Abstract

We have demonstrated a dual-wavelength blue-green laser for airborne ocean lidar based on an all-solid-state master oscillator power amplifier and nonlinear frequency conversion methods. A $Q$-switched pulsed laser with 10 mJ energy at 1064 nm was amplified to 108 mJ by a Nd:YAG amplifier side pumped by vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser modules. This fundamental laser was then frequency tripled to 355 nm wavelength by lithium triborate (LBO) crystals. With maximum pump energy of 43.5 mJ at 355 nm, 9.6 mJ of blue laser pulse at 486.1 nm was successfully obtained from an optical parametric oscillator unit using two beta-barium borate crystals. The energy of the residual 532 nm laser pulse was 10.6 mJ. Equipped with this laser system, an airborne blue-green lidar was developed, and ocean detection was carried out in the South China Sea, where an optical vertical profile at seawater depth of 94 m was obtained.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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