Abstract

To produce supersonic laser propulsion, a new technique based on the interaction of a laser-ablated jet with supersonic gas flow in a nozzle is proposed. It is shown that such parameters of the jet, such as gas-plasma pressure and temperature in the ablation region as well as the mass consumption rate of the ablated solid propellant, are characteristic in this respect. The results of numerical simulations of the supersonic laser propulsion are presented for two types of nozzle configuration. The feasibility to achieve the momentum coupling coefficient of Cm103N/W is shown.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Kantrowitz, “Propulsion to orbit by ground-based lasers,” Astronaut. Aeronaut. 10, 74–76 (1972).
  2. F. V. Bunkin and A. M. Prokhorov, “The use of laser power to produce a thrust,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 119, 425–446 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. V. Pakhomov, ed., “Beamed energy propulsion,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion AIP Conference Proceedings, 2002, Vol. 664, paper 723.
  4. K. Komurasaki, ed., “Beamed energy propulsion,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion AIP Conference Proceedings, 2003, Vol. 702, paper 560.
  5. C. Phipps, ed., “Beamed energy propulsion,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion AIP Conference Proceedings, 2009, Vol. 1230, paper 498.
  6. H. A. Eckel, ed., “Beamed energy propulsion,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion AIP Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, paper 412.
  7. Y. A. Rezunkov, “Laser propulsion, the overview of recent investigations,” J. Opt. Technol. 74, 18–39 (2007).
  8. L. N. Myrabo and J. S. Lewis, LIGHTCRAFT, Flight Handbook (Apogee Books, 2009).
  9. L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. Jacques and L. Myrabo, “Analysis of laser-generated impulse in an airbreathing pulsed detonation engine: Part 1,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2004, Vol. 766, pp. 265–278.
  11. R. Jacques and L. Myrabo, “Analysis of laser-generated impulse in an airbreathing pulsed detonation engine: Part 2,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2004, Vol. 766, pp. 279–291.
  12. H. Katsurayama, K. Komurasaki, and Y. Arakawa, “Numerical analysis on pressure waves propagation in repetitively pulse laser propulsion,” in 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, 2001), pp. 2001–3665.
  13. I.-S. Jeung, J.-Y. Choi, and S.-D. Kim, “Flow characteristics of supersonic laser-spike engine,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Electric Propulsion Conference, Toulouse, France, 2003.
  14. V. V. Apollonov and V. N. Tichshenko, “Laser propulsion engine on the effect of resonance integration of s hock waves,” Russian Quantum Electron. 36, 673–683 (2006).
  15. V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).
  16. A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, pp. 145–157.
  17. L. N. Myrabo and Y. P. Raizer, “Laser-induced air spike for advanced transatmospheric vehicles,” in 25th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference (AIAA, 1994), pp. 94–2451.
  18. T. A. Korotaeva, V. M. Fomin, and V. I. Yakovlev, “Laser power input into gas flows,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 2, 19–35 (2007).
  19. V. N. Zudov, P. K. Tretjakov, and A. V. Tupikin, “Some properties of RP laser power input into a supersonic gas flow,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 5, 43–54 (2010).
  20. V. D. Danilychev, “Experimental study of radiative-gasdynamic processes generated under the action high power laser pulses,” Proc. FIAN 142, 117–171 (1983).
  21. I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.
  22. A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, New York, 2011, Vol. 1402, 145–157.
  23. A. O. Beketaeva and G. A. Naimanova, “Numerical study of supersonic flow with a lateral injected stream,” J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 45, 72–80 (2004).
  24. A. K. Tynybekov, “Gas jet in a supersonic flow,” Bulletin of KRSU 8, 128–133 (2008)
  25. C. R. Phipps, J. P. Reilly, and J. W. Campbell, “Optimum parameters for laser launching objects into low Earth orbit,” Laser Part. Beams 18, 661–695 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  26. P. L. Roe, “Characteristic-based schemes for the Euler equations,” in Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics (Nonprofit Scientific Publishers, 1986), pp. 337–365.
  27. C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

V. N. Zudov, P. K. Tretjakov, and A. V. Tupikin, “Some properties of RP laser power input into a supersonic gas flow,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 5, 43–54 (2010).

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

A. K. Tynybekov, “Gas jet in a supersonic flow,” Bulletin of KRSU 8, 128–133 (2008)

2007 (3)

Y. A. Rezunkov, “Laser propulsion, the overview of recent investigations,” J. Opt. Technol. 74, 18–39 (2007).

V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).

T. A. Korotaeva, V. M. Fomin, and V. I. Yakovlev, “Laser power input into gas flows,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 2, 19–35 (2007).

2006 (1)

V. V. Apollonov and V. N. Tichshenko, “Laser propulsion engine on the effect of resonance integration of s hock waves,” Russian Quantum Electron. 36, 673–683 (2006).

2004 (1)

A. O. Beketaeva and G. A. Naimanova, “Numerical study of supersonic flow with a lateral injected stream,” J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 45, 72–80 (2004).

2000 (1)

C. R. Phipps, J. P. Reilly, and J. W. Campbell, “Optimum parameters for laser launching objects into low Earth orbit,” Laser Part. Beams 18, 661–695 (2000).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

V. D. Danilychev, “Experimental study of radiative-gasdynamic processes generated under the action high power laser pulses,” Proc. FIAN 142, 117–171 (1983).

1976 (1)

F. V. Bunkin and A. M. Prokhorov, “The use of laser power to produce a thrust,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 119, 425–446 (1976).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

A. Kantrowitz, “Propulsion to orbit by ground-based lasers,” Astronaut. Aeronaut. 10, 74–76 (1972).

Apollonov, V. V.

V. V. Apollonov and V. N. Tichshenko, “Laser propulsion engine on the effect of resonance integration of s hock waves,” Russian Quantum Electron. 36, 673–683 (2006).

Arakawa, Y.

H. Katsurayama, K. Komurasaki, and Y. Arakawa, “Numerical analysis on pressure waves propagation in repetitively pulse laser propulsion,” in 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, 2001), pp. 2001–3665.

Beketaeva, A. O.

A. O. Beketaeva and G. A. Naimanova, “Numerical study of supersonic flow with a lateral injected stream,” J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 45, 72–80 (2004).

Birkan, M.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Bohn, W.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Bunkin, F. V.

F. V. Bunkin and A. M. Prokhorov, “The use of laser power to produce a thrust,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 119, 425–446 (1976).
[Crossref]

Campbell, J. W.

C. R. Phipps, J. P. Reilly, and J. W. Campbell, “Optimum parameters for laser launching objects into low Earth orbit,” Laser Part. Beams 18, 661–695 (2000).
[Crossref]

Channes, J.

I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.

Chen, H.

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

Choi, J.-Y.

I.-S. Jeung, J.-Y. Choi, and S.-D. Kim, “Flow characteristics of supersonic laser-spike engine,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Electric Propulsion Conference, Toulouse, France, 2003.

Danilychev, V. D.

V. D. Danilychev, “Experimental study of radiative-gasdynamic processes generated under the action high power laser pulses,” Proc. FIAN 142, 117–171 (1983).

Doolan, C.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, New York, 2011, Vol. 1402, 145–157.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, pp. 145–157.

Fomin, V. M.

T. A. Korotaeva, V. M. Fomin, and V. I. Yakovlev, “Laser power input into gas flows,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 2, 19–35 (2007).

Froning, D.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, New York, 2011, Vol. 1402, 145–157.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, pp. 145–157.

Golubev, M. P.

V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).

Grachov, G. N.

V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).

Harrland, A.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, pp. 145–157.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, New York, 2011, Vol. 1402, 145–157.

Hong, H.

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

Horisawa, H.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Jacques, R.

R. Jacques and L. Myrabo, “Analysis of laser-generated impulse in an airbreathing pulsed detonation engine: Part 1,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2004, Vol. 766, pp. 265–278.

R. Jacques and L. Myrabo, “Analysis of laser-generated impulse in an airbreathing pulsed detonation engine: Part 2,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2004, Vol. 766, pp. 279–291.

Jeung, I.-S.

I.-S. Jeung, J.-Y. Choi, and S.-D. Kim, “Flow characteristics of supersonic laser-spike engine,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Electric Propulsion Conference, Toulouse, France, 2003.

Kantrowitz, A.

A. Kantrowitz, “Propulsion to orbit by ground-based lasers,” Astronaut. Aeronaut. 10, 74–76 (1972).

Katsurayama, H.

H. Katsurayama, K. Komurasaki, and Y. Arakawa, “Numerical analysis on pressure waves propagation in repetitively pulse laser propulsion,” in 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, 2001), pp. 2001–3665.

Kim, S.-D.

I.-S. Jeung, J.-Y. Choi, and S.-D. Kim, “Flow characteristics of supersonic laser-spike engine,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Electric Propulsion Conference, Toulouse, France, 2003.

Komurasaki, K.

H. Katsurayama, K. Komurasaki, and Y. Arakawa, “Numerical analysis on pressure waves propagation in repetitively pulse laser propulsion,” in 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, 2001), pp. 2001–3665.

Korotaeva, T. A.

T. A. Korotaeva, V. M. Fomin, and V. I. Yakovlev, “Laser power input into gas flows,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 2, 19–35 (2007).

Lewis, J. S.

L. N. Myrabo and J. S. Lewis, LIGHTCRAFT, Flight Handbook (Apogee Books, 2009).

Lippert, T.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Ma, L.

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

Minucci, M.

I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.

Myrabo, L.

I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.

R. Jacques and L. Myrabo, “Analysis of laser-generated impulse in an airbreathing pulsed detonation engine: Part 2,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2004, Vol. 766, pp. 279–291.

R. Jacques and L. Myrabo, “Analysis of laser-generated impulse in an airbreathing pulsed detonation engine: Part 1,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2004, Vol. 766, pp. 265–278.

Myrabo, L. N.

L. N. Myrabo and J. S. Lewis, LIGHTCRAFT, Flight Handbook (Apogee Books, 2009).

L. N. Myrabo and Y. P. Raizer, “Laser-induced air spike for advanced transatmospheric vehicles,” in 25th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference (AIAA, 1994), pp. 94–2451.

Naimanova, G. A.

A. O. Beketaeva and G. A. Naimanova, “Numerical study of supersonic flow with a lateral injected stream,” J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 45, 72–80 (2004).

Oliveira, A.

I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.

Pavlov, A. A.

V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).

V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).

Phipps, C.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Phipps, C. R.

C. R. Phipps, J. P. Reilly, and J. W. Campbell, “Optimum parameters for laser launching objects into low Earth orbit,” Laser Part. Beams 18, 661–695 (2000).
[Crossref]

Prokhorov, A. M.

F. V. Bunkin and A. M. Prokhorov, “The use of laser power to produce a thrust,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 119, 425–446 (1976).
[Crossref]

Raizer, Y. P.

L. N. Myrabo and Y. P. Raizer, “Laser-induced air spike for advanced transatmospheric vehicles,” in 25th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference (AIAA, 1994), pp. 94–2451.

Rego, I.

I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.

Reilly, J. P.

C. R. Phipps, J. P. Reilly, and J. W. Campbell, “Optimum parameters for laser launching objects into low Earth orbit,” Laser Part. Beams 18, 661–695 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rezunkov, Y. A.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Y. A. Rezunkov, “Laser propulsion, the overview of recent investigations,” J. Opt. Technol. 74, 18–39 (2007).

Roe, P. L.

P. L. Roe, “Characteristic-based schemes for the Euler equations,” in Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics (Nonprofit Scientific Publishers, 1986), pp. 337–365.

Salvador, I.

I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.

Sasoh, A.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Schall, W.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Shi, L.

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

Sinko, J.

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Smirnov, A. L.

V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).

Tichshenko, V. N.

V. V. Apollonov and V. N. Tichshenko, “Laser propulsion engine on the effect of resonance integration of s hock waves,” Russian Quantum Electron. 36, 673–683 (2006).

Tishchenko, V. N.

V. N. Tishchenko, G. N. Grachov, A. A. Pavlov, A. L. Smirnov, A. A. Pavlov, and M. P. Golubev, “Gasdynamic effects at the interaction of stationary gas discharge with a gas,” Russian Quantum Electron. 37, 1–6 (2007).

Toro, P.

I. Salvador, L. Myrabo, M. Minucci, A. Oliveira, P. Toro, J. Channes, and I. Rego, “2-D airbreathing lightcraft engine experiments in quiescent conditions,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, 174–186.

Tretjakov, P. K.

V. N. Zudov, P. K. Tretjakov, and A. V. Tupikin, “Some properties of RP laser power input into a supersonic gas flow,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 5, 43–54 (2010).

Tupikin, A. V.

V. N. Zudov, P. K. Tretjakov, and A. V. Tupikin, “Some properties of RP laser power input into a supersonic gas flow,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 5, 43–54 (2010).

Tynybekov, A. K.

A. K. Tynybekov, “Gas jet in a supersonic flow,” Bulletin of KRSU 8, 128–133 (2008)

Wheatley, V.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, New York, 2011, Vol. 1402, 145–157.

A. Harrland, C. Doolan, V. Wheatley, and D. Froning, “Hypersonic inlet for a laser powered propulsion system,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, 2011, Vol. 1402, pp. 145–157.

Xu, Z.

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V. I.

T. A. Korotaeva, V. M. Fomin, and V. I. Yakovlev, “Laser power input into gas flows,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 2, 19–35 (2007).

Zudov, V. N.

V. N. Zudov, P. K. Tretjakov, and A. V. Tupikin, “Some properties of RP laser power input into a supersonic gas flow,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 5, 43–54 (2010).

Astronaut. Aeronaut. (1)

A. Kantrowitz, “Propulsion to orbit by ground-based lasers,” Astronaut. Aeronaut. 10, 74–76 (1972).

Bulletin of KRSU (1)

A. K. Tynybekov, “Gas jet in a supersonic flow,” Bulletin of KRSU 8, 128–133 (2008)

J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. (1)

A. O. Beketaeva and G. A. Naimanova, “Numerical study of supersonic flow with a lateral injected stream,” J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 45, 72–80 (2004).

J. Opt. Technol. (1)

Y. A. Rezunkov, “Laser propulsion, the overview of recent investigations,” J. Opt. Technol. 74, 18–39 (2007).

J. Propul. Power (1)

C. Phipps, M. Birkan, W. Bohn, H. Horisawa, T. Lippert, Y. A. Rezunkov, A. Sasoh, W. Schall, and J. Sinko, “Laser ablation propulsion,” J. Propul. Power 26, 609–637 (2010)
[Crossref]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

C. R. Phipps, J. P. Reilly, and J. W. Campbell, “Optimum parameters for laser launching objects into low Earth orbit,” Laser Part. Beams 18, 661–695 (2000).
[Crossref]

NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. (2)

T. A. Korotaeva, V. M. Fomin, and V. I. Yakovlev, “Laser power input into gas flows,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 2, 19–35 (2007).

V. N. Zudov, P. K. Tretjakov, and A. V. Tupikin, “Some properties of RP laser power input into a supersonic gas flow,” NGU Bull., Phys. Ser. 5, 43–54 (2010).

Proc. FIAN (1)

V. D. Danilychev, “Experimental study of radiative-gasdynamic processes generated under the action high power laser pulses,” Proc. FIAN 142, 117–171 (1983).

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Shi, H. Chen, L. Ma, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, and H. Hong, “The influence of the inflow speed on air-breathing supersonic laser propulsion,” Proc. SPIE 8904, 89040N (2013).
[Crossref]

Russian Quantum Electron. (2)

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A. V. Pakhomov, ed., “Beamed energy propulsion,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion AIP Conference Proceedings, 2002, Vol. 664, paper 723.

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R. Jacques and L. Myrabo, “Analysis of laser-generated impulse in an airbreathing pulsed detonation engine: Part 1,” in International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2004, Vol. 766, pp. 265–278.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of LIGHTCRAFT vehicle [8].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Supersonic version of the LIGHTCRAFT design [22].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pressure distribution in the case of transverse jet injection into supersonic flow.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Radial pressure profiles at the nozzle exit for different mass flow rates in the ablative jet.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pressure distribution in the parabolic nozzle with ablative central rod. Upper: without ablative jet. Lower: with ablative jet.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Mach number distribution in the parabolic nozzle with ablative central rod. Upper: without ablative jet. Lower: with ablative jet.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Radial pressure and velocity profiles at nozzle exit cross section. Curves marked by symbols correspond to the case of ablative jet presence.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Diagram of the nozzle. 1, 2, and 3 denote the engine cowl, off-axis parabolic afterbody concentrator, and conical forebody, respectively.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Pressure distribution in the supersonic nozzle with off-axis paraboloid: (a) without ablative jet and (b) with ablative jet.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Mach number distribution in the supersonic nozzle with off-axis paraboloid: (a) without ablative jet and (b) with ablative jet.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Time variation of the pressure coefficient at the ablative jet mass flow rate, m˙>=225g/s.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Laser-Ablated Jet Parameters at Pulsed Mode of Ablation

Tables Icon

Table 2. Laser-Ablated Jet Parameters at Pulsed Mode of Parabolic Nozzle Operation

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

m˙=ρaca,
pa=(1+γMa2)m˙va/Ma,
Q*=Ei/Δm,
Δm=Iτi/Q*,
m=P/Q*=Eif/Q*,
tVWdV+S(FG)dS=0.
W=[ρρuρvρE],F=[ρVρVu+piρVv+pjρVE+pV],G=[0τxiτyiτijvj+q].
p=p(ρ,T),E=e(ρ,P)+ρV22,
Cm=ΔTP.

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