A method is proposed for the construction of a square pixel complex spatial light modulator (SLM) from a commercial oblong full-high-definition (full-HD) amplitude SLM using an anamorphic optical filter. In the proposed scheme, one half-band of the optical Fourier transform of the amplitude-only spatial light field is rejected in the optical Fourier plane and the other half-band is reformatted to be an effective complex SLM with square pixels. This has an advantage in the viewing window plane since the shape of the viewing window becomes square and more ideal for observers who watch the hologram contents through it. For optimal transformation, the amplitude computer generated hologram encoding scheme was developed. Mathematical modeling of the proposed system is described herein, and it was experimentally demonstrated that the effective complex SLM displays complex holographic three-dimensional images with a clear depth discrimination effect.
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