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References

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  1. A. V. Jelalian, Proc. IEEE 56, 828 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. L. Stamm, L. A. Harris, NRL Report 7670, 7March1974.

1968

A. V. Jelalian, Proc. IEEE 56, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Harris, L. A.

G. L. Stamm, L. A. Harris, NRL Report 7670, 7March1974.

Jelalian, A. V.

A. V. Jelalian, Proc. IEEE 56, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Stamm, G. L.

G. L. Stamm, L. A. Harris, NRL Report 7670, 7March1974.

Proc. IEEE

A. V. Jelalian, Proc. IEEE 56, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. L. Stamm, L. A. Harris, NRL Report 7670, 7March1974.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Oscilloscope traces of echo signals: (a) and (b) from close-in distance of 180 m; (c) from distance near limit of detection, 1300 m.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Echo strengths measured for different echo distances and three water surface roughnesses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Echo strengths plotted vs angle of illumination of the water surface.

Equations (1)

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σ s = 4 π J / H ,

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