrus, B. Gandrud, R. O. Cadle, J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 389 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci.

W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, P. M. Fried, J. A. Weinmann, J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 1375 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

T. Nakayama, M. Y. Kitamura, K. Watanabe, J. Chem. Phys. 30, 1180 (1959).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Cox, J. M. Riveros, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3106 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, A. Csoeke-Poeckh, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, R. N. Stocker, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7033 (1973).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Crutzen, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 7311 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Phys. Chem.

H. Johnston, R. Graham, J. Phys. Chem. 77, 62 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

A. Goldman, S. C. Schmidt, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 13, 709 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Mém. Serv. Chim. État

R. Dalmon, Mém. Serv. Chim. État 30, 141 (1943).

Nat. Phys. Sci.

L. E. Harris, Nat. Phys. Sci. 243, 103 (1973).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Schmidt, R. C. Amme, D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. S. Bonomo, Nat. Phys. Sci. 238, 109 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Harries, W. J. Burroughs, G. Duxbury, Nat. Phys. Sci. 232, 171 (1971).

Nature

D. G. Murcray, T. G. Kyle, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, Nature, 218, 78 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Pogg. Ann.

X. Beer, Pogg. Ann. 86, 78 (1852).

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc.

R. M. Goody, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 165 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Geophys. Space Phys.

R. D. Hudson, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 9, 305 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Trans. Faraday Soc.

T. Bérces, S. Förgeteg, Trans. Faraday Soc. 66, 633 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. E. Harries, N. W. B. Stone, Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Climatic Impact Assessment Program, A. J. Broderick, Ed., DOT-TSC-OST-73-4 (1973), p. 78.

P. A. Leighton, Photo Chemistry of Air Pollution (Academic Press, London, 1961).

D. E. Snider, A. Goldman, private communication of work in progress, University of Denver (1973).

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[CrossRef]

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. N. Brooks, D. B. Barker, AIAA paper No. 73, AIAA 11th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Washington, 103 (1973).

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H. Mayer, “Methods of Opacity Calculations,” Report LA-647, Los Alamos Sci. Lab., unpublished (1947).

D. Weast, Ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (The Chemical Rubber Company, Cleveland, 1965).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Gas handling system. A, oil manometer; B, detachment joint; C, liquid nitrogen cold trap; D, detachment joint; E, absorption cell, F, detachment joint; G, O-ring seal; H, vacuum pump; I, liquid nitrogen cold trap; J, Pirani gauge; K, detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmittance vs wavelength for 0.1 cm, 0.2 cm, 1.0 cm, 2.0 cm, 5.0 cm, and 10.0 cm cells.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

−ln T ¯ /p vs pressure at 2041.4 Å. Symbols give experimental data points and solid curves represent Eq. (1) using fitted band parameters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral curves of growth at 1881.4 Å, 1961.4 Å, and 2041.4 Å.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

α, β0, and σ0/δ vs wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

d0, γL0, and δ vs wavelength.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Sample calculation of transmittance vs wavelength for p = 0.0249 atm and L = 1.0 cm.

Equations (7)

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- ln T ¯ ( ν ) β 0 ( ν ) p = 1 ( π ) 1 / 2 - α ( ν ) L K [ x , d 0 ( ν ) p / 2 ] 1 + ( π ) 1 / 2 α ( ν ) L d 0 ( ν ) p K [ x , d 0 ( ν ) p / 2 ] d x ,
K [ x , d ( ν ) / 2 ] = d ( ν ) 2 π - e - t 2 ( x - t ) 2 + [ d ( ν ) / 2 ] 2 d t .
α ( ν ) = μ ( ν ) / L = σ 0 ( ν ) / 2 π γ L 0 ( ν ) ,
β ( ν ) = 2 π γ L 0 ( γ ) p / δ ( ν ) = β 0 ( ν ) p ,
d ( ν ) = 2 γ L 0 ( ν ) p / γ D ( ν ) = d 0 ( ν ) p .
- ln T ¯ ( ν ) = C ( ν ) p L ,
i [ ( y i - z i ) / y i ] 2 ,

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