Abstract

A diode-end-pumped continuous wave (cw) single-longitudinal-mode Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm is reported. A ring laser resonator was designed and the mode-to-pump ratio was optimized to achieve higher output power. A maximum output power of 3.1 W cw single-longitudinal-mode laser at 1342 nm was obtained, and the measured stability of laser output power was better than ±1% in the given 2 h. The experimental results are in good agreement with the theoretical calculation considering the energy-transfer upconversion.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “High-brightness 2.4 W continuous-wave Nd:GdVO4 laser at 670 nm,” Opt. Lett. 29, 56–59 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Zhou, R. S. Chen, D. C. Lin, and Y. J. Quan, “High power continuous-wave diode-end-pumped 1.34 mm laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4273–4275 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, and W. A. Clarkson, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on threshold pump power in quasi-three-level solid state lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 11935–11943 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, and T. Catunda, “Energy transfer upconversion determination by thermal-lens and Z-scan techniques in Nd3+-doped laser materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1002–1007 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. F. Chen, “Pump-to-mode size ratio dependence of thermal loading in diode-end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1835–1840 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on the performance of high-power diode-end-pumped cw lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615–619 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivorie, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMg Al11O9,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
  16. M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).
  17. S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Efficient generation of blue light by frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser operating on F3/24→I9/24 transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 135–141 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Bjurshagen and R. Koch, “Modeling of energy-transfer upconversion and thermal effects in end-pumped quasi-three-level lasers,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4753–4767 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Stable continuous-wave single-frequency Nd:YAG blue laser at 473 nm considering the influence of the energy-transfer upconversion,” Opt. Express 18, 12044–12051 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. T. Wang and R. H. Zhang, “Optimizing the mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped quasi-three-level Nd-doped lasers considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” J. Phys. B 44, 135401 (2011).
  22. Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Zhou, E. Li, H. Li, P. Wang, and J. Yao, “Continuous-wave, 15.2 W diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser operating at 946 nm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1869–1871 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. P. Laporta and M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Y. F. Chen, C. F. Kao, and S. C. Wang, “Analytical model for the design of fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers,” Opt. Commun. 133, 517–524 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  28. X. Y. Peng, L. Xu, and A. Asundi, “Power scaling of diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1291–1299 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).
  30. M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

Y. T. Wang and R. H. Zhang, “Optimizing the mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped quasi-three-level Nd-doped lasers considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” J. Phys. B 44, 135401 (2011).

2010 (2)

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Stable continuous-wave single-frequency Nd:YAG blue laser at 473 nm considering the influence of the energy-transfer upconversion,” Opt. Express 18, 12044–12051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, and W. A. Clarkson, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on threshold pump power in quasi-three-level solid state lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 11935–11943 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, and T. Catunda, “Energy transfer upconversion determination by thermal-lens and Z-scan techniques in Nd3+-doped laser materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1002–1007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

R. Zhou, R. S. Chen, D. C. Lin, and Y. J. Quan, “High power continuous-wave diode-end-pumped 1.34 mm laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4273–4275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Efficient generation of blue light by frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser operating on F3/24→I9/24 transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 135–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Peng, L. Xu, and A. Asundi, “Power scaling of diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1291–1299 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Y. F. Chen, “Pump-to-mode size ratio dependence of thermal loading in diode-end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1835–1840 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on the performance of high-power diode-end-pumped cw lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615–619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

Y. F. Chen, C. F. Kao, and S. C. Wang, “Analytical model for the design of fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers,” Opt. Commun. 133, 517–524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivorie, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMg Al11O9,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. Laporta and M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

Andrade, A. A.

Asundi, A.

X. Y. Peng, L. Xu, and A. Asundi, “Power scaling of diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1291–1299 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bjurshagen, S.

S. Bjurshagen and R. Koch, “Modeling of energy-transfer upconversion and thermal effects in end-pumped quasi-three-level lasers,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4753–4767 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Efficient generation of blue light by frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser operating on F3/24→I9/24 transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 135–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brussard, M.

P. Laporta and M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Catunda, T.

Chen, D. Y.

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).

Chen, R. S.

R. Zhou, R. S. Chen, D. C. Lin, and Y. J. Quan, “High power continuous-wave diode-end-pumped 1.34 mm laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4273–4275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, “Pump-to-mode size ratio dependence of thermal loading in diode-end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1835–1840 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on the performance of high-power diode-end-pumped cw lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615–619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. F. Kao, and S. C. Wang, “Analytical model for the design of fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers,” Opt. Commun. 133, 517–524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, and W. A. Clarkson, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on threshold pump power in quasi-three-level solid state lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 11935–11943 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).

Ding, X.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Evekull, D.

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Efficient generation of blue light by frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser operating on F3/24→I9/24 transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 135–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guandalini, A.

Guyot, Y.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivorie, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMg Al11O9,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).

Hanna, D. C.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).

Hardman, P. J.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).

Hu, X.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. M.

Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jacinto, C.

Jensen, T.

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kao, C. F.

Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. F. Kao, and S. C. Wang, “Analytical model for the design of fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers,” Opt. Commun. 133, 517–524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kern, M. A.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).

Kim, J. W.

Koch, R.

S. Bjurshagen and R. Koch, “Modeling of energy-transfer upconversion and thermal effects in end-pumped quasi-three-level lasers,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4753–4767 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Efficient generation of blue light by frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser operating on F3/24→I9/24 transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 135–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on the performance of high-power diode-end-pumped cw lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615–619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta and M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Li, E.

Li, H.

Li, W.

Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. J.

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Stable continuous-wave single-frequency Nd:YAG blue laser at 473 nm considering the influence of the energy-transfer upconversion,” Opt. Express 18, 12044–12051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, D. C.

R. Zhou, R. S. Chen, D. C. Lin, and Y. J. Quan, “High power continuous-wave diode-end-pumped 1.34 mm laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4273–4275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, J. L.

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Stable continuous-wave single-frequency Nd:YAG blue laser at 473 nm considering the influence of the energy-transfer upconversion,” Opt. Express 18, 12044–12051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Stable continuous-wave single-frequency Nd:YAG blue laser at 473 nm considering the influence of the energy-transfer upconversion,” Opt. Express 18, 12044–12051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. I.

Manaa, H.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivorie, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMg Al11O9,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).

Meng, X.

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Messias, D. N.

Meyn, J. P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Moncorge, R.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivorie, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMg Al11O9,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).

Ostroumov, V.

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pan, L.

Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X. Y.

X. Y. Peng, L. Xu, and A. Asundi, “Power scaling of diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1291–1299 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).

Qin, L.

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quan, Y. J.

R. Zhou, R. S. Chen, D. C. Lin, and Y. J. Quan, “High power continuous-wave diode-end-pumped 1.34 mm laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4273–4275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

Rivorie, J. Y.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivorie, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMg Al11O9,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).

Ruan, S.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Teng, B.

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, C. L.

Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on the performance of high-power diode-end-pumped cw lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615–619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. F. Kao, and S. C. Wang, “Analytical model for the design of fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers,” Opt. Commun. 133, 517–524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. T.

Y. T. Wang and R. H. Zhang, “Optimizing the mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped quasi-three-level Nd-doped lasers considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” J. Phys. B 44, 135401 (2011).

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Stable continuous-wave single-frequency Nd:YAG blue laser at 473 nm considering the influence of the energy-transfer upconversion,” Opt. Express 18, 12044–12051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H.

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Ji.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

X. Y. Peng, L. Xu, and A. Asundi, “Power scaling of diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1291–1299 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yan, R. P.

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Yu, J.

Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. H.

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K. S.

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Stable continuous-wave single-frequency Nd:YAG blue laser at 473 nm considering the influence of the energy-transfer upconversion,” Opt. Express 18, 12044–12051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, R.

Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, R. H.

Y. T. Wang and R. H. Zhang, “Optimizing the mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped quasi-three-level Nd-doped lasers considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” J. Phys. B 44, 135401 (2011).

Zhang, X.

J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).

Zhao, S.

J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).

Zhou, R.

R. Zhou, R. S. Chen, D. C. Lin, and Y. J. Quan, “High power continuous-wave diode-end-pumped 1.34 mm laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4273–4275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhou, E. Li, H. Li, P. Wang, and J. Yao, “Continuous-wave, 15.2 W diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser operating at 946 nm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1869–1871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Acta Photon. Sin. (1)

J. Zheng, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and L. Chen, “Influence of thermal effect in gain-media on optimum design of LD-end-pumped solid state laser,” Acta Photon. Sin. 30, 724–729 (2001).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Efficient generation of blue light by frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser operating on F3/24→I9/24 transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 135–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3 W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, Ji. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Zhou, R. S. Chen, D. C. Lin, and Y. J. Quan, “High power continuous-wave diode-end-pumped 1.34 mm laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4273–4275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Influence of energy-transfer upconversion on the performance of high-power diode-end-pumped cw lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615–619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Laporta and M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, T. M. Huang, C. F. Kao, C. L. Wang, and S. C. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped laser to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1424–1429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Peng, L. Xu, and A. Asundi, “Power scaling of diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1291–1299 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys. B (1)

Y. T. Wang and R. H. Zhang, “Optimizing the mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped quasi-three-level Nd-doped lasers considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” J. Phys. B 44, 135401 (2011).

Laser Phys. (3)

Y. Wang, W. Li, L. Pan, J. Yu, and R. Zhang, “Optimizing mode-to-pump ratio in end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1342 nm considering the energy-transfer upconversion,” Laser Phys. 22, 1655–1658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, J. Gao, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “The Influence of energy transfer upconversion on thermal loading in end_pumped Nd:GdVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 19, 1969–1973 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, J. L. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. J. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Diode-end-pumped continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm of single-frequency operation,” Laser Phys. 20, 802–805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

X. D. Li, X. Yu, J. Gao, F. Chen, J. H. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, “Upconversion spectra of Nd:GdVO4 crystal under cw 808 nm diode-laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 125–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. Jiang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Xia, X. Hu, B. Teng, and C. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447–452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. F. Kao, and S. C. Wang, “Analytical model for the design of fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers,” Opt. Commun. 133, 517–524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Qin, X. Meng, J. Zhang, C. Du, L. Zhu, and B. Xu, “Growth and properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 23, 455–459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivorie, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMg Al11O9,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 16076–16092 (1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of diode-end-pumped cw single-longitudinal-mode 1342 nm Nd:GdVO4 laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output power at 1342 nm versus pump power for the five cases of cavity length L1.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured output power stability of the 1342 nm laser at average output power around 3 W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power at 1342 nm versus mode-to-pump ratio.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dN(r,z)dt=f2Rrp(r,z)N(r,z)τf2cσN(r,z)nΦφ0(r,z)Wf2N2(r,z)=0,
dΦdt=cσncrystalN(r,z)Φφ0(r,z)dVΦτc=0,
rp=2αexp(αz)πωpa2[1exp(αL)]exp(2r2ωpa2),
ωpa=0Lωp(z)exp(αz)dz0Lexp(αz)dz=0L[ωp0+θp|zz0|]exp(αz)dz0Lexp(αz)dz,
φ0(r,z)=2πω02Lcexp(2r2ω02),
δ=T+δf+δd,
δd=1|0rbeiΔφ(r)e2r2/ω02rdr0rbe2r2/ω02rdr|2,
Δφ(r)=φ(r)φ(0)ζr2,
φ(r)=20L2πλldndTΔT(r,z)dz,
ΔT(r,z)=αPpηabsξexp(αz)4πKc×[ln(rb2r2)+E1(2rb2ωpa2)E1(2r2ωpa2)],
Δφ(r)=PpηabsξdndTλKc×[ln(rb2r2)E1(2r2ωpa2)ln(2rb2ωpa2)ln2γ+2r2ωpa2],

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