Abstract

This paper reports computer simulations of light pulse propagation through clouds. The amount and distribution of multipath time spreading was found to be independent of the detailed shape of the scattering function for sufficiently thick clouds. Moreover, the amount of multipath spreading for many scattering functions and cloud thicknesses can be predicted from a common set of data. Spatial spreading of the exit-spot diameter was found to saturate as a cloud of a given physical thickness became optically thicker and thicker. We observed that the propagation parameters for sufficiently thin clouds were dependent both on the cloud parameters and on the scattering function.

© 1973 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Chandrasekhas, Radiative Transfer (Dover, New York, 1960).
  2. H. C. van de Hulst, Bull. Astron. Inst. Neth. 20, 77 (1968).
  3. R. E. Danielson, D. R. Moore, H. C. van de Hulst, J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 1078–1087 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, Appl. Opt. 7, 415–419 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, Appl. Opt. 7, 699–704 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, Appl. Opt. 7, 869–878 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, Appl. Opt. 7, 1519–1527 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, Appl. Opt. 10, 738–748 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. S. Kennedy, Fading Dispersive Communication Channels (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1969) Sec. 4.2 and 4.5.
  10. W. Feller, An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications (Wiley, New York, 1966), II, p. 9.
  11. H. C. Van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), pp. 114–130.
  12. J. V. Dave, “Subroutines for Computing the Parameters of the Electromagnetic Radiation Scattered by a Sphere,” Rpt. 320–3237 (IBM Scientific Center, Palo Alto, 1968).
  13. E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, Appl. Opt. 12, 2414 (1973).
  14. S. Fritz, “Scattering and Absorption of Solar Energy by Clouds,” ScD Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1953.
  15. V. F. Weisskopf, in The Science and Engineering of Nuclear Power, Clark Goodman, Ed. (Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, 1947), pp. 87–97.
  16. E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, C. W. Niessen, Proc. IEEE 58, 1564–1567 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. A. Bucher, Appl. Opt. 11, 884–889 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. A. Bucher, “Multiple Scatter Propagation Models and Experiments for Optical Communications through Clouds,” to be published.

1973

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, Appl. Opt. 12, 2414 (1973).

1972

1971

G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, Appl. Opt. 10, 738–748 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, C. W. Niessen, Proc. IEEE 58, 1564–1567 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968

Bucher, E. A.

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, Appl. Opt. 12, 2414 (1973).

E. A. Bucher, Appl. Opt. 11, 884–889 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, C. W. Niessen, Proc. IEEE 58, 1564–1567 (1971).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Bucher, “Multiple Scatter Propagation Models and Experiments for Optical Communications through Clouds,” to be published.

Chandrasekhas, S.

S. Chandrasekhas, Radiative Transfer (Dover, New York, 1960).

Danielson, R. E.

R. E. Danielson, D. R. Moore, H. C. van de Hulst, J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 1078–1087 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Dave, J. V.

J. V. Dave, “Subroutines for Computing the Parameters of the Electromagnetic Radiation Scattered by a Sphere,” Rpt. 320–3237 (IBM Scientific Center, Palo Alto, 1968).

Feller, W.

W. Feller, An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications (Wiley, New York, 1966), II, p. 9.

Fritz, S.

S. Fritz, “Scattering and Absorption of Solar Energy by Clouds,” ScD Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1953.

Kattawar, G. W.

Kennedy, R. S.

R. S. Kennedy, Fading Dispersive Communication Channels (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1969) Sec. 4.2 and 4.5.

Lerner, R. M.

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, Appl. Opt. 12, 2414 (1973).

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, C. W. Niessen, Proc. IEEE 58, 1564–1567 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Moore, D. R.

R. E. Danielson, D. R. Moore, H. C. van de Hulst, J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 1078–1087 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Niessen, C. W.

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, C. W. Niessen, Proc. IEEE 58, 1564–1567 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Plass, G. N.

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Bull. Astron. Inst. Neth. 20, 77 (1968).

R. E. Danielson, D. R. Moore, H. C. van de Hulst, J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 1078–1087 (1968).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), pp. 114–130.

Weisskopf, V. F.

V. F. Weisskopf, in The Science and Engineering of Nuclear Power, Clark Goodman, Ed. (Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, 1947), pp. 87–97.

Appl. Opt.

Bull. Astron. Inst. Neth.

H. C. van de Hulst, Bull. Astron. Inst. Neth. 20, 77 (1968).

J. Atmos. Sci.

R. E. Danielson, D. R. Moore, H. C. van de Hulst, J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 1078–1087 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

E. A. Bucher, R. M. Lerner, C. W. Niessen, Proc. IEEE 58, 1564–1567 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. A. Bucher, “Multiple Scatter Propagation Models and Experiments for Optical Communications through Clouds,” to be published.

S. Fritz, “Scattering and Absorption of Solar Energy by Clouds,” ScD Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1953.

V. F. Weisskopf, in The Science and Engineering of Nuclear Power, Clark Goodman, Ed. (Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, 1947), pp. 87–97.

R. S. Kennedy, Fading Dispersive Communication Channels (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1969) Sec. 4.2 and 4.5.

W. Feller, An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications (Wiley, New York, 1966), II, p. 9.

H. C. Van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), pp. 114–130.

J. V. Dave, “Subroutines for Computing the Parameters of the Electromagnetic Radiation Scattered by a Sphere,” Rpt. 320–3237 (IBM Scientific Center, Palo Alto, 1968).

S. Chandrasekhas, Radiative Transfer (Dover, New York, 1960).

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