Abstract

The effect of a dielectric overlayer on terahertz transmission through a freestanding metallic array of subwavelength holes is experimentally presented. There is a remarkable resonance redshift from 0.600 to 0.498 THz at the surface plasmon (SP) metal–dielectric resonance mode with increasing film thickness. When the overlayer film is thicker than a critical thickness, the resonance frequency becomes steady at the final resonance frequency ωf. On the basis of the dispersion relation of SPs, two kinds of glutamic acid enantiomers are distinguished by use of SP-enhanced terahertz spectra of metallic array of subwavelength holes according to the result of ωf. The terahertz plasmonic hole array with the sensitive nature provides an approach to distinguish trace amount of powder substances, which has a promising application prospect in the fields of public security and biomedical science, such as distinguishing between isomers and identifying expensive medicines and drugs.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2945–2947 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission in subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2637–2639 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. G. Rivas, C. Janke, P. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Thermal switching of the enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1680–1682 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Janke, J. G. Rivas, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “All-optical switching of the transmission of electromagnetic radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2357–2359 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. V. M. Agranovich and D. L. Mills, Surface Polaritons(North-Holland, 1982).
  20. M. Gong, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz surface wave collapse on coated metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 17, 10788–17101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Gong, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz surface wave collapse on coated metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 17, 10788–17101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in plasmonic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission in subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. He, A. K. Azad, S. Ye, and W. Zhang, “Far-infrared signature of animal tissues characterized by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 259, 389–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Janke, J. G. Rivas, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “All-optical switching of the transmission of electromagnetic radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2357–2359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. G. Rivas, C. Janke, P. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Thermal switching of the enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1680–1682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29, 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006–2015 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agranovich, V. M.

V. M. Agranovich and D. L. Mills, Surface Polaritons(North-Holland, 1982).

Averitt, R. D.

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Azad, A. K.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission in subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. He, A. K. Azad, S. Ye, and W. Zhang, “Far-infrared signature of animal tissues characterized by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 259, 389–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bolivar, P.

J. G. Rivas, C. Janke, P. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Thermal switching of the enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1680–1682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bolivar, P. H.

C. Janke, J. G. Rivas, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “All-optical switching of the transmission of electromagnetic radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2357–2359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bonn, M.

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. T.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. -T.

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dai, H.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fattinger, Ch.

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006–2015 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

M. Gong, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz surface wave collapse on coated metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 17, 10788–17101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gossard, A. C.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

M. Gong, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz surface wave collapse on coated metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 17, 10788–17101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29, 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006–2015 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

Hangyo, M.

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, A.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, M.

M. He, A. K. Azad, S. Ye, and W. Zhang, “Far-infrared signature of animal tissues characterized by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 259, 389–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission in subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hendry, E.

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, C. F.

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Janke, C.

C. Janke, J. G. Rivas, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “All-optical switching of the transmission of electromagnetic radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2357–2359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, C. Janke, P. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Thermal switching of the enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1680–1682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, T. -I.

M. Gong, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz surface wave collapse on coated metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 17, 10788–17101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jia, T.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, B.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kang, L.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kasarla, S. R.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kato, E.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, K.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S.

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006–2015 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

C. Janke, J. G. Rivas, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “All-optical switching of the transmission of electromagnetic radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2357–2359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, C. Janke, P. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Thermal switching of the enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1680–1682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lockyear, M. J.

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

Mills, D. L.

V. M. Agranovich and D. L. Mills, Surface Polaritons(North-Holland, 1982).

Miyamaru, F.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O’Hara, J. F.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Otani, C.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C. L.

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pan, R. P.

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qu, D.

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29, 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, “Surface plasmons on smooth surfaces” in Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988), pp. 4–39.

Rivas, J. G.

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Janke, J. G. Rivas, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “All-optical switching of the transmission of electromagnetic radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2357–2359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, C. Janke, P. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Thermal switching of the enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1680–1682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tani, M.

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Z.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

Trugman, S. A.

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M.

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006–2015 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xing, Q.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

M. He, A. K. Azad, S. Ye, and W. Zhang, “Far-infrared signature of animal tissues characterized by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 259, 389–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in plasmonic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission in subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. He, A. K. Azad, S. Ye, and W. Zhang, “Far-infrared signature of animal tissues characterized by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 259, 389–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29, 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission in subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

Z. Tian, J. Han, X. Lu, J. Gu, Q. Xing, and W. Zhang, “Surface plasmon enhanced terahertz spectroscopic distinguishing between isotopes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 475, 132–134(2009).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.

W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in plasmonic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006–2015 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. He, A. K. Azad, S. Ye, and W. Zhang, “Far-infrared signature of animal tissues characterized by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 259, 389–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

M. Gong, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz surface wave collapse on coated metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 17, 10788–17101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, H. Dai, H. Wang, B. Jin, T. Jia, C. Zhang, C. Cao, J. Chen, L. Kang, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Extraordinary terahertz transmission in superconducting subwavelength hole array,” Opt. Express 19, 1101–1106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. -T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16, 7641–7649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of enhanced THz transmission through metallic hole arrays using nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 13, 3921–3930 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29, 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission in subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, C. Janke, P. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Thermal switching of the enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1680–1682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Janke, J. G. Rivas, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “All-optical switching of the transmission of electromagnetic radiation through subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2357–2359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. G. Rivas, L. Kuipers, and M. Bonn, “Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

V. M. Agranovich and D. L. Mills, Surface Polaritons(North-Holland, 1982).

H. Raether, “Surface plasmons on smooth surfaces” in Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988), pp. 4–39.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Measured terahertz pulses transmitted through the air reference and the array without the dielectric overlayer. For clarity, the array pulses are vertically displaced. (b) Corresponding Fourier-transformed amplitude spectra. Inset: (a) schematic of the array of subwavelength holes and (b) schematic of the 8-F confocal geometry.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured amplitude transmission spectra of a stainless steel subwavelength hole array with a lac-PE overlayer of different thicknesses varying from 0 to 948 μm. (b) Enlarged partial view of detailed resonance shift.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured resonance frequency at varying thicknesses. The solid line is a fitting curve. Inset shows schematic of the metal–dielectric interfaces of the array.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured frequency-dependent amplitude transmission through the array coated with L-Glu and D-Glu of different thicknesses. (b) Enlarged partial view of detailed resonance shift. Inset shows the refractive indices of L-Glu and D-Glu at the measured terahertz frequencies.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ksp=k+Gmn,
ksp=ωc(εdεmεd+εm)1/2,
ωspm,n=cGmn(εdεmεd+εm)1/2cGmnεd1/2=cGmnnd1.

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