Abstract

In this paper, a high-sensitivity total-internal-reflection (TIR) heterodyne interferometer is proposed for measuring small angles. In the proposed interferometer, a half-wave plate and two quarter-wave plates that exhibit specific optic-axis azimuths are combined to form a phase shifter. When a rhomboid prism is placed between the phase shifter and an analyzer that exhibits suitable transmission-axis azimuth, it shifts and enhances the phase difference of the s- and p-polarization states at double TIR. The enhanced phase difference is dependent on the incident angle; thus small angles can be easily and accurately measured by estimating the phase difference. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of this method. Angular resolution and sensitivity levels superior to 1.2×104deg (2.1×106rad) and 100 (deg/deg), respectively, were attainable in a dynamic range of 0.5 deg.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (19)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription