Abstract

The capability of binary gray scale masks in generating beams with a desired lateral intensity profile is extensively studied in order to fabricate large-angle microprisms. Using a recently introduced technique, some samples based on pulsewidth modulation are designed, so that the pulsewidth is changed with different linear rates from a completely clear to a fully dark slit, which results in a different number of gray steps. Then, the influence of the rate on turning an incident plane wave into beams with different specially linear lateral intensity distributions was studied by simulation, experiment, and fabrication of a large-angle microprism. Further, it was shown that the width of the first slit and the increment of gray level have an effective impact on the slope and smoothness of the generated linear intensity profile across the beam. Simulation results are completely verified by experimental data and the fabricated linear gray scale element.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

A. Sabatyan and M. R. Fasihanifard, “Generating of quadratic gray scale beam profile using binary gray scale masks,” Optik 124, 5604–5606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

A. Sabatyan and A. Hemmat, “Study of a novel and simple method of generating binary mask for microprism fabrication,” Appl. Opt 51, 525–530 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Bhattacharya, “Simplified mesh techniques for design of beam-shaping diffractive optical elements,” Optik 119, 321–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1995

Bhattacharya, S.

S. Bhattacharya, “Simplified mesh techniques for design of beam-shaping diffractive optical elements,” Optik 119, 321–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fasihanifard, M. R.

A. Sabatyan and M. R. Fasihanifard, “Generating of quadratic gray scale beam profile using binary gray scale masks,” Optik 124, 5604–5606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hemmat, A.

A. Sabatyan and A. Hemmat, “Study of a novel and simple method of generating binary mask for microprism fabrication,” Appl. Opt 51, 525–530 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G.

S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S.

S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O’Shea, D. C.

Sabatyan, A.

A. Sabatyan and M. R. Fasihanifard, “Generating of quadratic gray scale beam profile using binary gray scale masks,” Optik 124, 5604–5606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Sabatyan and A. Hemmat, “Study of a novel and simple method of generating binary mask for microprism fabrication,” Appl. Opt 51, 525–530 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Suleski, T. J.

Wu, M.

S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yi, D.

S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt

A. Sabatyan and A. Hemmat, “Study of a novel and simple method of generating binary mask for microprism fabrication,” Appl. Opt 51, 525–530 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Opt. Commun.

S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Optik

S. Bhattacharya, “Simplified mesh techniques for design of beam-shaping diffractive optical elements,” Optik 119, 321–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sabatyan and M. R. Fasihanifard, “Generating of quadratic gray scale beam profile using binary gray scale masks,” Optik 124, 5604–5606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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