Abstract

We investigated ammonia spectroscopy near 1.5 µm to select transitions appropriate for trace ammonia detection in air-quality and combustion emissions-monitoring applications using diode lasers. Six ammonia features were selected for these trace-gas detection applications based on their transition strengths and isolation from interfering species. The strengths, positions, and lower-state energies for the lines in each of these features were measured and compared with values published in the literature. Ammonia slip was measured in the exhaust above an atmospheric pressure premixed ethylene–air burner to demonstrate the feasibility of the in situ diode-laser sensor.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. K. Lyon, J. E. Hardy, “Discovery and development of the Thermal DeNOx process,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 25, 19–24 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Hjuler, K. Dam-Johansen, “Design of a flue gas probe for ammonia measurement,” Anal. Chim. Acta 282, 703–709 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kassman, L.-E. Åmand, B. Leckner, “Secondary effects in sampling ammonia during measurements in a circulating fluidised-bed combustor,” J. Inst. Energy 70, 95–101 (1997).
  4. V. Nagali, S. I. Chou, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, J. Segall, “Tunable diode-laser absorption measurements of methane at elevated temperatures,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4026–4032 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. R. Gamache, Center for Atmospheric Research, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, Lowell, Mass. (personal communication, 1999).
  6. A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. S. McDowell, “Rotational partition functions for symmetric-top molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 2801–2811 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. J. Willey, M. F. Fox, “Ammonia decomposition over 430-SS etched metal catalysts,” J. Catal. 112, 590–594 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, “Spectral measurements of NH3 and H2O for pollutant gas monitoring by 1.5-µm InGaAsP/InP lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 22, 1553–1557 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, “Frequency stabilization of 1.5-µm InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH3 absorption lines,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826–828 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Fehér, P. A. Martin, A. Rohrbacher, A. M. Soliva, J. P. Maier, “Inexpensive near-infrared diode-laser-based detection system for ammonia,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2028–2030 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. I. Gurinovich, V. P. Duraev, V. A. Ivanov, N. K. Nikeenko, “Application of near IR band injection lasers for the control of ammonia content in air,” J. Appl. Spectros. 58(3–4), 240–245 (1993).
  15. T. Wu, H. An, P. Jiang, Y. Fang, S. Tao, P. Ye, “Spectral measurements of NH3 absorption lines by a 1.5-µm grating-external-cavity semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 729–731 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Fehér, Y. Jiang, J. P. Maier, A. Miklós, “Optoacoustic trace-gas monitoring with near-infrared diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1655–1658 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Industrialized high sensitivity fiber-optic near-IR diode laser based gas analysis system,” in Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Lidar, and DIAL Techniques for Environmental and Industrial Measurements, H. I. Schiff, A. Fried, D. K. Killinger, eds., Proc. SPIE2112, 118–129 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Laser spectroscopy for in situ ammonia monitoring,” Spectros. Eur. 6(2), 22–26 (1994).
  19. J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, B. H. Weigl, “Latest developments in gas sensing using correlation spectroscopy,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VII, A. V. Scheggi, ed., Proc. SPIE2508, 2–17 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).
  21. G. Modugno, C. Corsi, “Water vapour and carbon dioxide interference in the high sensitivity detection of NH3 with semiconductor diode lasers at 1.5 µm,” Infrared Phy. Technol. 40, 93–99 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Urban, “High-resolution infrared spectroscopy of ammonia: a survey of theory and analyses of spectra,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 675–684 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: II. The molecular dimensions and harmonic frequencies of ammonia and deuterated ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 35, 1235–1241 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. J. Unger, “Infrared absorption bands of ammonia,” Phys. Rev. 43, 123–128 (1933).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: 1. The combination bands ν2 + (ν1, ν3),” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 61(3), 123–147 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: III. The region 3.2-4.3 microns,” J. Chem. Phys. 29, 829–845 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  27. J. S. Garing, H. H. Nielsen, K. Narahari Rao, “The low-frequency vibration rotation bands of the ammonia molecule,” J. Mol. Spectros. 3, 496–527 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  28. P. Varanasi, “Shapes and widths of ammonia lines collision-broadened by hydrogen,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 12, 1283–1289 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J. S. Margolis, S. Sarangi, “Measurement of hydrogen- and self-broadened half-widths of ammonia at 200 and 300 °K,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 16, 405–408 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Sarangi, “Analysis of the ν3 + ν4 band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 257–288 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  31. S. Sarangi, “Analysis of line intensities in the two-micron band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 289–293 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  32. Š. Urban, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, D. Papoušek, “The Δk = ±2 ‘forbidden band’ and inversion-rotation energy levels of ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 62, 1775–1791 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  33. E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  34. G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  35. Š. Urban, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, G. Guelachvili, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 2.3 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 312–330 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  36. B. B. Radak, J. I. Lunine, D. M. Hunten, G. H. Atkinson, “Line intensities in the 647.5-nm ammonia band at low temperatures determined by intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 519–526 (1995).
  37. L. R. Brown, J. S. Margolis, “Empirical line parameters of NH3 from 4791 to 5294 cm-1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56(2), 283–294 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  38. L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectros. 162, 230–245 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  39. L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, “Molecular overtone spectroscopy on ammonia,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, and the Danish Institute of Fundamental Metrology, Lygnby, Denmark, 1995).
  40. L. Sandström, H. Ahlberg, S. Höjer, A. G. Larsson, S. Bäckström, “Near-infrared semiconductor lasers for gas analysis operating in the 2-µm range,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of OSA 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 239–240.
  41. E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  42. G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure II: Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Krieger, Malabax, Fla., 1991).
  43. Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  44. A. S. Pine, V. N. Markov, G. Buffa, O. Tarrini, “N2, O2, H2, Ar and He broadening in the ν1 band of NH3,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 50(4), 337–348 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  45. R. M. Mihalcea, “CO and CO2 measurements in combustion environments using external cavity diode lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation (High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1999).
  46. P. C. D. Hobbs, “Ultrasensitive laser measurements without tears,” Appl. Opt. 36, 903–920 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. J. A. Silver, “Frequency-modulation spectroscopy for trace species detection: theory and comparison among experimental methods,” Appl. Opt. 31, 707–717 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Modugno, C. Corsi, “Water vapour and carbon dioxide interference in the high sensitivity detection of NH3 with semiconductor diode lasers at 1.5 µm,” Infrared Phy. Technol. 40, 93–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

H. Kassman, L.-E. Åmand, B. Leckner, “Secondary effects in sampling ammonia during measurements in a circulating fluidised-bed combustor,” J. Inst. Energy 70, 95–101 (1997).

P. C. D. Hobbs, “Ultrasensitive laser measurements without tears,” Appl. Opt. 36, 903–920 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

V. Nagali, S. I. Chou, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, J. Segall, “Tunable diode-laser absorption measurements of methane at elevated temperatures,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4026–4032 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Brown, J. S. Margolis, “Empirical line parameters of NH3 from 4791 to 5294 cm-1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56(2), 283–294 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. B. Radak, J. I. Lunine, D. M. Hunten, G. H. Atkinson, “Line intensities in the 647.5-nm ammonia band at low temperatures determined by intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 519–526 (1995).

1994 (2)

M. Fehér, Y. Jiang, J. P. Maier, A. Miklós, “Optoacoustic trace-gas monitoring with near-infrared diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1655–1658 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Laser spectroscopy for in situ ammonia monitoring,” Spectros. Eur. 6(2), 22–26 (1994).

1993 (6)

M. Fehér, P. A. Martin, A. Rohrbacher, A. M. Soliva, J. P. Maier, “Inexpensive near-infrared diode-laser-based detection system for ammonia,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2028–2030 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. I. Gurinovich, V. P. Duraev, V. A. Ivanov, N. K. Nikeenko, “Application of near IR band injection lasers for the control of ammonia content in air,” J. Appl. Spectros. 58(3–4), 240–245 (1993).

T. Wu, H. An, P. Jiang, Y. Fang, S. Tao, P. Ye, “Spectral measurements of NH3 absorption lines by a 1.5-µm grating-external-cavity semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 729–731 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hjuler, K. Dam-Johansen, “Design of a flue gas probe for ammonia measurement,” Anal. Chim. Acta 282, 703–709 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectros. 162, 230–245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Pine, V. N. Markov, G. Buffa, O. Tarrini, “N2, O2, H2, Ar and He broadening in the ν1 band of NH3,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 50(4), 337–348 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

J. A. Silver, “Frequency-modulation spectroscopy for trace species detection: theory and comparison among experimental methods,” Appl. Opt. 31, 707–717 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Urban, “High-resolution infrared spectroscopy of ammonia: a survey of theory and analyses of spectra,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 675–684 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

R. S. McDowell, “Rotational partition functions for symmetric-top molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 2801–2811 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, G. Guelachvili, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 2.3 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 312–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. J. Willey, M. F. Fox, “Ammonia decomposition over 430-SS etched metal catalysts,” J. Catal. 112, 590–594 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. K. Lyon, J. E. Hardy, “Discovery and development of the Thermal DeNOx process,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 25, 19–24 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (3)

Š. Urban, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, D. Papoušek, “The Δk = ±2 ‘forbidden band’ and inversion-rotation energy levels of ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 62, 1775–1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, “Frequency stabilization of 1.5-µm InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH3 absorption lines,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826–828 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, “Spectral measurements of NH3 and H2O for pollutant gas monitoring by 1.5-µm InGaAsP/InP lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 22, 1553–1557 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

S. Sarangi, “Analysis of the ν3 + ν4 band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 257–288 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Sarangi, “Analysis of line intensities in the two-micron band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 289–293 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. S. Margolis, S. Sarangi, “Measurement of hydrogen- and self-broadened half-widths of ammonia at 200 and 300 °K,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 16, 405–408 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. Varanasi, “Shapes and widths of ammonia lines collision-broadened by hydrogen,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 12, 1283–1289 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

J. S. Garing, H. H. Nielsen, K. Narahari Rao, “The low-frequency vibration rotation bands of the ammonia molecule,” J. Mol. Spectros. 3, 496–527 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1958 (2)

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: 1. The combination bands ν2 + (ν1, ν3),” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 61(3), 123–147 (1958).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: III. The region 3.2-4.3 microns,” J. Chem. Phys. 29, 829–845 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: II. The molecular dimensions and harmonic frequencies of ammonia and deuterated ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 35, 1235–1241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

1933 (1)

H. J. Unger, “Infrared absorption bands of ammonia,” Phys. Rev. 43, 123–128 (1933).
[CrossRef]

Abdullah, A. H.

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ahlberg, H.

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Laser spectroscopy for in situ ammonia monitoring,” Spectros. Eur. 6(2), 22–26 (1994).

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Industrialized high sensitivity fiber-optic near-IR diode laser based gas analysis system,” in Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Lidar, and DIAL Techniques for Environmental and Industrial Measurements, H. I. Schiff, A. Fried, D. K. Killinger, eds., Proc. SPIE2112, 118–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Sandström, H. Ahlberg, S. Höjer, A. G. Larsson, S. Bäckström, “Near-infrared semiconductor lasers for gas analysis operating in the 2-µm range,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of OSA 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 239–240.

Åmand, L.-E.

H. Kassman, L.-E. Åmand, B. Leckner, “Secondary effects in sampling ammonia during measurements in a circulating fluidised-bed combustor,” J. Inst. Energy 70, 95–101 (1997).

An, H.

Andersson, T.

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Laser spectroscopy for in situ ammonia monitoring,” Spectros. Eur. 6(2), 22–26 (1994).

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Industrialized high sensitivity fiber-optic near-IR diode laser based gas analysis system,” in Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Lidar, and DIAL Techniques for Environmental and Industrial Measurements, H. I. Schiff, A. Fried, D. K. Killinger, eds., Proc. SPIE2112, 118–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arie, E.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, G. H.

B. B. Radak, J. I. Lunine, D. M. Hunten, G. H. Atkinson, “Line intensities in the 647.5-nm ammonia band at low temperatures determined by intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 519–526 (1995).

Bäckström, S.

L. Sandström, H. Ahlberg, S. Höjer, A. G. Larsson, S. Bäckström, “Near-infrared semiconductor lasers for gas analysis operating in the 2-µm range,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of OSA 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 239–240.

Baer, D. S.

E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Nagali, S. I. Chou, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, J. Segall, “Tunable diode-laser absorption measurements of methane at elevated temperatures,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4026–4032 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballard, J.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bein, F.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Benedict, W. S.

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: 1. The combination bands ν2 + (ν1, ν3),” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 61(3), 123–147 (1958).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: III. The region 3.2-4.3 microns,” J. Chem. Phys. 29, 829–845 (1958).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: II. The molecular dimensions and harmonic frequencies of ammonia and deuterated ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 35, 1235–1241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Bjoraker, G.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bonnet, B.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brand, J. A.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Brown, L. R.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brown, J. S. Margolis, “Empirical line parameters of NH3 from 4791 to 5294 cm-1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56(2), 283–294 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Buffa, G.

A. S. Pine, V. N. Markov, G. Buffa, O. Tarrini, “N2, O2, H2, Ar and He broadening in the ν1 band of NH3,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 50(4), 337–348 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Champion, J. P.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K. V.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chedin, A.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chou, S. I.

Chrusin, A.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clerbaux, C.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Corsi, C.

G. Modugno, C. Corsi, “Water vapour and carbon dioxide interference in the high sensitivity detection of NH3 with semiconductor diode lasers at 1.5 µm,” Infrared Phy. Technol. 40, 93–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D’Cunha, R.

Š. Urban, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, D. Papoušek, “The Δk = ±2 ‘forbidden band’ and inversion-rotation energy levels of ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 62, 1775–1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Dakin, J. P.

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, B. H. Weigl, “Latest developments in gas sensing using correlation spectroscopy,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VII, A. V. Scheggi, ed., Proc. SPIE2508, 2–17 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dam-Johansen, K.

K. Hjuler, K. Dam-Johansen, “Design of a flue gas probe for ammonia measurement,” Anal. Chim. Acta 282, 703–709 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Duraev, V. P.

L. I. Gurinovich, V. P. Duraev, V. A. Ivanov, N. K. Nikeenko, “Application of near IR band injection lasers for the control of ammonia content in air,” J. Appl. Spectros. 58(3–4), 240–245 (1993).

Duxbury, G.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D. P.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, H. O.

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, B. H. Weigl, “Latest developments in gas sensing using correlation spectroscopy,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VII, A. V. Scheggi, ed., Proc. SPIE2508, 2–17 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Encrenaz, T.

E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Y.

Fayt, A.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fehér, M.

Fetzer, G. J.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Flaud, J.-M.

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fourrie, N.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fox, M. F.

R. J. Willey, M. F. Fox, “Ammonia decomposition over 430-SS etched metal catalysts,” J. Catal. 112, 590–594 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fridovich, B.

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Furlong, E. R.

E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Gamache, Center for Atmospheric Research, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, Lowell, Mass. (personal communication, 1999).

Garing, J. S.

J. S. Garing, H. H. Nielsen, K. Narahari Rao, “The low-frequency vibration rotation bands of the ammonia molecule,” J. Mol. Spectros. 3, 496–527 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, N.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Golovko, V.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Graner, G.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Groff, K. W.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Guelachvili, G.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, G. Guelachvili, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 2.3 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 312–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gurinovich, L. I.

L. I. Gurinovich, V. P. Duraev, V. A. Ivanov, N. K. Nikeenko, “Application of near IR band injection lasers for the control of ammonia content in air,” J. Appl. Spectros. 58(3–4), 240–245 (1993).

Hanson, R. K.

E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Nagali, S. I. Chou, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, J. Segall, “Tunable diode-laser absorption measurements of methane at elevated temperatures,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4026–4032 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hardy, J. E.

R. K. Lyon, J. E. Hardy, “Discovery and development of the Thermal DeNOx process,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 25, 19–24 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, J.-M.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hegelund, F.

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectros. 162, 230–245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Herzberg, G.

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure II: Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Krieger, Malabax, Fla., 1991).

Hilico, J. C.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hillman, J.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hjuler, K.

K. Hjuler, K. Dam-Johansen, “Design of a flue gas probe for ammonia measurement,” Anal. Chim. Acta 282, 703–709 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hobbs, P. C. D.

Höjer, S.

L. Sandström, H. Ahlberg, S. Höjer, A. G. Larsson, S. Bäckström, “Near-infrared semiconductor lasers for gas analysis operating in the 2-µm range,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of OSA 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 239–240.

Hunten, D. M.

B. B. Radak, J. I. Lunine, D. M. Hunten, G. H. Atkinson, “Line intensities in the 647.5-nm ammonia band at low temperatures determined by intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 519–526 (1995).

Ivanov, V. A.

L. I. Gurinovich, V. P. Duraev, V. A. Ivanov, N. K. Nikeenko, “Application of near IR band injection lasers for the control of ammonia content in air,” J. Appl. Spectros. 58(3–4), 240–245 (1993).

Jacquinet-Husson, N.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, P.

Jiang, Y.

Juck, K. W.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kassman, H.

H. Kassman, L.-E. Åmand, B. Leckner, “Secondary effects in sampling ammonia during measurements in a circulating fluidised-bed combustor,” J. Inst. Energy 70, 95–101 (1997).

Kotani, H.

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, “Spectral measurements of NH3 and H2O for pollutant gas monitoring by 1.5-µm InGaAsP/InP lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 22, 1553–1557 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lacome, N.

E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, A. G.

L. Sandström, H. Ahlberg, S. Höjer, A. G. Larsson, S. Bäckström, “Near-infrared semiconductor lasers for gas analysis operating in the 2-µm range,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of OSA 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 239–240.

Leckner, B.

H. Kassman, L.-E. Åmand, B. Leckner, “Secondary effects in sampling ammonia during measurements in a circulating fluidised-bed combustor,” J. Inst. Energy 70, 95–101 (1997).

Lee, J.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Lefevre, G.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lellouch, E.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lundqvist, S.

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Laser spectroscopy for in situ ammonia monitoring,” Spectros. Eur. 6(2), 22–26 (1994).

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Industrialized high sensitivity fiber-optic near-IR diode laser based gas analysis system,” in Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Lidar, and DIAL Techniques for Environmental and Industrial Measurements, H. I. Schiff, A. Fried, D. K. Killinger, eds., Proc. SPIE2112, 118–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lundsberg-Nielsen, L.

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectros. 162, 230–245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, “Molecular overtone spectroscopy on ammonia,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, and the Danish Institute of Fundamental Metrology, Lygnby, Denmark, 1995).

Lunine, J. I.

B. B. Radak, J. I. Lunine, D. M. Hunten, G. H. Atkinson, “Line intensities in the 647.5-nm ammonia band at low temperatures determined by intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 519–526 (1995).

Lyon, R. K.

R. K. Lyon, J. E. Hardy, “Discovery and development of the Thermal DeNOx process,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 25, 19–24 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Maier, J. P.

Malathy Devi, V.

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Margolis, J. S.

L. R. Brown, J. S. Margolis, “Empirical line parameters of NH3 from 4791 to 5294 cm-1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56(2), 283–294 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Margolis, S. Sarangi, “Measurement of hydrogen- and self-broadened half-widths of ammonia at 200 and 300 °K,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 16, 405–408 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Markov, V. N.

A. S. Pine, V. N. Markov, G. Buffa, O. Tarrini, “N2, O2, H2, Ar and He broadening in the ν1 band of NH3,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 50(4), 337–348 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Martin, P. A.

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McCann, A.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McDowell, R. S.

R. S. McDowell, “Rotational partition functions for symmetric-top molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 2801–2811 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mihalcea, R. M.

E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Mihalcea, “CO and CO2 measurements in combustion environments using external cavity diode lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation (High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1999).

Mikhailenko, S. N.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miklós, A.

Modugno, G.

G. Modugno, C. Corsi, “Water vapour and carbon dioxide interference in the high sensitivity detection of NH3 with semiconductor diode lasers at 1.5 µm,” Infrared Phy. Technol. 40, 93–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monlux, G.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Nagali, V.

Narahari Rao, K.

Š. Urban, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, G. Guelachvili, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 2.3 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 312–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, D. Papoušek, “The Δk = ±2 ‘forbidden band’ and inversion-rotation energy levels of ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 62, 1775–1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Garing, H. H. Nielsen, K. Narahari Rao, “The low-frequency vibration rotation bands of the ammonia molecule,” J. Mol. Spectros. 3, 496–527 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Naumenko, O. V.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nemtchechin, V.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nemtchinov, V.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Newnham, D.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nicolaisen, F. M.

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectros. 162, 230–245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, H. H.

J. S. Garing, H. H. Nielsen, K. Narahari Rao, “The low-frequency vibration rotation bands of the ammonia molecule,” J. Mol. Spectros. 3, 496–527 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Nikeenko, N. K.

L. I. Gurinovich, V. P. Duraev, V. A. Ivanov, N. K. Nikeenko, “Application of near IR band injection lasers for the control of ammonia content in air,” J. Appl. Spectros. 58(3–4), 240–245 (1993).

Nikitin, A.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, “Spectral measurements of NH3 and H2O for pollutant gas monitoring by 1.5-µm InGaAsP/InP lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 22, 1553–1557 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Papoušek, D.

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, D. Papoušek, “The Δk = ±2 ‘forbidden band’ and inversion-rotation energy levels of ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 62, 1775–1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pine, A. S.

A. S. Pine, V. N. Markov, G. Buffa, O. Tarrini, “N2, O2, H2, Ar and He broadening in the ν1 band of NH3,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 50(4), 337–348 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Plyler, E. K.

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: III. The region 3.2-4.3 microns,” J. Chem. Phys. 29, 829–845 (1958).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: 1. The combination bands ν2 + (ν1, ν3),” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 61(3), 123–147 (1958).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: II. The molecular dimensions and harmonic frequencies of ammonia and deuterated ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 35, 1235–1241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Radak, B. B.

B. B. Radak, J. I. Lunine, D. M. Hunten, G. H. Atkinson, “Line intensities in the 647.5-nm ammonia band at low temperatures determined by intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 519–526 (1995).

Reuter, D. C.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richtsmeier, S. C.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Rinsland, C. P.

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rohrbacher, A.

Rosenmann, L.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rothmann, L. S.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, “Frequency stabilization of 1.5-µm InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH3 absorption lines,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826–828 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sandström, L.

L. Sandström, H. Ahlberg, S. Höjer, A. G. Larsson, S. Bäckström, “Near-infrared semiconductor lasers for gas analysis operating in the 2-µm range,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of OSA 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 239–240.

Sarangi, S.

S. Sarangi, “Analysis of the ν3 + ν4 band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 257–288 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Sarangi, “Analysis of line intensities in the two-micron band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 289–293 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Margolis, S. Sarangi, “Measurement of hydrogen- and self-broadened half-widths of ammonia at 200 and 300 °K,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 16, 405–408 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, J.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scott, N. A.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Segall, J.

Selby, J.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Silver, J. A.

Sinitsa, L. N.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sirota, J. M.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. M.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K. M.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soliva, A. M.

Tagawa, H.

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, “Spectral measurements of NH3 and H2O for pollutant gas monitoring by 1.5-µm InGaAsP/InP lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 22, 1553–1557 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tao, S.

Tarrago, G.

E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tarrini, O.

A. S. Pine, V. N. Markov, G. Buffa, O. Tarrini, “N2, O2, H2, Ar and He broadening in the ν1 band of NH3,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 50(4), 337–348 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tell, R.

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Laser spectroscopy for in situ ammonia monitoring,” Spectros. Eur. 6(2), 22–26 (1994).

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Industrialized high sensitivity fiber-optic near-IR diode laser based gas analysis system,” in Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Lidar, and DIAL Techniques for Environmental and Industrial Measurements, H. I. Schiff, A. Fried, D. K. Killinger, eds., Proc. SPIE2112, 118–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tidwell, E. D.

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: III. The region 3.2-4.3 microns,” J. Chem. Phys. 29, 829–845 (1958).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: 1. The combination bands ν2 + (ν1, ν3),” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 61(3), 123–147 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Tipping, R. H.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tu, N.

Š. Urban, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, G. Guelachvili, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 2.3 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 312–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tyuterev, V. G.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Unger, H. J.

H. J. Unger, “Infrared absorption bands of ammonia,” Phys. Rev. 43, 123–128 (1933).
[CrossRef]

Urban, S.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Urban, “High-resolution infrared spectroscopy of ammonia: a survey of theory and analyses of spectra,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 675–684 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Urban, Š.

Š. Urban, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, G. Guelachvili, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 2.3 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 312–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, D. Papoušek, “The Δk = ±2 ‘forbidden band’ and inversion-rotation energy levels of ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 62, 1775–1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Varanasi, “Shapes and widths of ammonia lines collision-broadened by hydrogen,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 12, 1283–1289 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Walker, M.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

Wattsin, R. B.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Webber, M. E.

E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M.

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weigl, B. H.

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, B. H. Weigl, “Latest developments in gas sensing using correlation spectroscopy,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VII, A. V. Scheggi, ed., Proc. SPIE2508, 2–17 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Willey, R. J.

R. J. Willey, M. F. Fox, “Ammonia decomposition over 430-SS etched metal catalysts,” J. Catal. 112, 590–594 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T.

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, “Frequency stabilization of 1.5-µm InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH3 absorption lines,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826–828 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yanagawa, T.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, “Frequency stabilization of 1.5-µm InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH3 absorption lines,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826–828 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ye, P.

Yoshino, K.

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zmarzly, P.

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

AIAA J. (1)

E. R. Furlong, R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensors for real-time control of pulsed combustion systems,” AIAA J. 37, 732–737 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

K. Hjuler, K. Dam-Johansen, “Design of a flue gas probe for ammonia measurement,” Anal. Chim. Acta 282, 703–709 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, “Frequency stabilization of 1.5-µm InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH3 absorption lines,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826–828 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (2)

Š. Urban, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, D. Papoušek, “The Δk = ±2 ‘forbidden band’ and inversion-rotation energy levels of ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 62, 1775–1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: II. The molecular dimensions and harmonic frequencies of ammonia and deuterated ammonia,” Can. J. Phys. 35, 1235–1241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. (1)

R. K. Lyon, J. E. Hardy, “Discovery and development of the Thermal DeNOx process,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 25, 19–24 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phy. Technol. (1)

G. Modugno, C. Corsi, “Water vapour and carbon dioxide interference in the high sensitivity detection of NH3 with semiconductor diode lasers at 1.5 µm,” Infrared Phy. Technol. 40, 93–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Spectros. (1)

L. I. Gurinovich, V. P. Duraev, V. A. Ivanov, N. K. Nikeenko, “Application of near IR band injection lasers for the control of ammonia content in air,” J. Appl. Spectros. 58(3–4), 240–245 (1993).

J. Catal. (1)

R. J. Willey, M. F. Fox, “Ammonia decomposition over 430-SS etched metal catalysts,” J. Catal. 112, 590–594 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

R. S. McDowell, “Rotational partition functions for symmetric-top molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 2801–2811 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: III. The region 3.2-4.3 microns,” J. Chem. Phys. 29, 829–845 (1958).
[CrossRef]

J. Inst. Energy (1)

H. Kassman, L.-E. Åmand, B. Leckner, “Secondary effects in sampling ammonia during measurements in a circulating fluidised-bed combustor,” J. Inst. Energy 70, 95–101 (1997).

J. Mol. Spectros. (6)

J. S. Garing, H. H. Nielsen, K. Narahari Rao, “The low-frequency vibration rotation bands of the ammonia molecule,” J. Mol. Spectros. 3, 496–527 (1959).
[CrossRef]

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm-1,” J. Mol. Spectros. 162, 230–245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Lellouch, N. Lacome, G. Guelachvili, G. Tarrago, T. Encrenaz, “Ammonia: experimental absolute linestrengths and self-broadening parameters in the 1800- to 2100-cm-1 range,” J. Mol. Spectros. 124, 333–347 (1987).
[CrossRef]

G. Guelachvili, A. H. Abdullah, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 3.0 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 345–364 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, N. Tu, K. Narahari Rao, G. Guelachvili, “Analysis of high-resolution Fourier transform spectra of 14NH3 at 2.3 µm,” J. Mol. Spectros. 133, 312–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Š. Urban, D. Papoušek, V. Malathy Devi, B. Fridovich, R. D’Cunha, K. Narahari Rao, “Transition dipole matrix elements for 14NH3 from the line intensities of the 2ν2 and ν4 bands,” J. Mol. Spectros. 106, 38–55 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (11)

A. S. Pine, V. N. Markov, G. Buffa, O. Tarrini, “N2, O2, H2, Ar and He broadening in the ν1 band of NH3,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 50(4), 337–348 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Radak, J. I. Lunine, D. M. Hunten, G. H. Atkinson, “Line intensities in the 647.5-nm ammonia band at low temperatures determined by intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 519–526 (1995).

L. R. Brown, J. S. Margolis, “Empirical line parameters of NH3 from 4791 to 5294 cm-1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56(2), 283–294 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Varanasi, “Shapes and widths of ammonia lines collision-broadened by hydrogen,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 12, 1283–1289 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Margolis, S. Sarangi, “Measurement of hydrogen- and self-broadened half-widths of ammonia at 200 and 300 °K,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 16, 405–408 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. Sarangi, “Analysis of the ν3 + ν4 band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 257–288 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Sarangi, “Analysis of line intensities in the two-micron band of ammonia,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 18, 289–293 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Urban, “High-resolution infrared spectroscopy of ammonia: a survey of theory and analyses of spectra,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 675–684 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Jacquinet-Husson, E. Arie, J. Ballard, A. Barbe, G. Bjoraker, B. Bonnet, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, J. P. Champion, A. Chedin, A. Chrusin, C. Clerbaux, G. Duxbury, J.-M. Flaud, N. Fourrie, A. Fayt, G. Graner, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Golovko, G. Guelachvili, J.-M. Hartmann, J. C. Hilico, J. Hillman, G. Lefevre, E. Lellouch, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, V. Nemtchinov, D. Newnham, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, D. C. Reuter, C. P. Rinsland, L. Rosenmann, L. S. Rothman, N. A. Scott, J. Selby, L. N. Sinitsa, J. M. Sirota, A. M. Smith, K. M. Smith, V. G. Tyuterev, R. H. Tipping, S. Urban, P. Varanasi, M. Weber, “The 1997 spectroscopic GEISA databank,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 205–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothmann, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattsin, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juck, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchechin, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Goldman, R. R. Gamache, A. Perrin, J.-M. Flaud, C. P. Rinsland, L. S. Rothman, “HITRAN partition functions and weighted transition-moments squared,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 66, 455–486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (1)

W. S. Benedict, E. K. Plyler, E. D. Tidwell, “Vibration-rotation bands of ammonia: 1. The combination bands ν2 + (ν1, ν3),” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 61(3), 123–147 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. (1)

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, “Spectral measurements of NH3 and H2O for pollutant gas monitoring by 1.5-µm InGaAsP/InP lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 22, 1553–1557 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. J. Unger, “Infrared absorption bands of ammonia,” Phys. Rev. 43, 123–128 (1933).
[CrossRef]

Spectros. Eur. (1)

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Laser spectroscopy for in situ ammonia monitoring,” Spectros. Eur. 6(2), 22–26 (1994).

Other (8)

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, B. H. Weigl, “Latest developments in gas sensing using correlation spectroscopy,” in Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors VII, A. V. Scheggi, ed., Proc. SPIE2508, 2–17 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Monlux, J. A. Brand, P. Zmarzly, M. Walker, K. W. Groff, G. J. Fetzer, N. Goldstein, F. Bein, S. C. Richtsmeier, J. Lee, “In situ ammonia analyzer for process control and environmental monitoring,” in Advanced Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation, T. V.- Dinh, ed., Proc. SPIE2835, 236–247 (1996).

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, “Molecular overtone spectroscopy on ammonia,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, and the Danish Institute of Fundamental Metrology, Lygnby, Denmark, 1995).

L. Sandström, H. Ahlberg, S. Höjer, A. G. Larsson, S. Bäckström, “Near-infrared semiconductor lasers for gas analysis operating in the 2-µm range,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of OSA 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 239–240.

H. Ahlberg, S. Lundqvist, R. Tell, T. Andersson, “Industrialized high sensitivity fiber-optic near-IR diode laser based gas analysis system,” in Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Lidar, and DIAL Techniques for Environmental and Industrial Measurements, H. I. Schiff, A. Fried, D. K. Killinger, eds., Proc. SPIE2112, 118–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Gamache, Center for Atmospheric Research, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, Lowell, Mass. (personal communication, 1999).

R. M. Mihalcea, “CO and CO2 measurements in combustion environments using external cavity diode lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation (High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1999).

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure II: Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Krieger, Malabax, Fla., 1991).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison of the partition function values from Hitran96,10 the classical model (rigid rotor and simple harmonic oscillator), McDowell,7 and Gamache.5

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental schematic for measuring absorption spectra of NH3 at a range of pressures and temperatures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ammonia, water, and carbon dioxide line strengths in the near IR.10,38,39

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Survey spectra of pure ammonia near 1.5 µm (P = 3.27 Torr, L = 50 cm, T = 296 K). The six features that were selected for atmospheric and emissions monitoring are marked on the plot and listed in Table 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Top panel: measured ammonia features at 6548, 6596, and 6600 cm-1 overlaid with the calculated absorbances of X H2 O = 19% and X CO2 = 9.5% for the products of a stoichiometric methane–air flame. Bottom panel: measured ammonia features at 6528, 6568, and 6678 cm-1 overlaid with the absorbance of X H2 O = 2.2% corresponding to 85% standard atmospheric humidity. ppm, parts per million.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Recorded high-resolution spectra and multiline Voigt fits of the six ammonia features selected for monitoring in atmospheric and combustion applications (pure NH3, P = 5.6 Torr, L = 40 cm, T = 20 °C).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of measured spectra for the six features in Table 2 with the calculated spectra based on line strengths and positions from Refs. 38 and 39 and broadening coefficients from Refs. 28, 29, 43, and 44 (pure NH3, P = 5.6 Torr, L = 40 cm, T = 20 °C).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Line strength versus temperature for the five lines in the NH3 feature at 6548 cm-1 (1527 nm).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Minimum detectivity versus temperature over a 1-m path for the line at ν = 6548.60 cm-1 by use of the measured lower-state energy E″ = 210 cm-1 and a NEA of 1.6 × 10-5.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Schematic for the ammonia slip experiment. Measurements of NH3 slip in the exhaust of a premixed ethylene–air–ammonia flame are made in a horizontal stack 79 cm above the burner.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measured absorbance data for the NH3 feature near 6548 cm-1 (1527 nm) in the postflame gases above an ethylene–air–ammonia premixed flame (P = 1 atm, L = 240 cm, T = 465 K). A CO2 feature is shown near 6548.3 cm-1.

Tables (8)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Coefficients of the Polynomial Expression for Q(T) in Eq. (5)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Locations of Six NH3 Features and Their Appropriate Monitoring Applications

Tables Icon

Table 3 Comparison of Measured and Published Parameters for the Ammonia Feature at 1531 nm (6528 cm-1)

Tables Icon

Table 4 Comparison of Measured and Published Parameters for the Ammonia Feature at 1527 nm (6548 cm-1)

Tables Icon

Table 5 Comparison of Measured and Published Parameters for the Ammonia Feature at 1522 nm (6568 cm-1)

Tables Icon

Table 6 Comparison of Measured and Published Parameters for the Ammonia Feature at 1516 nm (6596 cm-1)

Tables Icon

Table 7 Comparison of Measured and Published Parameters for the Ammonia Feature at 1515 nm (6600 cm-1)

Tables Icon

Table 8 Comparison of Measured and Published Parameters for the Ammonia Feature at 1497 nm (6678 cm-1)

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ItI0=exp-SiϕPxjL.
αν=-lnIt/I0=SiϕPxjL.
SiT=SiT0QT0QTT0Texp-hcEik1T-1T0×1-exp-hcν0,ikT1-exp-hcν0,ikT0-1.
QT=QnucQrotQvib,
QT=a+bT+cT2+dT3.

Metrics