Abstract

A metasurface combined with phase-change material ${\rm Ge_{2}Sb_{2}Te_{5}}$ (GST) is proposed to act as a switchable wave plate to adjust spin-orbit interactions (SOIs), so that the polarization and phase of the reflected light are simultaneously manipulated. A converter, which could act as a quarter-wave plate or three-quarter-wave plate when the GST layer is in the amorphous or crystalline state, and a switch, which could act as a mirror (corresponding to the “OFF” state of SOIs) or half-wave plate (corresponding to the “ON” state of SOIs) when the GST layer is in the amorphous or crystalline state, are designed, respectively. Consequently, a convertible vectorial beams converter, which could generate radial or azimuthal polarization, is designed when the GST layer is in the amorphous or crystalline state. In addition, a switchable vortex beam generator could realize orbital angular momentum with topological charge $l = \pm {2}$ when the GST layer changes from amorphous to the crystalline state. The designed metasurface could offer a promising route for high-efficiency reconfigurable devices and encrypted optical communications.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Reconfigurable near-IR metasurface based on Ge2Sb2Te5 phase-change material

Alexej V. Pogrebnyakov, Jeremy A. Bossard, Jeremiah P. Turpin, J. David Musgraves, Hee Jung Shin, Clara Rivero-Baleine, Nikolas Podraza, Kathleen A. Richardson, Douglas H. Werner, and Theresa S. Mayer
Opt. Mater. Express 8(8) 2264-2275 (2018)

Reconfigurable all-dielectric antenna-based metasurface driven by multipolar resonances

Jingyi Tian, Qiang Li, Jun Lu, and Min Qiu
Opt. Express 26(18) 23918-23925 (2018)

Dynamic beam control via Mie-resonance based phase-change metasurface: a theoretical investigation

Ali Forouzmand and Hossein Mosallaei
Opt. Express 26(14) 17948-17963 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Chen, J. Hao, B.-F. Zhang, J. Xu, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, “Generation of vector beam with space-variant distribution of both polarization and phase,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3179–3181 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Wang, “Advances in communications using optical vortices,” Photon. Res. 4, B14–B28 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. L. Li, C. Chang, X. Yuan, C. Yuan, S. Feng, S. Nie, and J. Ding, “Generation of optical vortex array along arbitrary curvilinear arrangement,” Opt. Express 26, 9798–9812 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  10. X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Subwavelength interference of light on structured surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 10, 757–842 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  11. X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Extraordinary optical fields in nanostructures: from sub-diffraction-limited optics to sensing and energy conversion,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 48, 2458–2494 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  14. F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  17. N. Arash, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Thyagarajan, R. Sokhoyan, L. Zornberg, and H. A. Atwater, “Millivolt modulation of plasmonic metasurface optical response via ionic conductance,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701044 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. T. Phare, M. C. Shin, S. A. Miller, B. Stern, and M. Lipson, “Silicon optical phased array with high-efficiency beam formation over 180 degree field of view,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.
  20. P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511, 206–211 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6, 824 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  22. N. Raeis-Hosseini and J. Rho, “Metasurfaces based on phase-change material as a reconfigurable platform for multifunctional devices,” Materials 10, 1046 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  25. Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  26. A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  29. K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  31. X. Luo, “Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. 58, 594201 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  32. G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2019 (2)

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Extraordinary optical fields in nanostructures: from sub-diffraction-limited optics to sensing and energy conversion,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 48, 2458–2494 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (10)

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Arash, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Li, C. Chang, X. Yuan, C. Yuan, S. Feng, S. Nie, and J. Ding, “Generation of optical vortex array along arbitrary curvilinear arrangement,” Opt. Express 26, 9798–9812 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Subwavelength interference of light on structured surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 10, 757–842 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Raeis-Hosseini and J. Rho, “Metasurfaces based on phase-change material as a reconfigurable platform for multifunctional devices,” Materials 10, 1046 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Thyagarajan, R. Sokhoyan, L. Zornberg, and H. A. Atwater, “Millivolt modulation of plasmonic metasurface optical response via ionic conductance,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701044 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, “Advances in communications using optical vortices,” Photon. Res. 4, B14–B28 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, “Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. 58, 594201 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511, 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2007 (1)

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6, 824 (2007).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alexeev, A. M.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

Antoniou, N.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arash, N.

N. Arash, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Thyagarajan, R. Sokhoyan, L. Zornberg, and H. A. Atwater, “Millivolt modulation of plasmonic metasurface optical response via ionic conductance,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701044 (2017).
[Crossref]

Au, Y.-Y.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

Banas, A.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Banas, K.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bertolotti, J.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bhaskaran, H.

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511, 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Breese, M. B. H.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cao, T.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, C.

Chen, H.

Chen, X.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.-Y.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chigrin, D. N.

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cryan, M.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cui, L.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Galarreta, C. R.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

De Leon, I.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deng, J.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deng, Z.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ding, J.

Ding, J.-C.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, W.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Du, K.-K.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Feng, L.

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feng, S.

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gerardot, B. D.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gholipour, B.

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, M.

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Extraordinary optical fields in nanostructures: from sub-diffraction-limited optics to sensing and energy conversion,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 48, 2458–2494 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Subwavelength interference of light on structured surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 10, 757–842 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

He, Q.

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hong, M.

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Extraordinary optical fields in nanostructures: from sub-diffraction-limited optics to sensing and energy conversion,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 48, 2458–2494 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Arash, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Subwavelength interference of light on structured surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 10, 757–842 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, P.

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511, 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, C.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

Karimi, E.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kenney, M.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Klemm, M.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Li, Q.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lindenberg, A. M.

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

C. T. Phare, M. C. Shin, S. A. Miller, B. Stern, and M. Lipson, “Silicon optical phased array with high-efficiency beam formation over 180 degree field of view,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Litchinitser, N. M.

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, K.

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Longhi, S.

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Garcia, M.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Extraordinary optical fields in nanostructures: from sub-diffraction-limited optics to sensing and energy conversion,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 48, 2458–2494 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Subwavelength interference of light on structured surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 10, 757–842 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, “Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. 58, 594201 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lyu, Y.-B.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Maß, T. W. W.

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Miao, P.

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Michel, A.-K. U.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Miller, S. A.

C. T. Phare, M. C. Shin, S. A. Miller, B. Stern, and M. Lipson, “Silicon optical phased array with high-efficiency beam formation over 180 degree field of view,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Mueller, J. P. B.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mühlenbernd, H.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Neubrech, F.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nie, S.

Phare, C. T.

C. T. Phare, M. C. Shin, S. A. Miller, B. Stern, and M. Lipson, “Silicon optical phased array with high-efficiency beam formation over 180 degree field of view,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Pu, M.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qassim, H.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qin, F.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Qiu, Y.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Raeis-Hosseini, N.

N. Raeis-Hosseini and J. Rho, “Metasurfaces based on phase-change material as a reconfigurable platform for multifunctional devices,” Materials 10, 1046 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ren, H.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rho, J.

N. Raeis-Hosseini and J. Rho, “Metasurfaces based on phase-change material as a reconfigurable platform for multifunctional devices,” Materials 10, 1046 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rogers, E. T. F.

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

Salinga, M.

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schäferling, M.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schönauer, K.

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schulz, S. A.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shin, M. C.

C. T. Phare, M. C. Shin, S. A. Miller, B. Stern, and M. Lipson, “Silicon optical phased array with high-efficiency beam formation over 180 degree field of view,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Simpson, R. E.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sokhoyan, R.

K. Thyagarajan, R. Sokhoyan, L. Zornberg, and H. A. Atwater, “Millivolt modulation of plasmonic metasurface optical response via ionic conductance,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701044 (2017).
[Crossref]

Stern, B.

C. T. Phare, M. C. Shin, S. A. Miller, B. Stern, and M. Lipson, “Silicon optical phased array with high-efficiency beam formation over 180 degree field of view,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Sun, J.

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taubner, T.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Teng, J.

N. Arash, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

Thyagarajan, K.

K. Thyagarajan, R. Sokhoyan, L. Zornberg, and H. A. Atwater, “Millivolt modulation of plasmonic metasurface optical response via ionic conductance,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701044 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tittl, A.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D.

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Extraordinary optical fields in nanostructures: from sub-diffraction-limited optics to sensing and energy conversion,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 48, 2458–2494 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Subwavelength interference of light on structured surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 10, 757–842 (2018).
[Crossref]

Upham, J.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Walasik, W.

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.-M.

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. P.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.-T.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.

N. Arash, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, D.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wright, C. D.

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511, 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wuttig, M.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6, 824 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xin, J.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, J. Hao, B.-F. Zhang, J. Xu, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, “Generation of vector beam with space-variant distribution of both polarization and phase,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3179–3181 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamada, N.

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6, 824 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, X.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yin, X.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yuan, C.

Yuan, G.

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

Yuan, X.-C.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yue, F.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zalden, P.

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.-F.

Zhang, F.

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, X.

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zornberg, L.

K. Thyagarajan, R. Sokhoyan, L. Zornberg, and H. A. Atwater, “Millivolt modulation of plasmonic metasurface optical response via ionic conductance,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701044 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (2)

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photon. 1, 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

C. R. de Galarreta, A. M. Alexeev, Y.-Y. Au, M. Lopez-Garcia, M. Klemm, M. Cryan, J. Bertolotti, and C. D. Wright, “Nonvolatile reconfigurable phase-change metadevices for beam steering in the near infrared,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704993 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Thyagarajan, R. Sokhoyan, L. Zornberg, and H. A. Atwater, “Millivolt modulation of plasmonic metasurface optical response via ionic conductance,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701044 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

W. Dong, Y. Qiu, X. Zhou, A. Banas, K. Banas, M. B. H. Breese, T. Cao, and R. E. Simpson, “Tunable mid-infrared phase-change metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1701346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “High-efficiency and wide-angle beam steering based on catenary optical fields in ultrathin metalens,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800592 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Adv. Sci. (1)

M. Zhang, M. Pu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, Q. He, X. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Li, H. Yu, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for switchable photonic spin-orbit interactions based on phase change materials,” Adv. Sci. 5, 1800835 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Extraordinary optical fields in nanostructures: from sub-diffraction-limited optics to sensing and energy conversion,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 48, 2458–2494 (2019).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Materials (1)

N. Raeis-Hosseini and J. Rho, “Metasurfaces based on phase-change material as a reconfigurable platform for multifunctional devices,” Materials 10, 1046 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

A.-K. U. Michel, D. N. Chigrin, T. W. W. Maß, K. Schönauer, M. Salinga, M. Wuttig, and T. Taubner, “Using low-loss phase-change materials for mid-infrared antenna resonance tuning,” Nano Lett. 13, 3470–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Deng, J. Deng, X. Zhuang, S. Wang, K. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, X. Ye, J. Xu, G. P. Wang, R. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Cheng, G. Li, and X. Li, “Diatomic metasurface for vectorial holography,” Nano Lett. 18, 2885–2892 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6, 824 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511, 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opto-Electron. Adv. (3)

N. Arash, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Photon. Res. (1)

Sci. Adv. (1)

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. China Phys. Mech. (1)

X. Luo, “Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. 58, 594201 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Miao, Z. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Walasik, S. Longhi, N. M. Litchinitser, and L. Feng, “Orbital angular momentum microlaser,” Science 353, 464–467 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

C. T. Phare, M. C. Shin, S. A. Miller, B. Stern, and M. Lipson, “Silicon optical phased array with high-efficiency beam formation over 180 degree field of view,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic of the metasurface. Phase distribution of TE and TM with linearly polarized beam of (b) quarter- or three-quarter wave plate and (c) mirror or half-wave plate for different states of GST. (d) Co-polarization and cross-polarization reflectance for quarter- or three-quarter-wave plate. (e) Co-polarization and cross-polarization reflectance for mirror or half-wave plate. RCP with respect to the frequency for (f) quarter- or three-quarter-wave plate and (g) mirror or half-wave plate.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Three-dimensional (3D) schematic of the switchable vectorial converter. Inset is the top view of the super unit cell. (b) Top view of the tunable vectorial beam generator.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Diffraction pattern of the designed switchable vectorial generator at the transverse plane 12 µm away from the metasurface. (a)–(c) When the GST layer is in the amorphous state, the transmitted electric fields for $x$ and $y$ components, and the polarization distribution, respectively. (d)–(f) Electric field distributions when the GST layer is in the crystalline state.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) 3D schematic of the switchable OAM generator. The illustration is part of the generator. In the actual simulation, it is composed of 10 rings. (b) Top view of the tunable vortex generator.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Diffraction pattern of designed switchable vortex generator at the transverse plane 12 µm away from the metasurface. (a) and (b) The incident light is LCP. The electric field intensity distributions when the GST layer is in different states. (c) Phase distribution. (d)–(f) When the incident light is RCP, the electric field intensity and phase distributions for different states.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( cos β sin β sin β cos β ) ( 1 0 0 exp ( ± j π / / 2 ) ) ( cos β sin β sin β cos β ) 1 2 ( 1 j ) = exp ( j β ) ( cos ( β ± π / π 4 ) sin ( β ± π / π 4 ) ) ,
( cos β sin β sin β cos β ) ( exp ( j δ / 2 ) 0 0 exp ( j δ / 2 ) ) ( cos β sin β sin β cos β ) 1 2 [ 1 j ] = cos δ 2 ( 1 j ) + j sin δ 2 exp ( j 2 β ) ( 1 j ) ,
R i n = p / p 2 2 w / w 2 2 + ( n 1 ) p R o u t = p / p 2 2 + w / w 2 2 + ( n 1 ) p .

Metrics