Abstract

The bidirectional stretched pulses in a nanotube-based erbium-doped fiber laser are observed experimentally for the first time to our best knowledge. The proposed fiber laser generates two stable pulse trains in opposite directions with different central wavelengths, pulse widths, and repetition rates. In addition, the bidirectional operations with the same central wavelengths are also demonstrated by changing the polarization controller and pump power. Experimental results suggest that the cavity asymmetries together with the fiber birefringence play key roles in the formation of these unique features.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  44. M. Olivier, V. Roy, M. Piché, and F. Babin, “Pulse collisions in the stretched-pulse fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1461–1463 (2004).
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  45. C. Ouyang, P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, and S. Aditya, “Bidirectional passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a four-port circulator,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2089–2091 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2013 (6)

2012 (7)

2011 (6)

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134–138 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Observations of four types of pulses in a fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 19, 7616–7624 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023835 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, and S. Aditya, “Bidirectional passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a four-port circulator,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2089–2091 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (6)

X. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3249–3251 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

X. M. Liu, “A novel dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on symmetrical FBG structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 632–634 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of 47  fs pulses directly from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 41–43 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

D. J. Styers-Barnett, S. P. Ellison, C. Park, K. E. Wise, and J. M. Papanikolas, “Ultrafast dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 289–292 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 142–147 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. Olivier, V. Roy, M. Piché, and F. Babin, “Pulse collisions in the stretched-pulse fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1461–1463 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

H. A. Haus and W. S. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

Aditya, S.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N. N.

Anderson, D.

Babin, F.

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. C.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. X. Song, Y. X. Gao, and W. C. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Collings, B. C.

Cui, Y.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21, 18969–18974 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

Desaix, M.

Duan, L.

Ellison, S. P.

D. J. Styers-Barnett, S. P. Ellison, C. Park, K. E. Wise, and J. M. Papanikolas, “Ultrafast dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 289–292 (2005).
[Crossref]

Feng, H.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gao, Y. X.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. X. Song, Y. X. Gao, and W. C. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gong, Y.

Gong, Y. K.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grelu, P.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Han, D.

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20, 27045–27050 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Dispersion-managed mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999–2004 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus and W. S. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77  fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref]

He, X.

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Hu, X. H.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134–138 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

Ivanenko, A.

Karlsson, M.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kataura, H.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

Knox, W. H.

Kobtsev, S.

Kukarin, S.

Lam, H. Q.

Latkin, A.

Li, L.

Li, X.

Lisak, M.

Liu, X.

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21, 18969–18974 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21, 18937–18942 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, and H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2619–2621 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 265–270 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512–519 (2012).

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20, 27045–27050 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023835 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Observations of four types of pulses in a fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 19, 7616–7624 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3249–3251 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 142–147 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. M.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134–138 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Dissipative soliton evolution in ultra-large normal-cavity-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 9549–9557 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “A novel dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on symmetrical FBG structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 632–634 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Loh, K. P.

Lu, C.

Lu, F.

Lu, H.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, and H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2619–2621 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134–138 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3249–3251 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, A. P.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. X. Song, Y. X. Gao, and W. C. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. C.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. X. Song, Y. X. Gao, and W. C. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 265–270 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, and H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2619–2621 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Observations of four types of pulses in a fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 19, 7616–7624 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134–138 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

Milne, W. I.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77  fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ng, J.

Olivier, M.

Ouyang, C.

Papanikolas, J. M.

D. J. Styers-Barnett, S. P. Ellison, C. Park, K. E. Wise, and J. M. Papanikolas, “Ultrafast dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 289–292 (2005).
[Crossref]

Park, C.

D. J. Styers-Barnett, S. P. Ellison, C. Park, K. E. Wise, and J. M. Papanikolas, “Ultrafast dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 289–292 (2005).
[Crossref]

Piché, M.

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Roy, V.

Rozhin, A. G.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sakakibara, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scardaci, V.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Y.

Shum, P.

Smirnov, S.

Song, C. X.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. X. Song, Y. X. Gao, and W. C. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. F.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Styers-Barnett, D. J.

D. J. Styers-Barnett, S. P. Ellison, C. Park, K. E. Wise, and J. M. Papanikolas, “Ultrafast dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 289–292 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77  fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S.

Wang, D.

Wang, F.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 265–270 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, L. R.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134–138 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wise, K. E.

D. J. Styers-Barnett, S. P. Ellison, C. Park, K. E. Wise, and J. M. Papanikolas, “Ultrafast dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 289–292 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wong, J. H.

Wong, W. S.

H. A. Haus and W. S. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

Xu, W. C.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. X. Song, Y. X. Gao, and W. C. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

Yun, L.

Zeng, C.

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21, 18937–18942 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, W.

Zhou, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512–519 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. M. Liu, “A novel dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on symmetrical FBG structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 632–634 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

D. J. Styers-Barnett, S. P. Ellison, C. Park, K. E. Wise, and J. M. Papanikolas, “Ultrafast dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 289–292 (2005).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. X. Song, Y. X. Gao, and W. C. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134–138 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (11)

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 142–147 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Song, L. Li, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Vector multi-soliton operation and interaction in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21, 10010–10018 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 20707–20713 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Dissipative soliton evolution in ultra-large normal-cavity-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 9549–9557 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, “Three key regimes of single pulse generation per round trip of all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 20, 27447–27453 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Observations of four types of pulses in a fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 19, 7616–7624 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21, 18969–18974 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21, 18937–18942 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 265–270 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20, 27045–27050 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (9)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77  fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. Olivier, V. Roy, M. Piché, and F. Babin, “Pulse collisions in the stretched-pulse fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1461–1463 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, and S. Aditya, “Bidirectional passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a four-port circulator,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2089–2091 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of 47  fs pulses directly from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 41–43 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3249–3251 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, and H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2619–2621 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, and W. H. Knox, “Phase locking and periodic evolution of solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 23, 852–854 (1998).
[Crossref]

X. He, Z. Liu, and D. Wang, “Wavelength-tunable, passively mode-locked fiber laser based on graphene and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2394–2396 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (6)

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023835 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

H. A. Haus and W. S. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Laser setup. LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; CW, clockwise; CCW, counterclockwise; OC, optical coupler; SMF, single-mode fiber; PC, polarization controller; SWNT, single-wall carbon nanotubes; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical spectrum; (b) RF spectra, the inset is the large span RF spectrum of the CW pulse; (c) AC traces of the CW pulse and the CCW pulse; (d) oscilloscope trace of the CW pulse.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical spectra, (b) RF spectra of CW and CCW pulses with central wavelength of 1555.0 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Optical spectra and (b) RF spectra of CW and CCW pulses with central wavelength of 1557.0 nm.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δt=LΔβ1,
Δβ1=DΔλ,
Δf=Δt/t2=LDΔλ/t2.

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