Abstract

Cancer is a disease that takes place when human cells grow uncontrollably. When detected and cured early, it can be non-life-threatening. It becomes life-threatening in case of late discovery where it affects the ability of an organ to function. In this work, a symmetric slab waveguide sensor is analyzed for the detection of cancer cells. The covering layers are assumed anisotropic lossy dispersive left-handed materials. Different from other sensors in which the analyte is located in the cladding region where the evanescent field exists, the cancerous cell is placed in the guiding film region that supports the oscillating field. Hence, the proposed sensor avoids the acute weakness of conventional optical waveguide sensors. Due to the high localization of the electromagnetic wave in the analyte region, the proposed sensor shows unusual sensitivity enhancement. The results revealed that the sensitivities obtained are 110%, 325%, and 450% for the first, second, and third modes, respectively. The enhancement of the sensitivity of the third mode relative to the conventional waveguide sensors is nearly a factor of 18.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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