Abstract

Minimum optical energy required for four-step parallel phase-shifting digital holography (PPSDH) is evaluated numerically by using photon-counting analysis. PPSDH enables us to develop instantaneous three-dimensional (3D) measurement by single-shot measurement. In fast measurement of dynamic 3D events, detected optical power at an image sensor will be decreased. For biomedical sensing, maximum light intensity exists for preventing the damage of the tissue. In the numerical evaluation, a photon-counting approach is used for the evaluation of minimum detected energy by comparing the reconstructed images. Numerical results indicate that hundreds of photons at each pixel in the image sensor are enough for the reconstruction and total detected energy in a multiplexed hologram is about 1 pJ.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Cho and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional photon counting integral imaging using moving array lens technique,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Miao, K. Nitta, O. Matoba, and Y. Awatsuji, “Parallel phase-shifting digital holography with adaptive function using phase-mode spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 51, 2633–2637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Y. Awatsuji, M. Sasada, and T. Kubota, “Parallel quasi-phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1069–1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997

1986

Aloni, D.

Andrés, P.

Araiza-E, M.

Awatsuji, Y.

L. Miao, K. Nitta, O. Matoba, and Y. Awatsuji, “Parallel phase-shifting digital holography with adaptive function using phase-mode spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 51, 2633–2637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, Y. Shimozato, T. Kakue, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Single-shot polarization-imaging digital holography based on simultaneous phase-shifting interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3254–3256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, A. Fujii, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel three-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 45, 2995–3002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, M. Sasada, and T. Kubota, “Parallel quasi-phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1069–1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, M.

Climent, V.

Fujii, A.

Fujii, M.

Hayasaki, Y.

Hirai, N.

Hirano, I.

Ito, K.

Javidi, B.

Kakue, T.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, Y. Shimozato, T. Kakue, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Single-shot polarization-imaging digital holography based on simultaneous phase-shifting interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3254–3256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, A.

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, T.

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, T.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, Y. Shimozato, T. Kakue, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Single-shot polarization-imaging digital holography based on simultaneous phase-shifting interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3254–3256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, A. Fujii, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel three-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 45, 2995–3002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, M. Sasada, and T. Kubota, “Parallel quasi-phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1069–1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lancis, J.

Martínez-León, L.

Matoba, O.

L. Miao, K. Nitta, O. Matoba, and Y. Awatsuji, “Parallel phase-shifting digital holography with adaptive function using phase-mode spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 51, 2633–2637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, Y. Shimozato, T. Kakue, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Single-shot polarization-imaging digital holography based on simultaneous phase-shifting interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3254–3256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, A. Fujii, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel three-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 45, 2995–3002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miao, L.

Moon, I.

Murata, S.

Nishio, K.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, Y. Shimozato, T. Kakue, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Single-shot polarization-imaging digital holography based on simultaneous phase-shifting interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3254–3256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Nitanai, E.

Nitta, K.

Nomura, T.

Numata, T.

Sasada, M.

Y. Awatsuji, M. Sasada, and T. Kubota, “Parallel quasi-phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1069–1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shimozato, Y.

Stern, A.

Tahara, T.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, Y. Shimozato, T. Kakue, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Single-shot polarization-imaging digital holography based on simultaneous phase-shifting interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3254–3256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Tajahuerce, E.

Tavakoli, B.

Ura, S.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, Y. Shimozato, T. Kakue, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Single-shot polarization-imaging digital holography based on simultaneous phase-shifting interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3254–3256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, K. Ito, M. Fujii, T. Kakue, Y. Shimozato, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Experimental demonstration of parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Express 18, 18975–18980 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, T. Tahara, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D183–D189(2008).
[CrossRef]

Watson, E.

Xia, P.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, I.

Yamamoto, H.

Yamamoto, M.

Yamamoto, S.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, S.

Yonesaka, R.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kakue, R. Yonesaka, T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed phase imaging by parallel phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4131–4133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

3D Res.

T. Tahara, T. Kakue, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel phase-shifting color digital holographic microscopy,” 3D Res. 1(4), 05 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Awatsuji, M. Sasada, and T. Kubota, “Parallel quasi-phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1069–1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Tahara, R. Yonesaka, S. Yamamoto, T. Kakue, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “High-speed three-dimensional microscope for dynamically moving biological objects based on parallel phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1387–1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Rev.

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, A. Kaneko, T. Koyama, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Parallel two-step phase-shifting digital holography using polarization,” Opt. Rev. 17, 108–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tahara, Y. Awatsuji, K. Nishio, S. Ura, T. Kubota, and O. Matoba, “Comparative analysis and quantitative evaluation of the field of view and the viewing zone of single-shot phase-shifting digital holography using space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Rev. 17, 519–524 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Process of four-step PPSDH.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Example of input image used in the simulation. (a) Amplitude and (b) phase distributions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Photon-counting multiplexed holograms when average numbers of photons are (a) 632,455, (b) 35,565,588, and (c) conventional multiplexed hologram.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Amplitude distributions of reconstructed images when the average numbers of photons are (a) 632,455, (b) 1,124,682, (c) 11,246,826, and (d) 35,565,588.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Error of the reconstructed image as a function of the average number of photons.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Phase distribution of reconstructed optical wave when the average number of photons is 35,565,588.

Equations (4)

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I(x,y)=|o(x,y)+r(x,y)|2.
p(n,m)=I(n,m)n=1Nym=1NxI(n,m),
poisson(n,m;M,q)=exp(a(n,m))a(n,m)qq!,
E=1NxNyx=1Nxy=1Ny|R(x,y)R(x,y)R(x,y)|,

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