Abstract

The feasibility of obtaining stimulated emission of both zero and finite mass particles from nuclei is considered, and the limitations imposed on the relevant nuclear parameters determined.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Allen, G. I. Peters, Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031 (1973).
  2. R. W. Waynant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 419 (1973), and earlier references cited; V. S. Antony, I. N. Knyazev, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Moshev, JETP Lett. 17, 393 (1973); S. C. Wallace, R. T. Hodgson, R. W. Dreyfus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 22 (1973); P. W. Hoff, J. C. Swingle, C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 245 (1973); J. B. Gerardo, A. W. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 748 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. L. Stankevich, Sov. Phys.—Dokl. 15, 356 (1970);A. V. Vinogradov, I. I. Sobel’man, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 1115 (1973).
  4. R. A. McCorkle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 982, 1428 (1972); Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 18, 562 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. O. Scully, W. H. Louisell, W. B. McKnight, Opt. Commun. 9, 246 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. G. Kepros, E. M. Eyring, F. W. Cagle, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S. 69, 1744 (1972); R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, R. A. Andrews, R. C. Eckardt, J. N. Bradford, Appl. Opt. 12, 155 (1973); V. V. Kokorin, V. F. Los’, Phys. Lett. A 45, 487 (1973); I. Freund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 13 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. W. Billman, H. Mark, Appl. Opt. 12, 2529 (1973); K. E. Siegenthaler, H. Weichel, A. C. Saxman, R. D. Wick, A. H. Guenther, Appl. Opt. 12, 2005 (1973); J. N. Bradford, R. C. Elton, T. N. Lee, R. A. Andrews, L. J. Palumbo, R. C. Eckardt, Appl. Opt. 12, 1095 (1973); T. A. Boster, Appl. Opt. 12, 433 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. C. Baldwin, J. P. Neissel, L. Tonks, Proc. IEEE 51, 1247 (1963); Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 6, 178 (1963); V. Vali, W. Vali, Proc. IEEE 51, 182 (1963); B. V. Chirikov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 17, 1355 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. I. Gol’danskii, Yu. Kagan, V. A. Namiot, Sov. Phys.—JETP Lett 18, 34 (1973);V. I. Goldanskii, Yu. Kagan, Sov. Phys.—JETP 37, 49 (1973);K. Thom, R. T. Schneider, AIAA Journal 10, 400 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. B. Tucker, Quantum Electronics, Proceedings of the Third International Conference (Paris 1963) (Columbia U. P., New York, 1964), p. 1787.
  11. Yu. V. Kornyushin, V. F. Los, V. S. Mashkevich, Sov. Phys.—JETP 35, 988 (1972).
  12. H. L. David, Ed., Phys. Today 25, 23 (1972).
  13. It is understood that R. V. Khokhlev also considered this problem in a paper presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1972, Montreal.
  14. R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands, Lectures on Physics, (Addison-Wesley, Reading Mass., 1965), Vol. 3, Ch. 4.
  15. G. I. Peters, L. Allen, J. Phys. A 4, 238 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. E. Burcham, Nuclear Physics (Longman, London, 1973), Ch. 13.
  17. R. M. Cotterill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 403 (1968), and references cited.
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. H. Hubbell, Report NSRDS-NBS 29 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1969).
  19. D. Marcuse, Proc. IEEE 51, 849 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  20. BNL Report 325 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1958).
  21. V. S. Letokhov, Sov. Phys.—JETP, 26, 1246 (1968);H. Gamo, S. S. Chuang, Third Rochester Conference of Quantum Optics (Plenum, New York, 1973).
  22. J. Byrne, Physica 41, 575 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

1973

V. I. Gol’danskii, Yu. Kagan, V. A. Namiot, Sov. Phys.—JETP Lett 18, 34 (1973);V. I. Goldanskii, Yu. Kagan, Sov. Phys.—JETP 37, 49 (1973);K. Thom, R. T. Schneider, AIAA Journal 10, 400 (1972).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, G. I. Peters, Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031 (1973).

R. W. Waynant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 419 (1973), and earlier references cited; V. S. Antony, I. N. Knyazev, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Moshev, JETP Lett. 17, 393 (1973); S. C. Wallace, R. T. Hodgson, R. W. Dreyfus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 22 (1973); P. W. Hoff, J. C. Swingle, C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 245 (1973); J. B. Gerardo, A. W. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 748 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully, W. H. Louisell, W. B. McKnight, Opt. Commun. 9, 246 (1973).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Billman, H. Mark, Appl. Opt. 12, 2529 (1973); K. E. Siegenthaler, H. Weichel, A. C. Saxman, R. D. Wick, A. H. Guenther, Appl. Opt. 12, 2005 (1973); J. N. Bradford, R. C. Elton, T. N. Lee, R. A. Andrews, L. J. Palumbo, R. C. Eckardt, Appl. Opt. 12, 1095 (1973); T. A. Boster, Appl. Opt. 12, 433 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972

J. G. Kepros, E. M. Eyring, F. W. Cagle, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S. 69, 1744 (1972); R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, R. A. Andrews, R. C. Eckardt, J. N. Bradford, Appl. Opt. 12, 155 (1973); V. V. Kokorin, V. F. Los’, Phys. Lett. A 45, 487 (1973); I. Freund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 13 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. McCorkle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 982, 1428 (1972); Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 18, 562 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Yu. V. Kornyushin, V. F. Los, V. S. Mashkevich, Sov. Phys.—JETP 35, 988 (1972).

H. L. David, Ed., Phys. Today 25, 23 (1972).

1971

G. I. Peters, L. Allen, J. Phys. A 4, 238 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970

Y. L. Stankevich, Sov. Phys.—Dokl. 15, 356 (1970);A. V. Vinogradov, I. I. Sobel’man, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 1115 (1973).

1969

J. Byrne, Physica 41, 575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968

V. S. Letokhov, Sov. Phys.—JETP, 26, 1246 (1968);H. Gamo, S. S. Chuang, Third Rochester Conference of Quantum Optics (Plenum, New York, 1973).

R. M. Cotterill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 403 (1968), and references cited.
[CrossRef]

1963

D. Marcuse, Proc. IEEE 51, 849 (1963).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Baldwin, J. P. Neissel, L. Tonks, Proc. IEEE 51, 1247 (1963); Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 6, 178 (1963); V. Vali, W. Vali, Proc. IEEE 51, 182 (1963); B. V. Chirikov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 17, 1355 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, G. I. Peters, Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031 (1973).

G. I. Peters, L. Allen, J. Phys. A 4, 238 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Baldwin, G. C.

G. C. Baldwin, J. P. Neissel, L. Tonks, Proc. IEEE 51, 1247 (1963); Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 6, 178 (1963); V. Vali, W. Vali, Proc. IEEE 51, 182 (1963); B. V. Chirikov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 17, 1355 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Billman, K. W.

Burcham, W. E.

W. E. Burcham, Nuclear Physics (Longman, London, 1973), Ch. 13.

Byrne, J.

J. Byrne, Physica 41, 575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Cagle, F. W.

J. G. Kepros, E. M. Eyring, F. W. Cagle, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S. 69, 1744 (1972); R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, R. A. Andrews, R. C. Eckardt, J. N. Bradford, Appl. Opt. 12, 155 (1973); V. V. Kokorin, V. F. Los’, Phys. Lett. A 45, 487 (1973); I. Freund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 13 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cotterill, R. M.

R. M. Cotterill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 403 (1968), and references cited.
[CrossRef]

Eyring, E. M.

J. G. Kepros, E. M. Eyring, F. W. Cagle, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S. 69, 1744 (1972); R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, R. A. Andrews, R. C. Eckardt, J. N. Bradford, Appl. Opt. 12, 155 (1973); V. V. Kokorin, V. F. Los’, Phys. Lett. A 45, 487 (1973); I. Freund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 13 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feynman, R. P.

R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands, Lectures on Physics, (Addison-Wesley, Reading Mass., 1965), Vol. 3, Ch. 4.

Gol’danskii, V. I.

V. I. Gol’danskii, Yu. Kagan, V. A. Namiot, Sov. Phys.—JETP Lett 18, 34 (1973);V. I. Goldanskii, Yu. Kagan, Sov. Phys.—JETP 37, 49 (1973);K. Thom, R. T. Schneider, AIAA Journal 10, 400 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hubbell, J. H.

J. H. Hubbell, Report NSRDS-NBS 29 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1969).

Kagan, Yu.

V. I. Gol’danskii, Yu. Kagan, V. A. Namiot, Sov. Phys.—JETP Lett 18, 34 (1973);V. I. Goldanskii, Yu. Kagan, Sov. Phys.—JETP 37, 49 (1973);K. Thom, R. T. Schneider, AIAA Journal 10, 400 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kepros, J. G.

J. G. Kepros, E. M. Eyring, F. W. Cagle, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S. 69, 1744 (1972); R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, R. A. Andrews, R. C. Eckardt, J. N. Bradford, Appl. Opt. 12, 155 (1973); V. V. Kokorin, V. F. Los’, Phys. Lett. A 45, 487 (1973); I. Freund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 13 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khokhlev, R. V.

It is understood that R. V. Khokhlev also considered this problem in a paper presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1972, Montreal.

Kornyushin, Yu. V.

Yu. V. Kornyushin, V. F. Los, V. S. Mashkevich, Sov. Phys.—JETP 35, 988 (1972).

Leighton, R. B.

R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands, Lectures on Physics, (Addison-Wesley, Reading Mass., 1965), Vol. 3, Ch. 4.

Letokhov, V. S.

V. S. Letokhov, Sov. Phys.—JETP, 26, 1246 (1968);H. Gamo, S. S. Chuang, Third Rochester Conference of Quantum Optics (Plenum, New York, 1973).

Los, V. F.

Yu. V. Kornyushin, V. F. Los, V. S. Mashkevich, Sov. Phys.—JETP 35, 988 (1972).

Louisell, W. H.

M. O. Scully, W. H. Louisell, W. B. McKnight, Opt. Commun. 9, 246 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Proc. IEEE 51, 849 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Mark, H.

Mashkevich, V. S.

Yu. V. Kornyushin, V. F. Los, V. S. Mashkevich, Sov. Phys.—JETP 35, 988 (1972).

McCorkle, R. A.

R. A. McCorkle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 982, 1428 (1972); Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 18, 562 (1973).
[CrossRef]

McKnight, W. B.

M. O. Scully, W. H. Louisell, W. B. McKnight, Opt. Commun. 9, 246 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Namiot, V. A.

V. I. Gol’danskii, Yu. Kagan, V. A. Namiot, Sov. Phys.—JETP Lett 18, 34 (1973);V. I. Goldanskii, Yu. Kagan, Sov. Phys.—JETP 37, 49 (1973);K. Thom, R. T. Schneider, AIAA Journal 10, 400 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Neissel, J. P.

G. C. Baldwin, J. P. Neissel, L. Tonks, Proc. IEEE 51, 1247 (1963); Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 6, 178 (1963); V. Vali, W. Vali, Proc. IEEE 51, 182 (1963); B. V. Chirikov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 17, 1355 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Peters, G. I.

L. Allen, G. I. Peters, Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031 (1973).

G. I. Peters, L. Allen, J. Phys. A 4, 238 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sands, M.

R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands, Lectures on Physics, (Addison-Wesley, Reading Mass., 1965), Vol. 3, Ch. 4.

Scully, M. O.

M. O. Scully, W. H. Louisell, W. B. McKnight, Opt. Commun. 9, 246 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Stankevich, Y. L.

Y. L. Stankevich, Sov. Phys.—Dokl. 15, 356 (1970);A. V. Vinogradov, I. I. Sobel’man, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 1115 (1973).

Tonks, L.

G. C. Baldwin, J. P. Neissel, L. Tonks, Proc. IEEE 51, 1247 (1963); Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 6, 178 (1963); V. Vali, W. Vali, Proc. IEEE 51, 182 (1963); B. V. Chirikov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 17, 1355 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, E. B.

E. B. Tucker, Quantum Electronics, Proceedings of the Third International Conference (Paris 1963) (Columbia U. P., New York, 1964), p. 1787.

Waynant, R. W.

R. W. Waynant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 419 (1973), and earlier references cited; V. S. Antony, I. N. Knyazev, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Moshev, JETP Lett. 17, 393 (1973); S. C. Wallace, R. T. Hodgson, R. W. Dreyfus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 22 (1973); P. W. Hoff, J. C. Swingle, C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 245 (1973); J. B. Gerardo, A. W. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 748 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. M. Cotterill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 403 (1968), and references cited.
[CrossRef]

R. W. Waynant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 419 (1973), and earlier references cited; V. S. Antony, I. N. Knyazev, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Moshev, JETP Lett. 17, 393 (1973); S. C. Wallace, R. T. Hodgson, R. W. Dreyfus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 22 (1973); P. W. Hoff, J. C. Swingle, C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 245 (1973); J. B. Gerardo, A. W. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 748 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. A

G. I. Peters, L. Allen, J. Phys. A 4, 238 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. O. Scully, W. H. Louisell, W. B. McKnight, Opt. Commun. 9, 246 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

L. Allen, G. I. Peters, Phys. Rev. A 8, 2031 (1973).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. A. McCorkle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 982, 1428 (1972); Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 18, 562 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

H. L. David, Ed., Phys. Today 25, 23 (1972).

Physica

J. Byrne, Physica 41, 575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

D. Marcuse, Proc. IEEE 51, 849 (1963).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Baldwin, J. P. Neissel, L. Tonks, Proc. IEEE 51, 1247 (1963); Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 6, 178 (1963); V. Vali, W. Vali, Proc. IEEE 51, 182 (1963); B. V. Chirikov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 17, 1355 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.

J. G. Kepros, E. M. Eyring, F. W. Cagle, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S. 69, 1744 (1972); R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, R. A. Andrews, R. C. Eckardt, J. N. Bradford, Appl. Opt. 12, 155 (1973); V. V. Kokorin, V. F. Los’, Phys. Lett. A 45, 487 (1973); I. Freund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 13 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys.—Dokl.

Y. L. Stankevich, Sov. Phys.—Dokl. 15, 356 (1970);A. V. Vinogradov, I. I. Sobel’man, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 1115 (1973).

Sov. Phys.—JETP

Yu. V. Kornyushin, V. F. Los, V. S. Mashkevich, Sov. Phys.—JETP 35, 988 (1972).

V. S. Letokhov, Sov. Phys.—JETP, 26, 1246 (1968);H. Gamo, S. S. Chuang, Third Rochester Conference of Quantum Optics (Plenum, New York, 1973).

Sov. Phys.—JETP Lett

V. I. Gol’danskii, Yu. Kagan, V. A. Namiot, Sov. Phys.—JETP Lett 18, 34 (1973);V. I. Goldanskii, Yu. Kagan, Sov. Phys.—JETP 37, 49 (1973);K. Thom, R. T. Schneider, AIAA Journal 10, 400 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. B. Tucker, Quantum Electronics, Proceedings of the Third International Conference (Paris 1963) (Columbia U. P., New York, 1964), p. 1787.

It is understood that R. V. Khokhlev also considered this problem in a paper presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1972, Montreal.

R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands, Lectures on Physics, (Addison-Wesley, Reading Mass., 1965), Vol. 3, Ch. 4.

W. E. Burcham, Nuclear Physics (Longman, London, 1973), Ch. 13.

J. H. Hubbell, Report NSRDS-NBS 29 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1969).

BNL Report 325 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1958).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Three-level nuclear system showing the relevant population densities.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Macroscopic Losses, Minimum Inversion Density such that Gain Through Stimulated Emission Overcomes Nonresonant Absorption and the Threshold Inversion Density for ASE for a Photon Energy of 0.02 MeV and L ~ 2 mm

Equations (21)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ [ d N ( x ) ] / d x } = n σ a N ( x ) + n 2 σ s [ N ( x ) + 1 ] n 1 g σ s N ( x ) ,
{ [ d N ( x ) ] / d x } = ( Σ s Σ a ) N ( x ) + Σ .
N ( L ) = [ Σ / ( Σ s Σ a ) ] [ e ( Σ s Σ a ) L 1 ] ,
( Σ s Σ a ) L > 1.
σ s = [ ( λ 2 ћ ) / ( 2 Δ E τ 21 ) ] ,
g = { ( 2 I 1 + 1 ) / [ ( 2 s + 1 ) ( 2 I 2 + 1 ) ] } ,
T 21 = [ τ 21 / ( 1 + α ) ] = ( T 2 / ϕ 21 ) ,
n c ( N ) = [ 4 / ( λ 2 f ) ] [ ( 2 I 2 + 1 ) / ( 2 I 1 + 1 ) ] [ ( 1 / L ) + n σ a ] .
n c ( D ) = { [ 8 π T 2 Δ ν D ( 1 + α ) ] / ( λ 2 ϕ 21 ) } [ ( 2 I 2 + 1 ) / ( 2 I 1 + 1 ) ] [ ( 1 / L ) + n σ a ] .
Z A X Z 2 A 4 Y + 2 4 He
n ( Z A X ) n ( Z 2 A 4 Y )
n c = [ ( 4 π Δ E τ α p 2 ) / h 3 ] [ ( 2 I 2 + 1 ) / ( 2 I 1 + 1 ) ] [ ( 1 / L ) + n σ a ] ,
{ [ d P ( N , t ) ] / d t } = λ o [ P ( N 1 , t ) P ( N , t ) ] + λ [ ( N 1 ) P ( N 1 , t ) N P ( N , t ) ] + μ [ ( N + 1 ) P ( N + 1 , t ) N P ( N , t ) ] .
U ( z , t ) = N = 0 z N P ( N , t ) ,
{ [ U ( z , t ) ] / t } ( z , t ) = { ( z 1 ) [ ( λ z μ ) [ ( U ) / ( z ) ] ( z , t ) + λ o U ( z , t ) } .
U ( z , t ) = ( 1 + { [ N ¯ ( t ) ( 1 z ) ] / ( λ o / λ ) } ) λ o / λ ,
N ¯ ( t ) = λ o / ( μ λ ) [ 1 e ( μ λ ) t ] .
U ( z , t ) = [ 1 + N ¯ ( t ) ( 1 z ) ] 1 ;
P ( N , t ) = ( 1 + N ¯ ) 1 [ N ¯ / ( 1 + N ¯ ) ] N ,
U ( z , t ) = exp [ λ o t ( 1 z ) ] .
P ( N , t ) = [ ( λ o t ) N / N ! ] exp ( λ o t ) ,

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