Abstract

Opposed-view digital holographic microscopy (OV-DHM) with autofocusing and out-of-focus background suppression was demonstrated and applied to measure the refractive index (RI) of suspended HeLa cells. In OV-DHM, a specimen is illuminated from two sides in a 4π-like configuration. The generated two opposite-view object waves, which have orthogonal polarization orientations, interfere with a common reference wave, and the generated holograms are recorded by a CMOS camera. The image plane of the sample was determined by finding the minimal variation between the two object waves. The out-of-focus background was suppressed by averaging the two object waves. Simultaneous determination of both the cell thickness and the phase retardation was avoided by using a spheroidal model for the detached cell obtained from confocal microscopy. Thus, the RI of suspended HeLa cells was measured from phase images of OV-DHM, with the thickness of the cells estimated by using a constant axial-to-lateral ratio. This measurement strategy reveals the RI with an accuracy of 10% of the RI difference between cells and surrounding medium.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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