Abstract

The temperature nonuniformity occurring during the cooling process of a KDP crystal is studied, along with its effects on the second-harmonic generation (SHG) of a high-average-power laser. A comprehensive model is proposed incorporating principles of thermodynamics, mechanics, and optics, and it is applied to investigate the temperature nonuniformity and its effects. The temperature rise caused by linear absorption is calculated, while the temperature nonuniformity occurring during the cooling process is analyzed using the finite-element method (FEM). The stress induced by the nonuniformity is then studied using the FEM, and the trend of its change is determined. Moreover, the changes in refractive index caused by the stress are calculated, the results of which are used to determine the variations in the induced phase mismatch. The SHG efficiency considering the phase mismatch is eventually obtained by solving the coupling wave equations. The results demonstrate that the temperature nonuniformity has negative effects on the SHG efficiency.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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