Abstract

Despite its extensive use, the traditional 4f Vander Lugt Correlator optical setup can be further simplified. We propose a lightweight correlation scheme where the decision is taken in the Fourier plane. For this purpose, the Fourier plane is adapted and used as a decision plane. Then, the offline phase and the decision metric are re-examined in order to keep a reasonable recognition rate. The benefits of the proposed approach are numerous: (1) it overcomes the constraints related to the use of a second lens; (2) the optical correlation setup is simplified; (3) the multiplication with the correlation filter can be done digitally, which offers a higher adaptability according to the application. Moreover, the digital counterpart of the correlation scheme is lightened since with the proposed scheme we get rid of the inverse Fourier transform (IFT) calculation (i.e., decision directly in the Fourier domain without resorting to IFT). To assess the performance of the proposed approach, an insight into digital hardware resources saving is provided. The proposed method involves nearly 100 times fewer arithmetic operators. Moreover, from experimental results in the context of face verification-based correlation, we demonstrate that the proposed scheme provides comparable or better accuracy than the traditional method. One interesting feature of the proposed scheme is that it could greatly outperform the traditional scheme for face identification application in terms of sensitivity to face orientation. The proposed method is found to be digital/optical implementation-friendly, which facilitates its integration on a very broad range of scenarios.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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