Abstract

A number of photoluminescent materials have been found to have properties that make them extremely useful for improving the quality of laser displays as well as offering simplifications for multicolor systems. The principal function of these materials is that of color conversion when coated onto a laser illuminated viewing screen. A secondary, yet significant, role is that of rendering the converted light incoherent. This eliminates the unpleasant granular or speckly texture associated with direct viewing of diffusely scattered coherent light. It is concluded that virtually any visible color may be achieved by photoluminescent conversion of a monochromatic blue or ultraviolet laser beam.

© 1971 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. E. Baker, IEEE Spectrum 5, 39 (December1968).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. H. Enloe, Bell System Tech. J. 46, 1479 (1967).
  4. P. Pringsheim, Fluorescence and Phosphorescence (Interscience, New York, 1949), pp. 1–10.
  5. J. D. Gould, W. L. Makous, Information Display 5, 25 (November/December 1968).
  6. Ref. 4, pp. 285–289.
  7. L. G. Van Uitert, J. Electrochem. Soc. 114, 1048 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. G. Van Uitert, R. R. Soden, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1289 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Blasse, W. L. Wanmaker, J. W. ter Vrugt, A. Bril, Philips Res. Rep. 23, 189 (1968).
  10. G. Blasse, A. Bril, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 5139 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Blasse, A. Bril, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 53 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Ref. 4, pp. 594–645.
  13. Day-Glo Color Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, Tech. Booklet No. 1170-A.
  14. E. G. Bobalek, W. von Fisher, Organic Protective Coatings (Reinhold, New York, 1953), pp. 115–118.
  15. Ref. 4, p. 423.
  16. R. A. Ward, “The Day-Glo Daylight Fluorescent Color Specification System (Day-Glo Color Corp., Cleveland, Ohio).

1968

C. E. Baker, IEEE Spectrum 5, 39 (December1968).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Gould, W. L. Makous, Information Display 5, 25 (November/December 1968).

G. Blasse, W. L. Wanmaker, J. W. ter Vrugt, A. Bril, Philips Res. Rep. 23, 189 (1968).

1967

G. Blasse, A. Bril, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 5139 (1967).
[CrossRef]

G. Blasse, A. Bril, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 53 (1967).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, J. Electrochem. Soc. 114, 1048 (1967).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Enloe, Bell System Tech. J. 46, 1479 (1967).

1962

L. G. Van Uitert, R. R. Soden, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1289 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Baker, C. E.

C. E. Baker, IEEE Spectrum 5, 39 (December1968).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, W. L. Wanmaker, J. W. ter Vrugt, A. Bril, Philips Res. Rep. 23, 189 (1968).

G. Blasse, A. Bril, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 5139 (1967).
[CrossRef]

G. Blasse, A. Bril, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 53 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bobalek, E. G.

E. G. Bobalek, W. von Fisher, Organic Protective Coatings (Reinhold, New York, 1953), pp. 115–118.

Bril, A.

G. Blasse, W. L. Wanmaker, J. W. ter Vrugt, A. Bril, Philips Res. Rep. 23, 189 (1968).

G. Blasse, A. Bril, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 5139 (1967).
[CrossRef]

G. Blasse, A. Bril, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 53 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Enloe, L. H.

L. H. Enloe, Bell System Tech. J. 46, 1479 (1967).

Geusic, J. E.

J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Gould, J. D.

J. D. Gould, W. L. Makous, Information Display 5, 25 (November/December 1968).

Levinstein, H. J.

J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Makous, W. L.

J. D. Gould, W. L. Makous, Information Display 5, 25 (November/December 1968).

Pringsheim, P.

P. Pringsheim, Fluorescence and Phosphorescence (Interscience, New York, 1949), pp. 1–10.

Singh, S.

J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Soden, R. R.

L. G. Van Uitert, R. R. Soden, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1289 (1962).
[CrossRef]

ter Vrugt, J. W.

G. Blasse, W. L. Wanmaker, J. W. ter Vrugt, A. Bril, Philips Res. Rep. 23, 189 (1968).

Van Uitert, L. G.

J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, J. Electrochem. Soc. 114, 1048 (1967).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, R. R. Soden, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1289 (1962).
[CrossRef]

von Fisher, W.

E. G. Bobalek, W. von Fisher, Organic Protective Coatings (Reinhold, New York, 1953), pp. 115–118.

Wanmaker, W. L.

G. Blasse, W. L. Wanmaker, J. W. ter Vrugt, A. Bril, Philips Res. Rep. 23, 189 (1968).

Ward, R. A.

R. A. Ward, “The Day-Glo Daylight Fluorescent Color Specification System (Day-Glo Color Corp., Cleveland, Ohio).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R. G. Smith, L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968).
[CrossRef]

G. Blasse, A. Bril, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 53 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bell System Tech. J.

L. H. Enloe, Bell System Tech. J. 46, 1479 (1967).

IEEE Spectrum

C. E. Baker, IEEE Spectrum 5, 39 (December1968).
[CrossRef]

Information Display

J. D. Gould, W. L. Makous, Information Display 5, 25 (November/December 1968).

J. Chem. Phys.

L. G. Van Uitert, R. R. Soden, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1289 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. Blasse, A. Bril, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 5139 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

L. G. Van Uitert, J. Electrochem. Soc. 114, 1048 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Philips Res. Rep.

G. Blasse, W. L. Wanmaker, J. W. ter Vrugt, A. Bril, Philips Res. Rep. 23, 189 (1968).

Other

Ref. 4, pp. 285–289.

P. Pringsheim, Fluorescence and Phosphorescence (Interscience, New York, 1949), pp. 1–10.

Ref. 4, pp. 594–645.

Day-Glo Color Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, Tech. Booklet No. 1170-A.

E. G. Bobalek, W. von Fisher, Organic Protective Coatings (Reinhold, New York, 1953), pp. 115–118.

Ref. 4, p. 423.

R. A. Ward, “The Day-Glo Daylight Fluorescent Color Specification System (Day-Glo Color Corp., Cleveland, Ohio).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Relative absorption spectra of Tb3+ and Eu3+ and the emission spectra of Eu3+. When these two rare-earth ions are included in the same host, such as Na0.5Tb0.25Eu0.25WO4, absorption of argon laser radiation at 4880 Å is due to Tb3+ while excitation transfer to Eu3+ results in the characteristic Eu3+ emission spectrum which peaks in the red at 6140 Å.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relative absorption and emission spectra of YAG:Ce. The broad absorption band is due to a d-band excitation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative emission spectra of naphthalimide dye (3485) and Rhodamine dyes (3483 and 3484) due to excitation by the 4880-Å line of an argon laser.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Absorption and Fluorescence Bands of Dyes in Aqueous or Alcoholic Solutions, after Pringsheim15 a

Metrics