Abstract

Based on the nature of self-mixing signals, we propose the use of the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm in place of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) for processing signals obtained from self-mixing interferometry (SMI). We apply this algorithm to two representative SMI measurement techniques: range finding and velocimetry. Applying MUSIC to SMI range finding, we find its signal-to-noise ratio performance to be significantly better than that of the FFT, allowing for more robust, longer-range measurement systems. We further demonstrate that MUSIC enables a fundamental change in how SMI Doppler velocity measurement is approached, letting one discard the complex fitting procedure and allowing for a real-time frequency estimation process.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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