Abstract

A summary of the prism technique for optical coupling to nonradiative surface waves, particularly surface plasmons, is given. Equations for dispersion relations, lifetimes, and leakages are presented in approximate form for small absorption, and in some cases, the exact equations are given. The details of design, fabrication, and use of a parallelopiped prism are discussed for commercial spectrometers. The information presented here should suffice for study of surface plasmons, surface phonons, etc., from the visible to the far infrared wavelengths.

© 1973 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. H. Ritchie, H. B. Eldridge, Phys. Rev. 126, 1935 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Marschall, B. Fischer, H. J. Queisser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 95 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Fuchs, K. L. Kliewer, Phys. Rev. 3B, 2270 (1971).
  5. K. W. Chiu, J. J. Quinn, Phys. Lett. 35A, 469 (1971).
  6. N. Marschall, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 811 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 8, 1129 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. S. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 892 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Ibach, Festkorperprobleme XI, Advances in Solid State Physics, O. Madelung, Ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1971), pp. 135–174.
  10. F. C. Levy, E. Ilisca, J. L. Motchane, Phys. Rev. B5, 187 (1972).
  11. W. E. Anderson, R. W. Alexander, R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1057 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Beaglehole, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 708 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Beaglehole, IEEE ED-17(3), 240 (1970).
  15. D. W. Berreman, Phys. Rev. B1, 381 (1970).
  16. F. Sauter, Z. Phys. 203, 488 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Sturm, Z. Phys. 209, 329 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. R. Melnyk, M. J. Harrison, Phys. Rev. 2B, 835 (1970).
  19. F. Forstmann, Z. Phys. 203, 495 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. Sauter, Physikertagung, Düsseldorf (1964).
  21. R. Fuchs, private communication.
  22. M. Cardona, Am. J. Phys. 39, 1277 (1971). It is best to express Snell’s law as sinα/sinβ = (∊1/η1)1/2 and k2 = η1ω2/c2 in his Eqs. (2) and (3), respectively, so as to avoid the error in Eq. (3) for η1 ≠ 1.
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbstein, D. N. Mirlin, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 51, 901 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  24. N. J. Harrick, Internal Reflection Spectroscopy (Interscience Publishers, Wiley, New York, 1967.)
  25. H. Wolter, Handbuch der Physik, S. Fligge, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. 24, p. 461.
  26. R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  27. V. V. Bryksin, Yu.M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Fiz. Tver. Tela 14, 543 (1972).
  28. N. Marschall, B. Fischer, R. J. Bell, to be published.
  29. R. E. Hopkins, Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R. Kingslake, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1965), Vol 3, p. 300.
  30. N. Marschall, unpublished dissertation, Frankfurt am Main University, June1971.
  31. C. M. Randell, R. D. Rawcliffe, Appl. Opt. 6, 1889 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  32. W. Brdgel, Physik und Technik der Ultrarotstrahlung (Curt R. Vincentz Verlag, Hannover, 1961).
  33. L. W. Tilton, E. K. Plyler, R. E. Stephens, J. Research Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. 43, 81 (July, 1949).
  34. W. S. Rodney, I. H. Malitson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 956 (1956).
    [CrossRef]

1972

A. S. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 892 (1972).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Levy, E. Ilisca, J. L. Motchane, Phys. Rev. B5, 187 (1972).

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 811 (1972).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbstein, D. N. Mirlin, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 51, 901 (1972).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bryksin, Yu.M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Fiz. Tver. Tela 14, 543 (1972).

1971

M. Cardona, Am. J. Phys. 39, 1277 (1971). It is best to express Snell’s law as sinα/sinβ = (∊1/η1)1/2 and k2 = η1ω2/c2 in his Eqs. (2) and (3), respectively, so as to avoid the error in Eq. (3) for η1 ≠ 1.
[CrossRef]

W. E. Anderson, R. W. Alexander, R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1057 (1971).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, H. J. Queisser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 95 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. Fuchs, K. L. Kliewer, Phys. Rev. 3B, 2270 (1971).

K. W. Chiu, J. J. Quinn, Phys. Lett. 35A, 469 (1971).

1970

R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 8, 1129 (1970).
[CrossRef]

D. Beaglehole, IEEE ED-17(3), 240 (1970).

D. W. Berreman, Phys. Rev. B1, 381 (1970).

A. R. Melnyk, M. J. Harrison, Phys. Rev. 2B, 835 (1970).

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

D. Beaglehole, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 708 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968

K. Sturm, Z. Phys. 209, 329 (1968).
[CrossRef]

A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967

F. Forstmann, Z. Phys. 203, 495 (1967).
[CrossRef]

F. Sauter, Z. Phys. 203, 488 (1967).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Randell, R. D. Rawcliffe, Appl. Opt. 6, 1889 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1964

F. Sauter, Physikertagung, Düsseldorf (1964).

1962

R. H. Ritchie, H. B. Eldridge, Phys. Rev. 126, 1935 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1956

1949

L. W. Tilton, E. K. Plyler, R. E. Stephens, J. Research Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. 43, 81 (July, 1949).

Alexander, R. W.

W. E. Anderson, R. W. Alexander, R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1057 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, W. E.

W. E. Anderson, R. W. Alexander, R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1057 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, E. T.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Barker, A. S.

A. S. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 892 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Beaglehole, D.

D. Beaglehole, IEEE ED-17(3), 240 (1970).

D. Beaglehole, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 708 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bell, R. J.

W. E. Anderson, R. W. Alexander, R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1057 (1971).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, R. J. Bell, to be published.

Berreman, D. W.

D. W. Berreman, Phys. Rev. B1, 381 (1970).

Brdgel, W.

W. Brdgel, Physik und Technik der Ultrarotstrahlung (Curt R. Vincentz Verlag, Hannover, 1961).

Bryksin, V. V.

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbstein, D. N. Mirlin, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 51, 901 (1972).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bryksin, Yu.M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Fiz. Tver. Tela 14, 543 (1972).

Cardona, M.

M. Cardona, Am. J. Phys. 39, 1277 (1971). It is best to express Snell’s law as sinα/sinβ = (∊1/η1)1/2 and k2 = η1ω2/c2 in his Eqs. (2) and (3), respectively, so as to avoid the error in Eq. (3) for η1 ≠ 1.
[CrossRef]

Chiu, K. W.

K. W. Chiu, J. J. Quinn, Phys. Lett. 35A, 469 (1971).

Cowan, J. J.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Eldridge, H. B.

R. H. Ritchie, H. B. Eldridge, Phys. Rev. 126, 1935 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Englman, R.

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 811 (1972).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, H. J. Queisser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 95 (1971).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, R. J. Bell, to be published.

Forstmann, F.

F. Forstmann, Z. Phys. 203, 495 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, R.

R. Fuchs, K. L. Kliewer, Phys. Rev. 3B, 2270 (1971).

R. Fuchs, private communication.

Gerbshtein, Yu.M.

V. V. Bryksin, Yu.M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Fiz. Tver. Tela 14, 543 (1972).

Gerbstein, Yu. M.

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbstein, D. N. Mirlin, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 51, 901 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hamm, R. N.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Harrick, N. J.

N. J. Harrick, Internal Reflection Spectroscopy (Interscience Publishers, Wiley, New York, 1967.)

Harrison, M. J.

A. R. Melnyk, M. J. Harrison, Phys. Rev. 2B, 835 (1970).

Hopkins, R. E.

R. E. Hopkins, Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R. Kingslake, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1965), Vol 3, p. 300.

Ibach, H.

H. Ibach, Festkorperprobleme XI, Advances in Solid State Physics, O. Madelung, Ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1971), pp. 135–174.

Ilisca, E.

F. C. Levy, E. Ilisca, J. L. Motchane, Phys. Rev. B5, 187 (1972).

Kliewer, K. L.

R. Fuchs, K. L. Kliewer, Phys. Rev. 3B, 2270 (1971).

Levy, F. C.

F. C. Levy, E. Ilisca, J. L. Motchane, Phys. Rev. B5, 187 (1972).

Malitson, I. H.

Marschall, N.

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 811 (1972).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, H. J. Queisser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 95 (1971).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, unpublished dissertation, Frankfurt am Main University, June1971.

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, R. J. Bell, to be published.

Melnyk, A. R.

A. R. Melnyk, M. J. Harrison, Phys. Rev. 2B, 835 (1970).

Mirlin, D. N.

V. V. Bryksin, Yu.M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Fiz. Tver. Tela 14, 543 (1972).

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbstein, D. N. Mirlin, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 51, 901 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Motchane, J. L.

F. C. Levy, E. Ilisca, J. L. Motchane, Phys. Rev. B5, 187 (1972).

Otto, A.

A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Plyler, E. K.

L. W. Tilton, E. K. Plyler, R. E. Stephens, J. Research Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. 43, 81 (July, 1949).

Queisser, H. J.

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, H. J. Queisser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 95 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Quinn, J. J.

K. W. Chiu, J. J. Quinn, Phys. Lett. 35A, 469 (1971).

Randell, C. M.

Rawcliffe, R. D.

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Ritchie, H. B. Eldridge, Phys. Rev. 126, 1935 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rodney, W. S.

Ruppin, R.

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 8, 1129 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sauter, F.

F. Sauter, Z. Phys. 203, 488 (1967).
[CrossRef]

F. Sauter, Physikertagung, Düsseldorf (1964).

Stephens, R. E.

L. W. Tilton, E. K. Plyler, R. E. Stephens, J. Research Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. 43, 81 (July, 1949).

Sturm, K.

K. Sturm, Z. Phys. 209, 329 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Tilton, L. W.

L. W. Tilton, E. K. Plyler, R. E. Stephens, J. Research Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. 43, 81 (July, 1949).

Wolter, H.

H. Wolter, Handbuch der Physik, S. Fligge, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. 24, p. 461.

Am. J. Phys.

M. Cardona, Am. J. Phys. 39, 1277 (1971). It is best to express Snell’s law as sinα/sinβ = (∊1/η1)1/2 and k2 = η1ω2/c2 in his Eqs. (2) and (3), respectively, so as to avoid the error in Eq. (3) for η1 ≠ 1.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Fiz. Tver. Tela

V. V. Bryksin, Yu.M. Gerbshtein, D. N. Mirlin, Fiz. Tver. Tela 14, 543 (1972).

IEEE

D. Beaglehole, IEEE ED-17(3), 240 (1970).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Research Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S.

L. W. Tilton, E. K. Plyler, R. E. Stephens, J. Research Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. 43, 81 (July, 1949).

Phys. Lett.

K. W. Chiu, J. J. Quinn, Phys. Lett. 35A, 469 (1971).

Phys. Rev.

R. H. Ritchie, H. B. Eldridge, Phys. Rev. 126, 1935 (1962).
[CrossRef]

R. Fuchs, K. L. Kliewer, Phys. Rev. 3B, 2270 (1971).

D. W. Berreman, Phys. Rev. B1, 381 (1970).

F. C. Levy, E. Ilisca, J. L. Motchane, Phys. Rev. B5, 187 (1972).

A. R. Melnyk, M. J. Harrison, Phys. Rev. 2B, 835 (1970).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. E. Anderson, R. W. Alexander, R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1057 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968).
[CrossRef]

D. Beaglehole, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 708 (1969).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, H. J. Queisser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 95 (1971).
[CrossRef]

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 811 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 892 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Stat. Sol. (b)

V. V. Bryksin, Yu. M. Gerbstein, D. N. Mirlin, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 51, 901 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Physikertagung, Düsseldorf

F. Sauter, Physikertagung, Düsseldorf (1964).

Rep. Prog. Phys.

R. Ruppin, R. Englman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 33, 149 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun.

R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 8, 1129 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys.

A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

F. Sauter, Z. Phys. 203, 488 (1967).
[CrossRef]

K. Sturm, Z. Phys. 209, 329 (1968).
[CrossRef]

F. Forstmann, Z. Phys. 203, 495 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. Fuchs, private communication.

N. J. Harrick, Internal Reflection Spectroscopy (Interscience Publishers, Wiley, New York, 1967.)

H. Wolter, Handbuch der Physik, S. Fligge, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. 24, p. 461.

N. Marschall, B. Fischer, R. J. Bell, to be published.

R. E. Hopkins, Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R. Kingslake, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1965), Vol 3, p. 300.

N. Marschall, unpublished dissertation, Frankfurt am Main University, June1971.

W. Brdgel, Physik und Technik der Ultrarotstrahlung (Curt R. Vincentz Verlag, Hannover, 1961).

H. Ibach, Festkorperprobleme XI, Advances in Solid State Physics, O. Madelung, Ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1971), pp. 135–174.

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