Abstract

A convenient laboratory calibration method is outlined. Uncertainties introduced by instrumental and atmospheric effects are discussed. The conclusion is that laboratory calibration is to be preferred. The variable atmospheric extinction can introduce great errors in ground-based measurements, and therefore necessitates separate monitoring. The over-all uncertainty of ground-based measurements can be below 20%.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. S. Dandekar, D. J. Davis, Appl. Opt. 12, 825 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Sawchuk, C. D. Anger, Planet. Space Sci. 20, 1935 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Schmid, Electronic Analog/Digital Conversions (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1970), Chap. 2.
  4. B. S. Dandekar, D. J. Davis, Appl. Opt. 12, 1406 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. C. Weast, Ed. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 52nd edition (Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, 19xx) p. E-207.
  6. J. Morgan, Introduction to Geometrical and Physical Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953), Chap. 59.
  7. J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (Freeman, San Francisco, 1958), Chap. 3.
  8. J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Aurora and Airglow (Academic Press, New York, 1961).
  9. S. B. Mende, R. H. Eather, Planet. Space Sci. 19, 49 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Blifford, Appl. Opt. 5, 105 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. H. Eather, D. L. Reasoner, Appl. Opt. 8, 227 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Eppley Laboratory, Newport, Rhode Island, Bulletin 6 (1966).
  13. P. Mange, in Physics and Chemistry of the Upper Atmospheres, Ed. B. M. McCormac. (D. Reidel Publishing Company, Boston, 1973) p. 248.
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. E. Roach, Ann. Int. Geophys. Year, 4, 115 (1957).
  15. P. V. Kulkarni, Ann. Geophys. 25, 747 (1969).
  16. Infrared Industries, Inc, Waltham, Mass. 02154, private communication (1972).
  17. C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone Press, London, 1955), p. 122.
  18. R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, Report, 3rd edition, no 411 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Mass., 1972).
  19. P. Maltby, Sol. Phys. 18, 3 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Maltby, L. Staveland, Sol. Phys. 18, 443 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. R. Sternberg, M. F. Ingham, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 159, 1 (1972).
  22. M. F. Ingham, Rep. Prog. Phys. 34, 875 (1971).
    [CrossRef]

1973 (2)

1972 (2)

W. Sawchuk, C. D. Anger, Planet. Space Sci. 20, 1935 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Sternberg, M. F. Ingham, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 159, 1 (1972).

1971 (4)

M. F. Ingham, Rep. Prog. Phys. 34, 875 (1971).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mende, R. H. Eather, Planet. Space Sci. 19, 49 (1971).
[CrossRef]

P. Maltby, Sol. Phys. 18, 3 (1971).
[CrossRef]

P. Maltby, L. Staveland, Sol. Phys. 18, 443 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (2)

1966 (1)

1957 (1)

F. E. Roach, Ann. Int. Geophys. Year, 4, 115 (1957).

Allen, C. W.

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone Press, London, 1955), p. 122.

Anger, C. D.

W. Sawchuk, C. D. Anger, Planet. Space Sci. 20, 1935 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Blifford, J. H.

Chamberlain, J. W.

J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Aurora and Airglow (Academic Press, New York, 1961).

Dandekar, B. S.

Davis, D. J.

Eather, R. H.

S. B. Mende, R. H. Eather, Planet. Space Sci. 19, 49 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Eather, D. L. Reasoner, Appl. Opt. 8, 227 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fenn, R. W.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, Report, 3rd edition, no 411 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Mass., 1972).

Garing, J. S.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, Report, 3rd edition, no 411 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Mass., 1972).

Ingham, M. F.

J. R. Sternberg, M. F. Ingham, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 159, 1 (1972).

M. F. Ingham, Rep. Prog. Phys. 34, 875 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kulkarni, P. V.

P. V. Kulkarni, Ann. Geophys. 25, 747 (1969).

Maltby, P.

P. Maltby, Sol. Phys. 18, 3 (1971).
[CrossRef]

P. Maltby, L. Staveland, Sol. Phys. 18, 443 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Mange, P.

P. Mange, in Physics and Chemistry of the Upper Atmospheres, Ed. B. M. McCormac. (D. Reidel Publishing Company, Boston, 1973) p. 248.
[CrossRef]

McClatchey, R. A.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, Report, 3rd edition, no 411 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Mass., 1972).

Mende, S. B.

S. B. Mende, R. H. Eather, Planet. Space Sci. 19, 49 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, J.

J. Morgan, Introduction to Geometrical and Physical Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953), Chap. 59.

Reasoner, D. L.

Roach, F. E.

F. E. Roach, Ann. Int. Geophys. Year, 4, 115 (1957).

Sawchuk, W.

W. Sawchuk, C. D. Anger, Planet. Space Sci. 20, 1935 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, H.

H. Schmid, Electronic Analog/Digital Conversions (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1970), Chap. 2.

Selby, J. E. A.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, Report, 3rd edition, no 411 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Mass., 1972).

Staveland, L.

P. Maltby, L. Staveland, Sol. Phys. 18, 443 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sternberg, J. R.

J. R. Sternberg, M. F. Ingham, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 159, 1 (1972).

Strong, J.

J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (Freeman, San Francisco, 1958), Chap. 3.

Volz, F. E.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, Report, 3rd edition, no 411 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Mass., 1972).

Ann. Geophys. (1)

P. V. Kulkarni, Ann. Geophys. 25, 747 (1969).

Ann. Int. Geophys. Year (1)

F. E. Roach, Ann. Int. Geophys. Year, 4, 115 (1957).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

J. R. Sternberg, M. F. Ingham, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 159, 1 (1972).

Planet. Space Sci. (2)

W. Sawchuk, C. D. Anger, Planet. Space Sci. 20, 1935 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mende, R. H. Eather, Planet. Space Sci. 19, 49 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

M. F. Ingham, Rep. Prog. Phys. 34, 875 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Phys. (2)

P. Maltby, Sol. Phys. 18, 3 (1971).
[CrossRef]

P. Maltby, L. Staveland, Sol. Phys. 18, 443 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

H. Schmid, Electronic Analog/Digital Conversions (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1970), Chap. 2.

Infrared Industries, Inc, Waltham, Mass. 02154, private communication (1972).

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone Press, London, 1955), p. 122.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, Report, 3rd edition, no 411 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Mass., 1972).

Eppley Laboratory, Newport, Rhode Island, Bulletin 6 (1966).

P. Mange, in Physics and Chemistry of the Upper Atmospheres, Ed. B. M. McCormac. (D. Reidel Publishing Company, Boston, 1973) p. 248.
[CrossRef]

R. C. Weast, Ed. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 52nd edition (Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, 19xx) p. E-207.

J. Morgan, Introduction to Geometrical and Physical Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953), Chap. 59.

J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (Freeman, San Francisco, 1958), Chap. 3.

J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Aurora and Airglow (Academic Press, New York, 1961).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The spectrum of the VK band (0–10). The rotational lines are grouped in 0.5–Å, intervals and the intensity of the spectrum at the two rotational temperatures is plotted in arbitrary units.

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ d S 1 / 2 ,
σ a = ( S + q 2 / 12 ) 1 / 2 ,
B S ( λ ) = r I σ ( λ ) cos α π R 2 ,
k = k 1 T = π 10 9 64 δ 2 D 2 T ,
C S = k 1 4 π 10 9 λ 1 λ 2 B S ( λ ) ( λ ) T ( λ ) d λ ,
C S = k 1 λ 1 λ 2 i A ( λ ) ( λ ) T ( λ ) d λ ,
C S = k 1 I A .
I A = λ 1 λ 2 i A ( λ ) d λ .
A T A = λ 1 λ 2 i A ( λ ) ( λ ) T ( λ ) d λ / λ 1 λ 2 i A ( λ ) d λ .
I S = λ 1 λ 2 I σ ( λ ) d λ .
S T S = λ 1 λ 2 I σ ( λ ) ( λ ) T ( λ ) d λ / λ 1 λ 2 I σ ( λ ) d λ .
I A = 4 10 9 r cos α S T S I S R 2 A T A .
C S = k 1 4 r cos α S T S I S 10 9 R 2 A T A .
Δ C S / C S = ( i σ i 2 ) 1 / 2 .

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