Abstract

In this work we have assessed the capacity of a linear semiconductor optical amplifier to compensate the fiber and component losses present in a wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) evolution from fiber-to-the-building (FTTB) to fiber-to-the-home access. The evaluation measurements confirm that the presence of a semiconductor optical amplifier placed at the entry of a group of optical network units that share the same wavelength channel can raise the loss budget that the link can tolerate in the fiber, compensating for the losses of a passive splitter up to a 1:16 division rate, allowing the upgrade of existing WDM-PON FTTB structures to make the fiber reach the final user’s home.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

T. Rokkas, D. Katsianis, and D. Varoutas, “Techno-economic evaluation of FTTC/VDSL and FTTH roll-out scenarios: discounted cash flows and real option valuation,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 1042–1051 (2010)
[CrossRef]

J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, A. López, A. Villafranca, and M. A. Losada, “Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2243–2250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

I. Tafurmonroy, R. Kjar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, and P. Jeppesen, “Distributed fiber Raman amplification in long reach PON bidirectional access links,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 41–44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Martínez, J. I. Garcés Gregorio, A. López Lucia, A. Villafranca Velasco, J. C. Aguado, and M. Á. Losada Binué, “Novel WDM-PON architecture based on a spectrally efficient IM-FSK scheme using DMLs and RSOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 350–356 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

2002 (1)

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1430–1433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aguado, J. C.

An, F.-T.

Beleffi, T.

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

Binué, M. Á. Losada

Blondel, J.-P.

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1430–1433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bock, C.

Bonada, F.

Boskovic, A.

Chanclou, P.

F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, F. Laurent, N. Genay, J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, and J. Prat, “Reach extension strategies for passive optical networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C51–C60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

Gabla, P. M.

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1430–1433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garcés, I.

J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, A. López, A. Villafranca, and M. A. Losada, “Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2243–2250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Genay, N.

Gregorio, J. I. Garcés

Gutierrez, D.

Hu, E.

Ito, M.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

I. Tafurmonroy, R. Kjar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, and P. Jeppesen, “Distributed fiber Raman amplification in long reach PON bidirectional access links,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 41–44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Katsianis, D.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kim, K. S.

Kimura, T.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kjar, R.

I. Tafurmonroy, R. Kjar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, and P. Jeppesen, “Distributed fiber Raman amplification in long reach PON bidirectional access links,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 41–44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Koratzinos, V.

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

Kozischek, D.

Laurent, F.

Lazaro, J. A.

Lázaro, J.

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

Lázaro, J. A.

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

López, A.

J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, A. López, A. Villafranca, and M. A. Losada, “Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2243–2250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Losada, M. A.

J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, A. López, A. Villafranca, and M. A. Losada, “Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2243–2250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lucia, A. López

Martinez, J. J.

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, J. J.

J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, A. López, A. Villafranca, and M. A. Losada, “Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2243–2250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Martínez, J. I. Garcés Gregorio, A. López Lucia, A. Villafranca Velasco, J. C. Aguado, and M. Á. Losada Binué, “Novel WDM-PON architecture based on a spectrally efficient IM-FSK scheme using DMLs and RSOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 350–356 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meis, D.

Misk, F.

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1430–1433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohman, F.

I. Tafurmonroy, R. Kjar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, and P. Jeppesen, “Distributed fiber Raman amplification in long reach PON bidirectional access links,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 41–44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

Rokkas, T.

Saliou, F.

Shrikhande, K.

Soila, R.

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

Spiekman, L. H.

Tafurmonroy, I.

I. Tafurmonroy, R. Kjar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, and P. Jeppesen, “Distributed fiber Raman amplification in long reach PON bidirectional access links,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 41–44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teixeira, A.

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

Tomkos, I.

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

Varoutas, D.

Vaughn, M. D.

Velasco, A. Villafranca

Villafranca, A.

J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, A. López, A. Villafranca, and M. A. Losada, “Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2243–2250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R. E.

Walker, S. D.

Yam, S.

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

I. Tafurmonroy, R. Kjar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, and P. Jeppesen, “Distributed fiber Raman amplification in long reach PON bidirectional access links,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 41–44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zimmerman, D. R.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. López, I. Garcés, M. A. Losada, J. J. Martinez, A. Villafranca, and J. A. Lázaro, “Narrow-FSK optical packet labeling scheme for optical ethernet networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1696–1698 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1430–1433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, A. López, A. Villafranca, and M. A. Losada, “Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2243–2250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

I. Tafurmonroy, R. Kjar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, and P. Jeppesen, “Distributed fiber Raman amplification in long reach PON bidirectional access links,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 41–44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Lázaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, T. Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

WDM network with copper distribution to the final users.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Proposed network extension using an LSOA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output optical power curves for the LSOA with two inputs against different Ch 1 injected powers, for different Pch2 optical powers. The upper graphic shows the output for Ch 1, and the lower graphic shows the output for Ch 2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

WDM-PON architecture with one unique wavelength for both links, different quasi-orthogonal modulation schemes, and the presence of an LSOA.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Placement of the LSOA in a realistic topology used to compensate the last splitting losses in the building.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental setup to evaluate the performance of the link against the attenuation budget.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Link performance for downstream and upstream links, with and without the use of the LSOA.

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