Abstract

HfO2/SiO2 dichroic mirrors, having high reflectance at 1064 nm and high transmittance at 532 nm, play an important role in high-power laser systems. However, the half-wave hole effect, caused mainly by the refractive index inhomogeneity of hafnia, affects the spectra and application of these mirrors. Two approaches to eliminate the half-wave hole effect have been proposed. Both approaches attempt to shift the location of the half-wave hole in comparison with the original wavelength. One approach broadens the reflectance band of the first harmonic wavelength and simultaneously adjusts the central reflectance band to a longer wavelength, whereas the other approach combines the two stacks to adjust the location of the half-wave hole far away from the wavelength of interest. Two kinds of dichroic mirrors have been successfully fabricated; moreover, it was found that the method of a two-stack combination, 0.9(HL)8 and 1.1(HL)8, provides designs that can be fabricated more easily and with better quality spectral characteristics.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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