Abstract

A new wavelength-scanning two-channel polarization modulation ellipsometer is described, where a photo-elastic modulator is used and the analyzed light is separated into orthogonally polarized beams using a Wollaston prism. Both beams are detected using phototubes whose bias voltage is dynamically controlled for constant dc. The dc from each phototube is measured with a digital voltmeter, and the fundamental and second harmonic of the phototube current are measured using individual lock-in amplifiers. All three of the associated ellipsometric parameters (N = cos2ψ, S = sin2ψ sinΔ, and C = sin2ψ cosΔ) can be determined simultaneously in a single scan. The versatility of the instrument is demonstrated by the determination of the optical functions of Si from 238 to 652 nm (5.3–1.9 eV).

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (9)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (89)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription