Abstract

A developed form of the Fresnel zone-plate interferometer is described. Three basic configurations are distinguished, associated with the real and virtual first order foci of a zone plate. Related versions and higher order variants are also educed. Compensated phase zone plates used in this application are found to produce uniform amplitude wavefronts. The properties of the interferometer in this form are discussed and an example given of its high-quality performance.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. V. R. K. Murty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 568 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. H. Steel, Interferometry (University Press, Cambridge, 1967).
  3. J. M. Burch, Nature 171, 889 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Dyson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 386 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. M. Scott, Appl. Opt. 8, 531 (1969).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Upatnieks, C. Leonard, Appl. Opt. 8, 85 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. H. Horman, Appl. Opt. 6, 2011 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. George, J. W. Matthews, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 212 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Altman, Appl. Opt. 5, 1689 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. M. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 533 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Oster, M. Wasserman, C. Zwerling, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 169 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Oster, in Modern Optics, J. Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, 1967), p. 541.

1970 (1)

1969 (2)

1968 (1)

1967 (1)

1966 (2)

N. George, J. W. Matthews, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 212 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Altman, Appl. Opt. 5, 1689 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1964 (1)

1963 (1)

1957 (1)

1953 (1)

J. M. Burch, Nature 171, 889 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Altman, J. H.

Burch, J. M.

J. M. Burch, Nature 171, 889 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Dyson, J.

George, N.

N. George, J. W. Matthews, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 212 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Horman, M. H.

Leonard, C.

Matthews, J. W.

N. George, J. W. Matthews, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 212 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Murty, M. V. R. K.

Oster, G.

G. Oster, M. Wasserman, C. Zwerling, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 169 (1964).
[CrossRef]

G. Oster, in Modern Optics, J. Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, 1967), p. 541.

Scott, R. M.

R. M. Scott, Appl. Opt. 8, 531 (1969).

Smartt, R. N.

Smith, H. M.

Steel, W. H.

W. H. Steel, Interferometry (University Press, Cambridge, 1967).

Upatnieks, J.

Wasserman, M.

Zwerling, C.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. George, J. W. Matthews, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 212 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

Nature (1)

J. M. Burch, Nature 171, 889 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

W. H. Steel, Interferometry (University Press, Cambridge, 1967).

G. Oster, in Modern Optics, J. Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, 1967), p. 541.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the zone-plate interferometer in the first mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Compound interference pattern associated with the first mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Configuration of the zone-plate interferometer in the second mode.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Configuration of the zone-plate interferometer in the third mode.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Collimated reference beam version of the second mode.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical configuration used to produce zone plates. O, microscope objective.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Microphotograph of the central region of a fully bleached zone plate. (b) Microphotograph of the central region of a partially bleached zone plate.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Moiré pattern of two phase zone plates that differ slightly in focal length. (b) Moiré pattern of two phase zone plates, one of which is defective.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Interferogram obtained with the zone plate interferometer set in the second mode. (a) Wavefront error off-axis. (b) Wavefront error centered.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Interferogram of an f/2.5 concave mirror obtained with (a) a Twyman-Green interferometer, (b) the zone-plate interferometer.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Radial-shear configuration to test a plane wavefront.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Radial-shear configuration to test a spherical wavefront.

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