Abstract

The attainment of 20-dB/km attenuation in experimental single-mode glass optical waveguides has spurred interest in their use for optical communications. The primary wavelength region of interest is in the red or near-infrared region of the spectrum. In this work independent attenuation measurements from 600 nm to 1060 nm have been made on low-loss waveguides and bulk cladding glass, using both laser and scanning-prism monochromator sources. Three bands were observed in the waveguides, at 725 nm, 875 nm, and 950 nm, and identified as due to OH in the glass. Absorptions too small to be precisely measured in the bulk glass are seen to be exceedingly important in the waveguides and easily measured in them.

© 1972 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. P. Kapron, D. B. Keck, R. D. Maurer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 423 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. D. Mackenzie, Modern Aspects of the Vitreous State (Butterworths, London, 1962), Vol. 2.
  3. M. W. Jones, K. C. Kao, J. Sci. Instrum. 2, 331 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. D. Maurer, Corning Glass Works; private communication.
  5. A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1138 (1969).
  6. D. Marcuse, R. M. Derosier, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).
  7. D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3233 (1969).
  8. D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 49, 1665 (1970).
  9. R. D. Maurer, Corning Glass Works; private communication.
  10. A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. R. Tynes, Appl. Opt. 9, 2706 (1970).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. This value was obtained via laser measurement on the same piece of waveguide independently in both laboratories.
  13. R. V. Adams, R. W. Douglas, J. Soc. Glass Technol. 43, 147T (1959).
  14. G. R. Newns, H. N. Daglish, Symposium on Electrochemical Glasses, Imperial College, London, September1970.
  15. P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. H. Cherin, A. D. Pearson, “Loss Measurements of Unclad Optical Fiber,” given at the Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics-Guided Waves, Materials and Devices, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7–10 February 1972.

1971 (1)

1970 (3)

A. R. Tynes, Appl. Opt. 9, 2706 (1970).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 49, 1665 (1970).

F. P. Kapron, D. B. Keck, R. D. Maurer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 423 (1970).
[Crossref]

1969 (4)

M. W. Jones, K. C. Kao, J. Sci. Instrum. 2, 331 (1969).
[Crossref]

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1138 (1969).

D. Marcuse, R. M. Derosier, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).

D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3233 (1969).

1959 (1)

R. V. Adams, R. W. Douglas, J. Soc. Glass Technol. 43, 147T (1959).

Adams, R. V.

R. V. Adams, R. W. Douglas, J. Soc. Glass Technol. 43, 147T (1959).

Bisbee, D. L.

Cherin, A. H.

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. H. Cherin, A. D. Pearson, “Loss Measurements of Unclad Optical Fiber,” given at the Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics-Guided Waves, Materials and Devices, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7–10 February 1972.

Daglish, H. N.

G. R. Newns, H. N. Daglish, Symposium on Electrochemical Glasses, Imperial College, London, September1970.

Derosier, R. M.

D. Marcuse, R. M. Derosier, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).

Douglas, R. W.

R. V. Adams, R. W. Douglas, J. Soc. Glass Technol. 43, 147T (1959).

Jones, M. W.

M. W. Jones, K. C. Kao, J. Sci. Instrum. 2, 331 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, P.

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. H. Cherin, A. D. Pearson, “Loss Measurements of Unclad Optical Fiber,” given at the Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics-Guided Waves, Materials and Devices, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7–10 February 1972.

Kao, K. C.

M. W. Jones, K. C. Kao, J. Sci. Instrum. 2, 331 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kapron, F. P.

F. P. Kapron, D. B. Keck, R. D. Maurer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 423 (1970).
[Crossref]

Keck, D. B.

F. P. Kapron, D. B. Keck, R. D. Maurer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 423 (1970).
[Crossref]

Mackenzie, J. D.

J. D. Mackenzie, Modern Aspects of the Vitreous State (Butterworths, London, 1962), Vol. 2.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 49, 1665 (1970).

D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3233 (1969).

D. Marcuse, R. M. Derosier, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).

Maurer, R. D.

F. P. Kapron, D. B. Keck, R. D. Maurer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 423 (1970).
[Crossref]

R. D. Maurer, Corning Glass Works; private communication.

R. D. Maurer, Corning Glass Works; private communication.

Newns, G. R.

G. R. Newns, H. N. Daglish, Symposium on Electrochemical Glasses, Imperial College, London, September1970.

Pearson, A. D.

A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).
[Crossref]

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. H. Cherin, A. D. Pearson, “Loss Measurements of Unclad Optical Fiber,” given at the Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics-Guided Waves, Materials and Devices, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7–10 February 1972.

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1138 (1969).

Tynes, A. R.

A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).
[Crossref]

A. R. Tynes, Appl. Opt. 9, 2706 (1970).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. H. Cherin, A. D. Pearson, “Loss Measurements of Unclad Optical Fiber,” given at the Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics-Guided Waves, Materials and Devices, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7–10 February 1972.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. P. Kapron, D. B. Keck, R. D. Maurer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 423 (1970).
[Crossref]

Bell System Tech. J. (3)

D. Marcuse, R. M. Derosier, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).

D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 48, 3233 (1969).

D. Marcuse, Bell System Tech. J. 49, 1665 (1970).

IEEE Trans. (1)

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1138 (1969).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. W. Jones, K. C. Kao, J. Sci. Instrum. 2, 331 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Glass Technol. (1)

R. V. Adams, R. W. Douglas, J. Soc. Glass Technol. 43, 147T (1959).

Other (6)

G. R. Newns, H. N. Daglish, Symposium on Electrochemical Glasses, Imperial College, London, September1970.

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. H. Cherin, A. D. Pearson, “Loss Measurements of Unclad Optical Fiber,” given at the Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics-Guided Waves, Materials and Devices, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7–10 February 1972.

This value was obtained via laser measurement on the same piece of waveguide independently in both laboratories.

R. D. Maurer, Corning Glass Works; private communication.

J. D. Mackenzie, Modern Aspects of the Vitreous State (Butterworths, London, 1962), Vol. 2.

R. D. Maurer, Corning Glass Works; private communication.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated Rayleigh scattering for the glass used in the waveguides from 600 nm to 1060 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical train schematic for waveguide measurements made at Corning Glass Works.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral attenuation of experimental low-loss single-mode waveguides in the region 600 nm to 1060 nm. Single data points were obtained at Bell Telephone Laboratories using laser sources. Waveguide A, ○; waveguide B, ×; waveguide C, ⊗.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Attenuation Coefficients, Total and Scattering, for Low-Loss Waveguides and Bulk Cladding Glass a

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( z , λ ) = I ( 0 , λ ) exp [ α ( λ ) z ] ,
α ( λ ) = log e [ I ( z 1 , λ ) / I ( z 2 , λ ) ] / ( z 2 z 1 ) ,
β ( λ ) = 10 log 10 [ I ( z 1 , λ ) / I ( z 2 , λ ) ] / ( z 2 z 1 ) .
λ c = ( π d / 2.405 ) ( n 1 2 n 2 2 ) 1 2 ,

Metrics