Abstract

In this paper, an optimal out-of-band (OOB) correction transform (OOBCT) for dealing with onboard Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) OOB effects is proposed. This paper addresses the OOB response issue without consideration of the impact of other error sources on the correction processing. The OOBCT matrix is derived by minimizing an objective function of error summation between the expected and realistic recovered band-averaged spectral radiances. Using the VIIRS filter transmittance functions for all multiband sensors obtained from prelaunch laboratory measurements and a simulated dataset obtained from Airborne Visible InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) hyperspectral data, the OOBCT matrix is numerically computed. The processing of the OOB correction is straightforward and can be performed by a product between the OOBCT matrix and a measured multispectral image vector. The experimental results with both AVIRIS and Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean datasets demonstrate that the ratios of average errors of recovered band-averaged spectral radiances divided by the measured radiances with the OOB responses are less than 4%. The average values of the relative errors for all pixels and bands indicate that the OOBCT method outperforms the works reported in literature.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  7. M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012

2011

C. Moeller, J. McIntire, T. Schwarting, and D. Moyer, “VIIRS F1 ‘best’ relative spectral response characterization by the government team,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530K (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Lucke, M. Corson, N. McGlothlin, S. Butcher, D. Wood, D. Korwan, R. Li, W. Snyder, C. Davis, and D. Chen, “Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HICO): instrument description and first images,” Appl. Opt. 50, 1501–1516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. A. Barnes and J. J. Butler, “Modeling spectral effects in Earth-observing satellite instruments,” Proc. SPIE 6744, 67441K (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

1998

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, and V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM 1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

1987

J. C. Price, “Calibration of satellite radiometers and the comparison of vegetation indices,” Remote Sens. Environ. 21, 15–27 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Arnone, R. A.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Aronsson, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Babu, P. N.

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S. W.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Barnes, R. A.

R. A. Barnes and J. J. Butler, “Modeling spectral effects in Earth-observing satellite instruments,” Proc. SPIE 6744, 67441K (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, B. A. Franz, R. A. Barnes, and C. R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40, 343–348 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

R. A. Barnes, A. W. Holmes, W. L. Barnes, W. E. Esaias, and T. Svitek, “SeaWiFS prelaunch radiometric calibration and spectral characterization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 104566 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 1995).

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, and V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM 1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Barnes, A. W. Holmes, W. L. Barnes, W. E. Esaias, and T. Svitek, “SeaWiFS prelaunch radiometric calibration and spectral characterization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 104566 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 1995).

Butcher, S.

Butler, J. J.

R. A. Barnes and J. J. Butler, “Modeling spectral effects in Earth-observing satellite instruments,” Proc. SPIE 6744, 67441K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Chen, W.

B-C. Gao and W. Chen, “Multispectral decomposition for the removal of out-of-band effects of VIIRS visible and near-IR bands,” Appl. Opt. 51, 4078–4086 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen and R. Lucke, “Out-of-band correction for multispectral remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2208975 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen and B.-C. Gao, “A multispectral decomposition technique for the recovery of true SeaWiFS top-of-atmosphere radiances,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2012.2203293 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Chippendale, B. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chovit, C. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chrien, T. G.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Corson, M.

Dadhwal, V. K.

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C.

Eastwood, M. L.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eplee, G.

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

Eplee, R. E.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Esaias, W. E.

R. A. Barnes, A. W. Holmes, W. L. Barnes, W. E. Esaias, and T. Svitek, “SeaWiFS prelaunch radiometric calibration and spectral characterization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 104566 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 1995).

Faust, J. A.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, G. C.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Franz, B. A.

M. Wang, B. A. Franz, R. A. Barnes, and C. R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40, 343–348 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Frouin, R.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Gales, J.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Gao, B.-C.

W. Chen and B.-C. Gao, “A multispectral decomposition technique for the recovery of true SeaWiFS top-of-atmosphere radiances,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2012.2203293 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Gao, B-C.

Gleason, J.

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

Gordon, H. R.

Gould, J. R. W.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Green, R. O.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, A. W.

R. A. Barnes, A. W. Holmes, W. L. Barnes, W. E. Esaias, and T. Svitek, “SeaWiFS prelaunch radiometric calibration and spectral characterization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 104566 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 1995).

Kirankumar, A. S.

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Korwan, D.

Li, R.

Lucke, R.

Martinolich, P. M.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

McClain, C. R.

M. Wang, B. A. Franz, R. A. Barnes, and C. R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40, 343–348 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

McGlothlin, N.

McIntire, J.

C. Moeller, J. McIntire, T. Schwarting, and D. Moyer, “VIIRS F1 ‘best’ relative spectral response characterization by the government team,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meister, G.

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

Moeller, C.

C. Moeller, J. McIntire, T. Schwarting, and D. Moyer, “VIIRS F1 ‘best’ relative spectral response characterization by the government team,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moyer, D.

C. Moeller, J. McIntire, T. Schwarting, and D. Moyer, “VIIRS F1 ‘best’ relative spectral response characterization by the government team,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murali, K. R.

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O’Reilly, J. E.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Olah, M. R.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pagano, T. S.

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, and V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM 1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pandya, M. R.

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Patt, F. S.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

Pavri, B. E.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. C.

J. C. Price, “Calibration of satellite radiometers and the comparison of vegetation indices,” Remote Sens. Environ. 21, 15–27 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ransibrahmanakul, V.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Robinson, W. D.

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Salomonson, V. V.

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, and V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM 1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarture, C. M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schwarting, T.

C. Moeller, J. McIntire, T. Schwarting, and D. Moyer, “VIIRS F1 ‘best’ relative spectral response characterization by the government team,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Singh, Raghavendra P.

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, W.

Solis, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stumpf, R. P.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Svitek, T.

R. A. Barnes, A. W. Holmes, W. L. Barnes, W. E. Esaias, and T. Svitek, “SeaWiFS prelaunch radiometric calibration and spectral characterization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 104566 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 1995).

Turpie, K.

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

Wang, M.

M. Wang, B. A. Franz, R. A. Barnes, and C. R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40, 343–348 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Werdell, P. J.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Wickland, D.

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

Williams, O.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

Yoder, J. A.

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, and V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM 1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Pandya, Raghavendra P. Singh, K. R. Murali, P. N. Babu, A. S. Kirankumar, and V. K. Dadhwal, “Bandpass solar exoatmospheric irradiance and rayleigh optical thickness of sensors on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1B, -1C, -1D, and P4,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 40, 714–718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

R. A. Barnes and J. J. Butler, “Modeling spectral effects in Earth-observing satellite instruments,” Proc. SPIE 6744, 67441K (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Moeller, J. McIntire, T. Schwarting, and D. Moyer, “VIIRS F1 ‘best’ relative spectral response characterization by the government team,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Price, “Calibration of satellite radiometers and the comparison of vegetation indices,” Remote Sens. Environ. 21, 15–27 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Gleason, D. Wickland, K. Turpie, G. Meister, G. Eplee, R. A. Barnes, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color data product quality assessment report for NPP VIIRS” (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2010).

R. A. Barnes, A. W. Holmes, W. L. Barnes, W. E. Esaias, and T. Svitek, “SeaWiFS prelaunch radiometric calibration and spectral characterization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 104566 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 1995).

F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, J. R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, J. E. O’Reilly, and J. A. Yoder, “Algorithm updates for the fourth SeaWiFS data reprocessing,” NASA Technical Memorandum 206892, 22 (NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003).

W. Chen and B.-C. Gao, “A multispectral decomposition technique for the recovery of true SeaWiFS top-of-atmosphere radiances,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2012.2203293 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

http://www.star.nesdis.noaa.giov/jpss/index.php .

W. Chen and R. Lucke, “Out-of-band correction for multispectral remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2208975 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

VIIRS version 3 M1–M7 filter transmittance curves normalized at the peaks.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) and (b) AVIRIS images acquired over the coastal area of New Jersey on 31 July 2001 and the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on 26 March 1996, and (c) HICO image acquired over Freshwater Beach, Australia, 14 May 2010. The radiance spectral profiles and the relative errors at positions marked by A–D are shown in Figs. 4 to 7.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Hyperspectral curves and simulated multispectral data points on pixels covered by clear water and land with the AVIRIS image (Kennedy Space Center, Florida).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparisons of performance between the MDT, OBCT, and OOBCT methods with error ratios defined by {|e¯|¯/|e^|¯}(%) using AVIRIS and HICO datasets.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Two samples of AVIRIS radiance spectra over vegetation and land marked by A and B in Fig. 2 and their relative uncorrected and corrected errors.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Two samples of AVIRIS radiance spectra over shallow and deep waters marked by C and D in Fig. 2 and their relative uncorrected and corrected errors.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Two samples of HICO radiance spectra over land and vegetation marked by A and B in Fig. 2 and their relative uncorrected and corrected errors.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Two samples of HICO radiance spectra over shallow and deep waters marked by C and D in Fig. 2 and their relative uncorrected and corrected errors.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. VIIRS VisNIR Channel Names, Positions, and Minimum and Maximum Wavelengths between In-Band and Out-of-Band Responses

Tables Icon

Table 2. Average Relative Errors of the Uncorrected and Corrected Multispectral Images of the VIIRS Instrument

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

hk(λ)=Hk(λ)λminλmaxHk(λ)dλ.
s^k=λminλmaxhk(λ)s(λ)dλ,
sk=λmin(k)λmax(k)Hk(λ)s(λ)dλλmin(k)λmax(k)Hk(λ)dλ.
s^k=p=0λmaxλminhk(λmin+p)s(λmin+p),
sk=q=0λmax(k)λmin(k)Hk(λmin(k)+q)s(λmin(k)+q)q=0λmax(k)λmin(k)Hk(λmin(k)+q),
p=0λmaxλminhk(λmin+p)=1.
s¯k=l=1NTkls^l,
χ2=i,jk=1N(sijks¯ijk)2,
i,jsijαs^ijβ=l=1NTαli,js^ijls^ijβ,
S=TS^,
Sαβ=1NxNyi,jsijαs^ijβ=corr(sα,s^β),
S^αβ=1NxNyi,js^ijαs^ijβ=corr(s^α,s^β).
T=SS^1.
s¯=Ts^,
(1.027681.6661×1032.64793×1032.98118×1034.24795×1037.69417×1031.08355×1022.00174×1031.009421.03182×1032.81024×1031.68048×1031.51738×1031.94131×1031.41508×1031.18287×1031.016333.57091×1032.5958×1032.99115×1033.41263×1032.51098×1036.65125×1033.80949×1031.027226.81836×1035.60123×1036.59584×1042.60251×1032.84681×1036.27085×1031.11028×1021.01876.07998×1031.29292×1031.57124×1031.06805×1041.35511×1032.31164×1033.24525×1031.009401.97605×1034.51680×1043.16511×1053.12846×1053.75632×1043.10573×1045.89512×1041.00246).
{|e^|¯,|e¯|¯}=1NxNyNi=1Nxj=1Nyk=1N|{s^ijk,s¯ijk}sijk|sijk.

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