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  1. F. D. Shepherd, A. C. Yang, R. W. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 58, 1160 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Semiconductor Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-68-0651, Dec.1968 (Contract F19628-68-C-0090), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-69-0287, June1969 (Contract F19628-69-C-0148), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; R. J. Archer, J. Cohen, paper presented at Device Research Conference, Rochester, New York (1969).
  3. R. H. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 38, 45 (1931).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. C. Yang (AF Cambridge Research Labs.), private communication.
  5. T. C. Fry, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 15, 137 (1927); J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 16, 1 (1928).
    [CrossRef]
  6. O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Butterworths, London, 1955), Chap. 4.
  7. H. Wolter, in Encyclopedia of Physics, (Springer-Verlag, Gottingen, 1956), Vol. 24, p. 461.
  8. L. Apker, E. Taft, J. Dickey, Phys. Rev. 74, 1462 (1948).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. M. Sze, “Hot Electrons in Thin Gold Films,” Rept. SEL-63-032 (TR No. 1659-4), Stanford Electronics Labs., Apr.1963.
  10. J. M. Ziman, Electrons and Phonons (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1960), pp. 187, 200.
  11. Ref. 10, p. 456.

1970 (1)

F. D. Shepherd, A. C. Yang, R. W. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 58, 1160 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1948 (1)

L. Apker, E. Taft, J. Dickey, Phys. Rev. 74, 1462 (1948).
[CrossRef]

1931 (1)

R. H. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 38, 45 (1931).
[CrossRef]

1927 (1)

T. C. Fry, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 15, 137 (1927); J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 16, 1 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Apker, L.

L. Apker, E. Taft, J. Dickey, Phys. Rev. 74, 1462 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Archer, R. J.

J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Semiconductor Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-68-0651, Dec.1968 (Contract F19628-68-C-0090), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-69-0287, June1969 (Contract F19628-69-C-0148), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; R. J. Archer, J. Cohen, paper presented at Device Research Conference, Rochester, New York (1969).

Cohen, J.

J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Semiconductor Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-68-0651, Dec.1968 (Contract F19628-68-C-0090), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-69-0287, June1969 (Contract F19628-69-C-0148), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; R. J. Archer, J. Cohen, paper presented at Device Research Conference, Rochester, New York (1969).

Dickey, J.

L. Apker, E. Taft, J. Dickey, Phys. Rev. 74, 1462 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Fowler, R. H.

R. H. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 38, 45 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Fry, T. C.

T. C. Fry, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 15, 137 (1927); J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 16, 1 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Heavens, O. S.

O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Butterworths, London, 1955), Chap. 4.

Shepherd, F. D.

F. D. Shepherd, A. C. Yang, R. W. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 58, 1160 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sze, S. M.

S. M. Sze, “Hot Electrons in Thin Gold Films,” Rept. SEL-63-032 (TR No. 1659-4), Stanford Electronics Labs., Apr.1963.

Taft, E.

L. Apker, E. Taft, J. Dickey, Phys. Rev. 74, 1462 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. W.

F. D. Shepherd, A. C. Yang, R. W. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 58, 1160 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Vilms, J.

J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Semiconductor Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-68-0651, Dec.1968 (Contract F19628-68-C-0090), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-69-0287, June1969 (Contract F19628-69-C-0148), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; R. J. Archer, J. Cohen, paper presented at Device Research Conference, Rochester, New York (1969).

Wolter, H.

H. Wolter, in Encyclopedia of Physics, (Springer-Verlag, Gottingen, 1956), Vol. 24, p. 461.

Yang, A. C.

F. D. Shepherd, A. C. Yang, R. W. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 58, 1160 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Yang (AF Cambridge Research Labs.), private communication.

Ziman, J. M.

J. M. Ziman, Electrons and Phonons (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1960), pp. 187, 200.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

T. C. Fry, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 15, 137 (1927); J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 16, 1 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (2)

R. H. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 38, 45 (1931).
[CrossRef]

L. Apker, E. Taft, J. Dickey, Phys. Rev. 74, 1462 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

F. D. Shepherd, A. C. Yang, R. W. Taylor, Proc. IEEE 58, 1160 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Semiconductor Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-68-0651, Dec.1968 (Contract F19628-68-C-0090), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; J. Cohen, J. Vilms, R. J. Archer, “Investigation of Schottky Barriers for Optical Detection and Cathodic Emission,” Final Report, AFCRL-69-0287, June1969 (Contract F19628-69-C-0148), Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, Calif.; R. J. Archer, J. Cohen, paper presented at Device Research Conference, Rochester, New York (1969).

A. C. Yang (AF Cambridge Research Labs.), private communication.

S. M. Sze, “Hot Electrons in Thin Gold Films,” Rept. SEL-63-032 (TR No. 1659-4), Stanford Electronics Labs., Apr.1963.

J. M. Ziman, Electrons and Phonons (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1960), pp. 187, 200.

Ref. 10, p. 456.

O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Butterworths, London, 1955), Chap. 4.

H. Wolter, in Encyclopedia of Physics, (Springer-Verlag, Gottingen, 1956), Vol. 24, p. 461.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Function U(d/L*) and its approximation.

Equations (18)

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N ( E ) = N * f ( E - h ν ) [ 1 - f ( E ) ] ,
N * = P / ( d · h ν ) .
η J - N ( E ) ( Δ Ω / 4 π ) d E / ( P / d ) .
Δ Ω = 2 π { 1 - [ ( E F + ψ m s ) / E ] 1 2 } ,
η J = 1 4 E F h v ( ( h ν - ψ m a ) 2 2 + ( k T ) 2 { π 2 6 + i = 1 1 i 2 [ - exp ( - h ν - ψ m s k T ) ] i } ) .
L * L p L e / ( L e + L e )
α = L * [ 1 - exp ( - d / L * ) ] .
β = 0 d 0 π / 2 exp [ - ( d - z ) / L * cos θ ] sin θ d θ d z = 0 d 1 { exp [ - t ( d - z ) / L * ] / t 2 } d t d z = 0 d E 2 [ ( d - z ) / L * ] d z = L * [ 1 2 - E ( d / L * ) ] ,
δ = E 2 ( d / L * ) .
d η 0 = N ( E ) d E [ α + β ( 1 + δ + δ 2 + ) exp ( - d / L * ) ] Δ Ω / 4 π .
U ( d / L * ) [ α + exp ( - d / L * ) β / ( 1 - δ ) ] / L *
d η 0 = L * U ( d / L * ) ( Δ Ω / 4 π ) N ( E ) d E ;
U ( d / L * ) [ 1 - exp ( - d / L * ) ] 1 2 ,
γ = 0 exp ( - r / L e ) exp ( - r / L p ) d r / L p = L e / ( L e + L p ) .
j [ ( h ν - ψ m s ) / Δ E p ] ,
d η = d η 0 ( 1 + γ + γ 2 + ) = d η 0 / ( 1 - γ ) .
η = ( P / d ) η J L e U ( d / L * ) .
A s = L e U ( d / L * ) ,

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