Abstract

We report a magnetic-field sensor by merging the advantages of optical fiber Michelson interferometers with that of magnetic fluid. Compact and low-cost optical fiber Michelson interferometers were first fabricated by a high-frequency CO2 laser, and then they were inserted into glass capillaries with water-based Fe3O4 magnetic fluid as sensing elements. The sensing characteristics have been investigated and the experimental results show that the reflective spectrum of the fiber-magnetic sensor linearly shifted with the change of the magnetic-field strength that is perpendicular to the axial of the devices. The fiber-magnetic sensor with interference arm’s diameter of 50 μm is most sensitive to the external magnetic field, and the sensitivity is up to 64.9pm/mT, which is 20 times higher than that of 125 μm diameter.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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